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Migrate to Java Admin SDK v7

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Version 7.0.0 of the Firebase Admin SDK for Java introduces some important changes in the API. Primarily, the API changes in this release are additions and improvements in error handling for Authentication amd FCM.

General error handling changes

FirebaseException base class now exposes several new attributes:

  • ErrorCode getErrorCode(): Returns the platform error code associated with the exception. Every instance of FirebaseException is guaranteed to have a non-null platform error code. Possible platform error codes are defined as a new enum type ErrorCode.
  • IncomingHttpResponse getHttpResponse(): Returns the HTTP response associated with the exception. May be null if the exception was caused by a reason other than a backend HTTP response.

Like before, most other exception types defined in the SDK (for example, FirebaseAuthException, FirebaseMessagingException) are derived from the FirebaseException base class.

Auth error handling changes

All APIs in the FirebaseAuth class may throw instances of FirebaseAuthException. Async APIs (for instance, methods that return an ApiFuture) may fail with an ExecutionException that wraps a FirebaseAuthException. The Auth-specific error codes are publicly defined in the new enum type AuthErrorCode.

Before (<= v6.15.0)

try {
  FirebaseAuth.getInstance().verifyIdToken(idToken, true);
} catch (FirebaseAuthException ex) {
  if (ex.getErrorCode().equals("id-token-revoked")) {
    System.err.println("ID token has been revoked");
  } else {
    System.err.println("ID token is invalid");
  }
}

Now (>= v7.0.0)

try {
  FirebaseAuth.getInstance().verifyIdToken(idToken, true);
} catch (FirebaseAuthException ex) {
  if (ex.getAuthErrorCode() == AuthErrorCode.REVOKED_ID_TOKEN) {
    System.err.println("ID token has been revoked");
  } else {
    System.err.println("ID token is invalid");
  }
}

The AuthErrorCode is in addition to the ErrorCode inherited from the base FirebaseException type. You can implement error handling logic that inspects both error codes if necessary.

FCM error handling changes

All APIs in FirebaseMessaging class may throw instances of FirebaseMessagingException. Async APIs (for instance, methods that return an ApiFuture) may fail with an ExecutionException that wraps a FirebaseMessagingException. The Authentication-specific error codes are publicly defined in the new enum type MessagingErrorCode.

Before (<= v6.15.0)

try {
  FirebaseMessaging.getInstance().send(message);
} catch (FirebaseMessagingException ex) {
  if (ex.getErrorCode().equals("registration-token-not-registered")) {
    System.err.println("Device token has been unregistered");
  } else {
    System.err.println("Failed to send the notification");
  }
}

Now (>= v7.0.0)

try {
  FirebaseMessaging.getInstance().send(message);
} catch (FirebaseMessagingException ex) {
  if (ex.getMessagingErrorCode() == MessagingErrorCode.UNREGISTERED) {
    System.err.println("Device token has been unregistered");
  } else {
    System.err.println("Failed to send the notification");
  }
}

The MessagingErrorCode is in addition to the ErrorCode inherited from the base FirebaseException type. You can implement error handling logic that inspects both error codes if necessary.

Authentication custom claims

The deprecated FirebaseAuth.setCustomClaims() method has been removed. Use the FirebaseAuth.setCustomUserClaims() instead.

Before (<= v6.15.0)

FirebaseAuth.getInstance().setCustomClaims(uid, claims);

Now (>= v7.0.0)

FirebaseAuth.getInstance().setCustomUserClaims(uid, claims);

FCM notification constructors

The deprecated constructors of the Notification class have been removed. Use the Notification.Builder class to create new instances.

Before (<= v6.15.0)

Notification notification = new Notification(title, body, url);

Now (>= v7.0.0)

Notification notification = Notification.builder()
  .setTitle(title)
  .setBody(body)
  .setImage(url)
  .build();