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Cloud Firestore'a veri ekleyin

Bulut Firestore veri yazmak için birkaç yol vardır:

  • açıkça bir belge tanımlayıcı belirterek, bir koleksiyon içinde bir belgenin verileri ayarlayın.
  • Koleksiyona yeni bir belge ekleyin. Bu durumda, Bulut Firestore otomatik belge tanıtıcı oluşturur.
  • Daha sonra buna bir otomatik olarak oluşturulan bir tanımlayıcı ile boş bir belge ve atama verileri oluşturun.

Bu kılavuz Bulut Firestore bireysel belgeleri, kümesi kullanmak eklemek veya güncellemek için açıklar. Eğer toplu olarak yazma verilerine istiyorsanız, bkz İşlemler ve Dok yazar .

Bir belgeyi ayarla

Kullanın oluşturmak veya tek bir belge üzerine yazmak için set() yöntem:

Web version 9

import { doc, setDoc } from "firebase/firestore"; 

// Add a new document in collection "cities"
await setDoc(doc(db, "cities", "LA"), {
  name: "Los Angeles",
  state: "CA",
  country: "USA"
});

Web version 8

// Add a new document in collection "cities"
db.collection("cities").doc("LA").set({
    name: "Los Angeles",
    state: "CA",
    country: "USA"
})
.then(() => {
    console.log("Document successfully written!");
})
.catch((error) => {
    console.error("Error writing document: ", error);
});
Süratli
Not: Bu ürün watchos ve App Klip hedeflere kullanılamaz.
// Add a new document in collection "cities"
db.collection("cities").document("LA").setData([
    "name": "Los Angeles",
    "state": "CA",
    "country": "USA"
]) { err in
    if let err = err {
        print("Error writing document: \(err)")
    } else {
        print("Document successfully written!")
    }
}
Objective-C
Not: Bu ürün watchos ve App Klip hedeflere kullanılamaz.
// Add a new document in collection "cities"
[[[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] documentWithPath:@"LA"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"Los Angeles",
  @"state": @"CA",
  @"country": @"USA"
} completion:^(NSError * _Nullable error) {
  if (error != nil) {
    NSLog(@"Error writing document: %@", error);
  } else {
    NSLog(@"Document successfully written!");
  }
}];

Java

Map<String, Object> city = new HashMap<>();
city.put("name", "Los Angeles");
city.put("state", "CA");
city.put("country", "USA");

db.collection("cities").document("LA")
        .set(city)
        .addOnSuccessListener(new OnSuccessListener<Void>() {
            @Override
            public void onSuccess(Void aVoid) {
                Log.d(TAG, "DocumentSnapshot successfully written!");
            }
        })
        .addOnFailureListener(new OnFailureListener() {
            @Override
            public void onFailure(@NonNull Exception e) {
                Log.w(TAG, "Error writing document", e);
            }
        });

Kotlin+KTX

val city = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "Los Angeles",
        "state" to "CA",
        "country" to "USA"
)

db.collection("cities").document("LA")
        .set(city)
        .addOnSuccessListener { Log.d(TAG, "DocumentSnapshot successfully written!") }
        .addOnFailureListener { e -> Log.w(TAG, "Error writing document", e) }

Dart

final city = <String, String>{
  "name": "Los Angeles",
  "state": "CA",
  "country": "USA"
};

db
    .collection("cities")
    .doc("LA")
    .set(city)
    .onError((e, _) => print("Error writing document: $e"));
Java
// Create a Map to store the data we want to set
Map<String, Object> docData = new HashMap<>();
docData.put("name", "Los Angeles");
docData.put("state", "CA");
docData.put("country", "USA");
docData.put("regions", Arrays.asList("west_coast", "socal"));
// Add a new document (asynchronously) in collection "cities" with id "LA"
ApiFuture<WriteResult> future = db.collection("cities").document("LA").set(docData);
// ...
// future.get() blocks on response
System.out.println("Update time : " + future.get().getUpdateTime());
piton
data = {
    u'name': u'Los Angeles',
    u'state': u'CA',
    u'country': u'USA'
}

# Add a new doc in collection 'cities' with ID 'LA'
db.collection(u'cities').document(u'LA').set(data)

Python

data = {"name": "Los Angeles", "state": "CA", "country": "USA"}

# Add a new doc in collection 'cities' with ID 'LA'
await db.collection("cities").document("LA").set(data)
C ++
// Add a new document in collection 'cities'
db->Collection("cities")
    .Document("LA")
    .Set({{"name", FieldValue::String("Los Angeles")},
          {"state", FieldValue::String("CA")},
          {"country", FieldValue::String("USA")}})
    .OnCompletion([](const Future<void>& future) {
      if (future.error() == Error::kErrorOk) {
        std::cout << "DocumentSnapshot successfully written!" << std::endl;
      } else {
        std::cout << "Error writing document: " << future.error_message()
                  << std::endl;
      }
    });
node.js
const data = {
  name: 'Los Angeles',
  state: 'CA',
  country: 'USA'
};

// Add a new document in collection "cities" with ID 'LA'
const res = await db.collection('cities').doc('LA').set(data);
Gitmek
_, err := client.Collection("cities").Doc("LA").Set(ctx, map[string]interface{}{
	"name":    "Los Angeles",
	"state":   "CA",
	"country": "USA",
})
if err != nil {
	// Handle any errors in an appropriate way, such as returning them.
	log.Printf("An error has occurred: %s", err)
}
PHP
$data = [
    'name' => 'Los Angeles',
    'state' => 'CA',
    'country' => 'USA'
];
$db->collection('samples/php/cities')->document('LA')->set($data);
Birlik
DocumentReference docRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("LA");
Dictionary<string, object> city = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
	{ "Name", "Los Angeles" },
	{ "State", "CA" },
	{ "Country", "USA" }
};
docRef.SetAsync(city).ContinueWithOnMainThread(task => {
	Debug.Log("Added data to the LA document in the cities collection.");
});
C#
DocumentReference docRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("LA");
Dictionary<string, object> city = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
    { "name", "Los Angeles" },
    { "state", "CA" },
    { "country", "USA" }
};
await docRef.SetAsync(city);
yakut
city_ref = firestore.doc "#{collection_path}/LA"

data = {
  name:    "Los Angeles",
  state:   "CA",
  country: "USA"
}

city_ref.set data

Belge yoksa, bu oluşturulacaktır. Belge var mıdır, içeriği aşağıdaki gibi, veri mevcut dokümanda bir araya getirilmesi gerektiğini belirten sürece, yeni sağlanan verilerle üzerine yazılır olacaktır:

Web version 9

import { doc, setDoc } from "firebase/firestore"; 

const cityRef = doc(db, 'cities', 'BJ');
setDoc(cityRef, { capital: true }, { merge: true });

Web version 8

var cityRef = db.collection('cities').doc('BJ');

var setWithMerge = cityRef.set({
    capital: true
}, { merge: true });
Süratli
Not: Bu ürün watchos ve App Klip hedeflere kullanılamaz.
// Update one field, creating the document if it does not exist.
db.collection("cities").document("BJ").setData([ "capital": true ], merge: true)
Objective-C
Not: Bu ürün watchos ve App Klip hedeflere kullanılamaz.
// Write to the document reference, merging data with existing
// if the document already exists
[[[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] documentWithPath:@"BJ"]
     setData:@{ @"capital": @YES }
     merge:YES
     completion:^(NSError * _Nullable error) {
       // ...
     }];

Java

// Update one field, creating the document if it does not already exist.
Map<String, Object> data = new HashMap<>();
data.put("capital", true);

db.collection("cities").document("BJ")
        .set(data, SetOptions.merge());

Kotlin+KTX

// Update one field, creating the document if it does not already exist.
val data = hashMapOf("capital" to true)

db.collection("cities").document("BJ")
        .set(data, SetOptions.merge())

Dart

// Update one field, creating the document if it does not already exist.
final data = {"capital": true};

db.collection("cities").doc("BJ").set(data, SetOptions(merge: true));
Java
// asynchronously update doc, create the document if missing
Map<String, Object> update = new HashMap<>();
update.put("capital", true);

ApiFuture<WriteResult> writeResult =
    db.collection("cities").document("BJ").set(update, SetOptions.merge());
// ...
System.out.println("Update time : " + writeResult.get().getUpdateTime());
piton
city_ref = db.collection(u'cities').document(u'BJ')

city_ref.set({
    u'capital': True
}, merge=True)

