Ikuti semua informasi yang diumumkan di Firebase Summit, dan pelajari bagaimana Firebase dapat membantu Anda mempercepat pengembangan aplikasi dan menjalankan aplikasi dengan percaya diri. Pelajari Lebih Lanjut

Dapatkan pembaruan waktu nyata dengan Cloud Firestore

Tetap teratur dengan koleksi Simpan dan kategorikan konten berdasarkan preferensi Anda.

Anda dapat mendengarkan dokumen dengan metode onSnapshot() . Panggilan awal menggunakan panggilan balik yang Anda berikan membuat snapshot dokumen segera dengan konten dokumen tunggal saat ini. Kemudian, setiap kali konten berubah, panggilan lain memperbarui snapshot dokumen.

Web version 9

import { doc, onSnapshot } from "firebase/firestore";

const unsub = onSnapshot(doc(db, "cities", "SF"), (doc) => {
    console.log("Current data: ", doc.data());
});

Web version 8

db.collection("cities").doc("SF")
    .onSnapshot((doc) => {
        console.log("Current data: ", doc.data());
    });
Cepat
Catatan: Produk ini tidak tersedia di target watchOS dan App Clip.
db.collection("cities").document("SF")
    .addSnapshotListener { documentSnapshot, error in
      guard let document = documentSnapshot else {
        print("Error fetching document: \(error!)")
        return
      }
      guard let data = document.data() else {
        print("Document data was empty.")
        return
      }
      print("Current data: \(data)")
    }
Objective-C
Catatan: Produk ini tidak tersedia di target watchOS dan App Clip.
[[[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] documentWithPath:@"SF"]
    addSnapshotListener:^(FIRDocumentSnapshot *snapshot, NSError *error) {
      if (snapshot == nil) {
        NSLog(@"Error fetching document: %@", error);
        return;
      }
      NSLog(@"Current data: %@", snapshot.data);
    }];

Java

final DocumentReference docRef = db.collection("cities").document("SF");
docRef.addSnapshotListener(new EventListener<DocumentSnapshot>() {
    @Override
    public void onEvent(@Nullable DocumentSnapshot snapshot,
                        @Nullable FirebaseFirestoreException e) {
        if (e != null) {
            Log.w(TAG, "Listen failed.", e);
            return;
        }

        if (snapshot != null && snapshot.exists()) {
            Log.d(TAG, "Current data: " + snapshot.getData());
        } else {
            Log.d(TAG, "Current data: null");
        }
    }
});

Kotlin+KTX

val docRef = db.collection("cities").document("SF")
docRef.addSnapshotListener { snapshot, e ->
    if (e != null) {
        Log.w(TAG, "Listen failed.", e)
        return@addSnapshotListener
    }

    if (snapshot != null && snapshot.exists()) {
        Log.d(TAG, "Current data: ${snapshot.data}")
    } else {
        Log.d(TAG, "Current data: null")
    }
}

Dart

final docRef = db.collection("cities").doc("SF");
docRef.snapshots().listen(
      (event) => print("current data: ${event.data()}"),
      onError: (error) => print("Listen failed: $error"),
    );

Seringkali, Anda ingin UI Anda bereaksi terhadap perubahan konten dokumen atau koleksi Firestore. Anda dapat melakukannya dengan widget StreamBuilder yang menggunakan aliran snapshot Firestore:

class UserInformation extends StatefulWidget {
  @override
  _UserInformationState createState() => _UserInformationState();
}

class _UserInformationState extends State<UserInformation> {
  final Stream<QuerySnapshot> _usersStream =
      FirebaseFirestore.instance.collection('users').snapshots();

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return StreamBuilder<QuerySnapshot>(
      stream: _usersStream,
      builder: (BuildContext context, AsyncSnapshot<QuerySnapshot> snapshot) {
        if (snapshot.hasError) {
          return const Text('Something went wrong');
        }

        if (snapshot.connectionState == ConnectionState.waiting) {
          return const Text("Loading");
        }

        return ListView(
          children: snapshot.data!.docs
              .map((DocumentSnapshot document) {
                Map<String, dynamic> data =
                    document.data()! as Map<String, dynamic>;
                return ListTile(
                  title: Text(data['full_name']),
                  subtitle: Text(data['company']),
                );
              })
              .toList()
              .cast(),
        );
      },
    );
  }
}
Jawa
DocumentReference docRef = db.collection("cities").document("SF");
docRef.addSnapshotListener(
    new EventListener<DocumentSnapshot>() {
      @Override
      public void onEvent(@Nullable DocumentSnapshot snapshot, @Nullable FirestoreException e) {
        if (e != null) {
          System.err.println("Listen failed: " + e);
          return;
        }

        if (snapshot != null && snapshot.exists()) {
          System.out.println("Current data: " + snapshot.getData());
        } else {
          System.out.print("Current data: null");
        }
      }
    });
Python

# Create an Event for notifying main thread.
callback_done = threading.Event()

# Create a callback on_snapshot function to capture changes
def on_snapshot(doc_snapshot, changes, read_time):
    for doc in doc_snapshot:
        print(f'Received document snapshot: {doc.id}')
    callback_done.set()

doc_ref = db.collection(u'cities').document(u'SF')

