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הוסף נתונים ל-Cloud Firestore

ישנן מספר דרכים כדי לכתוב נתוני הענן Firestore:

  • הגדר את הנתונים של מסמך בתוך אוסף, ציון מזהה מסמך במפורש.
  • הוסף מסמך חדש לאוסף. במקרה זה, ענן Firestore מייצר מזהה של המסמך באופן אוטומטי.
  • צור מסמך ריק עם מזהה באופן אוטומטי, נתונים להקצות אליו מאוחר יותר.

מדריך זה מסביר כיצד להשתמש באוסף, להוסיף, או לעדכן מסמכים בודדים ענן firestore. אם אתה רוצה לכתוב נתונים בכמויות גדולות, רואים עסקות לכלכו כותב .

גדר מסמך

כדי ליצור או להחליף מסמך בודד, להשתמש set() שיטה:

Web version 9

import { doc, setDoc } from "firebase/firestore"; 

// Add a new document in collection "cities"
await setDoc(doc(db, "cities", "LA"), {
  name: "Los Angeles",
  state: "CA",
  country: "USA"
});

Web version 8

// Add a new document in collection "cities"
db.collection("cities").doc("LA").set({
    name: "Los Angeles",
    state: "CA",
    country: "USA"
})
.then(() => {
    console.log("Document successfully written!");
})
.catch((error) => {
    console.error("Error writing document: ", error);
});
מָהִיר
הערה: מוצר זה אינו זמין על מטרות קליפ watchOS ו App.
// Add a new document in collection "cities"
db.collection("cities").document("LA").setData([
    "name": "Los Angeles",
    "state": "CA",
    "country": "USA"
]) { err in
    if let err = err {
        print("Error writing document: \(err)")
    } else {
        print("Document successfully written!")
    }
}
Objective-C
הערה: מוצר זה אינו זמין על מטרות קליפ watchOS ו App.
// Add a new document in collection "cities"
[[[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] documentWithPath:@"LA"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"Los Angeles",
  @"state": @"CA",
  @"country": @"USA"
} completion:^(NSError * _Nullable error) {
  if (error != nil) {
    NSLog(@"Error writing document: %@", error);
  } else {
    NSLog(@"Document successfully written!");
  }
}];

Java

Map<String, Object> city = new HashMap<>();
city.put("name", "Los Angeles");
city.put("state", "CA");
city.put("country", "USA");

db.collection("cities").document("LA")
        .set(city)
        .addOnSuccessListener(new OnSuccessListener<Void>() {
            @Override
            public void onSuccess(Void aVoid) {
                Log.d(TAG, "DocumentSnapshot successfully written!");
            }
        })
        .addOnFailureListener(new OnFailureListener() {
            @Override
            public void onFailure(@NonNull Exception e) {
                Log.w(TAG, "Error writing document", e);
            }
        });

Kotlin+KTX

val city = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "Los Angeles",
        "state" to "CA",
        "country" to "USA"
)

db.collection("cities").document("LA")
        .set(city)
        .addOnSuccessListener { Log.d(TAG, "DocumentSnapshot successfully written!") }
        .addOnFailureListener { e -> Log.w(TAG, "Error writing document", e) }

Dart

final city = <String, String>{
  "name": "Los Angeles",
  "state": "CA",
  "country": "USA"
};

db
    .collection("cities")
    .doc("LA")
    .set(city)
    .onError((e, _) => print("Error writing document: $e"));
Java
// Create a Map to store the data we want to set
Map<String, Object> docData = new HashMap<>();
docData.put("name", "Los Angeles");
docData.put("state", "CA");
docData.put("country", "USA");
docData.put("regions", Arrays.asList("west_coast", "socal"));
// Add a new document (asynchronously) in collection "cities" with id "LA"
ApiFuture<WriteResult> future = db.collection("cities").document("LA").set(docData);
// ...
// future.get() blocks on response
System.out.println("Update time : " + future.get().getUpdateTime());
פִּיתוֹן
data = {
    u'name': u'Los Angeles',
    u'state': u'CA',
    u'country': u'USA'
}

# Add a new doc in collection 'cities' with ID 'LA'
db.collection(u'cities').document(u'LA').set(data)

Python

data = {"name": "Los Angeles", "state": "CA", "country": "USA"}

# Add a new doc in collection 'cities' with ID 'LA'
await db.collection("cities").document("LA").set(data)
C ++
// Add a new document in collection 'cities'
db->Collection("cities")
    .Document("LA")
    .Set({{"name", FieldValue::String("Los Angeles")},
          {"state", FieldValue::String("CA")},
          {"country", FieldValue::String("USA")}})
    .OnCompletion([](const Future<void>& future) {
      if (future.error() == Error::kErrorOk) {
        std::cout << "DocumentSnapshot successfully written!" << std::endl;
      } else {
        std::cout << "Error writing document: " << future.error_message()
                  << std::endl;
      }
    });
Node.js
const data = {
  name: 'Los Angeles',
  state: 'CA',
  country: 'USA'
};

// Add a new document in collection "cities" with ID 'LA'
const res = await db.collection('cities').doc('LA').set(data);
ללכת
_, err := client.Collection("cities").Doc("LA").Set(ctx, map[string]interface{}{
	"name":    "Los Angeles",
	"state":   "CA",
	"country": "USA",
})
if err != nil {
	// Handle any errors in an appropriate way, such as returning them.
	log.Printf("An error has occurred: %s", err)
}
PHP
$data = [
    'name' => 'Los Angeles',
    'state' => 'CA',
    'country' => 'USA'
];
$db->collection('samples/php/cities')->document('LA')->set($data);
אַחְדוּת
DocumentReference docRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("LA");
Dictionary<string, object> city = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
	{ "Name", "Los Angeles" },
	{ "State", "CA" },
	{ "Country", "USA" }
};
docRef.SetAsync(city).ContinueWithOnMainThread(task => {
	Debug.Log("Added data to the LA document in the cities collection.");
});
C #
DocumentReference docRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("LA");
Dictionary<string, object> city = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
    { "name", "Los Angeles" },
    { "state", "CA" },
    { "country", "USA" }
};
await docRef.SetAsync(city);
אוֹדֶם
city_ref = firestore.doc "#{collection_path}/LA"

data = {
  name:    "Los Angeles",
  state:   "CA",
  country: "USA"
}

city_ref.set data

אם המסמך אינו קיים, היא תיוצר. אם המסמך אכן קיימת, תכולתו יוחלף עם הנתונים שסופקו החדש, אלא אם תציין כי הנתונים שיש למזג לתוך מסמך קיים, כדלקמן:

Web version 9

import { doc, setDoc } from "firebase/firestore"; 

const cityRef = doc(db, 'cities', 'BJ');
setDoc(cityRef, { capital: true }, { merge: true });

Web version 8

var cityRef = db.collection('cities').doc('BJ');

var setWithMerge = cityRef.set({
    capital: true
}, { merge: true });
מָהִיר
הערה: מוצר זה אינו זמין על מטרות קליפ watchOS ו App.
// Update one field, creating the document if it does not exist.
db.collection("cities").document("BJ").setData([ "capital": true ], merge: true)
Objective-C
הערה: מוצר זה אינו זמין על מטרות קליפ watchOS ו App.
// Write to the document reference, merging data with existing
// if the document already exists
[[[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] documentWithPath:@"BJ"]
     setData:@{ @"capital": @YES }
     merge:YES
     completion:^(NSError * _Nullable error) {
       // ...
     }];

Java

// Update one field, creating the document if it does not already exist.
Map<String, Object> data = new HashMap<>();
data.put("capital", true);

db.collection("cities").document("BJ")
        .set(data, SetOptions.merge());

Kotlin+KTX

// Update one field, creating the document if it does not already exist.
val data = hashMapOf("capital" to true)

db.collection("cities").document("BJ")
        .set(data, SetOptions.merge())

Dart

// Update one field, creating the document if it does not already exist.
final data = {"capital": true};

db.collection("cities").doc("BJ").set(data, SetOptions(merge: true));
Java
// asynchronously update doc, create the document if missing
Map<String, Object> update = new HashMap<>();
update.put("capital", true);

ApiFuture<WriteResult> writeResult =
    db.collection("cities").document("BJ").set(update, SetOptions.merge());
// ...
System.out.println("Update time : " + writeResult.get().getUpdateTime());
פִּיתוֹן
city_ref = db.collection(u'cities').document(u'BJ')

city_ref.set({
    u'capital': True
}, merge=True)

Python

city_ref = db.collection("cities").document("BJ")

await city_ref.set({"capital": True}, merge=True)
C ++
db->Collection("cities").Document("BJ").Set(
    {{"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(true)}}, SetOptions::Merge());
Node.js
const cityRef = db.collection('cities').doc('BJ');

const res = await cityRef.set({
  capital: true
}, { merge: true });
ללכת
_, err := client.Collection("cities").Doc("BJ").Set(ctx, map[string]interface{}{
	"capital": true,
}, firestore.MergeAll)

if err != nil {
	// Handle any errors in an appropriate way, such as returning them.
	log.Printf("An error has occurred: %s", err)
}
PHP
$cityRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities')->document('BJ');
$cityRef->set([
    'capital' => true
], ['merge' => true]);
אַחְדוּת
DocumentReference docRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("LA");
Dictionary<string, object> update = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
	{ "capital", false }
};
docRef.SetAsync(update, SetOptions.MergeAll);
C #
DocumentReference docRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("LA");
Dictionary<string, object> update = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
    { "capital", false }
};
await docRef.SetAsync(update, SetOptions.MergeAll);
אוֹדֶם
city_ref = firestore.doc "#{collection_path}/LA"
city_ref.set({ capital: false }, merge: true)

אם אתה לא בטוח אם מסמך קיים, לעבור את האפשרות למזג את הנתונים החדשים עם כל מסמך הקיים כדי למנוע דריסת מסמכים שלמים. עבור מסמכים המכילים מפות, פתק כי המפרט סט עם שדה המכיל מפת ריקה תחליף את שדה המפה של מסמך היעד.

סוגי מידע

ענן Firestore מאפשר לך לכתוב מגוון של סוגי נתונים בתוך מסמך, כולל מחרוזות, בוליאנים מספרים, תאריכים, null, ואת מערכים ואובייקטים מקוננים. ענן Firestore תמיד מאחסן מספרים כמו זוגות, ללא קשר לסוג של מספר לך להשתמש בקוד שלך.

Web version 9

import { doc, setDoc, Timestamp } from "firebase/firestore"; 

const docData = {
    stringExample: "Hello world!",
    booleanExample: true,
    numberExample: 3.14159265,
    dateExample: Timestamp.fromDate(new Date("December 10, 1815")),
    arrayExample: [5, true, "hello"],
    nullExample: null,
    objectExample: {
        a: 5,
        b: {
            nested: "foo"
        }
    }
};
await setDoc(doc(db, "data", "one"), docData);

Web version 8

var docData = {
    stringExample: "Hello world!",
    booleanExample: true,
    numberExample: 3.14159265,
    dateExample: firebase.firestore.Timestamp.fromDate(new Date("December 10, 1815")),
    arrayExample: [5, true, "hello"],
    nullExample: null,
    objectExample: {
        a: 5,
        b: {
            nested: "foo"
        }
    }
};
db.collection("data").doc("one").set(docData).then(() => {
    console.log("Document successfully written!");
});
מָהִיר
הערה: מוצר זה אינו זמין על מטרות קליפ watchOS ו App.
let docData: [String: Any] = [
    "stringExample": "Hello world!",
    "booleanExample": true,
    "numberExample": 3.14159265,
    "dateExample": Timestamp(date: Date()),
    "arrayExample": [5, true, "hello"],
    "nullExample": NSNull(),
    "objectExample": [
        "a": 5,
        "b": [
            "nested": "foo"
        ]
    ]
]
db.collection("data").document("one").setData(docData) { err in
    if let err = err {
        print("Error writing document: \(err)")
    } else {
        print("Document successfully written!")
    }
}
Objective-C
הערה: מוצר זה אינו זמין על מטרות קליפ watchOS ו App.
NSDictionary *docData = @{
  @"stringExample": @"Hello world!",
  @"booleanExample": @YES,
  @"numberExample": @3.14,
  @"dateExample": [FIRTimestamp timestampWithDate:[NSDate date]],
  @"arrayExample": @[@5, @YES, @"hello"],
  @"nullExample": [NSNull null],
  @"objectExample": @{
    @"a": @5,
    @"b": @{
      @"nested": @"foo"
    }
  }
};

[[[self.db collectionWithPath:@"data"] documentWithPath:@"one"] setData:docData
    completion:^(NSError * _Nullable error) {
      if (error != nil) {
        NSLog(@"Error writing document: %@", error);
      } else {
        NSLog(@"Document successfully written!");
      }
    }];

Java

Map<String, Object> docData = new HashMap<>();
docData.put("stringExample", "Hello world!");
docData.put("booleanExample", true);
docData.put("numberExample", 3.14159265);
docData.put("dateExample", new Timestamp(new Date()));
docData.put("listExample", Arrays.asList(1, 2, 3));
docData.put("nullExample", null);

Map<String, Object> nestedData = new HashMap<>();
nestedData.put("a", 5);
nestedData.put("b", true);

docData.put("objectExample", nestedData);

db.collection("data").document("one")
        .set(docData)
        .addOnSuccessListener(new OnSuccessListener<Void>() {
            @Override
            public void onSuccess(Void aVoid) {
                Log.d(TAG, "DocumentSnapshot successfully written!");
            }
        })
        .addOnFailureListener(new OnFailureListener() {
            @Override
            public void onFailure(@NonNull Exception e) {
                Log.w(TAG, "Error writing document", e);
            }
        });

Kotlin+KTX

val docData = hashMapOf(
        "stringExample" to "Hello world!",
        "booleanExample" to true,
        "numberExample" to 3.14159265,
        "dateExample" to Timestamp(Date()),
        "listExample" to arrayListOf(1, 2, 3),
        "nullExample" to null
)

val nestedData = hashMapOf(
        "a" to 5,
        "b" to true
)

docData["objectExample"] = nestedData

db.collection("data").document("one")
        .set(docData)
        .addOnSuccessListener { Log.d(TAG, "DocumentSnapshot successfully written!") }
        .addOnFailureListener { e -> Log.w(TAG, "Error writing document", e) }

Dart

final docData = {
  "stringExample": "Hello world!",
  "booleanExample": true,
  "numberExample": 3.14159265,
  "dateExample": Timestamp.now(),
  "listExample": [1, 2, 3],
  "nullExample": null
};

final nestedData = {
  "a": 5,
  "b": true,
};

docData["objectExample"] = nestedData;

db
    .collection("data")
    .doc("one")
    .set(docData)
    .onError((e, _) => print("Error writing document: $e"));
Java
Map<String, Object> docData = new HashMap<>();
docData.put("stringExample", "Hello, World");
docData.put("booleanExample", false);
docData.put("numberExample", 3.14159265);
docData.put("nullExample", null);

ArrayList<Object> arrayExample = new ArrayList<>();
Collections.addAll(arrayExample, 5L, true, "hello");
docData.put("arrayExample", arrayExample);

Map<String, Object> objectExample = new HashMap<>();
objectExample.put("a", 5L);
objectExample.put("b", true);

docData.put("objectExample", objectExample);

ApiFuture<WriteResult> future = db.collection("data").document("one").set(docData);
System.out.println("Update time : " + future.get().getUpdateTime());
פִּיתוֹן
data = {
    u'stringExample': u'Hello, World!',
    u'booleanExample': True,
    u'numberExample': 3.14159265,
    u'dateExample': datetime.datetime.now(tz=datetime.timezone.utc),
    u'arrayExample': [5, True, u'hello'],
    u'nullExample': None,
    u'objectExample': {
        u'a': 5,
        u'b': True
    }
}

db.collection(u'data').document(u'one').set(data)

Python

data = {
    "stringExample": "Hello, World!",
    "booleanExample": True,
    "numberExample": 3.14159265,
    "dateExample": datetime.datetime.now(tz=datetime.timezone.utc),
    "arrayExample": [5, True, "hello"],
    "nullExample": None,
    "objectExample": {"a": 5, "b": True},
}

await db.collection("data").document("one").set(data)
C ++
MapFieldValue doc_data{
    {"stringExample", FieldValue::String("Hello world!")},
    {"booleanExample", FieldValue::Boolean(true)},
    {"numberExample", FieldValue::Double(3.14159265)},
    {"dateExample", FieldValue::Timestamp(Timestamp::Now())},
    {"arrayExample", FieldValue::Array({FieldValue::Integer(1),
                                        FieldValue::Integer(2),
                                        FieldValue::Integer(3)})},
    {"nullExample", FieldValue::Null()},
    {"objectExample",
     FieldValue::Map(
         {{"a", FieldValue::Integer(5)},
          {"b", FieldValue::Map(
                    {{"nested", FieldValue::String("foo")}})}})},
};

db->Collection("data").Document("one").Set(doc_data).OnCompletion(
    [](const Future<void>& future) {
      if (future.error() == Error::kErrorOk) {
        std::cout << "DocumentSnapshot successfully written!" << std::endl;
      } else {
        std::cout << "Error writing document: " << future.error_message()
                  << std::endl;
      }
    });
Node.js
const data = {
  stringExample: 'Hello, World!',
  booleanExample: true,
  numberExample: 3.14159265,
  dateExample: Timestamp.fromDate(new Date('December 10, 1815')),
  arrayExample: [5, true, 'hello'],
  nullExample: null,
  objectExample: {
    a: 5,
    b: true
  }
};

const res = await db.collection('data').doc('one').set(data);
ללכת
doc := make(map[string]interface{})
doc["stringExample"] = "Hello world!"
doc["booleanExample"] = true
doc["numberExample"] = 3.14159265
doc["dateExample"] = time.Now()
doc["arrayExample"] = []interface{}{5, true, "hello"}
doc["nullExample"] = nil
doc["objectExample"] = map[string]interface{}{
	"a": 5,
	"b": true,
}

