داده ها را به Cloud Firestore اضافه کنید

چندین روش برای نوشتن داده ها در Cloud Firestore وجود دارد:

  • داده های یک سند را در یک مجموعه تنظیم کنید ، به صراحت شناسه سند را مشخص کنید.
  • یک سند جدید به مجموعه اضافه کنید. در این حالت ، Cloud Firestore به طور خودکار شناسه سند را تولید می کند.
  • یک سند خالی با یک شناسه ایجاد شده به صورت خودکار ایجاد کنید و بعداً داده ها را به آن اختصاص دهید.

این راهنما نحوه استفاده از مجموعه ، افزودن یا به روزرسانی اسناد جداگانه در Cloud Firestore را توضیح می دهد. اگر شما به داده ها ارسال می خواهید به صورت فله، و معاملات و بسته بندی های کوچک می نویسد .

یک سند تنظیم کنید

برای ایجاد یا بازنویسی یک سند واحد، با استفاده از set() روش:

نسخه وب 9

import { doc, setDoc } from "firebase/firestore"; 

// Add a new document in collection "cities"
await setDoc(doc(db, "cities", "LA"), {
  name: "Los Angeles",
  state: "CA",
  country: "USA"
});

نسخه وب 8

// Add a new document in collection "cities"
db.collection("cities").doc("LA").set({
    name: "Los Angeles",
    state: "CA",
    country: "USA"
})
.then(() => {
    console.log("Document successfully written!");
})
.catch((error) => {
    console.error("Error writing document: ", error);
});
سریع
// Add a new document in collection "cities"
db.collection("cities").document("LA").setData([
    "name": "Los Angeles",
    "state": "CA",
    "country": "USA"
]) { err in
    if let err = err {
        print("Error writing document: \(err)")
    } else {
        print("Document successfully written!")
    }
}
هدف-ج
// Add a new document in collection "cities"
[[[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] documentWithPath:@"LA"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"Los Angeles",
  @"state": @"CA",
  @"country": @"USA"
} completion:^(NSError * _Nullable error) {
  if (error != nil) {
    NSLog(@"Error writing document: %@", error);
  } else {
    NSLog(@"Document successfully written!");
  }
}];

جاوا

Map<String, Object> city = new HashMap<>();
city.put("name", "Los Angeles");
city.put("state", "CA");
city.put("country", "USA");

db.collection("cities").document("LA")
        .set(city)
        .addOnSuccessListener(new OnSuccessListener<Void>() {
            @Override
            public void onSuccess(Void aVoid) {
                Log.d(TAG, "DocumentSnapshot successfully written!");
            }
        })
        .addOnFailureListener(new OnFailureListener() {
            @Override
            public void onFailure(@NonNull Exception e) {
                Log.w(TAG, "Error writing document", e);
            }
        });

Kotlin+KTX

val city = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "Los Angeles",
        "state" to "CA",
        "country" to "USA"
)

db.collection("cities").document("LA")
        .set(city)
        .addOnSuccessListener { Log.d(TAG, "DocumentSnapshot successfully written!") }
        .addOnFailureListener { e -> Log.w(TAG, "Error writing document", e) }
جاوا
// Create a Map to store the data we want to set
Map<String, Object> docData = new HashMap<>();
docData.put("name", "Los Angeles");
docData.put("state", "CA");
docData.put("country", "USA");
docData.put("regions", Arrays.asList("west_coast", "socal"));
// Add a new document (asynchronously) in collection "cities" with id "LA"
ApiFuture<WriteResult> future = db.collection("cities").document("LA").set(docData);
// ...
// future.get() blocks on response
System.out.println("Update time : " + future.get().getUpdateTime());
پایتون
data = {
    u'name': u'Los Angeles',
    u'state': u'CA',
    u'country': u'USA'
}

# Add a new doc in collection 'cities' with ID 'LA'
db.collection(u'cities').document(u'LA').set(data)

پایتون

data = {"name": "Los Angeles", "state": "CA", "country": "USA"}

# Add a new doc in collection 'cities' with ID 'LA'
await db.collection("cities").document("LA").set(data)
C ++
// Add a new document in collection 'cities'
db->Collection("cities")
    .Document("LA")
    .Set({{"name", FieldValue::String("Los Angeles")},
          {"state", FieldValue::String("CA")},
          {"country", FieldValue::String("USA")}})
    .OnCompletion([](const Future<void>& future) {
      if (future.error() == Error::kErrorOk) {
        std::cout << "DocumentSnapshot successfully written!\n";
      } else {
        std::cout << "Error writing document: " << future.error_message()
                  << '\n';
      }
    });
Node.js
const data = {
  name: 'Los Angeles',
  state: 'CA',
  country: 'USA'
};

// Add a new document in collection "cities" with ID 'LA'
const res = await db.collection('cities').doc('LA').set(data);
برو
_, err := client.Collection("cities").Doc("LA").Set(ctx, map[string]interface{}{
	"name":    "Los Angeles",
	"state":   "CA",
	"country": "USA",
})
if err != nil {
	// Handle any errors in an appropriate way, such as returning them.
	log.Printf("An error has occurred: %s", err)
}
پی اچ پی
$data = [
    'name' => 'Los Angeles',
    'state' => 'CA',
    'country' => 'USA'
];
$db->collection('samples/php/cities')->document('LA')->set($data);
وحدت
DocumentReference docRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("LA");
Dictionary<string, object> city = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
	{ "Name", "Los Angeles" },
	{ "State", "CA" },
	{ "Country", "USA" }
};
docRef.SetAsync(city).ContinueWithOnMainThread(task => {
	Debug.Log("Added data to the LA document in the cities collection.");
});
سی شارپ
DocumentReference docRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("LA");
Dictionary<string, object> city = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
    { "name", "Los Angeles" },
    { "state", "CA" },
    { "country", "USA" }
};
await docRef.SetAsync(city);
یاقوت
city_ref = firestore.doc "#{collection_path}/LA"

data = {
  name:    "Los Angeles",
  state:   "CA",
  country: "USA"
}

city_ref.set data

اگر سند وجود نداشته باشد ، ایجاد می شود. در صورت وجود سند ، محتویات آن با داده های جدید ارائه شده رونویسی می شود ، مگر اینکه مشخص کنید که داده ها باید در سند موجود ادغام شوند ، به شرح زیر:

نسخه وب 9

import { doc, setDoc } from "firebase/firestore"; 

const cityRef = doc(db, 'cities', 'BJ');
setDoc(cityRef, { capital: true }, { merge: true });

نسخه وب 8

var cityRef = db.collection('cities').doc('BJ');

var setWithMerge = cityRef.set({
    capital: true
}, { merge: true });
سریع
// Update one field, creating the document if it does not exist.
db.collection("cities").document("BJ").setData([ "capital": true ], merge: true)
هدف-ج
// Write to the document reference, merging data with existing
// if the document already exists
[[[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] documentWithPath:@"BJ"]
     setData:@{ @"capital": @YES }
     merge:YES
     completion:^(NSError * _Nullable error) {
       // ...
     }];

جاوا

// Update one field, creating the document if it does not already exist.
Map<String, Object> data = new HashMap<>();
data.put("capital", true);

db.collection("cities").document("BJ")
        .set(data, SetOptions.merge());

Kotlin+KTX

// Update one field, creating the document if it does not already exist.
val data = hashMapOf("capital" to true)

db.collection("cities").document("BJ")
        .set(data, SetOptions.merge())
جاوا
//asynchronously update doc, create the document if missing
Map<String, Object> update = new HashMap<>();
update.put("capital", true);

ApiFuture<WriteResult> writeResult =
    db
        .collection("cities")
        .document("BJ")
        .set(update, SetOptions.merge());
// ...
System.out.println("Update time : " + writeResult.get().getUpdateTime());
پایتون
city_ref = db.collection(u'cities').document(u'BJ')

city_ref.set({
    u'capital': True
}, merge=True)

