Get started using App Check in Flutter apps

This page shows you how to enable App Check in a Flutter app, using the default providers: Play Integrity on Android, Device Check on Apple platforms, and reCAPTCHA v3 on web. When you enable App Check, you help ensure that only your app can access your project's Firebase resources. See an Overview of this feature.

1. Set up your Firebase project

  1. Install and initialize FlutterFire if you haven't already done so.

  2. Register your apps to use App Check with the Play Integrity, Device Check, and reCAPTCHA providers in the Project Settings > App Check section of the Firebase console.

    You usually need to register all of your project's apps, because once you enable enforcement for a Firebase product, only registered apps will be able to access the product's backend resources.

  3. Optional: In the app registration settings, set a custom time-to-live (TTL) for App Check tokens issued by the provider. You can set the TTL to any value between 30 minutes and 7 days. When changing this value, be aware of the following tradeoffs:

    • Security: Shorter TTLs provide stronger security, because it reduces the window in which a leaked or intercepted token can be abused by an attacker.
    • Performance: Shorter TTLs mean your app will perform attestation more frequently. Because the app attestation process adds latency to network requests every time it's performed, a short TTL can impact the performance of your app.
    • Quota and cost: Shorter TTLs and frequent re-attestation deplete your quota faster, and for paid services, potentially cost more. See Quotas & limits.

    The default TTL is reasonable for most apps. Note that the App Check library refreshes tokens at approximately half the TTL duration.

2. Add the App Check library to your app

  1. From the root of your Flutter project, run the following command to install the plugin:

    flutter pub add firebase_app_check
  2. Once complete, rebuild your Flutter application:

    flutter run

3. Initialize App Check

Add the following initialization code to your app so that it runs before you use any Firebase services such as Storage, but after calling Firebase.initializeApp();

import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:firebase_core/firebase_core.dart';

// Import the firebase_app_check plugin
import 'package:firebase_app_check/firebase_app_check.dart';

Future<void> main() async {
  await Firebase.initializeApp();
  await FirebaseAppCheck.instance.activate(
    // You can also use a `ReCaptchaEnterpriseProvider` provider instance as an
    // argument for `webProvider`
    webProvider: ReCaptchaV3Provider('recaptcha-v3-site-key'),
    // Default provider for Android is the Play Integrity provider. You can use the "AndroidProvider" enum to choose
    // your preferred provider. Choose from:
    // 1. Debug provider
    // 2. Safety Net provider
    // 3. Play Integrity provider
    androidProvider: AndroidProvider.debug,
    // Default provider for iOS/macOS is the Device Check provider. You can use the "AppleProvider" enum to choose
        // your preferred provider. Choose from:
        // 1. Debug provider
        // 2. Device Check provider
        // 3. App Attest provider
        // 4. App Attest provider with fallback to Device Check provider (App Attest provider is only available on iOS 14.0+, macOS 14.0+)
    appleProvider: AppleProvider.appAttest,

Next steps

Once the App Check library is installed in your app, start distributing the updated app to your users.

The updated client app will begin sending App Check tokens along with every request it makes to Firebase, but Firebase products will not require the tokens to be valid until you enable enforcement in the App Check section of the Firebase console.

Monitor metrics and enable enforcement

Before you enable enforcement, however, you should make sure that doing so won't disrupt your existing legitimate users. On the other hand, if you're seeing suspicious use of your app resources, you might want to enable enforcement sooner.

To help make this decision, you can look at App Check metrics for the services you use:

Enable App Check enforcement

When you understand how App Check will affect your users and you're ready to proceed, you can enable App Check enforcement:

Use App Check in debug environments

If, after you have registered your app for App Check, you want to run your app in an environment that App Check would normally not classify as valid, such as an emulator during development, or from a continuous integration (CI) environment, you can create a debug build of your app that uses the App Check debug provider instead of a real attestation provider.

See Use App Check with the debug provider in Flutter apps.