Python

city_ref = db.collection("cities").document("BJ")

await city_ref.set({"capital": True}, merge=True)
C ++
db->Collection("cities").Document("BJ").Set(
    {{"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(true)}}, SetOptions::Merge());
node.js
const cityRef = db.collection('cities').doc('BJ');

const res = await cityRef.set({
  capital: true
}, { merge: true });
Gitmek
_, err := client.Collection("cities").Doc("BJ").Set(ctx, map[string]interface{}{
	"capital": true,
}, firestore.MergeAll)

if err != nil {
	// Handle any errors in an appropriate way, such as returning them.
	log.Printf("An error has occurred: %s", err)
}
PHP
$cityRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities')->document('BJ');
$cityRef->set([
    'capital' => true
], ['merge' => true]);
Birlik
DocumentReference docRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("LA");
Dictionary<string, object> update = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
	{ "capital", false }
};
docRef.SetAsync(update, SetOptions.MergeAll);
C#
DocumentReference docRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("LA");
Dictionary<string, object> update = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
    { "capital", false }
};
await docRef.SetAsync(update, SetOptions.MergeAll);
yakut
city_ref = firestore.doc "#{collection_path}/LA"
city_ref.set({ capital: false }, merge: true)

Eğer emin belge var olup olmadığını iseniz, tüm belgelerin üzerine yazılmasını önlemek için varolan herhangi belge ile yeni verileri birleştirme seçeneği geçmektedir. haritalar içeren belgeler için, not hedef belgenin haritası alanını üzerine yazacaktır boş harita içeren bir alana sahip bir dizi belirterek.

Veri tipleri

Bulut Firestore sen dizeleri, Boolean, sayılar, tarihler, boş ve iç içe diziler ve nesneler içeren bir belgenin, içindeki veri türleri çeşitli yazmanıza olanak tanır. Bulut Firestore bakılmaksızın her zaman kodunuzda kullanmak numara türü ne, çiftlerde olarak sayıları saklar.

Web version 9

import { doc, setDoc, Timestamp } from "firebase/firestore"; 

const docData = {
    stringExample: "Hello world!",
    booleanExample: true,
    numberExample: 3.14159265,
    dateExample: Timestamp.fromDate(new Date("December 10, 1815")),
    arrayExample: [5, true, "hello"],
    nullExample: null,
    objectExample: {
        a: 5,
        b: {
            nested: "foo"
        }
    }
};
await setDoc(doc(db, "data", "one"), docData);

Web version 8

var docData = {
    stringExample: "Hello world!",
    booleanExample: true,
    numberExample: 3.14159265,
    dateExample: firebase.firestore.Timestamp.fromDate(new Date("December 10, 1815")),
    arrayExample: [5, true, "hello"],
    nullExample: null,
    objectExample: {
        a: 5,
        b: {
            nested: "foo"
        }
    }
};
db.collection("data").doc("one").set(docData).then(() => {
    console.log("Document successfully written!");
});
Süratli
Not: Bu ürün watchos ve App Klip hedeflere kullanılamaz.
let docData: [String: Any] = [
    "stringExample": "Hello world!",
    "booleanExample": true,
    "numberExample": 3.14159265,
    "dateExample": Timestamp(date: Date()),
    "arrayExample": [5, true, "hello"],
    "nullExample": NSNull(),
    "objectExample": [
        "a": 5,
        "b": [
            "nested": "foo"
        ]
    ]
]
db.collection("data").document("one").setData(docData) { err in
    if let err = err {
        print("Error writing document: \(err)")
    } else {
        print("Document successfully written!")
    }
}
Objective-C
Not: Bu ürün watchos ve App Klip hedeflere kullanılamaz.
NSDictionary *docData = @{
  @"stringExample": @"Hello world!",
  @"booleanExample": @YES,
  @"numberExample": @3.14,
  @"dateExample": [FIRTimestamp timestampWithDate:[NSDate date]],
  @"arrayExample": @[@5, @YES, @"hello"],
  @"nullExample": [NSNull null],
  @"objectExample": @{
    @"a": @5,
    @"b": @{
      @"nested": @"foo"
    }
  }
};

[[[self.db collectionWithPath:@"data"] documentWithPath:@"one"] setData:docData
    completion:^(NSError * _Nullable error) {
      if (error != nil) {
        NSLog(@"Error writing document: %@", error);
      } else {
        NSLog(@"Document successfully written!");
      }
    }];

Java

Map<String, Object> docData = new HashMap<>();
docData.put("stringExample", "Hello world!");
docData.put("booleanExample", true);
docData.put("numberExample", 3.14159265);
docData.put("dateExample", new Timestamp(new Date()));
docData.put("listExample", Arrays.asList(1, 2, 3));
docData.put("nullExample", null);

Map<String, Object> nestedData = new HashMap<>();
nestedData.put("a", 5);
nestedData.put("b", true);

docData.put("objectExample", nestedData);

db.collection("data").document("one")
        .set(docData)
        .addOnSuccessListener(new OnSuccessListener<Void>() {
            @Override
            public void onSuccess(Void aVoid) {
                Log.d(TAG, "DocumentSnapshot successfully written!");
            }
        })
        .addOnFailureListener(new OnFailureListener() {
            @Override
            public void onFailure(@NonNull Exception e) {
                Log.w(TAG, "Error writing document", e);
            }
        });

Kotlin+KTX

val docData = hashMapOf(
        "stringExample" to "Hello world!",
        "booleanExample" to true,
        "numberExample" to 3.14159265,
        "dateExample" to Timestamp(Date()),
        "listExample" to arrayListOf(1, 2, 3),
        "nullExample" to null
)

val nestedData = hashMapOf(
        "a" to 5,
        "b" to true
)

docData["objectExample"] = nestedData

db.collection("data").document("one")
        .set(docData)
        .addOnSuccessListener { Log.d(TAG, "DocumentSnapshot successfully written!") }
        .addOnFailureListener { e -> Log.w(TAG, "Error writing document", e) }

Dart

final docData = {
  "stringExample": "Hello world!",
  "booleanExample": true,
  "numberExample": 3.14159265,
  "dateExample": Timestamp.now(),
  "listExample": [1, 2, 3],
  "nullExample": null
};

final nestedData = {
  "a": 5,
  "b": true,
};

docData["objectExample"] = nestedData;

db
    .collection("data")
    .doc("one")
    .set(docData)
    .onError((e, _) => print("Error writing document: $e"));
Java
Map<String, Object> docData = new HashMap<>();
docData.put("stringExample", "Hello, World");
docData.put("booleanExample", false);
docData.put("numberExample", 3.14159265);
docData.put("nullExample", null);

ArrayList<Object> arrayExample = new ArrayList<>();
Collections.addAll(arrayExample, 5L, true, "hello");
docData.put("arrayExample", arrayExample);

Map<String, Object> objectExample = new HashMap<>();
objectExample.put("a", 5L);
objectExample.put("b", true);

docData.put("objectExample", objectExample);

ApiFuture<WriteResult> future = db.collection("data").document("one").set(docData);
System.out.println("Update time : " + future.get().getUpdateTime());
piton
data = {
    u'stringExample': u'Hello, World!',
    u'booleanExample': True,
    u'numberExample': 3.14159265,
    u'dateExample': datetime.datetime.now(tz=datetime.timezone.utc),
    u'arrayExample': [5, True, u'hello'],
    u'nullExample': None,
    u'objectExample': {
        u'a': 5,
        u'b': True
    }
}

db.collection(u'data').document(u'one').set(data)

Python

data = {
    "stringExample": "Hello, World!",
    "booleanExample": True,
    "numberExample": 3.14159265,
    "dateExample": datetime.datetime.now(tz=datetime.timezone.utc),
    "arrayExample": [5, True, "hello"],
    "nullExample": None,
    "objectExample": {"a": 5, "b": True},
}

await db.collection("data").document("one").set(data)
C ++
MapFieldValue doc_data{
    {"stringExample", FieldValue::String("Hello world!")},
    {"booleanExample", FieldValue::Boolean(true)},
    {"numberExample", FieldValue::Double(3.14159265)},
    {"dateExample", FieldValue::Timestamp(Timestamp::Now())},
    {"arrayExample", FieldValue::Array({FieldValue::Integer(1),
                                        FieldValue::Integer(2),
                                        FieldValue::Integer(3)})},
    {"nullExample", FieldValue::Null()},
    {"objectExample",
     FieldValue::Map(
         {{"a", FieldValue::Integer(5)},
          {"b", FieldValue::Map(
                    {{"nested", FieldValue::String("foo")}})}})},
};

db->Collection("data").Document("one").Set(doc_data).OnCompletion(
    [](const Future<void>& future) {
      if (future.error() == Error::kErrorOk) {
        std::cout << "DocumentSnapshot successfully written!" << std::endl;
      } else {
        std::cout << "Error writing document: " << future.error_message()
                  << std::endl;
      }
    });
node.js
const data = {
  stringExample: 'Hello, World!',
  booleanExample: true,
  numberExample: 3.14159265,
  dateExample: Timestamp.fromDate(new Date('December 10, 1815')),
  arrayExample: [5, true, 'hello'],
  nullExample: null,
  objectExample: {
    a: 5,
    b: true
  }
};

const res = await db.collection('data').doc('one').set(data);
Gitmek
doc := make(map[string]interface{})
doc["stringExample"] = "Hello world!"
doc["booleanExample"] = true
doc["numberExample"] = 3.14159265
doc["dateExample"] = time.Now()
doc["arrayExample"] = []interface{}{5, true, "hello"}
doc["nullExample"] = nil
doc["objectExample"] = map[string]interface{}{
	"a": 5,
	"b": true,
}