پایتون

city_ref = db.collection("cities").document("BJ")

await city_ref.set({"capital": True}, merge=True)
C ++
db->Collection("cities").Document("BJ").Set(
    {{"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(true)}}, SetOptions::Merge());
Node.js
const cityRef = db.collection('cities').doc('BJ');

const res = await cityRef.set({
  capital: true
}, { merge: true });
برو
_, err := client.Collection("cities").Doc("BJ").Set(ctx, map[string]interface{}{
	"capital": true,
}, firestore.MergeAll)

if err != nil {
	// Handle any errors in an appropriate way, such as returning them.
	log.Printf("An error has occurred: %s", err)
}
پی اچ پی
$cityRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities')->document('BJ');
$cityRef->set([
    'capital' => true
], ['merge' => true]);
وحدت
DocumentReference docRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("LA");
Dictionary<string, object> update = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
	{ "capital", false }
};
docRef.SetAsync(update, SetOptions.MergeAll);
سی شارپ
DocumentReference docRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("LA");
Dictionary<string, object> update = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
    { "capital", false }
};
await docRef.SetAsync(update, SetOptions.MergeAll);
یاقوت
city_ref = firestore.doc "#{collection_path}/LA"
city_ref.set({ capital: false }, merge: true)

اگر مطمئن نیستید که سند وجود دارد یا خیر ، گزینه ادغام داده های جدید با هر سند موجود را برای جلوگیری از رونویسی کل اسناد ارسال کنید.

انواع داده ها

Cloud Firestore به شما امکان می دهد انواع مختلفی از داده ها را در داخل سند بنویسید ، از جمله رشته ها ، بولین ها ، اعداد ، تاریخ ها ، آرایه ها و اشیاء null و تو در تو. Cloud Firestore همیشه شماره ها را به صورت دوتایی ذخیره می کند ، صرف نظر از نوع شماره ای که در کد خود استفاده می کنید.

نسخه وب 9

import { doc, setDoc, Timestamp } from "firebase/firestore"; 

const docData = {
    stringExample: "Hello world!",
    booleanExample: true,
    numberExample: 3.14159265,
    dateExample: Timestamp.fromDate(new Date("December 10, 1815")),
    arrayExample: [5, true, "hello"],
    nullExample: null,
    objectExample: {
        a: 5,
        b: {
            nested: "foo"
        }
    }
};
await setDoc(doc(db, "data", "one"), docData);

نسخه وب 8

var docData = {
    stringExample: "Hello world!",
    booleanExample: true,
    numberExample: 3.14159265,
    dateExample: firebase.firestore.Timestamp.fromDate(new Date("December 10, 1815")),
    arrayExample: [5, true, "hello"],
    nullExample: null,
    objectExample: {
        a: 5,
        b: {
            nested: "foo"
        }
    }
};
db.collection("data").doc("one").set(docData).then(() => {
    console.log("Document successfully written!");
});
سریع
let docData: [String: Any] = [
    "stringExample": "Hello world!",
    "booleanExample": true,
    "numberExample": 3.14159265,
    "dateExample": Timestamp(date: Date()),
    "arrayExample": [5, true, "hello"],
    "nullExample": NSNull(),
    "objectExample": [
        "a": 5,
        "b": [
            "nested": "foo"
        ]
    ]
]
db.collection("data").document("one").setData(docData) { err in
    if let err = err {
        print("Error writing document: \(err)")
    } else {
        print("Document successfully written!")
    }
}
هدف-ج
NSDictionary *docData = @{
  @"stringExample": @"Hello world!",
  @"booleanExample": @YES,
  @"numberExample": @3.14,
  @"dateExample": [FIRTimestamp timestampWithDate:[NSDate date]],
  @"arrayExample": @[@5, @YES, @"hello"],
  @"nullExample": [NSNull null],
  @"objectExample": @{
    @"a": @5,
    @"b": @{
      @"nested": @"foo"
    }
  }
};

[[[self.db collectionWithPath:@"data"] documentWithPath:@"one"] setData:docData
    completion:^(NSError * _Nullable error) {
      if (error != nil) {
        NSLog(@"Error writing document: %@", error);
      } else {
        NSLog(@"Document successfully written!");
      }
    }];

جاوا

Map<String, Object> docData = new HashMap<>();
docData.put("stringExample", "Hello world!");
docData.put("booleanExample", true);
docData.put("numberExample", 3.14159265);
docData.put("dateExample", new Timestamp(new Date()));
docData.put("listExample", Arrays.asList(1, 2, 3));
docData.put("nullExample", null);

Map<String, Object> nestedData = new HashMap<>();
nestedData.put("a", 5);
nestedData.put("b", true);

docData.put("objectExample", nestedData);

db.collection("data").document("one")
        .set(docData)
        .addOnSuccessListener(new OnSuccessListener<Void>() {
            @Override
            public void onSuccess(Void aVoid) {
                Log.d(TAG, "DocumentSnapshot successfully written!");
            }
        })
        .addOnFailureListener(new OnFailureListener() {
            @Override
            public void onFailure(@NonNull Exception e) {
                Log.w(TAG, "Error writing document", e);
            }
        });

Kotlin+KTX

val docData = hashMapOf(
        "stringExample" to "Hello world!",
        "booleanExample" to true,
        "numberExample" to 3.14159265,
        "dateExample" to Timestamp(Date()),
        "listExample" to arrayListOf(1, 2, 3),
        "nullExample" to null
)

val nestedData = hashMapOf(
        "a" to 5,
        "b" to true
)

docData["objectExample"] = nestedData

db.collection("data").document("one")
        .set(docData)
        .addOnSuccessListener { Log.d(TAG, "DocumentSnapshot successfully written!") }
        .addOnFailureListener { e -> Log.w(TAG, "Error writing document", e) }
جاوا
Map<String, Object> docData = new HashMap<>();
docData.put("stringExample", "Hello, World");
docData.put("booleanExample", false);
docData.put("numberExample", 3.14159265);
docData.put("nullExample", null);

ArrayList<Object> arrayExample = new ArrayList<>();
Collections.addAll(arrayExample, 5L, true, "hello");
docData.put("arrayExample", arrayExample);

Map<String, Object> objectExample = new HashMap<>();
objectExample.put("a", 5L);
objectExample.put("b", true);

docData.put("objectExample", objectExample);

ApiFuture<WriteResult> future = db.collection("data").document("one").set(docData);
System.out.println("Update time : " + future.get().getUpdateTime());
پایتون
data = {
    u'stringExample': u'Hello, World!',
    u'booleanExample': True,
    u'numberExample': 3.14159265,
    u'dateExample': datetime.datetime.now(),
    u'arrayExample': [5, True, u'hello'],
    u'nullExample': None,
    u'objectExample': {
        u'a': 5,
        u'b': True
    }
}

db.collection(u'data').document(u'one').set(data)

پایتون

data = {
    "stringExample": "Hello, World!",
    "booleanExample": True,
    "numberExample": 3.14159265,
    "dateExample": datetime.datetime.now(),
    "arrayExample": [5, True, "hello"],
    "nullExample": None,
    "objectExample": {"a": 5, "b": True},
}

await db.collection("data").document("one").set(data)
C ++
MapFieldValue doc_data{
    {"stringExample", FieldValue::String("Hello world!")},
    {"booleanExample", FieldValue::Boolean(true)},
    {"numberExample", FieldValue::Double(3.14159265)},
    {"dateExample", FieldValue::Timestamp(Timestamp::Now())},
    {"arrayExample", FieldValue::Array({FieldValue::Integer(1),
                                        FieldValue::Integer(2),
                                        FieldValue::Integer(3)})},
    {"nullExample", FieldValue::Null()},
    {"objectExample",
     FieldValue::Map(
         {{"a", FieldValue::Integer(5)},
          {"b", FieldValue::Map(
                    {{"nested", FieldValue::String("foo")}})}})},
};

db->Collection("data").Document("one").Set(doc_data).OnCompletion(
    [](const Future<void>& future) {
      if (future.error() == Error::kErrorOk) {
        std::cout << "DocumentSnapshot successfully written!\n";
      } else {
        std::cout << "Error writing document: " << future.error_message()
                  << '\n';
      }
    });
Node.js
const data = {
  stringExample: 'Hello, World!',
  booleanExample: true,
  numberExample: 3.14159265,
  dateExample: admin.firestore.Timestamp.fromDate(new Date('December 10, 1815')),
  arrayExample: [5, true, 'hello'],
  nullExample: null,
  objectExample: {
    a: 5,
    b: true
  }
};

const res = await db.collection('data').doc('one').set(data);
برو
doc := make(map[string]interface{})
doc["stringExample"] = "Hello world!"
doc["booleanExample"] = true
doc["numberExample"] = 3.14159265
doc["dateExample"] = time.Now()
doc["arrayExample"] = []interface{}{5, true, "hello"}
doc["nullExample"] = nil
doc["objectExample"] = map[string]interface{}{
	"a": 5,
	"b": true,
}

