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אמת באמצעות GitHub עם JavaScript

You can let your users authenticate with Firebase using their GitHub accounts by integrating GitHub authentication into your app. You can integrate GitHub authentication either by using the Firebase SDK to carry out the sign-in flow, or by carrying out the GitHub OAuth 2.0 flow manually and passing the resulting access token to Firebase.

Before you begin

  1. Add Firebase to your JavaScript project.
  2. In the Firebase console, open the Auth section.
  3. On the Sign in method tab, enable the GitHub provider.
  4. Add the Client ID and Client Secret from that provider's developer console to the provider configuration:
    1. Register your app as a developer application on GitHub and get your app's OAuth 2.0 Client ID and Client Secret.
    2. Make sure your Firebase OAuth redirect URI (e.g. my-app-12345.firebaseapp.com/__/auth/handler) is set as your Authorization callback URL in your app's settings page on your GitHub app's config.
  5. Click Save.

Handle the sign-in flow with the Firebase SDK

If you are building a web app, the easiest way to authenticate your users with Firebase using their GitHub accounts is to handle the sign-in flow with the Firebase JavaScript SDK. (If you want to authenticate a user in Node.js or other non-browser environment, you must handle the sign-in flow manually.)

To handle the sign-in flow with the Firebase JavaScript SDK, follow these steps:

  1. Create an instance of the GitHub provider object:

    Web v8

    var provider = new firebase.auth.GithubAuthProvider();

    Web v9

    import { GithubAuthProvider } from "firebase/auth";
    
    const provider = new GithubAuthProvider();
  2. Optional: Specify additional OAuth 2.0 scopes that you want to request from the authentication provider. To add a scope, call addScope. For example:

    Web v8

    provider.addScope('repo');

    Web v9

    provider.addScope('repo');
    See the authentication provider documentation.
  3. Optional: Specify additional custom OAuth provider parameters that you want to send with the OAuth request. To add a custom parameter, call setCustomParameters on the initialized provider with an object containing the key as specified by the OAuth provider documentation and the corresponding value. For example:

    Web v8

    provider.setCustomParameters({
      'allow_signup': 'false'
    });

    Web v9

    provider.setCustomParameters({
      'allow_signup': 'false'
    });
    Reserved required OAuth parameters are not allowed and will be ignored. See the authentication provider reference for more details.
  4. Authenticate with Firebase using the GitHub provider object. You can prompt your users to sign in with their GitHub accounts either by opening a pop-up window or by redirecting to the sign-in page. The redirect method is preferred on mobile devices.
    • To sign in with a pop-up window, call signInWithPopup:

      Web v8

      firebase
        .auth()
        .signInWithPopup(provider)
        .then((result) => {
          /** @type {firebase.auth.OAuthCredential} */
          var credential = result.credential;
      
          // This gives you a GitHub Access Token. You can use it to access the GitHub API.
          var token = credential.accessToken;
      
          // The signed-in user info.
          var user = result.user;
          // ...
        }).catch((error) => {
          // Handle Errors here.
          var errorCode = error.code;
          var errorMessage = error.message;
          // The email of the user's account used.
          var email = error.email;
          // The firebase.auth.AuthCredential type that was used.
          var credential = error.credential;
          // ...
        });

      Web v9

      import { getAuth, signInWithPopup, GithubAuthProvider } from "firebase/auth";
      
      const auth = getAuth();
      signInWithPopup(auth, provider)
        .then((result) => {
          // This gives you a GitHub Access Token. You can use it to access the GitHub API.
          const credential = GithubAuthProvider.credentialFromResult(result);
          const token = credential.accessToken;
      
          // The signed-in user info.
          const user = result.user;
          // ...
        }).catch((error) => {
          // Handle Errors here.
          const errorCode = error.code;
          const errorMessage = error.message;
          // The email of the user's account used.
          const email = error.email;
          // The AuthCredential type that was used.
          const credential = GithubAuthProvider.credentialFromError(error);
          // ...
        });
      Also notice that you can retrieve the GitHub provider's OAuth token which can be used to fetch additional data using the GitHub APIs.

      This is also where you can catch and handle errors. For a list of error codes have a look at the Auth Reference Docs.