# Watch the document
doc_watch = doc_ref.on_snapshot(on_snapshot)
C++
DocumentReference doc_ref = db->Collection("cities").Document("SF");
doc_ref.AddSnapshotListener(
    [](const DocumentSnapshot& snapshot, Error error, const std::string& errorMsg) {
      if (error == Error::kErrorOk) {
        if (snapshot.exists()) {
          std::cout << "Current data: " << snapshot << std::endl;
        } else {
          std::cout << "Current data: null" << std::endl;
        }
      } else {
        std::cout << "Listen failed: " << error << std::endl;
      }
    });
Node.js
const doc = db.collection('cities').doc('SF');

const observer = doc.onSnapshot(docSnapshot => {
  console.log(`Received doc snapshot: ${docSnapshot}`);
  // ...
}, err => {
  console.log(`Encountered error: ${err}`);
});
Pergi
import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"time"

	"cloud.google.com/go/firestore"
	"google.golang.org/grpc/codes"
	"google.golang.org/grpc/status"
)

// listenDocument listens to a single document.
func listenDocument(ctx context.Context, w io.Writer, projectID, collection string) error {
	// projectID := "project-id"
	// Сontext with timeout stops listening to changes.
	ctx, cancel := context.WithTimeout(ctx, 30*time.Second)
	defer cancel()

	client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, projectID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("firestore.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	it := client.Collection(collection).Doc("SF").Snapshots(ctx)
	for {
		snap, err := it.Next()
		// DeadlineExceeded will be returned when ctx is cancelled.
		if status.Code(err) == codes.DeadlineExceeded {
			return nil
		}
		if err != nil {
			return fmt.Errorf("Snapshots.Next: %v", err)
		}
		if !snap.Exists() {
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "Document no longer exists\n")
			return nil
		}
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "Received document snapshot: %v\n", snap.Data())
	}
}
PHP
// Not supported in the PHP client library
Persatuan
DocumentReference docRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("SF");
docRef.Listen(snapshot => {
    Debug.Log("Callback received document snapshot.");
    Debug.Log(String.Format("Document data for {0} document:", snapshot.Id));
    Dictionary<string, object> city = snapshot.ToDictionary();
    foreach (KeyValuePair<string, object> pair in city) {
        Debug.Log(String.Format("{0}: {1}", pair.Key, pair.Value));
    }
});
C#
DocumentReference docRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("SF");
FirestoreChangeListener listener = docRef.Listen(snapshot =>
{
    Console.WriteLine("Callback received document snapshot.");
    Console.WriteLine("Document exists? {0}", snapshot.Exists);
    if (snapshot.Exists)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Document data for {0} document:", snapshot.Id);
        Dictionary<string, object> city = snapshot.ToDictionary();
        foreach (KeyValuePair<string, object> pair in city)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}", pair.Key, pair.Value);
        }
    }
});
Rubi
doc_ref = firestore.col(collection_path).doc document_path
snapshots = []

# Watch the document.
listener = doc_ref.listen do |snapshot|
  puts "Received document snapshot: #{snapshot.document_id}"
  snapshots << snapshot
end

Acara untuk perubahan lokal

Penulisan lokal di aplikasi Anda akan segera memanggil pemroses snapshot. Ini karena fitur penting yang disebut "kompensasi latensi". Saat Anda melakukan penulisan, pendengar Anda akan diberi tahu dengan data baru sebelum data dikirim ke backend.

Dokumen yang diambil memiliki properti metadata.hasPendingWrites yang menunjukkan apakah dokumen memiliki perubahan lokal yang belum ditulis ke backend. Anda dapat menggunakan properti ini untuk menentukan sumber peristiwa yang diterima oleh pendengar snapshot Anda:

Web version 9

import { doc, onSnapshot } from "firebase/firestore";

const unsub = onSnapshot(doc(db, "cities", "SF"), (doc) => {
  const source = doc.metadata.hasPendingWrites ? "Local" : "Server";
  console.log(source, " data: ", doc.data());
});

Web version 8

db.collection("cities").doc("SF")
    .onSnapshot((doc) => {
        var source = doc.metadata.hasPendingWrites ? "Local" : "Server";
        console.log(source, " data: ", doc.data());
    });
Cepat
Catatan: Produk ini tidak tersedia di target watchOS dan App Clip.
db.collection("cities").document("SF")
    .addSnapshotListener { documentSnapshot, error in
        guard let document = documentSnapshot else {
            print("Error fetching document: \(error!)")
            return
        }
        let source = document.metadata.hasPendingWrites ? "Local" : "Server"
        print("\(source) data: \(document.data() ?? [:])")
    }
Objective-C
Catatan: Produk ini tidak tersedia di target watchOS dan App Clip.
[[[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] documentWithPath:@"SF"]
    addSnapshotListener:^(FIRDocumentSnapshot *snapshot, NSError *error) {
      if (snapshot == nil) {
        NSLog(@"Error fetching document: %@", error);
        return;
      }
      NSString *source = snapshot.metadata.hasPendingWrites ? @"Local" : @"Server";
      NSLog(@"%@ data: %@", source, snapshot.data);
    }];

Java

final DocumentReference docRef = db.collection("cities").document("SF");
docRef.addSnapshotListener(new EventListener<DocumentSnapshot>() {
    @Override
    public void onEvent(@Nullable DocumentSnapshot snapshot,
                        @Nullable FirebaseFirestoreException e) {
        if (e != null) {
            Log.w(TAG, "Listen failed.", e);
            return;
        }

