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Zacznij korzystać ze zdalnej konfiguracji Firebase

Możesz użyć Firebase Remote Config do definiowania parametrów w swojej aplikacji i aktualizowania ich wartości w chmurze, co pozwala modyfikować wygląd i zachowanie aplikacji bez dystrybucji aktualizacji aplikacji. Ten przewodnik przeprowadzi Cię przez kroki, aby rozpocząć, i zawiera przykładowy kod, który można sklonować lub pobrać z repozytorium GitHub firebase/quickstart-ios .

Krok 1: Dodaj Zdalną konfigurację do swojej aplikacji

  1. Zainstaluj Firebase SDK dla platform Apple.

  2. Utwórz pojedynczy obiekt Remote Config, jak pokazano w poniższym przykładzie:


    remoteConfig = RemoteConfig.remoteConfig()
    let settings = RemoteConfigSettings()
    settings.minimumFetchInterval = 0
    remoteConfig.configSettings = settings

    Cel C

    self.remoteConfig = [FIRRemoteConfig remoteConfig];
    FIRRemoteConfigSettings *remoteConfigSettings = [[FIRRemoteConfigSettings alloc] init];
    remoteConfigSettings.minimumFetchInterval = 0;
    self.remoteConfig.configSettings = remoteConfigSettings;

This object is used to store in-app default parameter values, fetch updated parameter values from the Remote Config backend, and control when fetched values are made available to your app.

During development, it's recommended to set a relatively low minimum fetch interval. See Throttling for more information.

Step 2: Set in-app default parameter values

You can set in-app default parameter values in the Remote Config object, so that your app behaves as intended before it connects to the Remote Config backend, and so that default values are available if none are set in the backend.

  1. Define a set of parameter names, and default parameter values using an NSDictionary object or a plist file .

    If you have already configured Remote Config backend parameter values, you can download a generated plist file that includes all default values and save it to your Xcode project.


    curl --compressed -D headers -H "Authorization: Bearer token -X GET -o RemoteConfigDefaults.plist

    Firebase console

    1. In the Parameters tab, open the Menu , and select Download default values .

    2. When prompted, enable .plist for iOS , then click Download file .

  2. Add these values to the Remote Config object using setDefaults: . The following example sets in-app default values from a plist file:


    remoteConfig.setDefaults(fromPlist: "RemoteConfigDefaults")


    [self.remoteConfig setDefaultsFromPlistFileName:@"RemoteConfigDefaults"];

Step 3: Get parameter values to use in your app

Now you can get parameter values from the Remote Config object. If you later set values in the Remote Config backend, fetch them, and then activate them, those values are available to your app. Otherwise, you get the in-app parameter values configured using setDefaults: . To get these values, call the configValueForKey: method, providing the parameter key as an argument.

Step 4: Set parameter values

Using the Firebase console or the Remote Config backend APIs , you can create new backend default values that override the in-app values according to your desired conditional logic or user targeting. This section walks you through the Firebase console steps to create these values.

  1. W konsoli Firebase otwórz swój projekt.
  2. Select Remote Config from the menu to view the Remote Config dashboard.
  3. Define parameters with the same names as the parameters that you defined in your app. For each parameter, you can set a default value (which will eventually override the in-app default value) and you can also set conditional values. To learn more, see Remote Config Parameters and Conditions .

Step 5: Fetch and activate values

To fetch parameter values from Remote Config, call the fetchWithCompletionHandler: or fetchWithExpirationDuration:completionHandler: method. Any values that you set on the backend are fetched and cached in the Remote Config object.

For cases where you want to fetch and activate values in one call, use fetchAndActivateWithCompletionHandler: .

This example fetches values from the Remote Config backend (not cached values) and calls activateWithCompletionHandler: to make them available to the app:


remoteConfig.fetch { (status, error) -> Void in
  if status == .success {
    print("Config fetched!")
    self.remoteConfig.activate { changed, error in
      // ...
  } else {
    print("Config not fetched")
    print("Error: \(error?.localizedDescription ?? "No error available.")")


[self.remoteConfig fetchWithCompletionHandler:^(FIRRemoteConfigFetchStatus status, NSError *error) {
    if (status == FIRRemoteConfigFetchStatusSuccess) {
        NSLog(@"Config fetched!");
      [self.remoteConfig activateWithCompletion:^(BOOL changed, NSError * _Nullable error) {
        if (error != nil) {
          NSLog(@"Activate error: %@", error.localizedDescription);
        } else {
          dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^{
            [self displayWelcome];
    } else {
        NSLog(@"Config not fetched");
        NSLog(@"Error %@", error.localizedDescription);

Because these updated parameter values affect the behavior and appearance of your app, you should activate the fetched values at a time that ensures a smooth experience for your user, such as the next time that the user opens your app. See Remote Config loading strategies for more information and examples.

Step 6: Listen for updates in real time

After you fetch parameter values, you can use real-time Remote Config to listen for updates from the Remote Config backend. Real-time Remote Config signals to connected devices when updates are available and automatically fetches the changes after you publish a new Remote Config version.

Real-time updates are supported by the Firebase SDK for Apple platforms v10.7.0+ and higher.

  1. In your app, call addOnConfigUpdateListener to start listening for updates and automatically fetch any new or updated parameter values. The following example listens for updates and when activateWithCompletionHandler is called, uses the newly fetched values to display an updated welcome message.


    remoteConfig.addOnConfigUpdateListener { configUpdate, error in
      guard let configUpdate, error == nil else {
        print("Error listening for config updates: \(error)")
      print("Updated keys: \(configUpdate.updatedKeys)")
      self.remoteConfig.activate { changed, error in
        guard error == nil else { return self.displayError(error) }
        DispatchQueue.main.async {


    __weak __typeof__(self) weakSelf = self;
    [self.remoteConfig addOnConfigUpdateListener:^(FIRRemoteConfigUpdate * _Nonnull configUpdate, NSError * _Nullable error) {
      if (error != nil) {
        NSLog(@"Error listening for config updates %@", error.localizedDescription);
      } else {
        NSLog(@"Updated keys: %@", configUpdate.updatedKeys);
        __typeof__(self) strongSelf = weakSelf;
        [strongSelf.remoteConfig activateWithCompletion:^(BOOL changed, NSError * _Nullable error) {
          if (error != nil) {
            NSLog(@"Activate error %@", error.localizedDescription);
          dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^{
            [strongSelf displayWelcome];
  2. The next time you publish a new version of your Remote Config, devices that are running your app and listening for changes will call the completion handler.


If an app fetches too many times in a short time period, fetch calls are throttled and the SDK returns FIRRemoteConfigFetchStatusThrottled . Before SDK version 6.3.0, the limit was 5 fetch requests in a 60 minute window (newer versions have more permissive limits).

During app development,you might want to fetch more often to refresh the cache very frequently (many times per hour) to let you rapidly iterate as you develop and test your app. Real-time Remote Config updates automatically bypass the cache when the config is updated on the server. To accommodate rapid iteration on a project with numerous developers, you can temporarily add a FIRRemoteConfigSettings property with a low minimum fetch interval ( MinimumFetchInterval ) in your app.

The default and recommended production fetch interval for Remote Config is 12 hours, which means that configs won't be fetched from the backend more than once in a 12 hour window, regardless of how many fetch calls are actually made. Specifically, the minimum fetch interval is determined in this following order:

  1. The parameter in fetch(long)
  2. The parameter in FIRRemoteConfigSettings.MinimumFetchInterval
  3. The default value of 12 hours

Następne kroki

If you haven't already, explore the Remote Config use cases , and take a look at some of the key concepts and advanced strategies documentation, including: