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Use App Check with the debug provider on iOS

If, after you have registered your app for App Check, you want to run your app in an environment that App Check would normally not classify as valid, such as a simulator during development, or from a continuous integration (CI) environment, you can create a debug build of your app that uses the App Check debug provider instead of a real attestation provider.

Use the debug provider in a simulator

To use the debug provider while running your app in a simulator interactively (during development, for example), do the following:

  1. In your debug build, before using any Firebase backend services, create and set the App Check debug provider factory:

    Swift

    let providerFactory = AppCheckDebugProviderFactory()
    AppCheck.setAppCheckProviderFactory(providerFactory)
    
    // Use Firebase library to configure APIs
    FirebaseApp.configure()
    

    Objective-C

    FIRAppCheckDebugProviderFactory *providerFactory =
          [[FIRAppCheckDebugProviderFactory alloc] init];
    [FIRAppCheck setAppCheckProviderFactory:providerFactory];
    
    // Use Firebase library to configure APIs
    [FIRApp configure];
    
  2. Enable debug logging in your Xcode project (v11.0 or newer):

    1. Open Product > Scheme > Edit scheme.
    2. Select Run from the left menu, then select the Arguments tab.
    3. In the Arguments Passed on Launch section, add -FIRDebugEnabled.
  3. Launch the app. A local debug token will be logged when the SDK tries to send a request to the backend. For example:

    [Firebase/AppCheck][I-FAA001001] Firebase App Check Debug Token:
    123a4567-b89c-12d3-e456-789012345678
  4. In the Project Settings > App Check section of the Firebase console, choose Manage debug tokens from your app's overflow menu. Then, register the debug token you logged in the previous step.

    Screenshot of the Manage Debug Tokens menu item

After you register the token, Firebase backend services will accept it as valid.

Because this token allows access to your Firebase resources without a valid device, it is crucial that you keep it private. Don't commit it to a public repository, and if a registered token is ever compromised, revoke it immediately in the Firebase console.

Use the debug provider in a CI environment

To use the debug provider in a continuous integration (CI) environment, do the following:

  1. In the Project Settings > App Check section of the Firebase console, choose Manage debug tokens from your app's overflow menu. Then, create a new debug token. You'll need the token in the next step.

    Because this token allows access to your Firebase resources without a valid device, it is crucial that you keep it private. Don't commit it to a public repository, and if a registered token is ever compromised, revoke it immediately in the Firebase console.

    Screenshot of the Manage Debug Tokens menu item

  2. Add the debug token you just created to your CI system's secure key store (for example, GitHub Actions' encrypted secrets or Travis CI's encrypted variables).

  3. If necessary, configure your CI system to make your debug token available within the CI environment as an environment variable. Name the variable something like APP_CHECK_DEBUG_TOKEN_FROM_CI.

  4. In Xcode, add an environment variable to your testing scheme with the name FIRAAppCheckDebugToken and something like $(APP_CHECK_DEBUG_TOKEN) as the value.

  5. Configure your CI test script to pass the debug token as an environment variable. For example:

    xcodebuild test -scheme YourTestScheme -workspace YourProject.xcworkspace \
    APP_CHECK_DEBUG_TOKEN=$(APP_CHECK_DEBUG_TOKEN_FROM_CI)
  6. In your debug build, before using any Firebase backend services, create and set the App Check debug provider factory:

    Swift

    let providerFactory = AppCheckDebugProviderFactory()
    AppCheck.setAppCheckProviderFactory(providerFactory)
    
    // Use Firebase library to configure APIs
    FirebaseApp.configure()
    

    Objective-C

    FIRAppCheckDebugProviderFactory *providerFactory =
          [[FIRAppCheckDebugProviderFactory alloc] init];
    [FIRAppCheck setAppCheckProviderFactory:providerFactory];
    
    // Use Firebase library to configure APIs
    [FIRApp configure];
    

When your app runs in a CI environment, Firebase backend services will accept the token it sends as valid.