        String source = snapshot != null && snapshot.getMetadata().hasPendingWrites()
                ? "Local" : "Server";

        if (snapshot != null && snapshot.exists()) {
            Log.d(TAG, source + " data: " + snapshot.getData());
        } else {
            Log.d(TAG, source + " data: null");
        }
    }
});

Kotlin+KTX

val docRef = db.collection("cities").document("SF")
docRef.addSnapshotListener { snapshot, e ->
    if (e != null) {
        Log.w(TAG, "Listen failed.", e)
        return@addSnapshotListener
    }

    val source = if (snapshot != null && snapshot.metadata.hasPendingWrites())
        "Local"
    else
        "Server"

    if (snapshot != null && snapshot.exists()) {
        Log.d(TAG, "$source data: ${snapshot.data}")
    } else {
        Log.d(TAG, "$source data: null")
    }
}

Dart

final docRef = db.collection("cities").doc("SF");
docRef.snapshots().listen(
  (event) {
    final source = (event.metadata.hasPendingWrites) ? "Local" : "Server";
    print("$source data: ${event.data()}");
  },
  onError: (error) => print("Listen failed: $error"),
);
Jawa
# Not yet supported in the Java client library
Python
// Not yet supported in Python client library
C++
DocumentReference doc_ref = db->Collection("cities").Document("SF");
doc_ref.AddSnapshotListener([](const DocumentSnapshot& snapshot,
                               Error error, const std::string& errorMsg) {
  if (error == Error::kErrorOk) {
    const char* source =
        snapshot.metadata().has_pending_writes() ? "Local" : "Server";
    if (snapshot.exists()) {
      std::cout << source << " data: " << snapshot.Get("name").string_value()
                << std::endl;
    } else {
      std::cout << source << " data: null" << std::endl;
    }
  } else {
    std::cout << "Listen failed: " << error << std::endl;
  }
});
Node.js
// Not yet supported in the Node.js client library
Pergi
// Not yet supported in the Go client library
PHP
// Not supported in the PHP client library
Persatuan
// Not yet supported in the Unity SDK
C#
// Not yet supported in the C# client library
Rubi
// Not yet supported in the Ruby client library

Acara untuk perubahan metadata

Saat mendengarkan perubahan pada dokumen, koleksi, atau kueri, Anda dapat meneruskan opsi untuk mengontrol perincian peristiwa yang akan diterima pendengar Anda.

Secara default, pendengar tidak diberi tahu tentang perubahan yang hanya memengaruhi metadata. Pertimbangkan apa yang terjadi saat aplikasi Anda menulis dokumen baru:

  1. Peristiwa perubahan segera dipicu dengan data baru. Dokumen belum ditulis ke backend sehingga tanda "penulisan tertunda" adalah true .
  2. Dokumen ditulis ke backend.
  3. Backend memberi tahu klien tentang penulisan yang berhasil. Tidak ada perubahan pada data dokumen, tetapi ada perubahan metadata karena tanda "penulisan tertunda" sekarang menjadi false .

Jika Anda ingin menerima peristiwa snapshot saat metadata dokumen atau kueri berubah, teruskan objek opsi mendengarkan saat melampirkan listener Anda:

Web version 9

import { doc, onSnapshot } from "firebase/firestore";

const unsub = onSnapshot(
  doc(db, "cities", "SF"), 
  { includeMetadataChanges: true }, 
  (doc) => {
    // ...
  });

Web version 8

db.collection("cities").doc("SF")
    .onSnapshot({
        // Listen for document metadata changes
        includeMetadataChanges: true
    }, (doc) => {
        // ...
    });
Cepat
Catatan: Produk ini tidak tersedia di target watchOS dan App Clip.
// Listen to document metadata.
db.collection("cities").document("SF")
    .addSnapshotListener(includeMetadataChanges: true) { documentSnapshot, error in
        // ...
    }
Objective-C
Catatan: Produk ini tidak tersedia di target watchOS dan App Clip.
// Listen for metadata changes.
[[[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] documentWithPath:@"SF"]
    addSnapshotListenerWithIncludeMetadataChanges:YES
                                         listener:^(FIRDocumentSnapshot *snapshot, NSError *error) {
   // ...
}];

Java

// Listen for metadata changes to the document.
DocumentReference docRef = db.collection("cities").document("SF");
docRef.addSnapshotListener(MetadataChanges.INCLUDE, new EventListener<DocumentSnapshot>() {
    @Override
    public void onEvent(@Nullable DocumentSnapshot snapshot,
                        @Nullable FirebaseFirestoreException e) {
        // ...
    }
});

Kotlin+KTX

// Listen for metadata changes to the document.
val docRef = db.collection("cities").document("SF")
docRef.addSnapshotListener(MetadataChanges.INCLUDE) { snapshot, e ->
    // ...
}

Dart

final docRef = db.collection("cities").doc("SF");
docRef.snapshots(includeMetadataChanges: true).listen((event) {
  // ...
});
Jawa
// Not yet supported in the Java client library
Python
// Not yet supported in Python client library
C++
DocumentReference doc_ref = db->Collection("cities").Document("SF");
doc_ref.AddSnapshotListener(
    MetadataChanges::kInclude,
    [](const DocumentSnapshot& snapshot, Error error, const std::string& errorMsg) { /* ... */ });
Node.js
// Not yet supported the Node.js client library
Pergi
// Not yet supported in the Go client library
PHP
// Not supported in the PHP client library
Persatuan
// Not yet supported in the Unity SDK
C#
// Not yet supported in the C# client library
Rubi
// Not yet supported in the Ruby client library

