Cloud Firestore Locations

Before you use Cloud Firestore, you must choose a location for your database. To reduce latency and increase availability, store your data close to the users and services that need it.

Types of locations

You can store your Cloud Firestore data in a multi-region location or a regional location.

Multi-region locations

A multi-region location is a general geographical area, such as the United States. Data in a multi-region location is replicated in multiple regions. Within a region, data is replicated across zones.

Select a multi-region location to maximize the availability and durability of your database. Multi-region locations can withstand the loss of entire regions and maintain availability without losing data.

The following multi-region location is available for Cloud Firestore:

Multi-Region Name Multi-Region Description
us-central United States

Regional location

A regional location is a specific geographic place, such as South Carolina. Data in a regional location is replicated in multiple zones within a region.

Select a regional location if your application is more sensitive to write latency or if you want co-location with other Google Cloud Platform resources.

The following regional locations are available:

Region NameRegion Description
North America
us-east1South Carolina

All regional locations are separated from other regional locations by at least 100 miles.

Project location setting

The location setting of your project is shared by the following products:

Setting the location in one product also sets the location for the other. Once set, you cannot change your project's location setting.

For more on the Firestore location setting and how it affects other Firebase products, see Set a project location.

Viewing the location setting of your project

Your location setting is viewable in your project settings. View your project settings in the Firebase Console.

Next steps

  • For more information about building applications to meet your latency, availability and durability requirements, see Geography and Regions.

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