_, err := client.Collection("data").Doc("one").Set(ctx, doc)
if err != nil {
	// Handle any errors in an appropriate way, such as returning them.
	log.Printf("An error has occurred: %s", err)
}
PHP
$data = [
    'stringExample' => 'Hello World',
    'booleanExample' => true,
    'numberExample' => 3.14159265,
    'dateExample' => new Timestamp(new DateTime()),
    'arrayExample' => array(5, true, 'hello'),
    'nullExample' => null,
    'objectExample' => ['a' => 5, 'b' => true],
    'documentReferenceExample' => $db->collection('samples/php/data')->document('two'),
];
$db->collection('samples/php/data')->document('one')->set($data);
printf('Set multiple data-type data for the one document in the data collection.' . PHP_EOL);
אַחְדוּת
DocumentReference docRef = db.Collection("data").Document("one");
Dictionary<string, object> docData = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
	{ "stringExample", "Hello World" },
	{ "booleanExample", false },
	{ "numberExample", 3.14159265 },
	{ "nullExample", null },
	{ "arrayExample", new List<object>() { 5, true, "Hello" } },
	{ "objectExample", new Dictionary<string, object>
		{
			{ "a", 5 },
			{ "b", true },
		}
	},
};

docRef.SetAsync(docData);
C #
DocumentReference docRef = db.Collection("data").Document("one");
Dictionary<string, object> docData = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
    { "stringExample", "Hello World" },
    { "booleanExample", false },
    { "numberExample", 3.14159265 },
    { "nullExample", null },
};

ArrayList arrayExample = new ArrayList();
arrayExample.Add(5);
arrayExample.Add(true);
arrayExample.Add("Hello");
docData.Add("arrayExample", arrayExample);

Dictionary<string, object> objectExample = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
    { "a", 5 },
    { "b", true },
};
docData.Add("objectExample", objectExample);

await docRef.SetAsync(docData);
אוֹדֶם
doc_ref = firestore.doc "#{collection_path}/one"

data = {
  stringExample:  "Hello, World!",
  booleanExample: true,
  numberExample:  3.14159265,
  dateExample:    DateTime.now,
  arrayExample:   [5, true, "hello"],
  nullExample:    nil,
  objectExample:  {
    a: 5,
    b: true
  }
}

doc_ref.set data

אובייקטים מותאמים אישית

באמצעות Map או Dictionary אובייקטים לייצג את המסמכים הוא לעתים קרובות לא מאוד נוח, כך ענן Firestore תומך בכתיבת מסמכים עם כיתות מותאמות אישית. ענן Firestore ממירה אובייקטים לסוגי נתונים נתמכים.

באמצעות שיעורים מותאמים אישית, אתה יכול לשכתב את הדוגמה הראשונית כמוצג:

Web version 9

class City {
    constructor (name, state, country ) {
        this.name = name;
        this.state = state;
        this.country = country;
    }
    toString() {
        return this.name + ', ' + this.state + ', ' + this.country;
    }
}

// Firestore data converter
const cityConverter = {
    toFirestore: (city) => {
        return {
            name: city.name,
            state: city.state,
            country: city.country
            };
    },
    fromFirestore: (snapshot, options) => {
        const data = snapshot.data(options);
        return new City(data.name, data.state, data.country);
    }
};

Web version 8

class City {
    constructor (name, state, country ) {
        this.name = name;
        this.state = state;
        this.country = country;
    }
    toString() {
        return this.name + ', ' + this.state + ', ' + this.country;
    }
}

// Firestore data converter
var cityConverter = {
    toFirestore: function(city) {
        return {
            name: city.name,
            state: city.state,
            country: city.country
            };
    },
    fromFirestore: function(snapshot, options){
        const data = snapshot.data(options);
        return new City(data.name, data.state, data.country);
    }
};
מָהִיר
הערה: מוצר זה אינו זמין על מטרות קליפ watchOS ו App.
public struct City: Codable {

    let name: String
    let state: String?
    let country: String?
    let isCapital: Bool?
    let population: Int64?

    enum CodingKeys: String, CodingKey {
        case name
        case state
        case country
        case isCapital = "capital"
        case population
    }

}
Objective-C
הערה: מוצר זה אינו זמין על מטרות קליפ watchOS ו App.
// This isn't supported in Objective-C.
  

Java

כול כיתה מותאמת אישית חייבת להיות בנאי הציבור כי לא לוקחים ארגומנטים. בנוסף, המעמד חייב לכלול גטר ציבורי לכול נכס.

public class City {


    private String name;
    private String state;
    private String country;
    private boolean capital;
    private long population;
    private List<String> regions;

    public City() {}

    public City(String name, String state, String country, boolean capital, long population, List<String> regions) {
        // ...
    }

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public String getState() {
        return state;
    }

    public String getCountry() {
        return country;
    }

    public boolean isCapital() {
        return capital;
    }

    public long getPopulation() {
        return population;
    }

    public List<String> getRegions() {
        return regions;
    }

}

Kotlin+KTX

data class City(
    val name: String? = null,
    val state: String? = null,
    val country: String? = null,
    @field:JvmField // use this annotation if your Boolean field is prefixed with 'is'
    val isCapital: Boolean? = null,
    val population: Long? = null,
    val regions: List<String>? = null
)

Dart

class City {
  final String? name;
  final String? state;
  final String? country;
  final bool? capital;
  final int? population;
  final List<String>? regions;

  City({
    this.name,
    this.state,
    this.country,
    this.capital,
    this.population,
    this.regions,
  });

  factory City.fromFirestore(
    DocumentSnapshot<Map<String, dynamic>> snapshot,
    SnapshotOptions? options,
  ) {
    final data = snapshot.data();
    return City(
      name: data?['name'],
      state: data?['state'],
      country: data?['country'],
      capital: data?['capital'],
      population: data?['population'],
      regions:
          data?['regions'] is Iterable ? List.from(data?['regions']) : null,
    );
  }

  Map<String, dynamic> toFirestore() {
    return {
      if (name != null) "name": name,
      if (state != null) "state": state,
      if (country != null) "country": country,
      if (capital != null) "capital": capital,
      if (population != null) "population": population,
      if (regions != null) "regions": regions,
    };
  }
}
Java
public City() {
  // Must have a public no-argument constructor
}

// Initialize all fields of a city
public City(
    String name,
    String state,
    String country,
    Boolean capital,
    Long population,
    List<String> regions) {
  this.name = name;
  this.state = state;
  this.country = country;
  this.capital = capital;
  this.population = population;
  this.regions = regions;
}
פִּיתוֹן
class City(object):
    def __init__(self, name, state, country, capital=False, population=0,
                 regions=[]):
        self.name = name
        self.state = state
        self.country = country
        self.capital = capital
        self.population = population
        self.regions = regions

    @staticmethod
    def from_dict(source):
        # ...

    def to_dict(self):
        # ...

    def __repr__(self):
        return(
            f'City(\
                name={self.name}, \
                country={self.country}, \
                population={self.population}, \
                capital={self.capital}, \
                regions={self.regions}\
            )'
        )

Python

class City(object):
    def __init__(self, name, state, country, capital=False, population=0, regions=[]):
        self.name = name
        self.state = state
        self.country = country
        self.capital = capital
        self.population = population
        self.regions = regions

    @staticmethod
    def from_dict(source):
        # ...

    def to_dict(self):
        # ...

    def __repr__(self):
        return f"City(\
                name={self.name}, \
                country={self.country}, \
                population={self.population}, \
                capital={self.capital}, \
                regions={self.regions}\
            )"
C ++
// This is not yet supported.
Node.js
// Node.js uses JavaScript objects
ללכת