Dengarkan banyak dokumen dalam satu koleksi

Seperti halnya dokumen, Anda dapat menggunakan onSnapshot() alih-alih get() untuk mendengarkan hasil kueri. Ini membuat snapshot kueri. Misalnya, untuk mendengarkan dokumen dengan status CA :

Web version 9

import { collection, query, where, onSnapshot } from "firebase/firestore";

const q = query(collection(db, "cities"), where("state", "==", "CA"));
const unsubscribe = onSnapshot(q, (querySnapshot) => {
  const cities = [];
  querySnapshot.forEach((doc) => {
      cities.push(doc.data().name);
  });
  console.log("Current cities in CA: ", cities.join(", "));
});

Web version 8

db.collection("cities").where("state", "==", "CA")
    .onSnapshot((querySnapshot) => {
        var cities = [];
        querySnapshot.forEach((doc) => {
            cities.push(doc.data().name);
        });
        console.log("Current cities in CA: ", cities.join(", "));
    });
Cepat
Catatan: Produk ini tidak tersedia di target watchOS dan App Clip.
db.collection("cities").whereField("state", isEqualTo: "CA")
    .addSnapshotListener { querySnapshot, error in
        guard let documents = querySnapshot?.documents else {
            print("Error fetching documents: \(error!)")
            return
        }
        let cities = documents.map { $0["name"]! }
        print("Current cities in CA: \(cities)")
    }
Objective-C
Catatan: Produk ini tidak tersedia di target watchOS dan App Clip.
[[[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] queryWhereField:@"state" isEqualTo:@"CA"]
    addSnapshotListener:^(FIRQuerySnapshot *snapshot, NSError *error) {
      if (snapshot == nil) {
        NSLog(@"Error fetching documents: %@", error);
        return;
      }
      NSMutableArray *cities = [NSMutableArray array];
      for (FIRDocumentSnapshot *document in snapshot.documents) {
        [cities addObject:document.data[@"name"]];
      }
      NSLog(@"Current cities in CA: %@", cities);
    }];

Java

db.collection("cities")
        .whereEqualTo("state", "CA")
        .addSnapshotListener(new EventListener<QuerySnapshot>() {
            @Override
            public void onEvent(@Nullable QuerySnapshot value,
                                @Nullable FirebaseFirestoreException e) {
                if (e != null) {
                    Log.w(TAG, "Listen failed.", e);
                    return;
                }

                List<String> cities = new ArrayList<>();
                for (QueryDocumentSnapshot doc : value) {
                    if (doc.get("name") != null) {
                        cities.add(doc.getString("name"));
                    }
                }
                Log.d(TAG, "Current cites in CA: " + cities);
            }
        });

Kotlin+KTX

db.collection("cities")
        .whereEqualTo("state", "CA")
        .addSnapshotListener { value, e ->
            if (e != null) {
                Log.w(TAG, "Listen failed.", e)
                return@addSnapshotListener
            }

            val cities = ArrayList<String>()
            for (doc in value!!) {
                doc.getString("name")?.let {
                    cities.add(it)
                }
            }
            Log.d(TAG, "Current cites in CA: $cities")
        }

Dart

db
    .collection("cities")
    .where("state", isEqualTo: "CA")
    .snapshots()
    .listen((event) {
  final cities = [];
  for (var doc in event.docs) {
    cities.add(doc.data()["name"]);
  }
  print("cities in CA: ${cities.join(", ")}");
});
Jawa
db.collection("cities")
    .whereEqualTo("state", "CA")
    .addSnapshotListener(
        new EventListener<QuerySnapshot>() {
          @Override
          public void onEvent(
              @Nullable QuerySnapshot snapshots, @Nullable FirestoreException e) {
            if (e != null) {
              System.err.println("Listen failed:" + e);
              return;
            }

            List<String> cities = new ArrayList<>();
            for (DocumentSnapshot doc : snapshots) {
              if (doc.get("name") != null) {
                cities.add(doc.getString("name"));
              }
            }
            System.out.println("Current cites in CA: " + cities);
          }
        });
Python

# Create an Event for notifying main thread.
callback_done = threading.Event()

# Create a callback on_snapshot function to capture changes
def on_snapshot(col_snapshot, changes, read_time):
    print(u'Callback received query snapshot.')
    print(u'Current cities in California:')
    for doc in col_snapshot:
        print(f'{doc.id}')
    callback_done.set()

col_query = db.collection(u'cities').where(u'state', u'==', u'CA')

# Watch the collection query
query_watch = col_query.on_snapshot(on_snapshot)
C++
db->Collection("cities")
    .WhereEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("CA"))
    .AddSnapshotListener([](const QuerySnapshot& snapshot, Error error, const std::string& errorMsg) {
      if (error == Error::kErrorOk) {
        std::vector<std::string> cities;
        std::cout << "Current cities in CA: " << error << std::endl;
        for (const DocumentSnapshot& doc : snapshot.documents()) {
          cities.push_back(doc.Get("name").string_value());
          std::cout << "" << cities.back() << std::endl;
        }
      } else {
        std::cout << "Listen failed: " << error << std::endl;
      }
    });
Node.js
const query = db.collection('cities').where('state', '==', 'CA');

const observer = query.onSnapshot(querySnapshot => {
  console.log(`Received query snapshot of size ${querySnapshot.size}`);
  // ...
}, err => {
  console.log(`Encountered error: ${err}`);
});
Pergi
import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"time"