_, err := client.Collection("data").Doc("one").Set(ctx, doc)
if err != nil {
	// Handle any errors in an appropriate way, such as returning them.
	log.Printf("An error has occurred: %s", err)
}
PHP
$data = [
    'stringExample' => 'Hello World',
    'booleanExample' => true,
    'numberExample' => 3.14159265,
    'dateExample' => new Timestamp(new DateTime()),
    'arrayExample' => array(5, true, 'hello'),
    'nullExample' => null,
    'objectExample' => ['a' => 5, 'b' => true],
    'documentReferenceExample' => $db->collection('samples/php/data')->document('two'),
];
$db->collection('samples/php/data')->document('one')->set($data);
printf('Set multiple data-type data for the one document in the data collection.' . PHP_EOL);
Birlik
DocumentReference docRef = db.Collection("data").Document("one");
Dictionary<string, object> docData = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
	{ "stringExample", "Hello World" },
	{ "booleanExample", false },
	{ "numberExample", 3.14159265 },
	{ "nullExample", null },
	{ "arrayExample", new List<object>() { 5, true, "Hello" } },
	{ "objectExample", new Dictionary<string, object>
		{
			{ "a", 5 },
			{ "b", true },
		}
	},
};

docRef.SetAsync(docData);
C#
DocumentReference docRef = db.Collection("data").Document("one");
Dictionary<string, object> docData = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
    { "stringExample", "Hello World" },
    { "booleanExample", false },
    { "numberExample", 3.14159265 },
    { "nullExample", null },
};

ArrayList arrayExample = new ArrayList();
arrayExample.Add(5);
arrayExample.Add(true);
arrayExample.Add("Hello");
docData.Add("arrayExample", arrayExample);

Dictionary<string, object> objectExample = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
    { "a", 5 },
    { "b", true },
};
docData.Add("objectExample", objectExample);

await docRef.SetAsync(docData);
yakut
doc_ref = firestore.doc "#{collection_path}/one"

data = {
  stringExample:  "Hello, World!",
  booleanExample: true,
  numberExample:  3.14159265,
  dateExample:    DateTime.now,
  arrayExample:   [5, true, "hello"],
  nullExample:    nil,
  objectExample:  {
    a: 5,
    b: true
  }
}

doc_ref.set data

Özel nesneleri

Kullanımı Map veya Dictionary Bulut Firestore destekleri özel sınıflar ile belgeleri yazma böylece belgeleri temsil etmek nesneleri genellikle çok uygun değil. Bulut Firestore desteklenen veri türlerine nesneleri dönüştürür.

gösterildiği gibi özel sınıflarını kullanarak, ilk örneği yazabilirsiniz:

Web version 9

class City {
    constructor (name, state, country ) {
        this.name = name;
        this.state = state;
        this.country = country;
    }
    toString() {
        return this.name + ', ' + this.state + ', ' + this.country;
    }
}

// Firestore data converter
const cityConverter = {
    toFirestore: (city) => {
        return {
            name: city.name,
            state: city.state,
            country: city.country
            };
    },
    fromFirestore: (snapshot, options) => {
        const data = snapshot.data(options);
        return new City(data.name, data.state, data.country);
    }
};

Web version 8

class City {
    constructor (name, state, country ) {
        this.name = name;
        this.state = state;
        this.country = country;
    }
    toString() {
        return this.name + ', ' + this.state + ', ' + this.country;
    }
}

// Firestore data converter
var cityConverter = {
    toFirestore: function(city) {
        return {
            name: city.name,
            state: city.state,
            country: city.country
            };
    },
    fromFirestore: function(snapshot, options){
        const data = snapshot.data(options);
        return new City(data.name, data.state, data.country);
    }
};
Süratli
Not: Bu ürün watchos ve App Klip hedeflere kullanılamaz.
public struct City: Codable {

    let name: String
    let state: String?
    let country: String?
    let isCapital: Bool?
    let population: Int64?

    enum CodingKeys: String, CodingKey {
        case name
        case state
        case country
        case isCapital = "capital"
        case population
    }

}
Objective-C
Not: Bu ürün watchos ve App Klip hedeflere kullanılamaz.
// This isn't supported in Objective-C.
  

Java

Her özel sınıf argümansızdır bir kamu yapıcı olması gerekir. Buna ek olarak, sınıf her özellik için bir kamu getter içermelidir.

public class City {


    private String name;
    private String state;
    private String country;
    private boolean capital;
    private long population;
    private List<String> regions;

    public City() {}

    public City(String name, String state, String country, boolean capital, long population, List<String> regions) {
        // ...
    }

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public String getState() {
        return state;
    }

    public String getCountry() {
        return country;
    }

    public boolean isCapital() {
        return capital;
    }

    public long getPopulation() {
        return population;
    }

    public List<String> getRegions() {
        return regions;
    }

}

Kotlin+KTX

data class City(
    val name: String? = null,
    val state: String? = null,
    val country: String? = null,
    @field:JvmField // use this annotation if your Boolean field is prefixed with 'is'
    val isCapital: Boolean? = null,
    val population: Long? = null,
    val regions: List<String>? = null
)

Dart

class City {
  final String? name;
  final String? state;
  final String? country;
  final bool? capital;
  final int? population;
  final List<String>? regions;

  City({
    this.name,
    this.state,
    this.country,
    this.capital,
    this.population,
    this.regions,
  });

  factory City.fromFirestore(
    DocumentSnapshot<Map<String, dynamic>> snapshot,
    SnapshotOptions? options,
  ) {
    final data = snapshot.data();
    return City(
      name: data?['name'],
      state: data?['state'],
      country: data?['country'],
      capital: data?['capital'],
      population: data?['population'],
      regions:
          data?['regions'] is Iterable ? List.from(data?['regions']) : null,
    );
  }

  Map<String, dynamic> toFirestore() {
    return {
      if (name != null) "name": name,
      if (state != null) "state": state,
      if (country != null) "country": country,
      if (capital != null) "capital": capital,
      if (population != null) "population": population,
      if (regions != null) "regions": regions,
    };
  }
}
Java
public City() {
  // Must have a public no-argument constructor
}

// Initialize all fields of a city
public City(
    String name,
    String state,
    String country,
    Boolean capital,
    Long population,
    List<String> regions) {
  this.name = name;
  this.state = state;
  this.country = country;
  this.capital = capital;
  this.population = population;
  this.regions = regions;
}
piton
class City(object):
    def __init__(self, name, state, country, capital=False, population=0,
                 regions=[]):
        self.name = name
        self.state = state
        self.country = country
        self.capital = capital
        self.population = population
        self.regions = regions

    @staticmethod
    def from_dict(source):
        # ...

    def to_dict(self):
        # ...

    def __repr__(self):
        return(
            f'City(\
                name={self.name}, \
                country={self.country}, \
                population={self.population}, \
                capital={self.capital}, \
                regions={self.regions}\
            )'
        )

Python

class City(object):
    def __init__(self, name, state, country, capital=False, population=0, regions=[]):
        self.name = name
        self.state = state
        self.country = country
        self.capital = capital
        self.population = population
        self.regions = regions

    @staticmethod
    def from_dict(source):
        # ...

    def to_dict(self):
        # ...

    def __repr__(self):
        return f"City(\
                name={self.name}, \
                country={self.country}, \
                population={self.population}, \
                capital={self.capital}, \
                regions={self.regions}\
            )"
C ++
// This is not yet supported.
node.js
// Node.js uses JavaScript objects
Gitmek

// City represents a city.
type City struct {
	Name       string   `firestore:"name,omitempty"`
	State      string   `firestore:"state,omitempty"`
	Country    string   `firestore:"country,omitempty"`
	Capital    bool     `firestore:"capital,omitempty"`
	Population int64    `firestore:"population,omitempty"`
	Regions    []string `firestore:"regions,omitempty"`
}
PHP
// This isn't supported in PHP
Birlik
[FirestoreData]
public class City
{
	[FirestoreProperty]
	public string Name { get; set; }

