Whether you're just starting out developing your app or you have a full-blown production app, you want to make sure you understand your costs and how to avoid surprise bills.
If you haven't already, check out the Firebase pricing plans to understand how billing for works for Firebase.
This page guides you through important aspects of understanding and monitoring your usage and spend levels, including:
Test your code
Testing your code before deploying to production is a great idea for many reasons, like catching errors that might cost you significant amounts of money. As you're building the infrastructure for your app, we highly recommend first testing locally using the Firebase Local Emulator Suite.
The Local Emulator Suite allows you to run instances of Cloud Functions, Cloud Firestore, the Realtime Database and more all locally on your desktop machine. This not only makes it easier for you to quickly iterate on new functionality — particularly Cloud Functions — but it also ensures that you don't incur any Firebase costs that might result from testing against services in production.
As you're testing, check for these common causes of exceeding expected usage and spend:
Forgetting to add a limit to a database query with millions of results
Combinations of Cloud Functions that cause excessive fan-out workloads or even infinite loops
View your usage and spending levels
You need to know what normal usage patterns look like for your app and make sure you're staying within thresholds important to you.
View individual product usage
You can view individual product usage in the "Usage" tab for many products in the Firebase console.
You can view specific date ranges in these dashboards.
View overall project usage
You can view your project's overall usage in the Usage and billing dashboard in the Firebase console (go to Project Settings > Usage and billing).
You can view your monthly usage and how your usage levels are measuring up to the allocated free-usage quota.
Click into any product to review a daily summary of usage and how it measures up to the allocated free-usage quota.
Remember that each product has different usage quotas and thus different timelines, for example:
Cloud Firestore and Cloud Storage usage are calculated daily.
Cloud Functions usage is calculated monthly.
Set up budget alert emails
Avoid surprises on your bill by creating budgets in Google Cloud Billing and setting up budget alerts. This section describes how to do both of these for your Firebase project.
You can set up simple budget alerts that send you and your teammates email notifications when your project exceeds a set spend threshold.
You might already have a budget alert if you upgraded to a Blaze pricing plan recently. But if you want to learn more about budget alerts, set up a new alert, or modify an existing alert, this section is for you!
Overview of budgets and budget alerts
Budgets are general dollar amounts that you plan on spending each month.
A budget alert sends an email whenever your project's spending level hits a threshold that you've set. Budget alerts do NOT turn off services or usage for your app.
We don't turn off services and usage because although you might have a bug in your app causing an increase in spend, you might just be experiencing unexpected positive growth of your app. You don't want your app to shut down unexpectedly when you need it to work the most.
Set up a budget and a simple budget alert
To set up a budget or a budget alert, you need to be an Owner of the associated Cloud Billing account.
Go to the Google Cloud Console, access your project, then select Billing.
Go to the Budgets & alerts panel, then complete the following steps to set up a budget and an emailed budget alert:
Select an existing budget or create a new one.
Give your budget a descriptive name.
Set the scope for the budget alert, including the project(s) and service(s) that you want the budget alert to apply to. You probably want to select All services when getting started with budget alerts.
Set the Amount > Budget type using one of these options:
A set amount of money – use this type when you're first starting out or testing your app
An amount equal to what your project spent last month – use this type when your app is growing steadily and you don't want to keep updating the budget amount every month
Set up Percent of budget alerts.
For initial testing, try out several percentages, like 1%, 2%, 5%, and 50% of Actual.
For production apps, try out pivotal percentages, like 50% and 100% of Actual as well as 150% of Forecasted.
Set up who should get emails.
By default, anyone with the appropriate billing permissions gets the notification email (by default, Billing Account Administrators and Billing Account Users on the associated Cloud Billing account).
You can also send emails to other people on your team. This requires creating a Cloud Monitoring Workspace and then adding an email-based notification channel to the Alerting section of the workspace. For more information about this setup, visit Set up advanced billing alerts and logic.
If you set up a notification for a low Percent of budget (like 1%), you should get an email within a couple hours or a couple of days telling you that your project has hit that threshold.
Visit Set up advanced billing alerts and logic to learn how to do the following:
Use Cloud Monitoring to create more sophisticated alerts for billing and usage, including custom alerts that send notifications to other mediums, like Slack.
Create additional billing logic based on Google Cloud Pub/Sub.