	"cloud.google.com/go/firestore"
	"google.golang.org/api/iterator"
	"google.golang.org/grpc/codes"
	"google.golang.org/grpc/status"
)

// listenMultiple listens to a query, returning the names of all cities
// for a state.
func listenMultiple(ctx context.Context, w io.Writer, projectID, collection string) error {
	// projectID := "project-id"
	ctx, cancel := context.WithTimeout(ctx, 30*time.Second)
	defer cancel()

	client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, projectID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("firestore.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	it := client.Collection(collection).Where("state", "==", "CA").Snapshots(ctx)
	for {
		snap, err := it.Next()
		// DeadlineExceeded will be returned when ctx is cancelled.
		if status.Code(err) == codes.DeadlineExceeded {
			return nil
		}
		if err != nil {
			return fmt.Errorf("Snapshots.Next: %v", err)
		}
		if snap != nil {
			for {
				doc, err := snap.Documents.Next()
				if err == iterator.Done {
					break
				}
				if err != nil {
					return fmt.Errorf("Documents.Next: %v", err)
				}
				fmt.Fprintf(w, "Current cities in California: %v\n", doc.Ref.ID)
			}
		}
	}
}
PHP
// Not supported in the PHP client library
Persatuan
Query query = db.Collection("cities").WhereEqualTo("State", "CA");

ListenerRegistration listener = query.Listen(snapshot => {
  Debug.Log("Callback received query snapshot.");
  Debug.Log("Current cities in California:");
  foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in snapshot.Documents) {
    Debug.Log(documentSnapshot.Id);
  }
});
C#
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query query = db.Collection("cities").WhereEqualTo("State", "CA");

FirestoreChangeListener listener = query.Listen(snapshot =>
{
    Console.WriteLine("Callback received query snapshot.");
    Console.WriteLine("Current cities in California:");
    foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in snapshot.Documents)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(documentSnapshot.Id);
    }
});
Rubi
query = firestore.col(collection_path).where :state, :==, "CA"
docs = []

# Watch the collection query.
listener = query.listen do |snapshot|
  puts "Callback received query snapshot."
  puts "Current cities in California:"
  snapshot.docs.each do |doc|
    puts doc.document_id
    docs << doc
  end
end

Handler snapshot akan menerima snapshot kueri baru setiap kali hasil kueri berubah (yaitu, saat dokumen ditambahkan, dihapus, atau diubah).

Lihat perubahan di antara snapshot

Sering kali berguna untuk melihat perubahan aktual pada hasil kueri di antara cuplikan kueri, alih-alih hanya menggunakan keseluruhan cuplikan kueri. Misalnya, Anda mungkin ingin mempertahankan cache saat dokumen individual ditambahkan, dihapus, dan dimodifikasi.

Web version 9

import { collection, query, where, onSnapshot } from "firebase/firestore";

const q = query(collection(db, "cities"), where("state", "==", "CA"));
const unsubscribe = onSnapshot(q, (snapshot) => {
  snapshot.docChanges().forEach((change) => {
    if (change.type === "added") {
        console.log("New city: ", change.doc.data());
    }
    if (change.type === "modified") {
        console.log("Modified city: ", change.doc.data());
    }
    if (change.type === "removed") {
        console.log("Removed city: ", change.doc.data());
    }
  });
});

Web version 8

db.collection("cities").where("state", "==", "CA")
    .onSnapshot((snapshot) => {
        snapshot.docChanges().forEach((change) => {
            if (change.type === "added") {
                console.log("New city: ", change.doc.data());
            }
            if (change.type === "modified") {
                console.log("Modified city: ", change.doc.data());
            }
            if (change.type === "removed") {
                console.log("Removed city: ", change.doc.data());
            }
        });
    });
Cepat
Catatan: Produk ini tidak tersedia di target watchOS dan App Clip.
db.collection("cities").whereField("state", isEqualTo: "CA")
    .addSnapshotListener { querySnapshot, error in
        guard let snapshot = querySnapshot else {
            print("Error fetching snapshots: \(error!)")
            return
        }
        snapshot.documentChanges.forEach { diff in
            if (diff.type == .added) {
                print("New city: \(diff.document.data())")
            }
            if (diff.type == .modified) {
                print("Modified city: \(diff.document.data())")
            }
            if (diff.type == .removed) {
                print("Removed city: \(diff.document.data())")
            }
        }
    }
Objective-C
Catatan: Produk ini tidak tersedia di target watchOS dan App Clip.
[[[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] queryWhereField:@"state" isEqualTo:@"CA"]
    addSnapshotListener:^(FIRQuerySnapshot *snapshot, NSError *error) {
      if (snapshot == nil) {
        NSLog(@"Error fetching documents: %@", error);
        return;
      }
      for (FIRDocumentChange *diff in snapshot.documentChanges) {
        if (diff.type == FIRDocumentChangeTypeAdded) {
          NSLog(@"New city: %@", diff.document.data);
        }
        if (diff.type == FIRDocumentChangeTypeModified) {
          NSLog(@"Modified city: %@", diff.document.data);
        }
        if (diff.type == FIRDocumentChangeTypeRemoved) {
          NSLog(@"Removed city: %@", diff.document.data);
        }
      }
    }];

