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Cloud Firestore에서 단순 및 복합 쿼리 수행

컬렉션을 사용해 정리하기 내 환경설정을 기준으로 콘텐츠를 저장하고 분류하세요.

Cloud Firestore는 컬렉션 또는 컬렉션 그룹에서 검색할 문서를 지정하기 위한 강력한 쿼리 기능을 제공합니다. 이러한 쿼리는 데이터 가져오기 및 실시간 업데이트 가져오기에 설명된 대로 get() 또는 addSnapshotListener() 와 함께 사용할 수도 있습니다.

예시 데이터

시작하려면 도시에 대한 몇 가지 데이터를 작성하여 다른 방법으로 다시 읽을 수 있도록 합니다.

Web version 9

import { collection, doc, setDoc } from "firebase/firestore"; 

const citiesRef = collection(db, "cities");

await setDoc(doc(citiesRef, "SF"), {
    name: "San Francisco", state: "CA", country: "USA",
    capital: false, population: 860000,
    regions: ["west_coast", "norcal"] });
await setDoc(doc(citiesRef, "LA"), {
    name: "Los Angeles", state: "CA", country: "USA",
    capital: false, population: 3900000,
    regions: ["west_coast", "socal"] });
await setDoc(doc(citiesRef, "DC"), {
    name: "Washington, D.C.", state: null, country: "USA",
    capital: true, population: 680000,
    regions: ["east_coast"] });
await setDoc(doc(citiesRef, "TOK"), {
    name: "Tokyo", state: null, country: "Japan",
    capital: true, population: 9000000,
    regions: ["kanto", "honshu"] });
await setDoc(doc(citiesRef, "BJ"), {
    name: "Beijing", state: null, country: "China",
    capital: true, population: 21500000,
    regions: ["jingjinji", "hebei"] });

Web version 8

var citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

citiesRef.doc("SF").set({
    name: "San Francisco", state: "CA", country: "USA",
    capital: false, population: 860000,
    regions: ["west_coast", "norcal"] });
citiesRef.doc("LA").set({
    name: "Los Angeles", state: "CA", country: "USA",
    capital: false, population: 3900000,
    regions: ["west_coast", "socal"] });
citiesRef.doc("DC").set({
    name: "Washington, D.C.", state: null, country: "USA",
    capital: true, population: 680000,
    regions: ["east_coast"] });
citiesRef.doc("TOK").set({
    name: "Tokyo", state: null, country: "Japan",
    capital: true, population: 9000000,
    regions: ["kanto", "honshu"] });
citiesRef.doc("BJ").set({
    name: "Beijing", state: null, country: "China",
    capital: true, population: 21500000,
    regions: ["jingjinji", "hebei"] });
빠른
참고: 이 제품은 watchOS 및 App Clip 대상에서 사용할 수 없습니다.
let citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

citiesRef.document("SF").setData([
    "name": "San Francisco",
    "state": "CA",
    "country": "USA",
    "capital": false,
    "population": 860000,
    "regions": ["west_coast", "norcal"]
    ])
citiesRef.document("LA").setData([
    "name": "Los Angeles",
    "state": "CA",
    "country": "USA",
    "capital": false,
    "population": 3900000,
    "regions": ["west_coast", "socal"]
    ])
citiesRef.document("DC").setData([
    "name": "Washington D.C.",
    "country": "USA",
    "capital": true,
    "population": 680000,
    "regions": ["east_coast"]
    ])
citiesRef.document("TOK").setData([
    "name": "Tokyo",
    "country": "Japan",
    "capital": true,
    "population": 9000000,
    "regions": ["kanto", "honshu"]
    ])
citiesRef.document("BJ").setData([
    "name": "Beijing",
    "country": "China",
    "capital": true,
    "population": 21500000,
    "regions": ["jingjinji", "hebei"]
    ])
오브젝티브-C
참고: 이 제품은 watchOS 및 App Clip 대상에서 사용할 수 없습니다.
FIRCollectionReference *citiesRef = [self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"];
[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"SF"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"San Francisco",
  @"state": @"CA",
  @"country": @"USA",
  @"capital": @(NO),
  @"population": @860000,
  @"regions": @[@"west_coast", @"norcal"]
}];
[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"LA"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"Los Angeles",
  @"state": @"CA",
  @"country": @"USA",
  @"capital": @(NO),
  @"population": @3900000,
  @"regions": @[@"west_coast", @"socal"]
}];
[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"DC"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"Washington D.C.",
  @"country": @"USA",
  @"capital": @(YES),
  @"population": @680000,
  @"regions": @[@"east_coast"]
}];
[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"TOK"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"Tokyo",
  @"country": @"Japan",
  @"capital": @(YES),
  @"population": @9000000,
  @"regions": @[@"kanto", @"honshu"]
}];
[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"BJ"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"Beijing",
  @"country": @"China",
  @"capital": @(YES),
  @"population": @21500000,
  @"regions": @[@"jingjinji", @"hebei"]
}];