// City represents a city.
type City struct {
	Name       string   `firestore:"name,omitempty"`
	State      string   `firestore:"state,omitempty"`
	Country    string   `firestore:"country,omitempty"`
	Capital    bool     `firestore:"capital,omitempty"`
	Population int64    `firestore:"population,omitempty"`
	Regions    []string `firestore:"regions,omitempty"`
}
PHP
// This isn't supported in PHP
אַחְדוּת
[FirestoreData]
public class City
{
	[FirestoreProperty]
	public string Name { get; set; }

	[FirestoreProperty]
	public string State { get; set; }

	[FirestoreProperty]
	public string Country { get; set; }

	[FirestoreProperty]
	public bool Capital { get; set; }

	[FirestoreProperty]
	public long Population { get; set; }
}
C #
[FirestoreData]
public class City
{
    [FirestoreProperty]
    public string Name { get; set; }

    [FirestoreProperty]
    public string State { get; set; }

    [FirestoreProperty]
    public string Country { get; set; }

    [FirestoreProperty]
    public bool Capital { get; set; }

    [FirestoreProperty]
    public long Population { get; set; }
}
אוֹדֶם
// This isn't supported in Ruby

Web version 9

import { doc, setDoc } from "firebase/firestore"; 

// Set with cityConverter
const ref = doc(db, "cities", "LA").withConverter(cityConverter);
await setDoc(ref, new City("Los Angeles", "CA", "USA"));

Web version 8

// Set with cityConverter
db.collection("cities").doc("LA")
  .withConverter(cityConverter)
  .set(new City("Los Angeles", "CA", "USA"));
מָהִיר
הערה: מוצר זה אינו זמין על מטרות קליפ watchOS ו App.
let city = City(name: "Los Angeles",
                state: "CA",
                country: "USA",
                isCapital: false,
                population: 5000000)

do {
    try db.collection("cities").document("LA").setData(from: city)
} catch let error {
    print("Error writing city to Firestore: \(error)")
}
Objective-C
הערה: מוצר זה אינו זמין על מטרות קליפ watchOS ו App.
// This isn't supported in Objective-C.
  

Java

City city = new City("Los Angeles", "CA", "USA",
        false, 5000000L, Arrays.asList("west_coast", "sorcal"));
db.collection("cities").document("LA").set(city);

Kotlin+KTX

val city = City("Los Angeles", "CA", "USA",
        false, 5000000L, listOf("west_coast", "socal"))
db.collection("cities").document("LA").set(city)

Dart

final city = City(
  name: "Los Angeles",
  state: "CA",
  country: "USA",
  capital: false,
  population: 5000000,
  regions: ["west_coast", "socal"],
);
final docRef = db
    .collection("cities")
    .withConverter(
      fromFirestore: City.fromFirestore,
      toFirestore: (City city, options) => city.toFirestore(),
    )
    .doc("LA");
await docRef.set(city);
Java
City city =
    new City("Los Angeles", "CA", "USA", false, 3900000L, Arrays.asList("west_coast", "socal"));
ApiFuture<WriteResult> future = db.collection("cities").document("LA").set(city);
// block on response if required
System.out.println("Update time : " + future.get().getUpdateTime());
פִּיתוֹן
city = City(name=u'Los Angeles', state=u'CA', country=u'USA')
db.collection(u'cities').document(u'LA').set(city.to_dict())

Python

city = City(name="Los Angeles", state="CA", country="USA")
await db.collection("cities").document("LA").set(city.to_dict())
C ++
// This is not yet supported.
Node.js
// Node.js uses JavaScript objects
ללכת
city := City{
	Name:    "Los Angeles",
	Country: "USA",
}
_, err := client.Collection("cities").Doc("LA").Set(ctx, city)
if err != nil {
	// Handle any errors in an appropriate way, such as returning them.
	log.Printf("An error has occurred: %s", err)
}
PHP
// This isn't supported in PHP.
אַחְדוּת
DocumentReference docRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("LA");
City city = new City
{
	Name = "Los Angeles",
	State = "CA",
	Country = "USA",
	Capital = false,
	Population = 3900000L
};
docRef.SetAsync(city);
C #
DocumentReference docRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("LA");
City city = new City
{
    Name = "Los Angeles",
    State = "CA",
    Country = "USA",
    Capital = false,
    Population = 3900000L
};
await docRef.SetAsync(city);
אוֹדֶם
// This isn't supported in Ruby.

הוסף מסמך

כאשר אתה משתמש set() כדי ליצור מסמך, עליך להזין מזהה עבור המסמך ליצור. לדוגמה:

Web version 9

import { doc, setDoc } from "firebase/firestore"; 

await setDoc(doc(db, "cities", "new-city-id"), data);

Web version 8

db.collection("cities").doc("new-city-id").set(data);
מָהִיר
הערה: מוצר זה אינו זמין על מטרות קליפ watchOS ו App.
db.collection("cities").document("new-city-id").setData(data)
Objective-C
הערה: מוצר זה אינו זמין על מטרות קליפ watchOS ו App.
[[[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] documentWithPath:@"new-city-id"]
    setData:data];

Java

db.collection("cities").document("new-city-id").set(data);

Kotlin+KTX

db.collection("cities").document("new-city-id").set(data)

Dart

db.collection("cities").doc("new-city-id").set({"name": "Chicago"});
Java
db.collection("cities").document("new-city-id").set(data);
פִּיתוֹן
db.collection(u'cities').document(u'new-city-id').set(data)

Python

await db.collection("cities").document("new-city-id").set(data)
C ++
db->Collection("cities").Document("SF").Set({/*some data*/});
Node.js
await db.collection('cities').doc('new-city-id').set(data);
ללכת
_, err := client.Collection("cities").Doc("new-city-id").Set(ctx, data)
if err != nil {
	// Handle any errors in an appropriate way, such as returning them.
	log.Printf("An error has occurred: %s", err)
}
PHP
$db->collection('samples/php/cities')->document('new-city-id')->set($data);
אַחְדוּת
db.Collection("cities").Document("new-city-id").SetAsync(city);
C #
await db.Collection("cities").Document("new-city-id").SetAsync(city);
אוֹדֶם
city_ref = firestore.doc "#{collection_path}/new-city-id"
city_ref.set data

אבל לפעמים אין זיהוי משמעות המסמך, וזה יותר נוח לתת ענן Firestore אוטומטי ליצור מזהה בשבילך. ניתן לעשות זאת על ידי התקשרות add() :

Web version 9

import { collection, addDoc } from "firebase/firestore"; 

// Add a new document with a generated id.
const docRef = await addDoc(collection(db, "cities"), {
  name: "Tokyo",
  country: "Japan"
});
console.log("Document written with ID: ", docRef.id);

Web version 8

// Add a new document with a generated id.
db.collection("cities").add({
    name: "Tokyo",
    country: "Japan"
})
.then((docRef) => {
    console.log("Document written with ID: ", docRef.id);
})
.catch((error) => {
    console.error("Error adding document: ", error);
});
מָהִיר
הערה: מוצר זה אינו זמין על מטרות קליפ watchOS ו App.
// Add a new document with a generated id.
var ref: DocumentReference? = nil
ref = db.collection("cities").addDocument(data: [
    "name": "Tokyo",
    "country": "Japan"
]) { err in
    if let err = err {
        print("Error adding document: \(err)")
    } else {
        print("Document added with ID: \(ref!.documentID)")
    }
}
Objective-C
הערה: מוצר זה אינו זמין על מטרות קליפ watchOS ו App.
// Add a new document with a generated id.
__block FIRDocumentReference *ref =
    [[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] addDocumentWithData:@{
      @"name": @"Tokyo",
      @"country": @"Japan"
    } completion:^(NSError * _Nullable error) {
      if (error != nil) {
        NSLog(@"Error adding document: %@", error);
      } else {
        NSLog(@"Document added with ID: %@", ref.documentID);
      }
    }];

Java

// Add a new document with a generated id.
Map<String, Object> data = new HashMap<>();
data.put("name", "Tokyo");
data.put("country", "Japan");

db.collection("cities")
        .add(data)
        .addOnSuccessListener(new OnSuccessListener<DocumentReference>() {
            @Override
            public void onSuccess(DocumentReference documentReference) {
                Log.d(TAG, "DocumentSnapshot written with ID: " + documentReference.getId());
            }
        })
        .addOnFailureListener(new OnFailureListener() {
            @Override
            public void onFailure(@NonNull Exception e) {
                Log.w(TAG, "Error adding document", e);
            }
        });

Kotlin+KTX

// Add a new document with a generated id.
val data = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "Tokyo",
        "country" to "Japan"
)

db.collection("cities")
    .add(data)
    .addOnSuccessListener { documentReference ->
        Log.d(TAG, "DocumentSnapshot written with ID: ${documentReference.id}")
    }
    .addOnFailureListener { e ->
        Log.w(TAG, "Error adding document", e)
    }

Dart

// Add a new document with a generated id.
final data = {"name": "Tokyo", "country": "Japan"};

db.collection("cities").add(data).then((documentSnapshot) =>
    print("Added Data with ID: ${documentSnapshot.id}"));
Java
// Add document data with auto-generated id.
Map<String, Object> data = new HashMap<>();
data.put("name", "Tokyo");
data.put("country", "Japan");
ApiFuture<DocumentReference> addedDocRef = db.collection("cities").add(data);
System.out.println("Added document with ID: " + addedDocRef.get().getId());
פִּיתוֹן
city = City(name=u'Tokyo', state=None, country=u'Japan')
db.collection(u'cities').add(city.to_dict())

Python

city = City(name="Tokyo", state=None, country="Japan")
await db.collection("cities").add(city.to_dict())
C ++
db->Collection("cities").Add({/*some data*/});
Node.js
// Add a new document with a generated id.
const res = await db.collection('cities').add({
  name: 'Tokyo',
  country: 'Japan'
});

console.log('Added document with ID: ', res.id);
ללכת
_, _, err := client.Collection("cities").Add(ctx, map[string]interface{}{
	"name":    "Tokyo",
	"country": "Japan",
})
if err != nil {
	// Handle any errors in an appropriate way, such as returning them.
	log.Printf("An error has occurred: %s", err)
}
PHP
$data = [
    'name' => 'Tokyo',
    'country' => 'Japan'
];
$addedDocRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities')->add($data);
printf('Added document with ID: %s' . PHP_EOL, $addedDocRef->id());
אַחְדוּת
Dictionary<string, object> city = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
	{ "Name", "Tokyo" },
	{ "Country", "Japan" }
};
db.Collection("cities").AddAsync(city).ContinueWithOnMainThread(task => {
	DocumentReference addedDocRef = task.Result;
	Debug.Log(String.Format("Added document with ID: {0}.", addedDocRef.Id));
});
C #
Dictionary<string, object> city = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
    { "Name", "Tokyo" },
    { "Country", "Japan" }
};
DocumentReference addedDocRef = await db.Collection("cities").AddAsync(city);
Console.WriteLine("Added document with ID: {0}.", addedDocRef.Id);
אוֹדֶם
data = {
  name:    "Tokyo",
  country: "Japan"
}

cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path

added_doc_ref = cities_ref.add data
puts "Added document with ID: #{added_doc_ref.document_id}."

במקרים מסוימים, זה יכול להיות שימושי ליצור הפנייה למסמך עם זיהוי אוטומטי שנוצר, ואז להשתמש לעיון מאוחר יותר. תרחיש לדוגמה זה, אתה יכול לקרוא doc() :

Web version 9

import { collection, doc, setDoc } from "firebase/firestore"; 

// Add a new document with a generated id
const newCityRef = doc(collection(db, "cities"));

// later...
await setDoc(newCityRef, data);

Web version 8

// Add a new document with a generated id.
var newCityRef = db.collection("cities").doc();

// later...
newCityRef.set(data);
מָהִיר
הערה: מוצר זה אינו זמין על מטרות קליפ watchOS ו App.
let newCityRef = db.collection("cities").document()

// later...
newCityRef.setData([
    // ...
])
Objective-C
הערה: מוצר זה אינו זמין על מטרות קליפ watchOS ו App.
FIRDocumentReference *newCityRef = [[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] documentWithAutoID];
// later...
[newCityRef setData:@{ /* ... */ }];

Java

Map<String, Object> data = new HashMap<>();

DocumentReference newCityRef = db.collection("cities").document();

// Later...
newCityRef.set(data);

Kotlin+KTX

val data = HashMap<String, Any>()

val newCityRef = db.collection("cities").document()

// Later...
newCityRef.set(data)

Dart

// Add a new document with a generated id.
final data = <String, dynamic>{};

final newCityRef = db.collection("cities").doc();

// Later...
newCityRef.set(data);
Java
// Add document data after generating an id.
DocumentReference addedDocRef = db.collection("cities").document();
System.out.println("Added document with ID: " + addedDocRef.getId());

// later...
ApiFuture<WriteResult> writeResult = addedDocRef.set(data);
פִּיתוֹן
new_city_ref = db.collection(u'cities').document()

# later...
new_city_ref.set({
    # ...
})

Python

new_city_ref = db.collection("cities").document()

# later...
await new_city_ref.set(
    {
        # ...
    }
)
C ++
DocumentReference new_city_ref = db->Collection("cities").Document();
Node.js
const newCityRef = db.collection('cities').doc();

// Later...
const res = await newCityRef.set({
  // ...
});
ללכת
ref := client.Collection("cities").NewDoc()

// later...
_, err := ref.Set(ctx, data)
if err != nil {
	// Handle any errors in an appropriate way, such as returning them.
	log.Printf("An error has occurred: %s", err)
}
PHP
$addedDocRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities')->newDocument();
printf('Added document with ID: %s' . PHP_EOL, $addedDocRef->id());
$addedDocRef->set($data);
אַחְדוּת
DocumentReference addedDocRef = db.Collection("cities").Document();
Debug.Log(String.Format("Added document with ID: {0}.", addedDocRef.Id));
addedDocRef.SetAsync(city).ContinueWithOnMainThread(task => {
	Debug.Log(String.Format(
		"Added data to the {0} document in the cities collection.", addedDocRef.Id));
});
C #
DocumentReference addedDocRef = db.Collection("cities").Document();
Console.WriteLine("Added document with ID: {0}.", addedDocRef.Id);
await addedDocRef.SetAsync(city);
אוֹדֶם
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path

added_doc_ref = cities_ref.doc
puts "Added document with ID: #{added_doc_ref.document_id}."

added_doc_ref.set data

מאחורי הקלעים, .add(...) ו .doc().set(...) הם שווה ערך לחלוטין, כך שאתה יכול להשתמש בכל נוח יותר.

עדכון מסמך

כדי לעדכן כמה שדות של מסמך מבלי להחליף את המסמך כולו, להשתמש update() שיטה:

Web version 9

import { doc, updateDoc } from "firebase/firestore";

const washingtonRef = doc(db, "cities", "DC");

// Set the "capital" field of the city 'DC'
await updateDoc(washingtonRef, {
  capital: true
});

Web version 8

var washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").doc("DC");

// Set the "capital" field of the city 'DC'
return washingtonRef.update({
    capital: true
})
.then(() => {
    console.log("Document successfully updated!");
})
.catch((error) => {
    // The document probably doesn't exist.
    console.error("Error updating document: ", error);
});
מָהִיר
הערה: מוצר זה אינו זמין על מטרות קליפ watchOS ו App.
let washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC")

// Set the "capital" field of the city 'DC'
washingtonRef.updateData([
    "capital": true
]) { err in
    if let err = err {
        print("Error updating document: \(err)")
    } else {
        print("Document successfully updated")
    }
}
Objective-C
הערה: מוצר זה אינו זמין על מטרות קליפ watchOS ו App.
FIRDocumentReference *washingtonRef =
    [[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] documentWithPath:@"DC"];
// Set the "capital" field of the city
[washingtonRef updateData:@{
  @"capital": @YES
} completion:^(NSError * _Nullable error) {
  if (error != nil) {
    NSLog(@"Error updating document: %@", error);
  } else {
    NSLog(@"Document successfully updated");
  }
}];

Java

DocumentReference washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC");

// Set the "isCapital" field of the city 'DC'
washingtonRef
        .update("capital", true)
        .addOnSuccessListener(new OnSuccessListener<Void>() {
            @Override
            public void onSuccess(Void aVoid) {
                Log.d(TAG, "DocumentSnapshot successfully updated!");
            }
        })
        .addOnFailureListener(new OnFailureListener() {
            @Override
            public void onFailure(@NonNull Exception e) {
                Log.w(TAG, "Error updating document", e);
            }
        });

Kotlin+KTX

val washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC")

// Set the "isCapital" field of the city 'DC'
washingtonRef
        .update("capital", true)
        .addOnSuccessListener { Log.d(TAG, "DocumentSnapshot successfully updated!") }
        .addOnFailureListener { e -> Log.w(TAG, "Error updating document", e) }

Dart

final washingtonRef = db.collection("cites").doc("DC");
washingtonRef.update({"capital": true}).then(
    (value) => print("DocumentSnapshot successfully updated!"),
    onError: (e) => print("Error updating document $e"));
Java
// Update an existing document
DocumentReference docRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC");

// (async) Update one field
ApiFuture<WriteResult> future = docRef.update("capital", true);

// ...
WriteResult result = future.get();
System.out.println("Write result: " + result);
פִּיתוֹן
city_ref = db.collection(u'cities').document(u'DC')