	[FirestoreProperty]
	public string State { get; set; }

	[FirestoreProperty]
	public string Country { get; set; }

	[FirestoreProperty]
	public bool Capital { get; set; }

	[FirestoreProperty]
	public long Population { get; set; }
}
C#
[FirestoreData]
public class City
{
    [FirestoreProperty]
    public string Name { get; set; }

    [FirestoreProperty]
    public string State { get; set; }

    [FirestoreProperty]
    public string Country { get; set; }

    [FirestoreProperty]
    public bool Capital { get; set; }

    [FirestoreProperty]
    public long Population { get; set; }
}
yakut
// This isn't supported in Ruby

Web version 9

import { doc, setDoc } from "firebase/firestore"; 

// Set with cityConverter
const ref = doc(db, "cities", "LA").withConverter(cityConverter);
await setDoc(ref, new City("Los Angeles", "CA", "USA"));

Web version 8

// Set with cityConverter
db.collection("cities").doc("LA")
  .withConverter(cityConverter)
  .set(new City("Los Angeles", "CA", "USA"));
Süratli
Not: Bu ürün watchos ve App Klip hedeflere kullanılamaz.
let city = City(name: "Los Angeles",
                state: "CA",
                country: "USA",
                isCapital: false,
                population: 5000000)

do {
    try db.collection("cities").document("LA").setData(from: city)
} catch let error {
    print("Error writing city to Firestore: \(error)")
}
Objective-C
Not: Bu ürün watchos ve App Klip hedeflere kullanılamaz.
// This isn't supported in Objective-C.
  

Java

City city = new City("Los Angeles", "CA", "USA",
        false, 5000000L, Arrays.asList("west_coast", "sorcal"));
db.collection("cities").document("LA").set(city);

Kotlin+KTX

val city = City("Los Angeles", "CA", "USA",
        false, 5000000L, listOf("west_coast", "socal"))
db.collection("cities").document("LA").set(city)

Dart

final city = City(
  name: "Los Angeles",
  state: "CA",
  country: "USA",
  capital: false,
  population: 5000000,
  regions: ["west_coast", "socal"],
);
final docRef = db
    .collection("cities")
    .withConverter(
      fromFirestore: City.fromFirestore,
      toFirestore: (City city, options) => city.toFirestore(),
    )
    .doc("LA");
await docRef.set(city);
Java
City city =
    new City("Los Angeles", "CA", "USA", false, 3900000L, Arrays.asList("west_coast", "socal"));
ApiFuture<WriteResult> future = db.collection("cities").document("LA").set(city);
// block on response if required
System.out.println("Update time : " + future.get().getUpdateTime());
piton
city = City(name=u'Los Angeles', state=u'CA', country=u'USA')
db.collection(u'cities').document(u'LA').set(city.to_dict())

Python

city = City(name="Los Angeles", state="CA", country="USA")
await db.collection("cities").document("LA").set(city.to_dict())
C ++
// This is not yet supported.
node.js
// Node.js uses JavaScript objects
Gitmek
city := City{
	Name:    "Los Angeles",
	Country: "USA",
}
_, err := client.Collection("cities").Doc("LA").Set(ctx, city)
if err != nil {
	// Handle any errors in an appropriate way, such as returning them.
	log.Printf("An error has occurred: %s", err)
}
PHP
// This isn't supported in PHP.
Birlik
DocumentReference docRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("LA");
City city = new City
{
	Name = "Los Angeles",
	State = "CA",
	Country = "USA",
	Capital = false,
	Population = 3900000L
};
docRef.SetAsync(city);
C#
DocumentReference docRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("LA");
City city = new City
{
    Name = "Los Angeles",
    State = "CA",
    Country = "USA",
    Capital = false,
    Population = 3900000L
};
await docRef.SetAsync(city);
yakut
// This isn't supported in Ruby.

Bir belgeyi ekleyin

Eğer kullandığınız zaman set() bir belge oluşturmak için, belge oluşturmak için bir kimliği belirtmelisiniz. Örneğin:

Web version 9

import { doc, setDoc } from "firebase/firestore"; 

await setDoc(doc(db, "cities", "new-city-id"), data);

Web version 8

db.collection("cities").doc("new-city-id").set(data);
Süratli
Not: Bu ürün watchos ve App Klip hedeflere kullanılamaz.
db.collection("cities").document("new-city-id").setData(data)
Objective-C
Not: Bu ürün watchos ve App Klip hedeflere kullanılamaz.
[[[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] documentWithPath:@"new-city-id"]
    setData:data];

Java

db.collection("cities").document("new-city-id").set(data);

Kotlin+KTX

db.collection("cities").document("new-city-id").set(data)

Dart

db.collection("cities").doc("new-city-id").set({"name": "Chicago"});
Java
db.collection("cities").document("new-city-id").set(data);
piton
db.collection(u'cities').document(u'new-city-id').set(data)

Python

await db.collection("cities").document("new-city-id").set(data)
C ++
db->Collection("cities").Document("SF").Set({/*some data*/});
node.js
await db.collection('cities').doc('new-city-id').set(data);
Gitmek
_, err := client.Collection("cities").Doc("new-city-id").Set(ctx, data)
if err != nil {
	// Handle any errors in an appropriate way, such as returning them.
	log.Printf("An error has occurred: %s", err)
}
PHP
$db->collection('samples/php/cities')->document('new-city-id')->set($data);
Birlik
db.Collection("cities").Document("new-city-id").SetAsync(city);
C#
await db.Collection("cities").Document("new-city-id").SetAsync(city);
yakut
city_ref = firestore.doc "#{collection_path}/new-city-id"
city_ref.set data

Ama bazen orada belge için anlamlı bir kimlik değildir ve bunun Bulut Firestore sizin için otomatik olarak bir kimlik oluşturmak izin daha uygun olur. Sen arayarak yapabilirsiniz add() :

Web version 9

import { collection, addDoc } from "firebase/firestore"; 

// Add a new document with a generated id.
const docRef = await addDoc(collection(db, "cities"), {
  name: "Tokyo",
  country: "Japan"
});
console.log("Document written with ID: ", docRef.id);

Web version 8

// Add a new document with a generated id.
db.collection("cities").add({
    name: "Tokyo",
    country: "Japan"
})
.then((docRef) => {
    console.log("Document written with ID: ", docRef.id);
})
.catch((error) => {
    console.error("Error adding document: ", error);
});
Süratli
Not: Bu ürün watchos ve App Klip hedeflere kullanılamaz.
// Add a new document with a generated id.
var ref: DocumentReference? = nil
ref = db.collection("cities").addDocument(data: [
    "name": "Tokyo",
    "country": "Japan"
]) { err in
    if let err = err {
        print("Error adding document: \(err)")
    } else {
        print("Document added with ID: \(ref!.documentID)")
    }
}
Objective-C
Not: Bu ürün watchos ve App Klip hedeflere kullanılamaz.
// Add a new document with a generated id.
__block FIRDocumentReference *ref =
    [[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] addDocumentWithData:@{
      @"name": @"Tokyo",
      @"country": @"Japan"
    } completion:^(NSError * _Nullable error) {
      if (error != nil) {
        NSLog(@"Error adding document: %@", error);
      } else {
        NSLog(@"Document added with ID: %@", ref.documentID);
      }
    }];

Java

// Add a new document with a generated id.
Map<String, Object> data = new HashMap<>();
data.put("name", "Tokyo");
data.put("country", "Japan");

db.collection("cities")
        .add(data)
        .addOnSuccessListener(new OnSuccessListener<DocumentReference>() {
            @Override
            public void onSuccess(DocumentReference documentReference) {
                Log.d(TAG, "DocumentSnapshot written with ID: " + documentReference.getId());
            }
        })
        .addOnFailureListener(new OnFailureListener() {
            @Override
            public void onFailure(@NonNull Exception e) {
                Log.w(TAG, "Error adding document", e);
            }
        });

Kotlin+KTX

// Add a new document with a generated id.
val data = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "Tokyo",
        "country" to "Japan"
)

db.collection("cities")
    .add(data)
    .addOnSuccessListener { documentReference ->
        Log.d(TAG, "DocumentSnapshot written with ID: ${documentReference.id}")
    }
    .addOnFailureListener { e ->
        Log.w(TAG, "Error adding document", e)
    }