_, err := client.Collection("data").Doc("one").Set(ctx, doc)
if err != nil {
	// Handle any errors in an appropriate way, such as returning them.
	log.Printf("An error has occurred: %s", err)
}
پی اچ پی
$data = [
    'stringExample' => 'Hello World',
    'booleanExample' => true,
    'numberExample' => 3.14159265,
    'dateExample' => new Timestamp(new DateTime()),
    'arrayExample' => array(5, true, 'hello'),
    'nullExample' => null,
    'objectExample' => ['a' => 5, 'b' => true],
    'documentReferenceExample' => $db->collection('samples/php/data')->document('two'),
];
$db->collection('samples/php/data')->document('one')->set($data);
printf('Set multiple data-type data for the one document in the data collection.' . PHP_EOL);
وحدت
DocumentReference docRef = db.Collection("data").Document("one");
Dictionary<string, object> docData = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
	{ "stringExample", "Hello World" },
	{ "booleanExample", false },
	{ "numberExample", 3.14159265 },
	{ "nullExample", null },
	{ "arrayExample", new List<object>() { 5, true, "Hello" } },
	{ "objectExample", new Dictionary<string, object>
		{
			{ "a", 5 },
			{ "b", true },
		}
	},
};

docRef.SetAsync(docData);
سی شارپ
DocumentReference docRef = db.Collection("data").Document("one");
Dictionary<string, object> docData = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
    { "stringExample", "Hello World" },
    { "booleanExample", false },
    { "numberExample", 3.14159265 },
    { "nullExample", null },
};

ArrayList arrayExample = new ArrayList();
arrayExample.Add(5);
arrayExample.Add(true);
arrayExample.Add("Hello");
docData.Add("arrayExample", arrayExample);

Dictionary<string, object> objectExample = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
    { "a", 5 },
    { "b", true },
};
docData.Add("objectExample", objectExample);

await docRef.SetAsync(docData);
یاقوت
doc_ref = firestore.doc "#{collection_path}/one"

data = {
  stringExample:  "Hello, World!",
  booleanExample: true,
  numberExample:  3.14159265,
  dateExample:    DateTime.now,
  arrayExample:   [5, true, "hello"],
  nullExample:    nil,
  objectExample:  {
    a: 5,
    b: true
  }
}

doc_ref.set data

اشیاء سفارشی

با استفاده از Map و یا Dictionary اشیاء ارائه اسناد خود را اغلب خیلی راحت نیست، بنابراین حمایت ابر Firestore نوشتن اسناد با کلاس های سفارشی. Cloud Firestore اشیاء را به انواع داده پشتیبانی شده تبدیل می کند.

با استفاده از کلاس های سفارشی ، می توانید مثال اولیه را همانطور که در تصویر نشان داده شده بازنویسی کنید:

نسخه وب 9

class City {
    constructor (name, state, country ) {
        this.name = name;
        this.state = state;
        this.country = country;
    }
    toString() {
        return this.name + ', ' + this.state + ', ' + this.country;
    }
}

// Firestore data converter
const cityConverter = {
    toFirestore: (city) => {
        return {
            name: city.name,
            state: city.state,
            country: city.country
            };
    },
    fromFirestore: (snapshot, options) => {
        const data = snapshot.data(options);
        return new City(data.name, data.state, data.country);
    }
};

نسخه وب 8

class City {
    constructor (name, state, country ) {
        this.name = name;
        this.state = state;
        this.country = country;
    }
    toString() {
        return this.name + ', ' + this.state + ', ' + this.country;
    }
}

// Firestore data converter
var cityConverter = {
    toFirestore: function(city) {
        return {
            name: city.name,
            state: city.state,
            country: city.country
            };
    },
    fromFirestore: function(snapshot, options){
        const data = snapshot.data(options);
        return new City(data.name, data.state, data.country);
    }
};
سریع
public struct City: Codable {

    let name: String
    let state: String?
    let country: String?
    let isCapital: Bool?
    let population: Int64?

    enum CodingKeys: String, CodingKey {
        case name
        case state
        case country
        case isCapital = "capital"
        case population
    }

}
هدف-ج
// This isn't supported in Objective-C.
  

جاوا

هر کلاس سفارشی باید دارای یک سازنده عمومی باشد که هیچ گونه آرگومان نمی گیرد. علاوه بر این ، کلاس باید برای هر ویژگی شامل یک جمع کننده عمومی باشد.

public class City {


    private String name;
    private String state;
    private String country;
    private boolean capital;
    private long population;
    private List<String> regions;

    public City() {}

    public City(String name, String state, String country, boolean capital, long population, List<String> regions) {
        // ...
    }

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public String getState() {
        return state;
    }

    public String getCountry() {
        return country;
    }

    public boolean isCapital() {
        return capital;
    }

    public long getPopulation() {
        return population;
    }

    public List<String> getRegions() {
        return regions;
    }

}

Kotlin+KTX

data class City(
    val name: String? = null,
    val state: String? = null,
    val country: String? = null,
    @field:JvmField // use this annotation if your Boolean field is prefixed with 'is'
    val isCapital: Boolean? = null,
    val population: Long? = null,
    val regions: List<String>? = null
)
جاوا
public City() {
  // Must have a public no-argument constructor
}

// Initialize all fields of a city
public City(String name, String state, String country,
            Boolean capital, Long population, List<String> regions) {
  this.name = name;
  this.state = state;
  this.country = country;
  this.capital = capital;
  this.population = population;
  this.regions = regions;
}
پایتون
class City(object):
    def __init__(self, name, state, country, capital=False, population=0,
                 regions=[]):
        self.name = name
        self.state = state
        self.country = country
        self.capital = capital
        self.population = population
        self.regions = regions

    @staticmethod
    def from_dict(source):
        # ...

    def to_dict(self):
        # ...

    def __repr__(self):
        return(
            f'City(\
                name={self.name}, \
                country={self.country}, \
                population={self.population}, \
                capital={self.capital}, \
                regions={self.regions}\
            )'
        )

پایتون

class City(object):
    def __init__(self, name, state, country, capital=False, population=0, regions=[]):
        self.name = name
        self.state = state
        self.country = country
        self.capital = capital
        self.population = population
        self.regions = regions

    @staticmethod
    def from_dict(source):
        # ...

    def to_dict(self):
        # ...

    def __repr__(self):
        return f"City(\
                name={self.name}, \
                country={self.country}, \
                population={self.population}, \
                capital={self.capital}, \
                regions={self.regions}\
            )"
C ++
// This is not yet supported.
Node.js
// Node.js uses JavaScript objects
برو

// City represents a city.
type City struct {
	Name       string   `firestore:"name,omitempty"`
	State      string   `firestore:"state,omitempty"`
	Country    string   `firestore:"country,omitempty"`
	Capital    bool     `firestore:"capital,omitempty"`
	Population int64    `firestore:"population,omitempty"`
	Regions    []string `firestore:"regions,omitempty"`
}
پی اچ پی
// This isn't supported in PHP
وحدت
[FirestoreData]
public class City
{
	[FirestoreProperty]
	public string Name { get; set; }