# Set the capital field
city_ref.update({u'capital': True})

Python

city_ref = db.collection("cities").document("DC")

# Set the capital field
await city_ref.update({"capital": True})
C ++
DocumentReference washington_ref = db->Collection("cities").Document("DC");
// Set the "capital" field of the city "DC".
washington_ref.Update({{"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(true)}});
Node.js
const cityRef = db.collection('cities').doc('DC');

// Set the 'capital' field of the city
const res = await cityRef.update({capital: true});
ללכת
_, err = client.Collection("cities").Doc("DC").Update(ctx, []firestore.Update{
	{
		Path:  "capital",
		Value: true,
	},
})
if err != nil {
	// Handle any errors in an appropriate way, such as returning them.
	log.Printf("An error has occurred: %s", err)
}
PHP
$cityRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities')->document('DC');
$cityRef->update([
    ['path' => 'capital', 'value' => true]
]);
אַחְדוּת
DocumentReference cityRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("new-city-id");
Dictionary<string, object> updates = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
	{ "Capital", false }
};

cityRef.UpdateAsync(updates).ContinueWithOnMainThread(task => {
	Debug.Log(
		"Updated the Capital field of the new-city-id document in the cities collection.");
});
// You can also update a single field with: cityRef.UpdateAsync("Capital", false);
C #
DocumentReference cityRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("new-city-id");
Dictionary<string, object> updates = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
    { "Capital", false }
};
await cityRef.UpdateAsync(updates);

// You can also update a single field with: await cityRef.UpdateAsync("Capital", false);
אוֹדֶם
city_ref = firestore.doc "#{collection_path}/DC"
city_ref.update({ capital: true })

שרת חותמת זמן

ניתן להגדיר שדה במסמך לחותמת זמן שרת אשר עוקבת כאשר השרת מקבל את העדכון.

Web version 9

import { updateDoc, serverTimestamp } from "firebase/firestore";

const docRef = doc(db, 'objects', 'some-id');

// Update the timestamp field with the value from the server
const updateTimestamp = await updateDoc(docRef, {
    timestamp: serverTimestamp()
});

Web version 8

var docRef = db.collection('objects').doc('some-id');

// Update the timestamp field with the value from the server
var updateTimestamp = docRef.update({
    timestamp: firebase.firestore.FieldValue.serverTimestamp()
});
מָהִיר
הערה: מוצר זה אינו זמין על מטרות קליפ watchOS ו App.
db.collection("objects").document("some-id").updateData([
    "lastUpdated": FieldValue.serverTimestamp(),
]) { err in
    if let err = err {
        print("Error updating document: \(err)")
    } else {
        print("Document successfully updated")
    }
}
Objective-C
הערה: מוצר זה אינו זמין על מטרות קליפ watchOS ו App.
[[[self.db collectionWithPath:@"objects"] documentWithPath:@"some-id"] updateData:@{
  @"lastUpdated": [FIRFieldValue fieldValueForServerTimestamp]
} completion:^(NSError * _Nullable error) {
  if (error != nil) {
    NSLog(@"Error updating document: %@", error);
  } else {
    NSLog(@"Document successfully updated");
  }
}];

Java

// If you're using custom Java objects in Android, add an @ServerTimestamp
// annotation to a Date field for your custom object classes. This indicates
// that the Date field should be treated as a server timestamp by the object mapper.
DocumentReference docRef = db.collection("objects").document("some-id");

// Update the timestamp field with the value from the server
Map<String,Object> updates = new HashMap<>();
updates.put("timestamp", FieldValue.serverTimestamp());

docRef.update(updates).addOnCompleteListener(new OnCompleteListener<Void>() {
    // ...
    // ...

Kotlin+KTX

// If you're using custom Kotlin objects in Android, add an @ServerTimestamp
// annotation to a Date field for your custom object classes. This indicates
// that the Date field should be treated as a server timestamp by the object mapper.
val docRef = db.collection("objects").document("some-id")

// Update the timestamp field with the value from the server
val updates = hashMapOf<String, Any>(
        "timestamp" to FieldValue.serverTimestamp()
)

docRef.update(updates).addOnCompleteListener { }

Dart

final docRef = db.collection("objects").doc("some-id");
final updates = <String, dynamic>{
  "timestamp": FieldValue.serverTimestamp(),
};

docRef.update(updates).then(
    (value) => print("DocumentSnapshot successfully updated!"),
    onError: (e) => print("Error updating document $e"));
Java
DocumentReference docRef = db.collection("objects").document("some-id");
// Update the timestamp field with the value from the server
ApiFuture<WriteResult> writeResult = docRef.update("timestamp", FieldValue.serverTimestamp());
System.out.println("Update time : " + writeResult.get());
פִּיתוֹן
city_ref = db.collection(u'objects').document(u'some-id')
city_ref.update({
    u'timestamp': firestore.SERVER_TIMESTAMP
})

Python

city_ref = db.collection("objects").document("some-id")
await city_ref.update({"timestamp": firestore.SERVER_TIMESTAMP})
C ++
DocumentReference doc_ref = db->Collection("objects").Document("some-id");
doc_ref.Update({{"timestamp", FieldValue::ServerTimestamp()}})
    .OnCompletion([](const Future<void>& future) {
      // ...
    });
Node.js
// Create a document reference
const docRef = db.collection('objects').doc('some-id');

// Update the timestamp field with the value from the server
const res = await docRef.update({
  timestamp: FieldValue.serverTimestamp()
});
ללכת
_, err := client.Collection("objects").Doc("some-id").Set(ctx, map[string]interface{}{
	"timestamp": firestore.ServerTimestamp,
}, firestore.MergeAll)
if err != nil {
	// Handle any errors in an appropriate way, such as returning them.
	log.Printf("An error has occurred: %s", err)
}
PHP
$docRef = $db->collection('samples/php/objects')->document('some-id');
$docRef->update([
    ['path' => 'timestamp', 'value' => FieldValue::serverTimestamp()]
]);
אַחְדוּת
DocumentReference cityRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("new-city-id");
cityRef.UpdateAsync("Timestamp", FieldValue.ServerTimestamp)
	.ContinueWithOnMainThread(task => {
		Debug.Log(
			"Updated the Timestamp field of the new-city-id document in the cities "
			+ "collection.");
	});
C #
DocumentReference cityRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("new-city-id");
await cityRef.UpdateAsync("Timestamp", Timestamp.GetCurrentTimestamp());
אוֹדֶם
city_ref = firestore.doc "#{collection_path}/new-city-id"
city_ref.update({ timestamp: firestore.field_server_time })

בעת עדכון שדות חותמת מרובות בפנים של עסקה , כול שדה מקבל את הערך חותם אותו השרת.

שדות עדכון אובייקטים מקוננים

אם המסמך מכיל אובייקטים מקוננים, אתה יכול להשתמש "בסימון נקודה" להפנות שדות מקוננים בתוך המסמך כאשר אתה קורא update() :

Web version 9

import { doc, setDoc, updateDoc } from "firebase/firestore"; 

// Create an initial document to update.
const frankDocRef = doc(db, "users", "frank");
await setDoc(frankDocRef, {
    name: "Frank",
    favorites: { food: "Pizza", color: "Blue", subject: "recess" },
    age: 12
});

// To update age and favorite color:
await updateDoc(frankDocRef, {
    "age": 13,
    "favorites.color": "Red"
});

Web version 8

// Create an initial document to update.
var frankDocRef = db.collection("users").doc("frank");
frankDocRef.set({
    name: "Frank",
    favorites: { food: "Pizza", color: "Blue", subject: "recess" },
    age: 12
});

// To update age and favorite color:
db.collection("users").doc("frank").update({
    "age": 13,
    "favorites.color": "Red"
})
.then(() => {
    console.log("Document successfully updated!");
});
מָהִיר
הערה: מוצר זה אינו זמין על מטרות קליפ watchOS ו App.
// Create an initial document to update.
let frankDocRef = db.collection("users").document("frank")
frankDocRef.setData([
    "name": "Frank",
    "favorites": [ "food": "Pizza", "color": "Blue", "subject": "recess" ],
    "age": 12
    ])

// To update age and favorite color:
db.collection("users").document("frank").updateData([
    "age": 13,
    "favorites.color": "Red"
]) { err in
    if let err = err {
        print("Error updating document: \(err)")
    } else {
        print("Document successfully updated")
    }
}
Objective-C
הערה: מוצר זה אינו זמין על מטרות קליפ watchOS ו App.
// Create an initial document to update.
FIRDocumentReference *frankDocRef =
    [[self.db collectionWithPath:@"users"] documentWithPath:@"frank"];
[frankDocRef setData:@{
  @"name": @"Frank",
  @"favorites": @{
    @"food": @"Pizza",
    @"color": @"Blue",
    @"subject": @"recess"
  },
  @"age": @12
}];
// To update age and favorite color:
[frankDocRef updateData:@{
  @"age": @13,
  @"favorites.color": @"Red",
} completion:^(NSError * _Nullable error) {
  if (error != nil) {
    NSLog(@"Error updating document: %@", error);
  } else {
    NSLog(@"Document successfully updated");
  }
}];

