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Error Handling

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The Firebase Authentication SDKs provide a simple way for catching the various errors which may occur which using authentication methods. The SDKs for Flutter expose these errors via the FirebaseAuthException class.

At a minimum, a code and message are provided, however in some cases additional properties such as an email address and credential are also provided. For example, if the user is attempting to sign in with an email and password, any errors thrown can be explicitly caught:

try {
  await FirebaseAuth.instance.signInWithEmailAndPassword(
    email: "barry.allen@example.com",
    password: "SuperSecretPassword!"
  );
} on FirebaseAuthException catch  (e) {
  print('Failed with error code: ${e.code}');
  print(e.message);
}

Each method provides various error codes and messages depending on the type of authentication invocation type. The Reference API provides up-to-date details on the errors for each method.

Other errors such as too-many-requests or operation-not-allowed may be thrown if you reach the Firebase Authentication quota, or have not enabled a specific auth provider.

Handling account-exists-with-different-credential Errors

If you enabled the One account per email address setting in the Firebase console, when a user tries to sign in a to a provider (such as Google) with an email that already exists for another Firebase user's provider (such as Facebook), the error auth/account-exists-with-different-credential is thrown along with an AuthCredential class (Google ID token). To complete the sign-in flow to the intended provider, the user has to first sign in to the existing provider (e.g. Facebook) and then link to the former AuthCredential (Google ID token).

FirebaseAuth auth = FirebaseAuth.instance;

// Create a credential from a Google Sign-in Request
var googleAuthCredential = GoogleAuthProvider.credential(accessToken: 'xxxx');

try {
  // Attempt to sign in the user in with Google
  await auth.signInWithCredential(googleAuthCredential);
} on FirebaseAuthException catch (e) {
  if (e.code == 'account-exists-with-different-credential') {
    // The account already exists with a different credential
    String email = e.email;
    AuthCredential pendingCredential = e.credential;

    // Fetch a list of what sign-in methods exist for the conflicting user
    List<String> userSignInMethods = await auth.fetchSignInMethodsForEmail(email);

    // If the user has several sign-in methods,
    // the first method in the list will be the "recommended" method to use.
    if (userSignInMethods.first == 'password') {
      // Prompt the user to enter their password
      String password = '...';

      // Sign the user in to their account with the password
      UserCredential userCredential = await auth.signInWithEmailAndPassword(
        email: email,
        password: password,
      );

      // Link the pending credential with the existing account
      await userCredential.user.linkWithCredential(pendingCredential);

      // Success! Go back to your application flow
      return goToApplication();
    }

    // Since other providers are now external, you must now sign the user in with another
    // auth provider, such as Facebook.
    if (userSignInMethods.first == 'facebook.com') {
      // Create a new Facebook credential
      String accessToken = await triggerFacebookAuthentication();
      var facebookAuthCredential = FacebookAuthProvider.credential(accessToken);

      // Sign the user in with the credential
      UserCredential userCredential = await auth.signInWithCredential(facebookAuthCredential);

      // Link the pending credential with the existing account
      await userCredential.user.linkWithCredential(pendingCredential);

      // Success! Go back to your application flow
      return goToApplication();
    }

    // Handle other OAuth providers...
  }
}