Java

CollectionReference cities = db.collection("cities");

Map<String, Object> data1 = new HashMap<>();
data1.put("name", "San Francisco");
data1.put("state", "CA");
data1.put("country", "USA");
data1.put("capital", false);
data1.put("population", 860000);
data1.put("regions", Arrays.asList("west_coast", "norcal"));
cities.document("SF").set(data1);

Map<String, Object> data2 = new HashMap<>();
data2.put("name", "Los Angeles");
data2.put("state", "CA");
data2.put("country", "USA");
data2.put("capital", false);
data2.put("population", 3900000);
data2.put("regions", Arrays.asList("west_coast", "socal"));
cities.document("LA").set(data2);

Map<String, Object> data3 = new HashMap<>();
data3.put("name", "Washington D.C.");
data3.put("state", null);
data3.put("country", "USA");
data3.put("capital", true);
data3.put("population", 680000);
data3.put("regions", Arrays.asList("east_coast"));
cities.document("DC").set(data3);

Map<String, Object> data4 = new HashMap<>();
data4.put("name", "Tokyo");
data4.put("state", null);
data4.put("country", "Japan");
data4.put("capital", true);
data4.put("population", 9000000);
data4.put("regions", Arrays.asList("kanto", "honshu"));
cities.document("TOK").set(data4);

Map<String, Object> data5 = new HashMap<>();
data5.put("name", "Beijing");
data5.put("state", null);
data5.put("country", "China");
data5.put("capital", true);
data5.put("population", 21500000);
data5.put("regions", Arrays.asList("jingjinji", "hebei"));
cities.document("BJ").set(data5);

Kotlin+KTX

val cities = db.collection("cities")

val data1 = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "San Francisco",
        "state" to "CA",
        "country" to "USA",
        "capital" to false,
        "population" to 860000,
        "regions" to listOf("west_coast", "norcal")
)
cities.document("SF").set(data1)

val data2 = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "Los Angeles",
        "state" to "CA",
        "country" to "USA",
        "capital" to false,
        "population" to 3900000,
        "regions" to listOf("west_coast", "socal")
)
cities.document("LA").set(data2)

val data3 = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "Washington D.C.",
        "state" to null,
        "country" to "USA",
        "capital" to true,
        "population" to 680000,
        "regions" to listOf("east_coast")
)
cities.document("DC").set(data3)

val data4 = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "Tokyo",
        "state" to null,
        "country" to "Japan",
        "capital" to true,
        "population" to 9000000,
        "regions" to listOf("kanto", "honshu")
)
cities.document("TOK").set(data4)

val data5 = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "Beijing",
        "state" to null,
        "country" to "China",
        "capital" to true,
        "population" to 21500000,
        "regions" to listOf("jingjinji", "hebei")
)
cities.document("BJ").set(data5)