Java

// Assume the document contains:
// {
//   name: "Frank",
//   favorites: { food: "Pizza", color: "Blue", subject: "recess" }
//   age: 12
// }
//
// To update age and favorite color:
db.collection("users").document("frank")
        .update(
                "age", 13,
                "favorites.color", "Red"
        );

Kotlin+KTX

// Assume the document contains:
// {
//   name: "Frank",
//   favorites: { food: "Pizza", color: "Blue", subject: "recess" }
//   age: 12
// }
//
// To update age and favorite color:
db.collection("users").document("frank")
        .update(mapOf(
                "age" to 13,
                "favorites.color" to "Red"
        ))

Dart

// Assume the document contains:
// {
//   name: "Frank",
//   favorites: { food: "Pizza", color: "Blue", subject: "recess" }
//   age: 12
// }
db
    .collection("users")
    .doc("frank")
    .update({"age": 13, "favorites.color": "Red"});
Java
// Create an initial document to update
DocumentReference frankDocRef = db.collection("users").document("frank");
Map<String, Object> initialData = new HashMap<>();
initialData.put("name", "Frank");
initialData.put("age", 12);

Map<String, Object> favorites = new HashMap<>();
favorites.put("food", "Pizza");
favorites.put("color", "Blue");
favorites.put("subject", "Recess");
initialData.put("favorites", favorites);

ApiFuture<WriteResult> initialResult = frankDocRef.set(initialData);
// Confirm that data has been successfully saved by blocking on the operation
initialResult.get();

// Update age and favorite color
Map<String, Object> updates = new HashMap<>();
updates.put("age", 13);
updates.put("favorites.color", "Red");

// Async update document
ApiFuture<WriteResult> writeResult = frankDocRef.update(updates);
// ...
System.out.println("Update time : " + writeResult.get().getUpdateTime());
פִּיתוֹן
# Create an initial document to update
frank_ref = db.collection(u'users').document(u'frank')
frank_ref.set({
    u'name': u'Frank',
    u'favorites': {
        u'food': u'Pizza',
        u'color': u'Blue',
        u'subject': u'Recess'
    },
    u'age': 12
})

# Update age and favorite color
frank_ref.update({
    u'age': 13,
    u'favorites.color': u'Red'
})

Python

# Create an initial document to update
frank_ref = db.collection("users").document("frank")
await frank_ref.set(
    {
        "name": "Frank",
        "favorites": {"food": "Pizza", "color": "Blue", "subject": "Recess"},
        "age": 12,
    }
)

# Update age and favorite color
await frank_ref.update({"age": 13, "favorites.color": "Red"})
C ++
// Assume the document contains:
// {
//   name: "Frank",
//   favorites: { food: "Pizza", color: "Blue", subject: "recess" }
//   age: 12
// }
//
// To update age and favorite color:
db->Collection("users").Document("frank").Update({
    {"age", FieldValue::Integer(13)},
    {"favorites.color", FieldValue::String("red")},
});
Node.js
const initialData = {
  name: 'Frank',
  age: 12,
  favorites: {
    food: 'Pizza',
    color: 'Blue',
    subject: 'recess'
  }
};

// ...
const res = await db.collection('users').doc('Frank').update({
  age: 13,
  'favorites.color': 'Red'
});
ללכת
initialData := map[string]interface{}{
	"name": "Frank",
	"age":  12,
	"favorites": map[string]interface{}{
		"food":    "Pizza",
		"color":   "Blue",
		"subject": "recess",
	},
}

// ...

_, err := client.Collection("users").Doc("frank").Set(ctx, map[string]interface{}{
	"age": 13,
	"favorites": map[string]interface{}{
		"color": "Red",
	},
}, firestore.MergeAll)
if err != nil {
	// Handle any errors in an appropriate way, such as returning them.
	log.Printf("An error has occurred: %s", err)
}
PHP
// Create an initial document to update
$frankRef = $db->collection('samples/php/users')->document('frank');
$frankRef->set([
    'first' => 'Frank',
    'last' => 'Franklin',
    'favorites' => ['food' => 'Pizza', 'color' => 'Blue', 'subject' => 'Recess'],
    'age' => 12
]);

// Update age and favorite color
$frankRef->update([
    ['path' => 'age', 'value' => 13],
    ['path' => 'favorites.color', 'value' => 'Red']
]);
אַחְדוּת
DocumentReference frankDocRef = db.Collection("users").Document("frank");
Dictionary<string, object> initialData = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
	{ "Name", "Frank" },
	{ "Age", 12 }
};

Dictionary<string, object> favorites = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
	{ "Food", "Pizza" },
	{ "Color", "Blue" },
	{ "Subject", "Recess" },
};
initialData.Add("Favorites", favorites);
frankDocRef.SetAsync(initialData).ContinueWithOnMainThread(task => {

	// Update age and favorite color
	Dictionary<string, object> updates = new Dictionary<string, object>
	{
		{ "Age", 13 },
		{ "Favorites.Color", "Red" },
	};

	// Asynchronously update the document
	return frankDocRef.UpdateAsync(updates);
}).ContinueWithOnMainThread(task => {
	Debug.Log(
		"Updated the age and favorite color fields of the Frank document in "
		+ "the users collection.");
});
C #
DocumentReference frankDocRef = db.Collection("users").Document("frank");
Dictionary<string, object> initialData = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
    { "Name", "Frank" },
    { "Age", 12 }
};

Dictionary<string, object> favorites = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
    { "Food", "Pizza" },
    { "Color", "Blue" },
    { "Subject", "Recess" },
};
initialData.Add("Favorites", favorites);
await frankDocRef.SetAsync(initialData);

// Update age and favorite color
Dictionary<string, object> updates = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
    { "Age", 13 },
    { "Favorites.Color", "Red" },
};

// Asynchronously update the document
await frankDocRef.UpdateAsync(updates);
אוֹדֶם
# Create an initial document to update
frank_ref = firestore.doc "#{collection_path}/frank"
frank_ref.set(
  {
    name:      "Frank",
    favorites: {
      food:    "Pizza",
      color:   "Blue",
      subject: "Recess"
    },
    age:       12
  }
)

# Update age and favorite color
frank_ref.update({ age: 13, "favorites.color": "Red" })

סימון Dot מאפשר לך לעדכן שדה מקוננות אחת בלי להחליף שדה מקוננות אחר. אם תעדכן שדה מקונן ללא סימון נק', אתה תחליף את שדה המפה כול, למשל:

אינטרנט

// Create our initial doc
db.collection("users").doc("frank").set({
  name: "Frank",
  favorites: {
    food: "Pizza",
    color: "Blue",
    subject: "Recess"
  },
  age: 12
}).then(function() {
  console.log("Frank created");
});

// Update the doc without using dot notation.
// Notice the map value for favorites.
db.collection("users").doc("frank").update({
  favorites: {
    food: "Ice Cream"
  }
}).then(function() {
  console.log("Frank food updated");
});

/*
Ending State, favorite.color and favorite.subject are no longer present:
/users
    /frank
        {
            name: "Frank",
            favorites: {
                food: "Ice Cream",
            },
            age: 12
        }
 */

אלמנטי עדכון במערך

אם המסמך מכיל שדה מערך, אתה יכול להשתמש arrayUnion() ו arrayRemove ( arrayRemove() כדי להוסיף אלמנטים remove. arrayUnion() מוסיף אלמנטים מערך אבל רק אלמנטים לא קיים כבר. arrayRemove() מסיר את כל המופעים של כל רכיב נתון.