Java

db.collection("cities")
        .whereEqualTo("state", "CA")
        .addSnapshotListener(new EventListener<QuerySnapshot>() {
            @Override
            public void onEvent(@Nullable QuerySnapshot snapshots,
                                @Nullable FirebaseFirestoreException e) {
                if (e != null) {
                    Log.w(TAG, "listen:error", e);
                    return;
                }

                for (DocumentChange dc : snapshots.getDocumentChanges()) {
                    switch (dc.getType()) {
                        case ADDED:
                            Log.d(TAG, "New city: " + dc.getDocument().getData());
                            break;
                        case MODIFIED:
                            Log.d(TAG, "Modified city: " + dc.getDocument().getData());
                            break;
                        case REMOVED:
                            Log.d(TAG, "Removed city: " + dc.getDocument().getData());
                            break;
                    }
                }

            }
        });

Kotlin+KTX

db.collection("cities")
        .whereEqualTo("state", "CA")
        .addSnapshotListener { snapshots, e ->
            if (e != null) {
                Log.w(TAG, "listen:error", e)
                return@addSnapshotListener
            }

            for (dc in snapshots!!.documentChanges) {
                when (dc.type) {
                    DocumentChange.Type.ADDED -> Log.d(TAG, "New city: ${dc.document.data}")
                    DocumentChange.Type.MODIFIED -> Log.d(TAG, "Modified city: ${dc.document.data}")
                    DocumentChange.Type.REMOVED -> Log.d(TAG, "Removed city: ${dc.document.data}")
                }
            }
        }

Dart

db
    .collection("cities")
    .where("state", isEqualTo: "CA")
    .snapshots()
    .listen((event) {
  for (var change in event.docChanges) {
    switch (change.type) {
      case DocumentChangeType.added:
        print("New City: ${change.doc.data()}");
        break;
      case DocumentChangeType.modified:
        print("Modified City: ${change.doc.data()}");
        break;
      case DocumentChangeType.removed:
        print("Removed City: ${change.doc.data()}");
        break;
    }
  }
});
Jawa
db.collection("cities")
    .whereEqualTo("state", "CA")
    .addSnapshotListener(
        new EventListener<QuerySnapshot>() {
          @Override
          public void onEvent(
              @Nullable QuerySnapshot snapshots, @Nullable FirestoreException e) {
            if (e != null) {
              System.err.println("Listen failed: " + e);
              return;
            }

            for (DocumentChange dc : snapshots.getDocumentChanges()) {
              switch (dc.getType()) {
                case ADDED:
                  System.out.println("New city: " + dc.getDocument().getData());
                  break;
                case MODIFIED:
                  System.out.println("Modified city: " + dc.getDocument().getData());
                  break;
                case REMOVED:
                  System.out.println("Removed city: " + dc.getDocument().getData());
                  break;
                default:
                  break;
              }
            }
          }
        });
C++
db->Collection("cities")
    .WhereEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("CA"))
    .AddSnapshotListener([](const QuerySnapshot& snapshot, Error error, const std::string& errorMsg) {
      if (error == Error::kErrorOk) {
        for (const DocumentChange& dc : snapshot.DocumentChanges()) {
          switch (dc.type()) {
            case DocumentChange::Type::kAdded:
              std::cout << "New city: "
                        << dc.document().Get("name").string_value() << std::endl;
              break;
            case DocumentChange::Type::kModified:
              std::cout << "Modified city: "
                        << dc.document().Get("name").string_value() << std::endl;
              break;
            case DocumentChange::Type::kRemoved:
              std::cout << "Removed city: "
                        << dc.document().Get("name").string_value() << std::endl;
              break;
          }
        }
      } else {
        std::cout << "Listen failed: " << error << std::endl;
      }
    });
Python

# Create an Event for notifying main thread.
delete_done = threading.Event()

# Create a callback on_snapshot function to capture changes
def on_snapshot(col_snapshot, changes, read_time):
    print(u'Callback received query snapshot.')
    print(u'Current cities in California: ')
    for change in changes:
        if change.type.name == 'ADDED':
            print(f'New city: {change.document.id}')
        elif change.type.name == 'MODIFIED':
            print(f'Modified city: {change.document.id}')
        elif change.type.name == 'REMOVED':
            print(f'Removed city: {change.document.id}')
            delete_done.set()

col_query = db.collection(u'cities').where(u'state', u'==', u'CA')

# Watch the collection query
query_watch = col_query.on_snapshot(on_snapshot)
Node.js
const observer = db.collection('cities').where('state', '==', 'CA')
  .onSnapshot(querySnapshot => {
    querySnapshot.docChanges().forEach(change => {
      if (change.type === 'added') {
        console.log('New city: ', change.doc.data());
      }
      if (change.type === 'modified') {
        console.log('Modified city: ', change.doc.data());
      }
      if (change.type === 'removed') {
        console.log('Removed city: ', change.doc.data());
      }
    });
  });
Pergi
import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"time"

	"cloud.google.com/go/firestore"
	"google.golang.org/grpc/codes"
	"google.golang.org/grpc/status"
)