	[FirestoreProperty]
	public string State { get; set; }

	[FirestoreProperty]
	public string Country { get; set; }

	[FirestoreProperty]
	public bool Capital { get; set; }

	[FirestoreProperty]
	public long Population { get; set; }
}
سی شارپ
[FirestoreData]
public class City
{
    [FirestoreProperty]
    public string Name { get; set; }

    [FirestoreProperty]
    public string State { get; set; }

    [FirestoreProperty]
    public string Country { get; set; }

    [FirestoreProperty]
    public bool Capital { get; set; }

    [FirestoreProperty]
    public long Population { get; set; }
}
یاقوت
// This isn't supported in Ruby

نسخه وب 9

import { doc, setDoc } from "firebase/firestore"; 

// Set with cityConverter
const ref = doc(db, "cities", "LA").withConverter(cityConverter);
await setDoc(ref, new City("Los Angeles", "CA", "USA"));

نسخه وب 8

// Set with cityConverter
db.collection("cities").doc("LA")
  .withConverter(cityConverter)
  .set(new City("Los Angeles", "CA", "USA"));
سریع
let city = City(name: "Los Angeles",
                state: "CA",
                country: "USA",
                isCapital: false,
                population: 5000000)

do {
    try db.collection("cities").document("LA").setData(from: city)
} catch let error {
    print("Error writing city to Firestore: \(error)")
}
هدف-ج
// This isn't supported in Objective-C.
  

جاوا

City city = new City("Los Angeles", "CA", "USA",
        false, 5000000L, Arrays.asList("west_coast", "sorcal"));
db.collection("cities").document("LA").set(city);

Kotlin+KTX

val city = City("Los Angeles", "CA", "USA",
        false, 5000000L, listOf("west_coast", "socal"))
db.collection("cities").document("LA").set(city)
جاوا
City city = new City("Los Angeles", "CA", "USA", false, 3900000L,
    Arrays.asList("west_coast", "socal"));
ApiFuture<WriteResult> future = db.collection("cities").document("LA").set(city);
// block on response if required
System.out.println("Update time : " + future.get().getUpdateTime());
پایتون
city = City(name=u'Los Angeles', state=u'CA', country=u'USA')
db.collection(u'cities').document(u'LA').set(city.to_dict())

پایتون

city = City(name="Los Angeles", state="CA", country="USA")
await db.collection("cities").document("LA").set(city.to_dict())
C ++
// This is not yet supported.
Node.js
// Node.js uses JavaScript objects
برو
city := City{
	Name:    "Los Angeles",
	Country: "USA",
}
_, err := client.Collection("cities").Doc("LA").Set(ctx, city)
if err != nil {
	// Handle any errors in an appropriate way, such as returning them.
	log.Printf("An error has occurred: %s", err)
}
پی اچ پی
// This isn't supported in PHP.
وحدت
DocumentReference docRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("LA");
City city = new City
{
	Name = "Los Angeles",
	State = "CA",
	Country = "USA",
	Capital = false,
	Population = 3900000L
};
docRef.SetAsync(city);
سی شارپ
DocumentReference docRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("LA");
City city = new City
{
    Name = "Los Angeles",
    State = "CA",
    Country = "USA",
    Capital = false,
    Population = 3900000L
};
await docRef.SetAsync(city);
یاقوت
// This isn't supported in Ruby.

یک سند اضافه کنید

هنگام استفاده از set() برای ایجاد یک سند، شما باید یک ID برای سند به ایجاد را مشخص کنید. مثلا:

نسخه وب 9

import { doc, setDoc } from "firebase/firestore"; 

await setDoc(doc(db, "cities", "new-city-id"), data);

نسخه وب 8

db.collection("cities").doc("new-city-id").set(data);
سریع
db.collection("cities").document("new-city-id").setData(data)
هدف-ج
[[[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] documentWithPath:@"new-city-id"]
    setData:data];

جاوا

db.collection("cities").document("new-city-id").set(data);

Kotlin+KTX

db.collection("cities").document("new-city-id").set(data)
جاوا
db.collection("cities").document("new-city-id").set(data);
پایتون
db.collection(u'cities').document(u'new-city-id').set(data)

پایتون

await db.collection("cities").document("new-city-id").set(data)
C ++
db->Collection("cities").Document("SF").Set({/*some data*/});
Node.js
await db.collection('cities').doc('new-city-id').set(data);
برو
_, err := client.Collection("cities").Doc("new-city-id").Set(ctx, data)
if err != nil {
	// Handle any errors in an appropriate way, such as returning them.
	log.Printf("An error has occurred: %s", err)
}
پی اچ پی
$db->collection('samples/php/cities')->document('new-city-id')->set($data);
وحدت
db.Collection("cities").Document("new-city-id").SetAsync(city);
سی شارپ
await db.Collection("cities").Document("new-city-id").SetAsync(city);
یاقوت
city_ref = firestore.doc "#{collection_path}/new-city-id"
city_ref.set data

اما گاهی اوقات یک شناسه معنی دار برای سند وجود ندارد و راحت تر است که اجازه دهید Cloud Firestore به طور خودکار برای شما یک شناسه تولید کند. شما می توانید این را با تماس انجام add() :

نسخه وب 9

import { collection, addDoc } from "firebase/firestore"; 

// Add a new document with a generated id.
const docRef = await addDoc(collection(db, "cities"), {
  name: "Tokyo",
  country: "Japan"
});
console.log("Document written with ID: ", docRef.id);

نسخه وب 8

// Add a new document with a generated id.
db.collection("cities").add({
    name: "Tokyo",
    country: "Japan"
})
.then((docRef) => {
    console.log("Document written with ID: ", docRef.id);
})
.catch((error) => {
    console.error("Error adding document: ", error);
});
سریع
// Add a new document with a generated id.
var ref: DocumentReference? = nil
ref = db.collection("cities").addDocument(data: [
    "name": "Tokyo",
    "country": "Japan"
]) { err in
    if let err = err {
        print("Error adding document: \(err)")
    } else {
        print("Document added with ID: \(ref!.documentID)")
    }
}
هدف-ج
// Add a new document with a generated id.
__block FIRDocumentReference *ref =
    [[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] addDocumentWithData:@{
      @"name": @"Tokyo",
      @"country": @"Japan"
    } completion:^(NSError * _Nullable error) {
      if (error != nil) {
        NSLog(@"Error adding document: %@", error);
      } else {
        NSLog(@"Document added with ID: %@", ref.documentID);
      }
    }];

جاوا

// Add a new document with a generated id.
Map<String, Object> data = new HashMap<>();
data.put("name", "Tokyo");
data.put("country", "Japan");

db.collection("cities")
        .add(data)
        .addOnSuccessListener(new OnSuccessListener<DocumentReference>() {
            @Override
            public void onSuccess(DocumentReference documentReference) {
                Log.d(TAG, "DocumentSnapshot written with ID: " + documentReference.getId());
            }
        })
        .addOnFailureListener(new OnFailureListener() {
            @Override
            public void onFailure(@NonNull Exception e) {
                Log.w(TAG, "Error adding document", e);
            }
        });

Kotlin+KTX

// Add a new document with a generated id.
val data = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "Tokyo",
        "country" to "Japan"
)

db.collection("cities")
    .add(data)
    .addOnSuccessListener { documentReference ->
        Log.d(TAG, "DocumentSnapshot written with ID: ${documentReference.id}")
    }
    .addOnFailureListener { e ->
        Log.w(TAG, "Error adding document", e)
    }
جاوا
// Add document data with auto-generated id.
Map<String, Object> data = new HashMap<>();
data.put("name", "Tokyo");
data.put("country", "Japan");
ApiFuture<DocumentReference> addedDocRef = db.collection("cities").add(data);
System.out.println("Added document with ID: " + addedDocRef.get().getId());
پایتون
city = City(name=u'Tokyo', state=None, country=u'Japan')
db.collection(u'cities').add(city.to_dict())