Web version 9

import { doc, updateDoc, arrayUnion, arrayRemove } from "firebase/firestore";

const washingtonRef = doc(db, "cities", "DC");

// Atomically add a new region to the "regions" array field.
await updateDoc(washingtonRef, {
    regions: arrayUnion("greater_virginia")
});

// Atomically remove a region from the "regions" array field.
await updateDoc(washingtonRef, {
    regions: arrayRemove("east_coast")
});

Web version 8

var washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").doc("DC");

// Atomically add a new region to the "regions" array field.
washingtonRef.update({
    regions: firebase.firestore.FieldValue.arrayUnion("greater_virginia")
});

// Atomically remove a region from the "regions" array field.
washingtonRef.update({
    regions: firebase.firestore.FieldValue.arrayRemove("east_coast")
});
מָהִיר
הערה: מוצר זה אינו זמין על מטרות קליפ watchOS ו App.
let washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC")

// Atomically add a new region to the "regions" array field.
washingtonRef.updateData([
    "regions": FieldValue.arrayUnion(["greater_virginia"])
])

// Atomically remove a region from the "regions" array field.
washingtonRef.updateData([
    "regions": FieldValue.arrayRemove(["east_coast"])
])
Objective-C
הערה: מוצר זה אינו זמין על מטרות קליפ watchOS ו App.
FIRDocumentReference *washingtonRef =
    [[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] documentWithPath:@"DC"];

// Atomically add a new region to the "regions" array field.
[washingtonRef updateData:@{
  @"regions": [FIRFieldValue fieldValueForArrayUnion:@[@"greater_virginia"]]
}];

// Atomically remove a new region to the "regions" array field.
[washingtonRef updateData:@{
  @"regions": [FIRFieldValue fieldValueForArrayRemove:@[@"east_coast"]]
}];

Java

DocumentReference washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC");

// Atomically add a new region to the "regions" array field.
washingtonRef.update("regions", FieldValue.arrayUnion("greater_virginia"));

// Atomically remove a region from the "regions" array field.
washingtonRef.update("regions", FieldValue.arrayRemove("east_coast"));

Kotlin+KTX

val washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC")

// Atomically add a new region to the "regions" array field.
washingtonRef.update("regions", FieldValue.arrayUnion("greater_virginia"))

// Atomically remove a region from the "regions" array field.
washingtonRef.update("regions", FieldValue.arrayRemove("east_coast"))

Dart

final washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").doc("DC");

// Atomically add a new region to the "regions" array field.
washingtonRef.update({
  "regions": FieldValue.arrayUnion(["greater_virginia"]),
});

// Atomically remove a region from the "regions" array field.
washingtonRef.update({
  "regions": FieldValue.arrayRemove(["east_coast"]),
});
Java
DocumentReference washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC");

// Atomically add a new region to the "regions" array field.
ApiFuture<WriteResult> arrayUnion =
    washingtonRef.update("regions", FieldValue.arrayUnion("greater_virginia"));
System.out.println("Update time : " + arrayUnion.get());

// Atomically remove a region from the "regions" array field.
ApiFuture<WriteResult> arrayRm =
    washingtonRef.update("regions", FieldValue.arrayRemove("east_coast"));
System.out.println("Update time : " + arrayRm.get());
פִּיתוֹן
city_ref = db.collection(u'cities').document(u'DC')

# Atomically add a new region to the 'regions' array field.
city_ref.update({u'regions': firestore.ArrayUnion([u'greater_virginia'])})

# // Atomically remove a region from the 'regions' array field.
city_ref.update({u'regions': firestore.ArrayRemove([u'east_coast'])})

Python

city_ref = db.collection("cities").document("DC")

# Atomically add a new region to the 'regions' array field.
await city_ref.update({"regions": firestore.ArrayUnion(["greater_virginia"])})

# // Atomically remove a region from the 'regions' array field.
await city_ref.update({"regions": firestore.ArrayRemove(["east_coast"])})
C ++
// This is not yet supported.
Node.js
// ...
const washingtonRef = db.collection('cities').doc('DC');

// Atomically add a new region to the "regions" array field.
const unionRes = await washingtonRef.update({
  regions: FieldValue.arrayUnion('greater_virginia')
});
// Atomically remove a region from the "regions" array field.
const removeRes = await washingtonRef.update({
  regions: FieldValue.arrayRemove('east_coast')
});

// To add or remove multiple items, pass multiple arguments to arrayUnion/arrayRemove
const multipleUnionRes = await washingtonRef.update({
  regions: FieldValue.arrayUnion('south_carolina', 'texas')
  // Alternatively, you can use spread operator in ES6 syntax
  // const newRegions = ['south_carolina', 'texas']
  // regions: FieldValue.arrayUnion(...newRegions)
});
ללכת
// Not supported yet
PHP
$cityRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities')->document('DC');

// Atomically add a new region to the "regions" array field.
$cityRef->update([
    ['path' => 'regions', 'value' => FieldValue::arrayUnion(['greater_virginia'])]
]);

// Atomically remove a region from the "regions" array field.
$cityRef->update([
    ['path' => 'regions', 'value' => FieldValue::arrayRemove(['east_coast'])]
]);
אַחְדוּת
// This is not yet supported in the Unity SDK
  
C #
DocumentReference washingtonRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("DC");

// Atomically add a new region to the "regions" array field.
await washingtonRef.UpdateAsync("Regions", FieldValue.ArrayUnion("greater_virginia"));

// Atomically remove a region from the "regions" array field.
await washingtonRef.UpdateAsync("Regions", FieldValue.ArrayRemove("east_coast"));
אוֹדֶם
// Not supported yet

תוספת ערך מספרי

ניתן להגדיל או הפחתת ערך לשדה מספרים כפי שמוצג בדוגמא הבאה. עליות תפעול תוספת או מקטין את הערך הנוכחי של שדה ידי כמות נתונה.

Web version 9

import { doc, updateDoc, increment } from "firebase/firestore";

const washingtonRef = doc(db, "cities", "DC");

// Atomically increment the population of the city by 50.
await updateDoc(washingtonRef, {
    population: increment(50)
});

Web version 8

var washingtonRef = db.collection('cities').doc('DC');

// Atomically increment the population of the city by 50.
washingtonRef.update({
    population: firebase.firestore.FieldValue.increment(50)
});
מָהִיר
הערה: מוצר זה אינו זמין על מטרות קליפ watchOS ו App.
let washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC")

// Atomically increment the population of the city by 50.
// Note that increment() with no arguments increments by 1.
washingtonRef.updateData([
    "population": FieldValue.increment(Int64(50))
])
Objective-C
הערה: מוצר זה אינו זמין על מטרות קליפ watchOS ו App.
FIRDocumentReference *washingtonRef =
    [[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] documentWithPath:@"DC"];

// Atomically increment the population of the city by 50.
// Note that increment() with no arguments increments by 1.
[washingtonRef updateData:@{
  @"population": [FIRFieldValue fieldValueForIntegerIncrement:50]
}];

Java

DocumentReference washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC");

// Atomically increment the population of the city by 50.
washingtonRef.update("population", FieldValue.increment(50));

Kotlin+KTX

val washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC")

// Atomically increment the population of the city by 50.
washingtonRef.update("population", FieldValue.increment(50))

Dart

var washingtonRef = db.collection('cities').doc('DC');

// Atomically increment the population of the city by 50.
washingtonRef.update(
  {"population": FieldValue.increment(50)},
);
Java
DocumentReference washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC");

// Atomically increment the population of the city by 50.
final ApiFuture<WriteResult> updateFuture =
    washingtonRef.update("population", FieldValue.increment(50));
פִּיתוֹן
washington_ref = db.collection(u'cities').document(u'DC')

washington_ref.update({"population": firestore.Increment(50)})

Python

washington_ref = db.collection("cities").document("DC")

washington_ref.update({"population": firestore.Increment(50)})
C ++
// This is not yet supported.
Node.js
// ...
const washingtonRef = db.collection('cities').doc('DC');

// Atomically increment the population of the city by 50.
const res = await washingtonRef.update({
  population: FieldValue.increment(50)
});
ללכת
import (
	"context"
	"fmt"

	"cloud.google.com/go/firestore"
)

// updateDocumentIncrement increments the population of the city document in the
// cities collection by 50.
func updateDocumentIncrement(projectID, city string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project"

	ctx := context.Background()

	client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, projectID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("firestore.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	dc := client.Collection("cities").Doc(city)
	_, err = dc.Update(ctx, []firestore.Update{
		{Path: "population", Value: firestore.Increment(50)},
	})
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("Update: %v", err)
	}

	return nil
}
PHP
$cityRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities')->document('DC');

// Atomically increment the population of the city by 50.
$cityRef->update([
    ['path' => 'regions', 'value' => FieldValue::increment(50)]
]);
אַחְדוּת
// This is not yet supported in the Unity SDK.
  
C #
DocumentReference washingtonRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("DC");

// Atomically increment the population of the city by 50.
await washingtonRef.UpdateAsync("Regions", FieldValue.Increment(50));
אוֹדֶם
city_ref = firestore.doc "#{collection_path}/DC"
city_ref.update({ population: firestore.field_increment(50) })

פעולות גידול הן יעילות ליישום מונה, אך יש לזכור כי אתה יכול לעדכן מסמך אחד רק פעם אחת בשנייה. אם אתה צריך לעדכן את המרשם שלך מעל שיעור זה, לראות את מוני מבוזרת הדף.