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Troubleshoot initialization options

If you initialize your app without a valid set of Firebase options, new users of your application will experience serious issues.

Firebase options are a set of parameters required by services in order to successfully communicate with Firebase server APIs and to associate client data with your Firebase project and Firebase application. Firebase services rely on valid Firebase options being available from the Firebase core/common library created during Firebase initialization.

Different Firebase services require different Firebase options to function properly, but all Firebase services require the following Firebase options:

  • API key - Note: this is not an FCM server key, see FCM server keys.
    Example value: AIzaSyDOCAbC123dEf456GhI789jKl012-MnO
  • Project ID - Example value: myapp-project-123.
  • Application ID ("AppID") - Unique identifier for your app whose format depends on platform:
    • For Android: mobilesdk_app_id—Note: this is not an Android package name.
      Example value: 1:1234567890:android:321abc456def7890
    • For iOS: GOOGLE_APP_ID—Note: this is not an Apple Bundle ID.
      Example value: 1:1234567890:ios:321abc456def7890

Troubleshoot Android apps

To improve security, Firebase SDK updates on February 27 and afterwards replaced the Firebase Instance ID service with a dependency on the Firebase Installations API.

Firebase installations enforces the existence and validity of mandatory Firebase options API key, Project ID, and Application ID in order to associate client data with your Firebase project. See FirebaseOptions for more information.

Firebase Cloud Messaging (FCM) with Firebase Instance ID (IID)

If new users of your app are experiencing issues with FCM, it's possible that you are initializing Firebase without the required set of Firebase options.

Your application may be using an incomplete or erroneous google-services.json configuration file; or your app is programmatically initializing Firebase without the full set of required Firebase options.

As a result, Firebase services like Firebase Cloud Messaging will malfunction for end users who installed your app after it was released with the updated Firebase SDKs. Additionally, repeated failing requests to Firebase may slow down the end-user experience of your app.

What do I need to do?

To fix malfunctioning Firebase services for your applications:

  1. Update your application by initializing Firebase with a valid API key of your project, a valid Project ID, and a valid Application ID (mobilesdk_app_id or "App Id").
  2. Release a new version of your app to the Play Store.

Troubleshoot iOS apps

To improve security, Firebase SDK updates on January 14 and afterwards replaced the Firebase Instance ID service with a dependency on the Firebase Installations API.

Firebase installations enforces the existence and validity of mandatory Firebase options API key, Project ID, and Application ID in order to associate client data with your Firebase project. See FIROptions for more information.

Firebase Cloud Messaging (FCM) with Firebase Instance ID (IID)

If new users of your app are experiencing issues with FCM, it's possible that you are initializing Firebase without the required set of Firebase options.

Your application may be using an incomplete or invalid GoogleService-Info.plist configuration file; or your app is programmatically initializing Firebase without the full set of required Firebase options.

As a result, Firebase services like Firebase Cloud Messaging will malfunction for end users who installed your app after it was released with the updated Firebase SDKs. Additionally, repeated failing requests to Firebase may slow down the end- user experience of your app.

What do I need to do?

To fix malfunctioning Firebase services for your applications:

  1. Update your application by initializing Firebase with a valid API key of your project, a valid Project ID, and a valid Application ID (GOOGLE_APP_ID or "App Id").
    1. Default initialization process using a Firebase config file: Download your GoogleService-Info.plist config file from the Firebase console, then replace the existing file in your app.
    2. Programmatic initialization using a FIROptions object: Download your GoogleService-Info.plist config file from the Firebase console to find your API key, Project ID, and Application ID, then update these values in the FIROptions object in your app.
  2. Release a new version of your app to the App Store.

FCM Server keys

If your app is using an FCM Server key rather than a Cloud API key, this could cause a security vulnerability in case you are using the same FCM Server key to send push notifications via FCM. In this case, we strongly recommend that you revise how your server authenticates send requests to FCM.

Note that FCM Server Keys (which are not the same as the Firebase/Cloud API keys) must not be included in applications, as they can be abused to send push notifications in the name of your project.