پایتون

city = City(name="Tokyo", state=None, country="Japan")
await db.collection("cities").add(city.to_dict())
C ++
db->Collection("cities").Add({/*some data*/});
Node.js
// Add a new document with a generated id.
const res = await db.collection('cities').add({
  name: 'Tokyo',
  country: 'Japan'
});

console.log('Added document with ID: ', res.id);
برو
_, _, err := client.Collection("cities").Add(ctx, map[string]interface{}{
	"name":    "Tokyo",
	"country": "Japan",
})
if err != nil {
	// Handle any errors in an appropriate way, such as returning them.
	log.Printf("An error has occurred: %s", err)
}
پی اچ پی
$data = [
    'name' => 'Tokyo',
    'country' => 'Japan'
];
$addedDocRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities')->add($data);
printf('Added document with ID: %s' . PHP_EOL, $addedDocRef->id());
وحدت
Dictionary<string, object> city = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
	{ "Name", "Tokyo" },
	{ "Country", "Japan" }
};
db.Collection("cities").AddAsync(city).ContinueWithOnMainThread(task => {
	DocumentReference addedDocRef = task.Result;
	Debug.Log(String.Format("Added document with ID: {0}.", addedDocRef.Id));
});
سی شارپ
Dictionary<string, object> city = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
    { "Name", "Tokyo" },
    { "Country", "Japan" }
};
DocumentReference addedDocRef = await db.Collection("cities").AddAsync(city);
Console.WriteLine("Added document with ID: {0}.", addedDocRef.Id);
یاقوت
data = {
  name:    "Tokyo",
  country: "Japan"
}

cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path

added_doc_ref = cities_ref.add data
puts "Added document with ID: #{added_doc_ref.document_id}."

در برخی موارد ، ایجاد یک مرجع سند با یک شناسه تولید شده خودکار مفید است ، سپس بعداً از مرجع استفاده کنید. برای این مورد استفاده، شما می توانید پاسخ doc() :

نسخه وب 9

import { collection, doc, setDoc } from "firebase/firestore"; 

// Add a new document with a generated id
const newCityRef = doc(collection(db, "cities"));

// later...
await setDoc(newCityRef, data);

نسخه وب 8

// Add a new document with a generated id.
var newCityRef = db.collection("cities").doc();

// later...
newCityRef.set(data);
سریع
let newCityRef = db.collection("cities").document()

// later...
newCityRef.setData([
    // ...
])
هدف-ج
FIRDocumentReference *newCityRef = [[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] documentWithAutoID];
// later...
[newCityRef setData:@{ /* ... */ }];

جاوا

Map<String, Object> data = new HashMap<>();

DocumentReference newCityRef = db.collection("cities").document();

// Later...
newCityRef.set(data);

Kotlin+KTX

val data = HashMap<String, Any>()

val newCityRef = db.collection("cities").document()

// Later...
newCityRef.set(data)
جاوا
// Add document data after generating an id.
DocumentReference addedDocRef = db.collection("cities").document();
System.out.println("Added document with ID: " + addedDocRef.getId());

// later...
ApiFuture<WriteResult> writeResult = addedDocRef.set(data);
پایتون
new_city_ref = db.collection(u'cities').document()

# later...
new_city_ref.set({
    # ...
})

پایتون

new_city_ref = db.collection("cities").document()

# later...
await new_city_ref.set(
    {
        # ...
    }
)
C ++
DocumentReference new_city_ref = db->Collection("cities").Document();
Node.js
const newCityRef = db.collection('cities').doc();

// Later...
const res = await newCityRef.set({
  // ...
});
برو
ref := client.Collection("cities").NewDoc()

// later...
_, err := ref.Set(ctx, data)
if err != nil {
	// Handle any errors in an appropriate way, such as returning them.
	log.Printf("An error has occurred: %s", err)
}
پی اچ پی
$addedDocRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities')->newDocument();
printf('Added document with ID: %s' . PHP_EOL, $addedDocRef->id());
$addedDocRef->set($data);
وحدت
DocumentReference addedDocRef = db.Collection("cities").Document();
Debug.Log(String.Format("Added document with ID: {0}.", addedDocRef.Id));
addedDocRef.SetAsync(city).ContinueWithOnMainThread(task => {
	Debug.Log(String.Format(
		"Added data to the {0} document in the cities collection.", addedDocRef.Id));
});
سی شارپ
DocumentReference addedDocRef = db.Collection("cities").Document();
Console.WriteLine("Added document with ID: {0}.", addedDocRef.Id);
await addedDocRef.SetAsync(city);
یاقوت
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path

added_doc_ref = cities_ref.doc
puts "Added document with ID: #{added_doc_ref.document_id}."

added_doc_ref.set data

در پشت صحنه، .add(...) و .doc().set(...) به طور کامل با هم معادل هستند، بنابراین شما می توانید هر کدام که راحت تر استفاده کنید.

یک سند را به روز کنید

برای به روز رسانی برخی از زمینه های از یک سند بدون جای نوشتن کل سند، استفاده از update() روش:

نسخه وب 9

import { doc, updateDoc } from "firebase/firestore";

const washingtonRef = doc(db, "cities", "DC");

// Set the "capital" field of the city 'DC'
await updateDoc(washingtonRef, {
  capital: true
});

نسخه وب 8

var washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").doc("DC");

// Set the "capital" field of the city 'DC'
return washingtonRef.update({
    capital: true
})
.then(() => {
    console.log("Document successfully updated!");
})
.catch((error) => {
    // The document probably doesn't exist.
    console.error("Error updating document: ", error);
});
سریع
let washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC")

// Set the "capital" field of the city 'DC'
washingtonRef.updateData([
    "capital": true
]) { err in
    if let err = err {
        print("Error updating document: \(err)")
    } else {
        print("Document successfully updated")
    }
}
هدف-ج
FIRDocumentReference *washingtonRef =
    [[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] documentWithPath:@"DC"];
// Set the "capital" field of the city
[washingtonRef updateData:@{
  @"capital": @YES
} completion:^(NSError * _Nullable error) {
  if (error != nil) {
    NSLog(@"Error updating document: %@", error);
  } else {
    NSLog(@"Document successfully updated");
  }
}];

جاوا

DocumentReference washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC");

// Set the "isCapital" field of the city 'DC'
washingtonRef
        .update("capital", true)
        .addOnSuccessListener(new OnSuccessListener<Void>() {
            @Override
            public void onSuccess(Void aVoid) {
                Log.d(TAG, "DocumentSnapshot successfully updated!");
            }
        })
        .addOnFailureListener(new OnFailureListener() {
            @Override
            public void onFailure(@NonNull Exception e) {
                Log.w(TAG, "Error updating document", e);
            }
        });

Kotlin+KTX

val washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC")

// Set the "isCapital" field of the city 'DC'
washingtonRef
        .update("capital", true)
        .addOnSuccessListener { Log.d(TAG, "DocumentSnapshot successfully updated!") }
        .addOnFailureListener { e -> Log.w(TAG, "Error updating document", e) }
جاوا
// Update an existing document
DocumentReference docRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC");

// (async) Update one field
ApiFuture<WriteResult> future = docRef.update("capital", true);

// ...
WriteResult result = future.get();
System.out.println("Write result: " + result);
پایتون
city_ref = db.collection(u'cities').document(u'DC')

# Set the capital field
city_ref.update({u'capital': True})

پایتون

city_ref = db.collection("cities").document("DC")

# Set the capital field
await city_ref.update({"capital": True})
C ++
DocumentReference washington_ref = db->Collection("cities").Document("DC");
// Set the "capital" field of the city "DC".
washington_ref.Update({{"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(true)}});
Node.js
const cityRef = db.collection('cities').doc('DC');

// Set the 'capital' field of the city
const res = await cityRef.update({capital: true});
برو
_, err = client.Collection("cities").Doc("DC").Update(ctx, []firestore.Update{
	{
		Path:  "capital",
		Value: true,
	},
})
if err != nil {
	// Handle any errors in an appropriate way, such as returning them.
	log.Printf("An error has occurred: %s", err)
}
پی اچ پی
$cityRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities')->document('DC');
$cityRef->update([
    ['path' => 'capital', 'value' => true]
]);
وحدت
DocumentReference cityRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("new-city-id");
Dictionary<string, object> updates = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
	{ "Capital", false }
};

cityRef.UpdateAsync(updates).ContinueWithOnMainThread(task => {
	Debug.Log(
		"Updated the Capital field of the new-city-id document in the cities collection.");
});
// You can also update a single field with: cityRef.UpdateAsync("Capital", false);
سی شارپ
DocumentReference cityRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("new-city-id");
Dictionary<string, object> updates = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
    { "Capital", false }
};
await cityRef.UpdateAsync(updates);

// You can also update a single field with: await cityRef.UpdateAsync("Capital", false);
یاقوت
city_ref = firestore.doc "#{collection_path}/DC"
city_ref.update({ capital: true })

مهر زمان سرور

شما می توانید یک فیلد در سند خود را به عنوان زمان سرور تنظیم کنید که هنگام دریافت سرور به روزرسانی را ردیابی می کند.

