If you want to distribute ad hoc iOS builds using App Distribution, you must follow this guide to register your testers' devices. An ad hoc build is a build not signed with an Enterprise profile. A device can only install an ad hoc build if the device's unique device identifier (UDID) is included in the build's provisioning profile.
When a tester accepts an invitation to test your app, App Distribution requests permission to share the tester's device identifier with you, the developer. Before downloading an ad hoc build, App Distribution asks the tester to register their device. If the tester registers their device, App Distribution collects the UDID from the device and notifies you of the UDID by email.
When you receive an email containing a UDID, update your provisioning profile with the UDID and distribute a new build to your testers. You can manually export UDIDs using the Firebase console or Firebase CLI, or you can programmatically export UDIDs using fastlane.
Manually export UDIDs
- Add the devices to your Apple developer portal.
- Option 1: Import the device UDIDs as a CSV file.
In the Testers & Groups tab of the App Distribution dashboard, select All testers, then click Export Apple UDIDs to download a CSV file. Next, import the file into your Apple developer account using the Register Multiple Devices option. To learn more, see Distributing your app to registered devices.
Note that your Apple developer account may only allow you to import a limited number of devices per year.
- Option 2: Collect and enter the UDIDs by email.
On the Add Devices page of the Apple developer portal, register the new UDID specified in the email you received.
- Option 1: Import the device UDIDs as a CSV file.
- Add the registered devices to your provisioning profile.
- Download the provisioning profile and use it to rebuild your app. If you are rebuilding only to update the registered devices, don't update the build number or version.
- Re-distribute your app from the Firebase console or CLI. If you don't change your version, build number, or your app's code, App Distribution does not create a new release and won't notify testers. If you already distributed a build with the same build number and version, only users of newly-registered devices receive notification emails.
Programmatically export UDIDs using fastlane
Export all of your tester device UDIDs as a CSV file from fastlane. For example, create and run a new
lane :download_udids do firebase_app_distribution_get_udids( app: "<your Firebase app ID>", output_file: "<path to output file>", ) end
Import the UDID(s) into your Apple developer account using the Register Multiple Devices option. To learn more, see Apple's documentation. Note that your Apple developer account may only allow you to import a limited number of devices per year.
Add the registered devices to your provisioning profile.
Download the provisioning profile and use it to rebuild your app. If you are rebuilding only for the purposes of updating the registered devices, don't update the build number or version.
Re-distribute your app. If you don't change your version, build number, or your app's code, App Distribution does not create a new release and won't notify testers. If you already distributed a build with the same build number and version, only users of newly-registered devices will receive notification emails.
Get default alerts
By default, Firebase can send App Distribution alerts for new iOS device registrations via email.
To receive App Distribution alerts via this default mechanism, you must have the
firebase.projects.update permission. The following roles include this required
permission by default: Firebase
Admin or project Owner or
By default, every project member (who has the required permissions to receive alerts) will get an email when a new iOS device is registered.
Turn on/off alerts for your own account
For your own account, you can turn on/off App Distribution alerts without affecting other project members. Note that you still need the required permissions to receive alerts.
To turn App Distribution alerts on or off, follow these steps:
- In the Firebase console, in the top right-corner, go to
. Firebase alerts
- Then, go to
and set your account preference for App Distribution alerts. Settings
Set up advanced alerting to third-party services
You can also send App Distribution alerts to your team's preferred notification channel using Cloud Functions for Firebase. For example, you can write a function that captures an alert event for the registration of a new iOS device and post the alert information to a third-party service, like Discord, Slack, or Jira.
To fully automate onboarding new iOS testers, you can write a function that adds a new iOS device's UDID to the provisioning profile of your app, rebuilds the app, and redistributes the app with the updated provisioning profile.
To set up advanced alerting capabilities using Cloud Functions for Firebase, follow these steps:
Set up Cloud Functions for Firebase, which includes the following tasks:
- Download Node.js and npm.
- Install and sign into the Firebase CLI.
- Initialize Cloud Functions for Firebase using the Firebase CLI.
Write and deploy a function that captures an alert event from App Distribution and handles the event payload (for example, posts the alert information in a message on Discord).
To learn about all of the alert events that you can capture, go to the reference documentation for App Distribution alerts.
To learn how to increase your internal testing base, see Create invite links.