Dart

// Add a new document with a generated id.
final data = {"name": "Tokyo", "country": "Japan"};

db.collection("cities").add(data).then((documentSnapshot) =>
    print("Added Data with ID: ${documentSnapshot.id}"));
Java
// Add document data with auto-generated id.
Map<String, Object> data = new HashMap<>();
data.put("name", "Tokyo");
data.put("country", "Japan");
ApiFuture<DocumentReference> addedDocRef = db.collection("cities").add(data);
System.out.println("Added document with ID: " + addedDocRef.get().getId());
piton
city = City(name=u'Tokyo', state=None, country=u'Japan')
db.collection(u'cities').add(city.to_dict())

Python

city = City(name="Tokyo", state=None, country="Japan")
await db.collection("cities").add(city.to_dict())
C ++
db->Collection("cities").Add({/*some data*/});
node.js
// Add a new document with a generated id.
const res = await db.collection('cities').add({
  name: 'Tokyo',
  country: 'Japan'
});

console.log('Added document with ID: ', res.id);
Gitmek
_, _, err := client.Collection("cities").Add(ctx, map[string]interface{}{
	"name":    "Tokyo",
	"country": "Japan",
})
if err != nil {
	// Handle any errors in an appropriate way, such as returning them.
	log.Printf("An error has occurred: %s", err)
}
PHP
$data = [
    'name' => 'Tokyo',
    'country' => 'Japan'
];
$addedDocRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities')->add($data);
printf('Added document with ID: %s' . PHP_EOL, $addedDocRef->id());
Birlik
Dictionary<string, object> city = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
	{ "Name", "Tokyo" },
	{ "Country", "Japan" }
};
db.Collection("cities").AddAsync(city).ContinueWithOnMainThread(task => {
	DocumentReference addedDocRef = task.Result;
	Debug.Log(String.Format("Added document with ID: {0}.", addedDocRef.Id));
});
C#
Dictionary<string, object> city = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
    { "Name", "Tokyo" },
    { "Country", "Japan" }
};
DocumentReference addedDocRef = await db.Collection("cities").AddAsync(city);
Console.WriteLine("Added document with ID: {0}.", addedDocRef.Id);
yakut
data = {
  name:    "Tokyo",
  country: "Japan"
}

cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path

added_doc_ref = cities_ref.add data
puts "Added document with ID: #{added_doc_ref.document_id}."

Bazı durumlarda, daha sonra, otomatik olarak oluşturulmuş bir kimlik olan bir belge referans oluşturmak sonra referans kullanmak için yararlı olabilir. Bu kullanım durumunda için, çağırabilirsiniz doc() :

Web version 9

import { collection, doc, setDoc } from "firebase/firestore"; 

// Add a new document with a generated id
const newCityRef = doc(collection(db, "cities"));

// later...
await setDoc(newCityRef, data);

Web version 8

// Add a new document with a generated id.
var newCityRef = db.collection("cities").doc();

// later...
newCityRef.set(data);
Süratli
Not: Bu ürün watchos ve App Klip hedeflere kullanılamaz.
let newCityRef = db.collection("cities").document()

// later...
newCityRef.setData([
    // ...
])
Objective-C
Not: Bu ürün watchos ve App Klip hedeflere kullanılamaz.
FIRDocumentReference *newCityRef = [[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] documentWithAutoID];
// later...
[newCityRef setData:@{ /* ... */ }];

Java

Map<String, Object> data = new HashMap<>();

DocumentReference newCityRef = db.collection("cities").document();

// Later...
newCityRef.set(data);

Kotlin+KTX

val data = HashMap<String, Any>()

val newCityRef = db.collection("cities").document()

// Later...
newCityRef.set(data)

Dart

// Add a new document with a generated id.
final data = <String, dynamic>{};

final newCityRef = db.collection("cities").doc();

// Later...
newCityRef.set(data);
Java
// Add document data after generating an id.
DocumentReference addedDocRef = db.collection("cities").document();
System.out.println("Added document with ID: " + addedDocRef.getId());

// later...
ApiFuture<WriteResult> writeResult = addedDocRef.set(data);
piton
new_city_ref = db.collection(u'cities').document()

# later...
new_city_ref.set({
    # ...
})

Python

new_city_ref = db.collection("cities").document()

# later...
await new_city_ref.set(
    {
        # ...
    }
)
C ++
DocumentReference new_city_ref = db->Collection("cities").Document();
node.js
const newCityRef = db.collection('cities').doc();

// Later...
const res = await newCityRef.set({
  // ...
});
Gitmek
ref := client.Collection("cities").NewDoc()

// later...
_, err := ref.Set(ctx, data)
if err != nil {
	// Handle any errors in an appropriate way, such as returning them.
	log.Printf("An error has occurred: %s", err)
}
PHP
$addedDocRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities')->newDocument();
printf('Added document with ID: %s' . PHP_EOL, $addedDocRef->id());
$addedDocRef->set($data);
Birlik
DocumentReference addedDocRef = db.Collection("cities").Document();
Debug.Log(String.Format("Added document with ID: {0}.", addedDocRef.Id));
addedDocRef.SetAsync(city).ContinueWithOnMainThread(task => {
	Debug.Log(String.Format(
		"Added data to the {0} document in the cities collection.", addedDocRef.Id));
});
C#
DocumentReference addedDocRef = db.Collection("cities").Document();
Console.WriteLine("Added document with ID: {0}.", addedDocRef.Id);
await addedDocRef.SetAsync(city);
yakut
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path

added_doc_ref = cities_ref.doc
puts "Added document with ID: #{added_doc_ref.document_id}."

added_doc_ref.set data

Perde arkasında, .add(...) ve .doc().set(...) tamamen eşdeğerdir, daha rahat hangisi kullanabilmesi.

Bir belgeyi güncelleme

Kullanmak, belgenin tamamını üzerine yazmadan bir belgenin bazı alanları güncellemek için update() yöntemini:

Web version 9

import { doc, updateDoc } from "firebase/firestore";

const washingtonRef = doc(db, "cities", "DC");

// Set the "capital" field of the city 'DC'
await updateDoc(washingtonRef, {
  capital: true
});

Web version 8

var washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").doc("DC");

// Set the "capital" field of the city 'DC'
return washingtonRef.update({
    capital: true
})
.then(() => {
    console.log("Document successfully updated!");
})
.catch((error) => {
    // The document probably doesn't exist.
    console.error("Error updating document: ", error);
});
Süratli
Not: Bu ürün watchos ve App Klip hedeflere kullanılamaz.
let washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC")

// Set the "capital" field of the city 'DC'
washingtonRef.updateData([
    "capital": true
]) { err in
    if let err = err {
        print("Error updating document: \(err)")
    } else {
        print("Document successfully updated")
    }
}
Objective-C
Not: Bu ürün watchos ve App Klip hedeflere kullanılamaz.
FIRDocumentReference *washingtonRef =
    [[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] documentWithPath:@"DC"];
// Set the "capital" field of the city
[washingtonRef updateData:@{
  @"capital": @YES
} completion:^(NSError * _Nullable error) {
  if (error != nil) {
    NSLog(@"Error updating document: %@", error);
  } else {
    NSLog(@"Document successfully updated");
  }
}];

Java

DocumentReference washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC");

// Set the "isCapital" field of the city 'DC'
washingtonRef
        .update("capital", true)
        .addOnSuccessListener(new OnSuccessListener<Void>() {
            @Override
            public void onSuccess(Void aVoid) {
                Log.d(TAG, "DocumentSnapshot successfully updated!");
            }
        })
        .addOnFailureListener(new OnFailureListener() {
            @Override
            public void onFailure(@NonNull Exception e) {
                Log.w(TAG, "Error updating document", e);
            }
        });

Kotlin+KTX

val washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC")

// Set the "isCapital" field of the city 'DC'
washingtonRef
        .update("capital", true)
        .addOnSuccessListener { Log.d(TAG, "DocumentSnapshot successfully updated!") }
        .addOnFailureListener { e -> Log.w(TAG, "Error updating document", e) }

Dart

final washingtonRef = db.collection("cites").doc("DC");
washingtonRef.update({"capital": true}).then(
    (value) => print("DocumentSnapshot successfully updated!"),
    onError: (e) => print("Error updating document $e"));
Java
// Update an existing document
DocumentReference docRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC");

// (async) Update one field
ApiFuture<WriteResult> future = docRef.update("capital", true);

// ...
WriteResult result = future.get();
System.out.println("Write result: " + result);
piton
city_ref = db.collection(u'cities').document(u'DC')

# Set the capital field
city_ref.update({u'capital': True})

Python

city_ref = db.collection("cities").document("DC")