نسخه وب 9

import { updateDoc, serverTimestamp } from "firebase/firestore";

const docRef = doc(db, 'objects', 'some-id');

// Update the timestamp field with the value from the server
const updateTimestamp = await updateDoc(docRef, {
    timestamp: serverTimestamp()
});

نسخه وب 8

var docRef = db.collection('objects').doc('some-id');

// Update the timestamp field with the value from the server
var updateTimestamp = docRef.update({
    timestamp: firebase.firestore.FieldValue.serverTimestamp()
});
سریع
db.collection("objects").document("some-id").updateData([
    "lastUpdated": FieldValue.serverTimestamp(),
]) { err in
    if let err = err {
        print("Error updating document: \(err)")
    } else {
        print("Document successfully updated")
    }
}
هدف-ج
[[[self.db collectionWithPath:@"objects"] documentWithPath:@"some-id"] updateData:@{
  @"lastUpdated": [FIRFieldValue fieldValueForServerTimestamp]
} completion:^(NSError * _Nullable error) {
  if (error != nil) {
    NSLog(@"Error updating document: %@", error);
  } else {
    NSLog(@"Document successfully updated");
  }
}];

جاوا

// If you're using custom Java objects in Android, add an @ServerTimestamp
// annotation to a Date field for your custom object classes. This indicates
// that the Date field should be treated as a server timestamp by the object mapper.
DocumentReference docRef = db.collection("objects").document("some-id");

// Update the timestamp field with the value from the server
Map<String,Object> updates = new HashMap<>();
updates.put("timestamp", FieldValue.serverTimestamp());

docRef.update(updates).addOnCompleteListener(new OnCompleteListener<Void>() {
    // ...
    // ...

Kotlin+KTX

// If you're using custom Kotlin objects in Android, add an @ServerTimestamp
// annotation to a Date field for your custom object classes. This indicates
// that the Date field should be treated as a server timestamp by the object mapper.
val docRef = db.collection("objects").document("some-id")

// Update the timestamp field with the value from the server
val updates = hashMapOf<String, Any>(
        "timestamp" to FieldValue.serverTimestamp()
)

docRef.update(updates).addOnCompleteListener { }
جاوا
DocumentReference docRef = db.collection("objects").document("some-id");
// Update the timestamp field with the value from the server
ApiFuture<WriteResult> writeResult = docRef.update("timestamp", FieldValue.serverTimestamp());
System.out.println("Update time : " + writeResult.get());
پایتون
city_ref = db.collection(u'objects').document(u'some-id')
city_ref.update({
    u'timestamp': firestore.SERVER_TIMESTAMP
})

پایتون

city_ref = db.collection("objects").document("some-id")
await city_ref.update({"timestamp": firestore.SERVER_TIMESTAMP})
C ++
DocumentReference doc_ref = db->Collection("objects").Document("some-id");
doc_ref.Update({{"timestamp", FieldValue::ServerTimestamp()}})
    .OnCompletion([](const Future<void>& future) {
      // ...
    });
Node.js
// Get the `FieldValue` object
const FieldValue = admin.firestore.FieldValue;

// Create a document reference
const docRef = db.collection('objects').doc('some-id');

// Update the timestamp field with the value from the server
const res = await docRef.update({
  timestamp: FieldValue.serverTimestamp()
});
برو
_, err := client.Collection("objects").Doc("some-id").Set(ctx, map[string]interface{}{
	"timestamp": firestore.ServerTimestamp,
}, firestore.MergeAll)
if err != nil {
	// Handle any errors in an appropriate way, such as returning them.
	log.Printf("An error has occurred: %s", err)
}
پی اچ پی
$docRef = $db->collection('samples/php/objects')->document('some-id');
$docRef->update([
    ['path' => 'timestamp', 'value' => FieldValue::serverTimestamp()]
]);
وحدت
DocumentReference cityRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("new-city-id");
cityRef.UpdateAsync("Timestamp", FieldValue.ServerTimestamp)
	.ContinueWithOnMainThread(task => {
		Debug.Log(
			"Updated the Timestamp field of the new-city-id document in the cities "
			+ "collection.");
	});
سی شارپ
DocumentReference cityRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("new-city-id");
await cityRef.UpdateAsync("Timestamp", Timestamp.GetCurrentTimestamp());
یاقوت
city_ref = firestore.doc "#{collection_path}/new-city-id"
city_ref.update({ timestamp: firestore.field_server_time })

هنگامی که به روز رسانی زمینه برچسب زمان های متعدد در داخل یک معامله ، هر فیلد همان ارزش سرور زمان دریافت می کند.

به روز رسانی زمینه ها در اشیاء تو در تو

اگر سند شما شامل اشیاء تو در تو، شما می توانید "نماد نقطه" به مرجع زمینه های تو در تو در سند که با شما تماس استفاده update() :

نسخه وب 9

import { doc, setDoc, updateDoc } from "firebase/firestore"; 

// Create an initial document to update.
const frankDocRef = doc(db, "users", "frank");
await setDoc(frankDocRef, {
    name: "Frank",
    favorites: { food: "Pizza", color: "Blue", subject: "recess" },
    age: 12
});

// To update age and favorite color:
await updateDoc(frankDocRef, {
    "age": 13,
    "favorites.color": "Red"
});

نسخه وب 8

// Create an initial document to update.
var frankDocRef = db.collection("users").doc("frank");
frankDocRef.set({
    name: "Frank",
    favorites: { food: "Pizza", color: "Blue", subject: "recess" },
    age: 12
});

// To update age and favorite color:
db.collection("users").doc("frank").update({
    "age": 13,
    "favorites.color": "Red"
})
.then(() => {
    console.log("Document successfully updated!");
});
سریع
// Create an initial document to update.
let frankDocRef = db.collection("users").document("frank")
frankDocRef.setData([
    "name": "Frank",
    "favorites": [ "food": "Pizza", "color": "Blue", "subject": "recess" ],
    "age": 12
    ])

// To update age and favorite color:
db.collection("users").document("frank").updateData([
    "age": 13,
    "favorites.color": "Red"
]) { err in
    if let err = err {
        print("Error updating document: \(err)")
    } else {
        print("Document successfully updated")
    }
}
هدف-ج
// Create an initial document to update.
FIRDocumentReference *frankDocRef =
    [[self.db collectionWithPath:@"users"] documentWithPath:@"frank"];
[frankDocRef setData:@{
  @"name": @"Frank",
  @"favorites": @{
    @"food": @"Pizza",
    @"color": @"Blue",
    @"subject": @"recess"
  },
  @"age": @12
}];
// To update age and favorite color:
[frankDocRef updateData:@{
  @"age": @13,
  @"favorites.color": @"Red",
} completion:^(NSError * _Nullable error) {
  if (error != nil) {
    NSLog(@"Error updating document: %@", error);
  } else {
    NSLog(@"Document successfully updated");
  }
}];

جاوا

// Assume the document contains:
// {
//   name: "Frank",
//   favorites: { food: "Pizza", color: "Blue", subject: "recess" }
//   age: 12
// }
//
// To update age and favorite color:
db.collection("users").document("frank")
        .update(
                "age", 13,
                "favorites.color", "Red"
        );