// listenChanges listens to a query, returning the list of document changes.
func listenChanges(ctx context.Context, w io.Writer, projectID, collection string) error {
	// projectID := "project-id"
	ctx, cancel := context.WithTimeout(ctx, 30*time.Second)
	defer cancel()

	client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, projectID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("firestore.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	it := client.Collection(collection).Where("state", "==", "CA").Snapshots(ctx)
	for {
		snap, err := it.Next()
		// DeadlineExceeded will be returned when ctx is cancelled.
		if status.Code(err) == codes.DeadlineExceeded {
			return nil
		}
		if err != nil {
			return fmt.Errorf("Snapshots.Next: %v", err)
		}
		if snap != nil {
			for _, change := range snap.Changes {
				switch change.Kind {
				case firestore.DocumentAdded:
					fmt.Fprintf(w, "New city: %v\n", change.Doc.Data())
				case firestore.DocumentModified:
					fmt.Fprintf(w, "Modified city: %v\n", change.Doc.Data())
				case firestore.DocumentRemoved:
					fmt.Fprintf(w, "Removed city: %v\n", change.Doc.Data())
				}
			}
		}
	}
}
PHP
// Not supported in the PHP client library
Persatuan
        Query query = db.Collection("cities").WhereEqualTo("State", "CA");

        ListenerRegistration listener = query.Listen(snapshot =>
        {
            foreach (DocumentChange change in snapshot.GetChanges())
            {
                if (change.ChangeType == DocumentChange.Type.Added)
                {
                    Debug.Log(String.Format("New city: {0}", change.Document.Id));
                }
                else if (change.ChangeType == DocumentChange.Type.Modified)
                {
                    Debug.Log(String.Format("Modified city: {0}", change.Document.Id));
                }
                else if (change.ChangeType == DocumentChange.Type.Removed)
                {
                    Debug.Log(String.Format("Removed city: {0}", change.Document.Id));
                }
            }
        });
    }
}
C#
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query query = db.Collection("cities").WhereEqualTo("State", "CA");

FirestoreChangeListener listener = query.Listen(snapshot =>
{
    foreach (DocumentChange change in snapshot.Changes)
    {
        if (change.ChangeType.ToString() == "Added")
        {
            Console.WriteLine("New city: {0}", change.Document.Id);
        }
        else if (change.ChangeType.ToString() == "Modified")
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Modified city: {0}", change.Document.Id);
        }
        else if (change.ChangeType.ToString() == "Removed")
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Removed city: {0}", change.Document.Id);
        }
    }
});
Rubi
query = firestore.col(collection_path).where :state, :==, "CA"
added = []
modified = []
removed = []

# Watch the collection query.
listener = query.listen do |snapshot|
  puts "Callback received query snapshot."
  puts "Current cities in California:"
  snapshot.changes.each do |change|
    if change.added?
      puts "New city: #{change.doc.document_id}"
      added << snapshot
    elsif change.modified?
      puts "Modified city: #{change.doc.document_id}"
      modified << snapshot
    elsif change.removed?
      puts "Removed city: #{change.doc.document_id}"
      removed << snapshot
    end
  end
end

Status awal dapat berasal dari server secara langsung, atau dari cache lokal. Jika ada status yang tersedia di cache lokal, snapshot kueri awalnya akan diisi dengan data yang di-cache, kemudian diperbarui dengan data server ketika klien telah mengikuti status server.

Lepaskan pendengar

Ketika Anda tidak lagi tertarik untuk mendengarkan data Anda, Anda harus melepaskan pendengar Anda sehingga panggilan balik acara Anda berhenti dipanggil. Ini memungkinkan klien untuk berhenti menggunakan bandwidth untuk menerima pembaruan. Sebagai contoh:

Web version 9

import { collection, onSnapshot } from "firebase/firestore";

const unsubscribe = onSnapshot(collection(db, "cities"), () => {
  // Respond to data
  // ...
});

// Later ...

// Stop listening to changes
unsubscribe();

Web version 8

var unsubscribe = db.collection("cities")
    .onSnapshot(() => {
      // Respond to data
      // ...
    });

// Later ...

// Stop listening to changes
unsubscribe();
Cepat
Catatan: Produk ini tidak tersedia di target watchOS dan App Clip.
let listener = db.collection("cities").addSnapshotListener { querySnapshot, error in
    // ...
}

// ...

// Stop listening to changes
listener.remove()
Objective-C
Catatan: Produk ini tidak tersedia di target watchOS dan App Clip.
id<FIRListenerRegistration> listener = [[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"]
    addSnapshotListener:^(FIRQuerySnapshot *snapshot, NSError *error) {
      // ...
}];

// ...

// Stop listening to changes
[listener remove];

Java

Query query = db.collection("cities");
ListenerRegistration registration = query.addSnapshotListener(
        new EventListener<QuerySnapshot>() {
            // ...
        });

// ...

// Stop listening to changes
registration.remove();

Kotlin+KTX

val query = db.collection("cities")
val registration = query.addSnapshotListener { snapshots, e ->
    // ...
}

// ...

// Stop listening to changes
registration.remove()

Dart

final collection = db.collection("cities");
final listener = collection.snapshots().listen((event) {
  // ...
});
listener.cancel();
Jawa
Query query = db.collection("cities");
ListenerRegistration registration =
    query.addSnapshotListener(
        new EventListener<QuerySnapshot>() {
          // ...
        });

// ...

// Stop listening to changes
registration.remove();
Python
# Terminate watch on a document
doc_watch.unsubscribe()
C++
// Add a listener
Query query = db->Collection("cities");
ListenerRegistration registration = query.AddSnapshotListener(
    [](const QuerySnapshot& snapshot, Error error, const std::string& errorMsg) { /* ... */ });
// Stop listening to changes
registration.Remove();
Node.js
const unsub = db.collection('cities').onSnapshot(() => {
});

// ...