Dart

final cities = db.collection("cities");
final data1 = <String, dynamic>{
  "name": "San Francisco",
  "state": "CA",
  "country": "USA",
  "capital": false,
  "population": 860000,
  "regions": ["west_coast", "norcal"]
};
cities.doc("SF").set(data1);

final data2 = <String, dynamic>{
  "name": "Los Angeles",
  "state": "CA",
  "country": "USA",
  "capital": false,
  "population": 3900000,
  "regions": ["west_coast", "socal"],
};
cities.doc("LA").set(data2);

final data3 = <String, dynamic>{
  "name": "Washington D.C.",
  "state": null,
  "country": "USA",
  "capital": true,
  "population": 680000,
  "regions": ["east_coast"]
};
cities.doc("DC").set(data3);

final data4 = <String, dynamic>{
  "name": "Tokyo",
  "state": null,
  "country": "Japan",
  "capital": true,
  "population": 9000000,
  "regions": ["kanto", "honshu"]
};
cities.doc("TOK").set(data4);

final data5 = <String, dynamic>{
  "name": "Beijing",
  "state": null,
  "country": "China",
  "capital": true,
  "population": 21500000,
  "regions": ["jingjinji", "hebei"],
};
cities.doc("BJ").set(data5);
자바
CollectionReference cities = db.collection("cities");
List<ApiFuture<WriteResult>> futures = new ArrayList<>();
futures.add(
    cities
        .document("SF")
        .set(
            new City(
                "San Francisco",
                "CA",
                "USA",
                false,
                860000L,
                Arrays.asList("west_coast", "norcal"))));
futures.add(
    cities
        .document("LA")
        .set(
            new City(
                "Los Angeles",
                "CA",
                "USA",
                false,
                3900000L,
                Arrays.asList("west_coast", "socal"))));
futures.add(
    cities
        .document("DC")
        .set(
            new City(
                "Washington D.C.", null, "USA", true, 680000L, Arrays.asList("east_coast"))));
futures.add(
    cities
        .document("TOK")
        .set(
            new City(
                "Tokyo", null, "Japan", true, 9000000L, Arrays.asList("kanto", "honshu"))));
futures.add(
    cities
        .document("BJ")
        .set(
            new City(
                "Beijing",
                null,
                "China",
                true,
                21500000L,
                Arrays.asList("jingjinji", "hebei"))));
// (optional) block on documents successfully added
ApiFutures.allAsList(futures).get();
파이썬
class City(object):
    def __init__(self, name, state, country, capital=False, population=0,
                 regions=[]):
        self.name = name
        self.state = state
        self.country = country
        self.capital = capital
        self.population = population
        self.regions = regions

    @staticmethod
    def from_dict(source):
        # ...

    def to_dict(self):
        # ...

    def __repr__(self):
        return (
            f'City(\
                name={self.name}, \
                country={self.country}, \
                population={self.population}, \
                capital={self.capital}, \
                regions={self.regions}\
            )'
        )
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')
cities_ref.document(u'BJ').set(
    City(u'Beijing', None, u'China', True, 21500000, [u'hebei']).to_dict())
cities_ref.document(u'SF').set(
    City(u'San Francisco', u'CA', u'USA', False, 860000,
         [u'west_coast', u'norcal']).to_dict())
cities_ref.document(u'LA').set(
    City(u'Los Angeles', u'CA', u'USA', False, 3900000,
         [u'west_coast', u'socal']).to_dict())
cities_ref.document(u'DC').set(
    City(u'Washington D.C.', None, u'USA', True, 680000,
         [u'east_coast']).to_dict())
cities_ref.document(u'TOK').set(
    City(u'Tokyo', None, u'Japan', True, 9000000,
         [u'kanto', u'honshu']).to_dict())

Python

class City(object):
    def __init__(self, name, state, country, capital=False, population=0, regions=[]):
        self.name = name
        self.state = state
        self.country = country
        self.capital = capital
        self.population = population
        self.regions = regions

    @staticmethod
    def from_dict(source):
        # ...

    def to_dict(self):
        # ...