Kotlin+KTX

// Assume the document contains:
// {
//   name: "Frank",
//   favorites: { food: "Pizza", color: "Blue", subject: "recess" }
//   age: 12
// }
//
// To update age and favorite color:
db.collection("users").document("frank")
        .update(mapOf(
                "age" to 13,
                "favorites.color" to "Red"
        ))
جاوا
// Create an initial document to update
DocumentReference frankDocRef = db.collection("users").document("frank");
Map<String, Object> initialData = new HashMap<>();
initialData.put("name", "Frank");
initialData.put("age", 12);

Map<String, Object> favorites = new HashMap<>();
favorites.put("food", "Pizza");
favorites.put("color", "Blue");
favorites.put("subject", "Recess");
initialData.put("favorites", favorites);

ApiFuture<WriteResult> initialResult = frankDocRef.set(initialData);
// Confirm that data has been successfully saved by blocking on the operation
initialResult.get();

// Update age and favorite color
Map<String, Object> updates = new HashMap<>();
updates.put("age", 13);
updates.put("favorites.color", "Red");

// Async update document
ApiFuture<WriteResult> writeResult = frankDocRef.update(updates);
// ...
System.out.println("Update time : " + writeResult.get().getUpdateTime());
پایتون
# Create an initial document to update
frank_ref = db.collection(u'users').document(u'frank')
frank_ref.set({
    u'name': u'Frank',
    u'favorites': {
        u'food': u'Pizza',
        u'color': u'Blue',
        u'subject': u'Recess'
    },
    u'age': 12
})

# Update age and favorite color
frank_ref.update({
    u'age': 13,
    u'favorites.color': u'Red'
})

پایتون

# Create an initial document to update
frank_ref = db.collection("users").document("frank")
await frank_ref.set(
    {
        "name": "Frank",
        "favorites": {"food": "Pizza", "color": "Blue", "subject": "Recess"},
        "age": 12,
    }
)

# Update age and favorite color
await frank_ref.update({"age": 13, "favorites.color": "Red"})
C ++
// Assume the document contains:
// {
//   name: "Frank",
//   favorites: { food: "Pizza", color: "Blue", subject: "recess" }
//   age: 12
// }
//
// To update age and favorite color:
db->Collection("users").Document("frank").Update({
    {"age", FieldValue::Integer(13)},
    {"favorites.color", FieldValue::String("red")},
});
Node.js
const initialData = {
  name: 'Frank',
  age: 12,
  favorites: {
    food: 'Pizza',
    color: 'Blue',
    subject: 'recess'
  }
};

// ...
const res = await db.collection('users').doc('Frank').update({
  age: 13,
  'favorites.color': 'Red'
});
برو
initialData := map[string]interface{}{
	"name": "Frank",
	"age":  12,
	"favorites": map[string]interface{}{
		"food":    "Pizza",
		"color":   "Blue",
		"subject": "recess",
	},
}

// ...

_, err := client.Collection("users").Doc("frank").Set(ctx, map[string]interface{}{
	"age": 13,
	"favorites": map[string]interface{}{
		"color": "Red",
	},
}, firestore.MergeAll)
if err != nil {
	// Handle any errors in an appropriate way, such as returning them.
	log.Printf("An error has occurred: %s", err)
}
پی اچ پی
// Create an initial document to update
$frankRef = $db->collection('samples/php/users')->document('frank');
$frankRef->set([
    'first' => 'Frank',
    'last' => 'Franklin',
    'favorites' => ['food' => 'Pizza', 'color' => 'Blue', 'subject' => 'Recess'],
    'age' => 12
]);

// Update age and favorite color
$frankRef->update([
    ['path' => 'age', 'value' => 13],
    ['path' => 'favorites.color', 'value' => 'Red']
]);
وحدت
DocumentReference frankDocRef = db.Collection("users").Document("frank");
Dictionary<string, object> initialData = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
	{ "Name", "Frank" },
	{ "Age", 12 }
};

Dictionary<string, object> favorites = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
	{ "Food", "Pizza" },
	{ "Color", "Blue" },
	{ "Subject", "Recess" },
};
initialData.Add("Favorites", favorites);
frankDocRef.SetAsync(initialData).ContinueWithOnMainThread(task => {

	// Update age and favorite color
	Dictionary<string, object> updates = new Dictionary<string, object>
	{
		{ "Age", 13 },
		{ "Favorites.Color", "Red" },
	};

	// Asynchronously update the document
	return frankDocRef.UpdateAsync(updates);
}).ContinueWithOnMainThread(task => {
	Debug.Log(
		"Updated the age and favorite color fields of the Frank document in "
		+ "the users collection.");
});
سی شارپ
DocumentReference frankDocRef = db.Collection("users").Document("frank");
Dictionary<string, object> initialData = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
    { "Name", "Frank" },
    { "Age", 12 }
};

Dictionary<string, object> favorites = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
    { "Food", "Pizza" },
    { "Color", "Blue" },
    { "Subject", "Recess" },
};
initialData.Add("Favorites", favorites);
await frankDocRef.SetAsync(initialData);

// Update age and favorite color
Dictionary<string, object> updates = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
    { "Age", 13 },
    { "Favorites.Color", "Red" },
};

// Asynchronously update the document
await frankDocRef.UpdateAsync(updates);
یاقوت
# Create an initial document to update
frank_ref = firestore.doc "#{collection_path}/frank"
frank_ref.set(
  {
    name:      "Frank",
    favorites: {
      food:    "Pizza",
      color:   "Blue",
      subject: "Recess"
    },
    age:       12
  }
)

# Update age and favorite color
frank_ref.update({ age: 13, "favorites.color": "Red" })

نماد نقطه به شما امکان می دهد یک قسمت تو در تو را بدون بازنویسی سایر قسمت های تو در تو به روز کنید. اگر یک قسمت تو در تو را بدون علامت نقطه به روز کنید ، کل قسمت نقشه را بازنویسی می کنید ، به عنوان مثال:

وب

// Create our initial doc
db.collection("users").doc("frank").set({
  name: "Frank",
  favorites: {
    food: "Pizza",
    color: "Blue",
    subject: "Recess"
  },
  age: 12
}).then(function() {
  console.log("Frank created");
});

// Update the doc without using dot notation.
// Notice the map value for favorites.
db.collection("users").doc("frank").update({
  favorites: {
    food: "Ice Cream"
  }
}).then(function() {
  console.log("Frank food updated");
});

/*
Ending State, favorite.color and favorite.subject are no longer present:
/users
    /frank
        {
            name: "Frank",
            favorites: {
                food: "Ice Cream",
            },
            age: 12
        }
 */

عناصر موجود در یک آرایه را به روز کنید

اگر سند شما شامل یک میدان آرایه، شما می توانید استفاده arrayUnion() و arrayRemove() برای اضافه کردن و حذف عناصر. arrayUnion() می افزاید: عناصر به یک آرایه اما تنها عناصر در حال حاضر است. arrayRemove() حذف همه موارد از هر عنصر داده شده است.