// Stop listening for changes
unsub();
Pergi
// Сontext with timeout stops listening to changes.
ctx, cancel := context.WithTimeout(ctx, 30*time.Second)
defer cancel()
PHP
// Not supported in the PHP client library
Persatuan
listener.Stop();
C#
await listener.StopAsync();
Rubi
listener.stop

Menangani kesalahan mendengarkan

Mendengarkan terkadang gagal — misalnya, karena izin keamanan, atau jika Anda mencoba mendengarkan pada kueri yang tidak valid. (Pelajari lebih lanjut tentang kueri yang valid dan tidak valid .) Untuk menangani kegagalan ini, Anda dapat memberikan panggilan balik kesalahan saat Anda melampirkan pendengar snapshot Anda. Setelah kesalahan, pendengar tidak akan menerima acara lagi, dan tidak perlu melepaskan pendengar Anda.

Web version 9

import { collection, onSnapshot } from "firebase/firestore";

const unsubscribe = onSnapshot(
  collection(db, "cities"), 
  (snapshot) => {
    // ...
  },
  (error) => {
    // ...
  });

Web version 8

db.collection("cities")
    .onSnapshot((snapshot) => {
        // ...
    }, (error) => {
        // ...
    });
Cepat
Catatan: Produk ini tidak tersedia di target watchOS dan App Clip.
db.collection("cities")
    .addSnapshotListener { querySnapshot, error in
        if let error = error {
            print("Error retreiving collection: \(error)")
        }
    }
Objective-C
Catatan: Produk ini tidak tersedia di target watchOS dan App Clip.
[[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"]
    addSnapshotListener:^(FIRQuerySnapshot *snapshot, NSError *error) {
      if (error != nil) {
        NSLog(@"Error retreving collection: %@", error);
      }
    }];

Java

db.collection("cities")
        .addSnapshotListener(new EventListener<QuerySnapshot>() {
            @Override
            public void onEvent(@Nullable QuerySnapshot snapshots,
                                @Nullable FirebaseFirestoreException e) {
                if (e != null) {
                    Log.w(TAG, "listen:error", e);
                    return;
                }

                for (DocumentChange dc : snapshots.getDocumentChanges()) {
                    if (dc.getType() == Type.ADDED) {
                        Log.d(TAG, "New city: " + dc.getDocument().getData());
                    }
                }

            }
        });

Kotlin+KTX

db.collection("cities")
        .addSnapshotListener { snapshots, e ->
            if (e != null) {
                Log.w(TAG, "listen:error", e)
                return@addSnapshotListener
            }

            for (dc in snapshots!!.documentChanges) {
                if (dc.type == DocumentChange.Type.ADDED) {
                    Log.d(TAG, "New city: ${dc.document.data}")
                }
            }
        }

Dart

final docRef = db.collection("cities");
docRef.snapshots().listen(
      (event) => print("listener attached"),
      onError: (error) => print("Listen failed: $error"),
    );
Jawa
db.collection("cities")
    .addSnapshotListener(
        new EventListener<QuerySnapshot>() {
          @Override
          public void onEvent(
              @Nullable QuerySnapshot snapshots, @Nullable FirestoreException e) {
            if (e != null) {
              System.err.println("Listen failed: " + e);
              return;
            }

            for (DocumentChange dc : snapshots.getDocumentChanges()) {
              if (dc.getType() == Type.ADDED) {
                System.out.println("New city: " + dc.getDocument().getData());
              }
            }
          }
        });
Python
// Snippet coming soon
C++
// Snippet coming soon.
Node.js
db.collection('cities')
  .onSnapshot((snapshot) => {
    //...
  }, (error) => {
    //...
  });
Pergi
import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"time"

	"cloud.google.com/go/firestore"
	"google.golang.org/grpc/codes"
	"google.golang.org/grpc/status"
)

// listenErrors demonstrates how to handle listening errors.
func listenErrors(ctx context.Context, w io.Writer, projectID, collection string) error {
	// projectID := "project-id"
	ctx, cancel := context.WithTimeout(ctx, 30*time.Second)
	defer cancel()

	client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, projectID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("firestore.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	it := client.Collection(collection).Snapshots(ctx)
	for {
		snap, err := it.Next()
		// Canceled will be returned when ctx is cancelled and DeadlineExceeded will
		// be returned when ctx reaches its deadline.
		if e := status.Code(err); e == codes.Canceled || e == codes.DeadlineExceeded {
			return nil
		}
		if err != nil {
			return fmt.Errorf("Snapshots.Next: %v", err)
		}
		if snap != nil {
			for _, change := range snap.Changes {
				if change.Kind == firestore.DocumentAdded {
					fmt.Fprintf(w, "New city: %v\n", change.Doc.Data())
				}
			}
		}
	}
}
PHP
// Not supported in the PHP client library
Persatuan
// Not supported in the Unity SDK.
C#
// Snippet coming soon
Rubi
listener = firestore.col(collection_path).listen do |snapshot|
  snapshot.changes.each do |change|
    puts "New city: #{change.doc.document_id}" if change.added?
  end
end

# Register to be notified when unhandled errors occur.
listener.on_error do |error|
  puts "Listen failed: #{error.message}"
end

Apa berikutnya