# Set the capital field
await city_ref.update({"capital": True})
C ++
DocumentReference washington_ref = db->Collection("cities").Document("DC");
// Set the "capital" field of the city "DC".
washington_ref.Update({{"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(true)}});
node.js
const cityRef = db.collection('cities').doc('DC');

// Set the 'capital' field of the city
const res = await cityRef.update({capital: true});
Gitmek
_, err = client.Collection("cities").Doc("DC").Update(ctx, []firestore.Update{
	{
		Path:  "capital",
		Value: true,
	},
})
if err != nil {
	// Handle any errors in an appropriate way, such as returning them.
	log.Printf("An error has occurred: %s", err)
}
PHP
$cityRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities')->document('DC');
$cityRef->update([
    ['path' => 'capital', 'value' => true]
]);
Birlik
DocumentReference cityRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("new-city-id");
Dictionary<string, object> updates = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
	{ "Capital", false }
};

cityRef.UpdateAsync(updates).ContinueWithOnMainThread(task => {
	Debug.Log(
		"Updated the Capital field of the new-city-id document in the cities collection.");
});
// You can also update a single field with: cityRef.UpdateAsync("Capital", false);
C#
DocumentReference cityRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("new-city-id");
Dictionary<string, object> updates = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
    { "Capital", false }
};
await cityRef.UpdateAsync(updates);

// You can also update a single field with: await cityRef.UpdateAsync("Capital", false);
yakut
city_ref = firestore.doc "#{collection_path}/DC"
city_ref.update({ capital: true })

Sunucu Zaman Damgası

Sunucu güncellemesini aldığında izleyen bir sunucu zaman damgası için belgede bir alanı ayarlayabilirsiniz.

Web version 9

import { updateDoc, serverTimestamp } from "firebase/firestore";

const docRef = doc(db, 'objects', 'some-id');

// Update the timestamp field with the value from the server
const updateTimestamp = await updateDoc(docRef, {
    timestamp: serverTimestamp()
});

Web version 8

var docRef = db.collection('objects').doc('some-id');

// Update the timestamp field with the value from the server
var updateTimestamp = docRef.update({
    timestamp: firebase.firestore.FieldValue.serverTimestamp()
});
Süratli
Not: Bu ürün watchos ve App Klip hedeflere kullanılamaz.
db.collection("objects").document("some-id").updateData([
    "lastUpdated": FieldValue.serverTimestamp(),
]) { err in
    if let err = err {
        print("Error updating document: \(err)")
    } else {
        print("Document successfully updated")
    }
}
Objective-C
Not: Bu ürün watchos ve App Klip hedeflere kullanılamaz.
[[[self.db collectionWithPath:@"objects"] documentWithPath:@"some-id"] updateData:@{
  @"lastUpdated": [FIRFieldValue fieldValueForServerTimestamp]
} completion:^(NSError * _Nullable error) {
  if (error != nil) {
    NSLog(@"Error updating document: %@", error);
  } else {
    NSLog(@"Document successfully updated");
  }
}];

Java

// If you're using custom Java objects in Android, add an @ServerTimestamp
// annotation to a Date field for your custom object classes. This indicates
// that the Date field should be treated as a server timestamp by the object mapper.
DocumentReference docRef = db.collection("objects").document("some-id");

// Update the timestamp field with the value from the server
Map<String,Object> updates = new HashMap<>();
updates.put("timestamp", FieldValue.serverTimestamp());

docRef.update(updates).addOnCompleteListener(new OnCompleteListener<Void>() {
    // ...
    // ...

Kotlin+KTX

// If you're using custom Kotlin objects in Android, add an @ServerTimestamp
// annotation to a Date field for your custom object classes. This indicates
// that the Date field should be treated as a server timestamp by the object mapper.
val docRef = db.collection("objects").document("some-id")

// Update the timestamp field with the value from the server
val updates = hashMapOf<String, Any>(
        "timestamp" to FieldValue.serverTimestamp()
)

docRef.update(updates).addOnCompleteListener { }

Dart

final docRef = db.collection("objects").doc("some-id");
final updates = <String, dynamic>{
  "timestamp": FieldValue.serverTimestamp(),
};

docRef.update(updates).then(
    (value) => print("DocumentSnapshot successfully updated!"),
    onError: (e) => print("Error updating document $e"));
Java
DocumentReference docRef = db.collection("objects").document("some-id");
// Update the timestamp field with the value from the server
ApiFuture<WriteResult> writeResult = docRef.update("timestamp", FieldValue.serverTimestamp());
System.out.println("Update time : " + writeResult.get());
piton
city_ref = db.collection(u'objects').document(u'some-id')
city_ref.update({
    u'timestamp': firestore.SERVER_TIMESTAMP
})

Python

city_ref = db.collection("objects").document("some-id")
await city_ref.update({"timestamp": firestore.SERVER_TIMESTAMP})
C ++
DocumentReference doc_ref = db->Collection("objects").Document("some-id");
doc_ref.Update({{"timestamp", FieldValue::ServerTimestamp()}})
    .OnCompletion([](const Future<void>& future) {
      // ...
    });
node.js
// Create a document reference
const docRef = db.collection('objects').doc('some-id');

// Update the timestamp field with the value from the server
const res = await docRef.update({
  timestamp: FieldValue.serverTimestamp()
});
Gitmek
_, err := client.Collection("objects").Doc("some-id").Set(ctx, map[string]interface{}{
	"timestamp": firestore.ServerTimestamp,
}, firestore.MergeAll)
if err != nil {
	// Handle any errors in an appropriate way, such as returning them.
	log.Printf("An error has occurred: %s", err)
}
PHP
$docRef = $db->collection('samples/php/objects')->document('some-id');
$docRef->update([
    ['path' => 'timestamp', 'value' => FieldValue::serverTimestamp()]
]);
Birlik
DocumentReference cityRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("new-city-id");
cityRef.UpdateAsync("Timestamp", FieldValue.ServerTimestamp)
	.ContinueWithOnMainThread(task => {
		Debug.Log(
			"Updated the Timestamp field of the new-city-id document in the cities "
			+ "collection.");
	});
C#
DocumentReference cityRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("new-city-id");
await cityRef.UpdateAsync("Timestamp", Timestamp.GetCurrentTimestamp());
yakut
city_ref = firestore.doc "#{collection_path}/new-city-id"
city_ref.update({ timestamp: firestore.field_server_time })

Bir iç çoklu zaman damgası alanları güncellerken işlem , her bir alan aynı sunucu zaman damgası değerini alır.

İç içe nesneleri Güncelleme alanları

Belgeniz yuvalanmış nesneler varsa, Aradığınızda belge içinde yuvalanmış alanları başvurmak için "nokta işaretini" kullanabilirsiniz update() :

Web version 9

import { doc, setDoc, updateDoc } from "firebase/firestore"; 

// Create an initial document to update.
const frankDocRef = doc(db, "users", "frank");
await setDoc(frankDocRef, {
    name: "Frank",
    favorites: { food: "Pizza", color: "Blue", subject: "recess" },
    age: 12
});

// To update age and favorite color:
await updateDoc(frankDocRef, {
    "age": 13,
    "favorites.color": "Red"
});

Web version 8

// Create an initial document to update.
var frankDocRef = db.collection("users").doc("frank");
frankDocRef.set({
    name: "Frank",
    favorites: { food: "Pizza", color: "Blue", subject: "recess" },
    age: 12
});

// To update age and favorite color:
db.collection("users").doc("frank").update({
    "age": 13,
    "favorites.color": "Red"
})
.then(() => {
    console.log("Document successfully updated!");
});
Süratli
Not: Bu ürün watchos ve App Klip hedeflere kullanılamaz.
// Create an initial document to update.
let frankDocRef = db.collection("users").document("frank")
frankDocRef.setData([
    "name": "Frank",
    "favorites": [ "food": "Pizza", "color": "Blue", "subject": "recess" ],
    "age": 12
    ])

// To update age and favorite color:
db.collection("users").document("frank").updateData([
    "age": 13,
    "favorites.color": "Red"
]) { err in
    if let err = err {
        print("Error updating document: \(err)")
    } else {
        print("Document successfully updated")
    }
}
Objective-C
Not: Bu ürün watchos ve App Klip hedeflere kullanılamaz.
// Create an initial document to update.
FIRDocumentReference *frankDocRef =
    [[self.db collectionWithPath:@"users"] documentWithPath:@"frank"];
[frankDocRef setData:@{
  @"name": @"Frank",
  @"favorites": @{
    @"food": @"Pizza",
    @"color": @"Blue",
    @"subject": @"recess"
  },
  @"age": @12
}];
// To update age and favorite color:
[frankDocRef updateData:@{
  @"age": @13,
  @"favorites.color": @"Red",
} completion:^(NSError * _Nullable error) {
  if (error != nil) {
    NSLog(@"Error updating document: %@", error);
  } else {
    NSLog(@"Document successfully updated");
  }
}];