نسخه وب 9

import { doc, updateDoc, arrayUnion, arrayRemove } from "firebase/firestore";

const washingtonRef = doc(db, "cities", "DC");

// Atomically add a new region to the "regions" array field.
await updateDoc(washingtonRef, {
    regions: arrayUnion("greater_virginia")
});

// Atomically remove a region from the "regions" array field.
await updateDoc(washingtonRef, {
    regions: arrayRemove("east_coast")
});

نسخه وب 8

var washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").doc("DC");

// Atomically add a new region to the "regions" array field.
washingtonRef.update({
    regions: firebase.firestore.FieldValue.arrayUnion("greater_virginia")
});

// Atomically remove a region from the "regions" array field.
washingtonRef.update({
    regions: firebase.firestore.FieldValue.arrayRemove("east_coast")
});
سریع
let washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC")

// Atomically add a new region to the "regions" array field.
washingtonRef.updateData([
    "regions": FieldValue.arrayUnion(["greater_virginia"])
])

// Atomically remove a region from the "regions" array field.
washingtonRef.updateData([
    "regions": FieldValue.arrayRemove(["east_coast"])
])
هدف-ج
FIRDocumentReference *washingtonRef =
    [[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] documentWithPath:@"DC"];

// Atomically add a new region to the "regions" array field.
[washingtonRef updateData:@{
  @"regions": [FIRFieldValue fieldValueForArrayUnion:@[@"greater_virginia"]]
}];

// Atomically remove a new region to the "regions" array field.
[washingtonRef updateData:@{
  @"regions": [FIRFieldValue fieldValueForArrayRemove:@[@"east_coast"]]
}];

جاوا

DocumentReference washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC");

// Atomically add a new region to the "regions" array field.
washingtonRef.update("regions", FieldValue.arrayUnion("greater_virginia"));

// Atomically remove a region from the "regions" array field.
washingtonRef.update("regions", FieldValue.arrayRemove("east_coast"));

Kotlin+KTX

val washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC")

// Atomically add a new region to the "regions" array field.
washingtonRef.update("regions", FieldValue.arrayUnion("greater_virginia"))

// Atomically remove a region from the "regions" array field.
washingtonRef.update("regions", FieldValue.arrayRemove("east_coast"))
جاوا
DocumentReference washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC");

// Atomically add a new region to the "regions" array field.
ApiFuture<WriteResult> arrayUnion = washingtonRef.update("regions",
    FieldValue.arrayUnion("greater_virginia"));
System.out.println("Update time : " + arrayUnion.get());

// Atomically remove a region from the "regions" array field.
ApiFuture<WriteResult> arrayRm = washingtonRef.update("regions",
    FieldValue.arrayRemove("east_coast"));
System.out.println("Update time : " + arrayRm.get());
پایتون
city_ref = db.collection(u'cities').document(u'DC')

# Atomically add a new region to the 'regions' array field.
city_ref.update({u'regions': firestore.ArrayUnion([u'greater_virginia'])})

# // Atomically remove a region from the 'regions' array field.
city_ref.update({u'regions': firestore.ArrayRemove([u'east_coast'])})

پایتون

city_ref = db.collection("cities").document("DC")

# Atomically add a new region to the 'regions' array field.
await city_ref.update({"regions": firestore.ArrayUnion(["greater_virginia"])})

# // Atomically remove a region from the 'regions' array field.
await city_ref.update({"regions": firestore.ArrayRemove(["east_coast"])})
C ++
// This is not yet supported.
Node.js
const admin = require('firebase-admin');
// ...
const washingtonRef = db.collection('cities').doc('DC');

// Atomically add a new region to the "regions" array field.
const unionRes = await washingtonRef.update({
  regions: admin.firestore.FieldValue.arrayUnion('greater_virginia')
});
// Atomically remove a region from the "regions" array field.
const removeRes = await washingtonRef.update({
  regions: admin.firestore.FieldValue.arrayRemove('east_coast')
});

// To add or remove multiple items, pass multiple arguments to arrayUnion/arrayRemove
const multipleUnionRes = await washingtonRef.update({
  regions: admin.firestore.FieldValue.arrayUnion('south_carolina', 'texas')
  // Alternatively, you can use spread operator in ES6 syntax
  // const newRegions = ['south_carolina', 'texas']
  // regions: admin.firestore.FieldValue.arrayUnion(...newRegions)
});
برو
// Not supported yet
پی اچ پی
$cityRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities')->document('DC');

// Atomically add a new region to the "regions" array field.
$cityRef->update([
    ['path' => 'regions', 'value' => FieldValue::arrayUnion(['greater_virginia'])]
]);

// Atomically remove a region from the "regions" array field.
$cityRef->update([
    ['path' => 'regions', 'value' => FieldValue::arrayRemove(['east_coast'])]
]);
وحدت
// This is not yet supported in the Unity SDK
  
سی شارپ
DocumentReference washingtonRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("DC");

// Atomically add a new region to the "regions" array field.
await washingtonRef.UpdateAsync("Regions", FieldValue.ArrayUnion("greater_virginia"));

// Atomically remove a region from the "regions" array field.
await washingtonRef.UpdateAsync("Regions", FieldValue.ArrayRemove("east_coast"));
یاقوت
// Not supported yet

افزایش مقدار عددی

همانطور که در مثال زیر نشان داده شده است ، می توانید مقدار فیلد عددی را افزایش یا کاهش دهید. یک عملیات افزایش مقدار فعلی یک میدان را به مقدار معین افزایش یا کاهش می دهد. اگر فیلد وجود نداشته باشد یا اگر مقدار میدان فعلی یک مقدار عددی نباشد ، عملیات فیلد را روی مقدار داده شده تنظیم می کند.

نسخه وب 9

import { doc, updateDoc, increment } from "firebase/firestore";

const washingtonRef = doc(db, "cities", "DC");

// Atomically increment the population of the city by 50.
await updateDoc(washingtonRef, {
    population: increment(50)
});

نسخه وب 8

var washingtonRef = db.collection('cities').doc('DC');

// Atomically increment the population of the city by 50.
washingtonRef.update({
    population: firebase.firestore.FieldValue.increment(50)
});
سریع
let washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC")

// Atomically increment the population of the city by 50.
// Note that increment() with no arguments increments by 1.
washingtonRef.updateData([
    "population": FieldValue.increment(Int64(50))
])
هدف-ج
FIRDocumentReference *washingtonRef =
    [[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] documentWithPath:@"DC"];

// Atomically increment the population of the city by 50.
// Note that increment() with no arguments increments by 1.
[washingtonRef updateData:@{
  @"population": [FIRFieldValue fieldValueForIntegerIncrement:50]
}];

جاوا

DocumentReference washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC");

// Atomically increment the population of the city by 50.
washingtonRef.update("population", FieldValue.increment(50));

Kotlin+KTX

val washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC")

// Atomically increment the population of the city by 50.
washingtonRef.update("population", FieldValue.increment(50))
جاوا
DocumentReference washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC");

// Atomically increment the population of the city by 50.
final ApiFuture<WriteResult> updateFuture = washingtonRef
    .update("population", FieldValue.increment(50));
پایتون
washington_ref = db.collection(u'cities').document(u'DC')

washington_ref.update({"population": firestore.Increment(50)})

پایتون

washington_ref = db.collection("cities").document("DC")

washington_ref.update({"population": firestore.Increment(50)})
C ++
// This is not yet supported.
Node.js
const admin = require('firebase-admin');
// ...
const washingtonRef = db.collection('cities').doc('DC');

// Atomically increment the population of the city by 50.
const res = await washingtonRef.update({
  population: admin.firestore.FieldValue.increment(50)
});
برو
import (
	"context"
	"fmt"

	"cloud.google.com/go/firestore"
)

// updateDocumentIncrement increments the population of the city document in the
// cities collection by 50.
func updateDocumentIncrement(projectID, city string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project"

	ctx := context.Background()

	client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, projectID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("firestore.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	dc := client.Collection("cities").Doc(city)
	_, err = dc.Update(ctx, []firestore.Update{
		{Path: "population", Value: firestore.Increment(50)},
	})
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("Update: %v", err)
	}

	return nil
}
پی اچ پی
$cityRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities')->document('DC');

// Atomically increment the population of the city by 50.
$cityRef->update([
    ['path' => 'regions', 'value' => FieldValue::increment(50)]
]);
وحدت
// This is not yet supported in the Unity SDK.
  
سی شارپ
DocumentReference washingtonRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("DC");

// Atomically increment the population of the city by 50.
await washingtonRef.UpdateAsync("Regions", FieldValue.Increment(50));
یاقوت
city_ref = firestore.doc "#{collection_path}/DC"
city_ref.update({ population: firestore.field_increment(50) })

عملیات افزایش برای پیاده سازی شمارنده ها مفید است ، اما به خاطر داشته باشید که می توانید یک سند را فقط یک بار در ثانیه به روز کنید. اگر شما نیاز به به روز رسانی شمارنده خود را بالاتر از این نرخ، دیدن شمارنده توزیع صفحه.