    • To sign in by redirecting to the sign-in page, call signInWithRedirect:

      Web v8

      firebase.auth().signInWithRedirect(provider);

      Web v9

      import { getAuth, signInWithRedirect } from "firebase/auth";
      
      const auth = getAuth();
      signInWithRedirect(auth, provider);
      Then, you can also retrieve the GitHub provider's OAuth token by calling getRedirectResult when your page loads:

      Web v8

      firebase.auth()
        .getRedirectResult()
        .then((result) => {
          if (result.credential) {
            /** @type {firebase.auth.OAuthCredential} */
            var credential = result.credential;
      
            // This gives you a GitHub Access Token. You can use it to access the GitHub API.
            var token = credential.accessToken;
            // ...
          }
      
          // The signed-in user info.
          var user = result.user;
        }).catch((error) => {
          // Handle Errors here.
          var errorCode = error.code;
          var errorMessage = error.message;
          // The email of the user's account used.
          var email = error.email;
          // The firebase.auth.AuthCredential type that was used.
          var credential = error.credential;
          // ...
        });

      Web v9

      import { getAuth, getRedirectResult, GithubAuthProvider } from "firebase/auth";
      
      const auth = getAuth();
      getRedirectResult(auth)
        .then((result) => {
          const credential = GithubAuthProvider.credentialFromResult(result);
          if (credential) {
            // This gives you a GitHub Access Token. You can use it to access the GitHub API.
            const token = credential.accessToken;
            // ...
          }
      
          // The signed-in user info.
          const user = result.user;
        }).catch((error) => {
          // Handle Errors here.
          const errorCode = error.code;
          const errorMessage = error.message;
          // The email of the user's account used.
          const email = error.email;
          // The AuthCredential type that was used.
          const credential = GithubAuthProvider.credentialFromError(error);
          // ...
        });
      This is also where you can catch and handle errors. For a list of error codes have a look at the Auth Reference Docs.

Handle the sign-in flow manually

You can also authenticate with Firebase using a GitHub account by handling the sign-in flow by calling the GitHub OAuth 2.0 endpoints:

  1. Integrate GitHub authentication into your app by following the developer's documentation. At the end of the GitHub sign-in flow, you will receive an OAuth 2.0 access token.
  2. If you need to sign in on a Node.js application, send the OAuth access token to the Node.js application.
  3. After a user successfully signs in with GitHub, exchange the OAuth 2.0 access token for a Firebase credential:

    Web v8

    var credential = firebase.auth.GithubAuthProvider.credential(token);

    Web v9

    import { GithubAuthProvider } from "firebase/auth";
    
    const credential = GithubAuthProvider.credential(token);
  4. Authenticate with Firebase using the Firebase credential:

    Web v8

    // Sign in with the credential from the user.
    firebase.auth()
      .signInWithCredential(credential)
      .then((result) => {
        // Signed in 
        // ...
      })
      .catch((error) => {
        // Handle Errors here.
        const errorCode = error.code;
        const errorMessage = error.message;
        // The email of the user's account used.
        const email = error.email;
        // ...
      });

    Web v9

    import { getAuth, signInWithCredential } from "firebase/auth";
    
    // Sign in with the credential from the user.
    const auth = getAuth();
    signInWithCredential(auth, credential)
      .then((result) => {
        // Signed in 
        // ...
      })
      .catch((error) => {
        // Handle Errors here.
        const errorCode = error.code;
        const errorMessage = error.message;
        // The email of the user's account used.
        const email = error.email;
        // ...
      });

Authenticate with Firebase in a Chrome extension

If you are building a Chrome extension app, you must add your Chrome extension ID:

  1. Open your project in the Firebase console.
  2. In the Authentication section, open the Sign-in method page.
  3. Add a URI like the following to the list of Authorized Domains:
    chrome-extension://CHROME_EXTENSION_ID

Only popup operations (signInWithPopup and linkWithPopup) are available to Chrome extensions, as Chrome extensions cannot use HTTP redirects. You should call these methods from a background script rather than a browser action popup, as the authentication popup will cancel the browser action popup.

In your Chrome extension's manifest file make sure that you add the https://apis.google.com URL to the content_security_policy allowlist.

Next steps

After a user signs in for the first time, a new user account is created and linked to the credentials—that is, the user name and password, phone number, or auth provider information—the user signed in with. This new account is stored as part of your Firebase project, and can be used to identify a user across every app in your project, regardless of how the user signs in.

  • In your apps, the recommended way to know the auth status of your user is to set an observer on the Auth object. You can then get the user's basic profile information from the User object. See Manage Users.

  • In your Firebase Realtime Database and Cloud Storage Security Rules, you can get the signed-in user's unique user ID from the auth variable, and use it to control what data a user can access.

You can allow users to sign in to your app using multiple authentication providers by linking auth provider credentials to an existing user account.

To sign out a user, call signOut:

Web v8

firebase.auth().signOut().then(() => {
  // Sign-out successful.
}).catch((error) => {
  // An error happened.
});

Web v9

import { getAuth, signOut } from "firebase/auth";

const auth = getAuth();
signOut(auth).then(() => {
  // Sign-out successful.
}).catch((error) => {
  // An error happened.
});