Java

// Assume the document contains:
// {
//   name: "Frank",
//   favorites: { food: "Pizza", color: "Blue", subject: "recess" }
//   age: 12
// }
//
// To update age and favorite color:
db.collection("users").document("frank")
        .update(
                "age", 13,
                "favorites.color", "Red"
        );

Kotlin+KTX

// Assume the document contains:
// {
//   name: "Frank",
//   favorites: { food: "Pizza", color: "Blue", subject: "recess" }
//   age: 12
// }
//
// To update age and favorite color:
db.collection("users").document("frank")
        .update(mapOf(
                "age" to 13,
                "favorites.color" to "Red"
        ))

Dart

// Assume the document contains:
// {
//   name: "Frank",
//   favorites: { food: "Pizza", color: "Blue", subject: "recess" }
//   age: 12
// }
db
    .collection("users")
    .doc("frank")
    .update({"age": 13, "favorites.color": "Red"});
Java
// Create an initial document to update
DocumentReference frankDocRef = db.collection("users").document("frank");
Map<String, Object> initialData = new HashMap<>();
initialData.put("name", "Frank");
initialData.put("age", 12);

Map<String, Object> favorites = new HashMap<>();
favorites.put("food", "Pizza");
favorites.put("color", "Blue");
favorites.put("subject", "Recess");
initialData.put("favorites", favorites);

ApiFuture<WriteResult> initialResult = frankDocRef.set(initialData);
// Confirm that data has been successfully saved by blocking on the operation
initialResult.get();

// Update age and favorite color
Map<String, Object> updates = new HashMap<>();
updates.put("age", 13);
updates.put("favorites.color", "Red");

// Async update document
ApiFuture<WriteResult> writeResult = frankDocRef.update(updates);
// ...
System.out.println("Update time : " + writeResult.get().getUpdateTime());
piton
# Create an initial document to update
frank_ref = db.collection(u'users').document(u'frank')
frank_ref.set({
    u'name': u'Frank',
    u'favorites': {
        u'food': u'Pizza',
        u'color': u'Blue',
        u'subject': u'Recess'
    },
    u'age': 12
})

# Update age and favorite color
frank_ref.update({
    u'age': 13,
    u'favorites.color': u'Red'
})

Python

# Create an initial document to update
frank_ref = db.collection("users").document("frank")
await frank_ref.set(
    {
        "name": "Frank",
        "favorites": {"food": "Pizza", "color": "Blue", "subject": "Recess"},
        "age": 12,
    }
)

# Update age and favorite color
await frank_ref.update({"age": 13, "favorites.color": "Red"})
C ++
// Assume the document contains:
// {
//   name: "Frank",
//   favorites: { food: "Pizza", color: "Blue", subject: "recess" }
//   age: 12
// }
//
// To update age and favorite color:
db->Collection("users").Document("frank").Update({
    {"age", FieldValue::Integer(13)},
    {"favorites.color", FieldValue::String("red")},
});
node.js
const initialData = {
  name: 'Frank',
  age: 12,
  favorites: {
    food: 'Pizza',
    color: 'Blue',
    subject: 'recess'
  }
};

// ...
const res = await db.collection('users').doc('Frank').update({
  age: 13,
  'favorites.color': 'Red'
});
Gitmek
initialData := map[string]interface{}{
	"name": "Frank",
	"age":  12,
	"favorites": map[string]interface{}{
		"food":    "Pizza",
		"color":   "Blue",
		"subject": "recess",
	},
}

// ...

_, err := client.Collection("users").Doc("frank").Set(ctx, map[string]interface{}{
	"age": 13,
	"favorites": map[string]interface{}{
		"color": "Red",
	},
}, firestore.MergeAll)
if err != nil {
	// Handle any errors in an appropriate way, such as returning them.
	log.Printf("An error has occurred: %s", err)
}
PHP
// Create an initial document to update
$frankRef = $db->collection('samples/php/users')->document('frank');
$frankRef->set([
    'first' => 'Frank',
    'last' => 'Franklin',
    'favorites' => ['food' => 'Pizza', 'color' => 'Blue', 'subject' => 'Recess'],
    'age' => 12
]);

// Update age and favorite color
$frankRef->update([
    ['path' => 'age', 'value' => 13],
    ['path' => 'favorites.color', 'value' => 'Red']
]);
Birlik
DocumentReference frankDocRef = db.Collection("users").Document("frank");
Dictionary<string, object> initialData = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
	{ "Name", "Frank" },
	{ "Age", 12 }
};

Dictionary<string, object> favorites = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
	{ "Food", "Pizza" },
	{ "Color", "Blue" },
	{ "Subject", "Recess" },
};
initialData.Add("Favorites", favorites);
frankDocRef.SetAsync(initialData).ContinueWithOnMainThread(task => {

	// Update age and favorite color
	Dictionary<string, object> updates = new Dictionary<string, object>
	{
		{ "Age", 13 },
		{ "Favorites.Color", "Red" },
	};

	// Asynchronously update the document
	return frankDocRef.UpdateAsync(updates);
}).ContinueWithOnMainThread(task => {
	Debug.Log(
		"Updated the age and favorite color fields of the Frank document in "
		+ "the users collection.");
});
C#
DocumentReference frankDocRef = db.Collection("users").Document("frank");
Dictionary<string, object> initialData = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
    { "Name", "Frank" },
    { "Age", 12 }
};

Dictionary<string, object> favorites = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
    { "Food", "Pizza" },
    { "Color", "Blue" },
    { "Subject", "Recess" },
};
initialData.Add("Favorites", favorites);
await frankDocRef.SetAsync(initialData);

// Update age and favorite color
Dictionary<string, object> updates = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
    { "Age", 13 },
    { "Favorites.Color", "Red" },
};

// Asynchronously update the document
await frankDocRef.UpdateAsync(updates);
yakut
# Create an initial document to update
frank_ref = firestore.doc "#{collection_path}/frank"
frank_ref.set(
  {
    name:      "Frank",
    favorites: {
      food:    "Pizza",
      color:   "Blue",
      subject: "Recess"
    },
    age:       12
  }
)

# Update age and favorite color
frank_ref.update({ age: 13, "favorites.color": "Red" })

Nokta notasyonu diğer iç içe bir alan üzerine yazmadan tek bir iç içe alanı güncelleştirmek için izin verir. nokta gösterimde olmadan iç içe geçmiş bir alanı güncellerseniz, örneğin tüm harita alanını üzerine yazacaktır:


// Create our initial doc
db.collection("users").doc("frank").set({
  name: "Frank",
  favorites: {
    food: "Pizza",
    color: "Blue",
    subject: "Recess"
  },
  age: 12
}).then(function() {
  console.log("Frank created");
});

// Update the doc without using dot notation.
// Notice the map value for favorites.
db.collection("users").doc("frank").update({
  favorites: {
    food: "Ice Cream"
  }
}).then(function() {
  console.log("Frank food updated");
});

/*
Ending State, favorite.color and favorite.subject are no longer present:
/users
    /frank
        {
            name: "Frank",
            favorites: {
                food: "Ice Cream",
            },
            age: 12
        }
 */

Bir dizideki güncelleştirme elemanları

Belgeniz bir dizi alan içeriyorsa, kullanabileceğiniz arrayUnion() ve arrayRemove() ekleyin ve kaldır elemanları için. arrayUnion() bir dizi elemanları, ancak zaten mevcut olan elemanlar ekler. arrayRemove() , verilen her öğenin tüm örneklerini kaldırır.