    def __repr__(self):
        return f"City(\
                name={self.name}, \
                country={self.country}, \
                population={self.population}, \
                capital={self.capital}, \
                regions={self.regions}\
            )"
cities_ref = db.collection("cities")
await cities_ref.document("BJ").set(
    City("Beijing", None, "China", True, 21500000, ["hebei"]).to_dict()
)
await cities_ref.document("SF").set(
    City(
        "San Francisco", "CA", "USA", False, 860000, ["west_coast", "norcal"]
    ).to_dict()
)
await cities_ref.document("LA").set(
    City(
        "Los Angeles", "CA", "USA", False, 3900000, ["west_coast", "socal"]
    ).to_dict()
)
await cities_ref.document("DC").set(
    City("Washington D.C.", None, "USA", True, 680000, ["east_coast"]).to_dict()
)
await cities_ref.document("TOK").set(
    City("Tokyo", None, "Japan", True, 9000000, ["kanto", "honshu"]).to_dict()
)
C++
CollectionReference cities = db->Collection("cities");

cities.Document("SF").Set({
    {"name", FieldValue::String("San Francisco")},
    {"state", FieldValue::String("CA")},
    {"country", FieldValue::String("USA")},
    {"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(false)},
    {"population", FieldValue::Integer(860000)},
    {"regions", FieldValue::Array({FieldValue::String("west_coast"),
                                   FieldValue::String("norcal")})},
});

cities.Document("LA").Set({
    {"name", FieldValue::String("Los Angeles")},
    {"state", FieldValue::String("CA")},
    {"country", FieldValue::String("USA")},
    {"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(false)},
    {"population", FieldValue::Integer(3900000)},
    {"regions", FieldValue::Array({FieldValue::String("west_coast"),
                                   FieldValue::String("socal")})},
});

cities.Document("DC").Set({
    {"name", FieldValue::String("Washington D.C.")},
    {"state", FieldValue::Null()},
    {"country", FieldValue::String("USA")},
    {"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(true)},
    {"population", FieldValue::Integer(680000)},
    {"regions",
     FieldValue::Array({FieldValue::String("east_coast")})},
});

cities.Document("TOK").Set({
    {"name", FieldValue::String("Tokyo")},
    {"state", FieldValue::Null()},
    {"country", FieldValue::String("Japan")},
    {"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(true)},
    {"population", FieldValue::Integer(9000000)},
    {"regions", FieldValue::Array({FieldValue::String("kanto"),
                                   FieldValue::String("honshu")})},
});

cities.Document("BJ").Set({
    {"name", FieldValue::String("Beijing")},
    {"state", FieldValue::Null()},
    {"country", FieldValue::String("China")},
    {"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(true)},
    {"population", FieldValue::Integer(21500000)},
    {"regions", FieldValue::Array({FieldValue::String("jingjinji"),
                                   FieldValue::String("hebei")})},
});
노드.js
const citiesRef = db.collection('cities');