Web version 9

import { doc, updateDoc, arrayUnion, arrayRemove } from "firebase/firestore";

const washingtonRef = doc(db, "cities", "DC");

// Atomically add a new region to the "regions" array field.
await updateDoc(washingtonRef, {
    regions: arrayUnion("greater_virginia")
});

// Atomically remove a region from the "regions" array field.
await updateDoc(washingtonRef, {
    regions: arrayRemove("east_coast")
});

Web version 8

var washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").doc("DC");

// Atomically add a new region to the "regions" array field.
washingtonRef.update({
    regions: firebase.firestore.FieldValue.arrayUnion("greater_virginia")
});

// Atomically remove a region from the "regions" array field.
washingtonRef.update({
    regions: firebase.firestore.FieldValue.arrayRemove("east_coast")
});
Süratli
Not: Bu ürün watchos ve App Klip hedeflere kullanılamaz.
let washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC")

// Atomically add a new region to the "regions" array field.
washingtonRef.updateData([
    "regions": FieldValue.arrayUnion(["greater_virginia"])
])

// Atomically remove a region from the "regions" array field.
washingtonRef.updateData([
    "regions": FieldValue.arrayRemove(["east_coast"])
])
Objective-C
Not: Bu ürün watchos ve App Klip hedeflere kullanılamaz.
FIRDocumentReference *washingtonRef =
    [[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] documentWithPath:@"DC"];

// Atomically add a new region to the "regions" array field.
[washingtonRef updateData:@{
  @"regions": [FIRFieldValue fieldValueForArrayUnion:@[@"greater_virginia"]]
}];

// Atomically remove a new region to the "regions" array field.
[washingtonRef updateData:@{
  @"regions": [FIRFieldValue fieldValueForArrayRemove:@[@"east_coast"]]
}];

Java

DocumentReference washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC");

// Atomically add a new region to the "regions" array field.
washingtonRef.update("regions", FieldValue.arrayUnion("greater_virginia"));

// Atomically remove a region from the "regions" array field.
washingtonRef.update("regions", FieldValue.arrayRemove("east_coast"));

Kotlin+KTX

val washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC")

// Atomically add a new region to the "regions" array field.
washingtonRef.update("regions", FieldValue.arrayUnion("greater_virginia"))

// Atomically remove a region from the "regions" array field.
washingtonRef.update("regions", FieldValue.arrayRemove("east_coast"))

Dart

final washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").doc("DC");

// Atomically add a new region to the "regions" array field.
washingtonRef.update({
  "regions": FieldValue.arrayUnion(["greater_virginia"]),
});

// Atomically remove a region from the "regions" array field.
washingtonRef.update({
  "regions": FieldValue.arrayRemove(["east_coast"]),
});
Java
DocumentReference washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC");

// Atomically add a new region to the "regions" array field.
ApiFuture<WriteResult> arrayUnion =
    washingtonRef.update("regions", FieldValue.arrayUnion("greater_virginia"));
System.out.println("Update time : " + arrayUnion.get());

// Atomically remove a region from the "regions" array field.
ApiFuture<WriteResult> arrayRm =
    washingtonRef.update("regions", FieldValue.arrayRemove("east_coast"));
System.out.println("Update time : " + arrayRm.get());
piton
city_ref = db.collection(u'cities').document(u'DC')

# Atomically add a new region to the 'regions' array field.
city_ref.update({u'regions': firestore.ArrayUnion([u'greater_virginia'])})

# // Atomically remove a region from the 'regions' array field.
city_ref.update({u'regions': firestore.ArrayRemove([u'east_coast'])})

Python

city_ref = db.collection("cities").document("DC")

# Atomically add a new region to the 'regions' array field.
await city_ref.update({"regions": firestore.ArrayUnion(["greater_virginia"])})

# // Atomically remove a region from the 'regions' array field.
await city_ref.update({"regions": firestore.ArrayRemove(["east_coast"])})
C ++
// This is not yet supported.
node.js
// ...
const washingtonRef = db.collection('cities').doc('DC');

// Atomically add a new region to the "regions" array field.
const unionRes = await washingtonRef.update({
  regions: FieldValue.arrayUnion('greater_virginia')
});
// Atomically remove a region from the "regions" array field.
const removeRes = await washingtonRef.update({
  regions: FieldValue.arrayRemove('east_coast')
});

// To add or remove multiple items, pass multiple arguments to arrayUnion/arrayRemove
const multipleUnionRes = await washingtonRef.update({
  regions: FieldValue.arrayUnion('south_carolina', 'texas')
  // Alternatively, you can use spread operator in ES6 syntax
  // const newRegions = ['south_carolina', 'texas']
  // regions: FieldValue.arrayUnion(...newRegions)
});
Gitmek
// Not supported yet
PHP
$cityRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities')->document('DC');

// Atomically add a new region to the "regions" array field.
$cityRef->update([
    ['path' => 'regions', 'value' => FieldValue::arrayUnion(['greater_virginia'])]
]);

// Atomically remove a region from the "regions" array field.
$cityRef->update([
    ['path' => 'regions', 'value' => FieldValue::arrayRemove(['east_coast'])]
]);
Birlik
// This is not yet supported in the Unity SDK
  
C#
DocumentReference washingtonRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("DC");

// Atomically add a new region to the "regions" array field.
await washingtonRef.UpdateAsync("Regions", FieldValue.ArrayUnion("greater_virginia"));

// Atomically remove a region from the "regions" array field.
await washingtonRef.UpdateAsync("Regions", FieldValue.ArrayRemove("east_coast"));
yakut
// Not supported yet

Sayısal bir değer arttırır

Bu arttırmak ya da, aşağıdaki örnekte gösterildiği gibi, sayısal bir alan değer azaltma olabilir. Bir artış işlemi artar veya belirli bir miktar ile bir alanın mevcut değerini azaltır.

Web version 9

import { doc, updateDoc, increment } from "firebase/firestore";

const washingtonRef = doc(db, "cities", "DC");

// Atomically increment the population of the city by 50.
await updateDoc(washingtonRef, {
    population: increment(50)
});

Web version 8

var washingtonRef = db.collection('cities').doc('DC');

// Atomically increment the population of the city by 50.
washingtonRef.update({
    population: firebase.firestore.FieldValue.increment(50)
});
Süratli
Not: Bu ürün watchos ve App Klip hedeflere kullanılamaz.
let washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC")

// Atomically increment the population of the city by 50.
// Note that increment() with no arguments increments by 1.
washingtonRef.updateData([
    "population": FieldValue.increment(Int64(50))
])
Objective-C
Not: Bu ürün watchos ve App Klip hedeflere kullanılamaz.
FIRDocumentReference *washingtonRef =
    [[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] documentWithPath:@"DC"];

// Atomically increment the population of the city by 50.
// Note that increment() with no arguments increments by 1.
[washingtonRef updateData:@{
  @"population": [FIRFieldValue fieldValueForIntegerIncrement:50]
}];

Java

DocumentReference washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC");

// Atomically increment the population of the city by 50.
washingtonRef.update("population", FieldValue.increment(50));

Kotlin+KTX

val washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC")

// Atomically increment the population of the city by 50.
washingtonRef.update("population", FieldValue.increment(50))

Dart

var washingtonRef = db.collection('cities').doc('DC');

// Atomically increment the population of the city by 50.
washingtonRef.update(
  {"population": FieldValue.increment(50)},
);
Java
DocumentReference washingtonRef = db.collection("cities").document("DC");

// Atomically increment the population of the city by 50.
final ApiFuture<WriteResult> updateFuture =
    washingtonRef.update("population", FieldValue.increment(50));
piton
washington_ref = db.collection(u'cities').document(u'DC')

washington_ref.update({"population": firestore.Increment(50)})

Python

washington_ref = db.collection("cities").document("DC")

washington_ref.update({"population": firestore.Increment(50)})
C ++
// This is not yet supported.
node.js
// ...
const washingtonRef = db.collection('cities').doc('DC');

// Atomically increment the population of the city by 50.
const res = await washingtonRef.update({
  population: FieldValue.increment(50)
});
Gitmek
import (
	"context"
	"fmt"

	"cloud.google.com/go/firestore"
)

// updateDocumentIncrement increments the population of the city document in the
// cities collection by 50.
func updateDocumentIncrement(projectID, city string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project"

	ctx := context.Background()

	client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, projectID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("firestore.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	dc := client.Collection("cities").Doc(city)
	_, err = dc.Update(ctx, []firestore.Update{
		{Path: "population", Value: firestore.Increment(50)},
	})
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("Update: %v", err)
	}

	return nil
}
PHP
$cityRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities')->document('DC');

// Atomically increment the population of the city by 50.
$cityRef->update([
    ['path' => 'regions', 'value' => FieldValue::increment(50)]
]);
Birlik
// This is not yet supported in the Unity SDK.
  
C#
DocumentReference washingtonRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("DC");

// Atomically increment the population of the city by 50.
await washingtonRef.UpdateAsync("Regions", FieldValue.Increment(50));
yakut
city_ref = firestore.doc "#{collection_path}/DC"
city_ref.update({ population: firestore.field_increment(50) })

Artırma operasyonlar sayaçları uygulamak için yararlıdır, ama yalnızca bir kez saniyede tek bir belge güncelleyebilirsiniz unutmayın. Bu oran yukarıdaki sayaç güncellemeniz gerekiyorsa, bkz Dağıtılmış sayaçlar sayfasını.