await citiesRef.doc('SF').set({
  name: 'San Francisco', state: 'CA', country: 'USA',
  capital: false, population: 860000,
  regions: ['west_coast', 'norcal']
});
await citiesRef.doc('LA').set({
  name: 'Los Angeles', state: 'CA', country: 'USA',
  capital: false, population: 3900000,
  regions: ['west_coast', 'socal']
});
await citiesRef.doc('DC').set({
  name: 'Washington, D.C.', state: null, country: 'USA',
  capital: true, population: 680000,
  regions: ['east_coast']
});
await citiesRef.doc('TOK').set({
  name: 'Tokyo', state: null, country: 'Japan',
  capital: true, population: 9000000,
  regions: ['kanto', 'honshu']
});
await citiesRef.doc('BJ').set({
  name: 'Beijing', state: null, country: 'China',
  capital: true, population: 21500000,
  regions: ['jingjinji', 'hebei']
});
가다
cities := []struct {
	id string
	c  City
}{
	{
		id: "SF",
		c: City{Name: "San Francisco", State: "CA", Country: "USA",
			Capital: false, Population: 860000,
			Regions: []string{"west_coast", "norcal"}},
	},
	{
		id: "LA",
		c: City{Name: "Los Angeles", State: "CA", Country: "USA",
			Capital: false, Population: 3900000,
			Regions: []string{"west_coast", "socal"}},
	},
	{
		id: "DC",
		c: City{Name: "Washington D.C.", Country: "USA",
			Capital: true, Population: 680000,
			Regions: []string{"east_coast"}},
	},
	{
		id: "TOK",
		c: City{Name: "Tokyo", Country: "Japan",
			Capital: true, Population: 9000000,
			Regions: []string{"kanto", "honshu"}},
	},
	{
		id: "BJ",
		c: City{Name: "Beijing", Country: "China",
			Capital: true, Population: 21500000,
			Regions: []string{"jingjinji", "hebei"}},
	},
}
for _, c := range cities {
	if _, err := client.Collection("cities").Doc(c.id).Set(ctx, c.c); err != nil {
		return err
	}
}
PHP
$citiesRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities');
$citiesRef->document('SF')->set([
    'name' => 'San Francisco',
    'state' => 'CA',
    'country' => 'USA',
    'capital' => false,
    'population' => 860000,
    'regions' => ['west_coast', 'norcal']
]);
$citiesRef->document('LA')->set([
    'name' => 'Los Angeles',
    'state' => 'CA',
    'country' => 'USA',
    'capital' => false,
    'population' => 3900000,
    'regions' => ['west_coast', 'socal']
]);
$citiesRef->document('DC')->set([
    'name' => 'Washington D.C.',
    'state' => null,
    'country' => 'USA',
    'capital' => true,
    'population' => 680000,
    'regions' => ['east_coast']
]);
$citiesRef->document('TOK')->set([
    'name' => 'Tokyo',
    'state' => null,
    'country' => 'Japan',
    'capital' => true,
    'population' => 9000000,
    'regions' => ['kanto', 'honshu']
]);
$citiesRef->document('BJ')->set([
    'name' => 'Beijing',
    'state' => null,
    'country' => 'China',
    'capital' => true,
    'population' => 21500000,
    'regions' => ['jingjinji', 'hebei']
]);
printf('Added example cities data to the cities collection.' . PHP_EOL);
단일성
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
citiesRef.Document("SF").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "San Francisco" },
    { "State", "CA" },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", false },
    { "Population", 860000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"west_coast", "norcal"} }
});
citiesRef.Document("LA").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Los Angeles" },
    { "State", "CA" },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", false },
    { "Population", 3900000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"west_coast", "socal"} }
});
citiesRef.Document("DC").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Washington D.C." },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 680000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"east_coast"} }
});
citiesRef.Document("TOK").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Tokyo" },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "Japan" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 9000000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"kanto", "honshu"} }
});
citiesRef.Document("BJ").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Beijing" },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "China" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 21500000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"jingjinji", "hebei"} }
});
씨#
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
await citiesRef.Document("SF").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "San Francisco" },
    { "State", "CA" },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", false },
    { "Population", 860000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"west_coast", "norcal"} }
});
await citiesRef.Document("LA").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Los Angeles" },
    { "State", "CA" },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", false },
    { "Population", 3900000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"west_coast", "socal"} }
});
await citiesRef.Document("DC").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Washington D.C." },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 680000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"east_coast"} }
});
await citiesRef.Document("TOK").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Tokyo" },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "Japan" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 9000000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"kanto", "honshu"} }
});
await citiesRef.Document("BJ").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Beijing" },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "China" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 21500000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"jingjinji", "hebei"} }
});
Console.WriteLine("Added example cities data to the cities collection.");
루비
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
cities_ref.doc("SF").set(
  {
    name:       "San Francisco",
    state:      "CA",
    country:    "USA",
    capital:    false,
    population: 860_000,
    regions:    ["west_coast", "norcal"]
  }
)
cities_ref.doc("LA").set(
  {
    name:       "Los Angeles",
    state:      "CA",
    country:    "USA",
    capital:    false,
    population: 3_900_000,
    regions:    ["west_coast", "socal"]
  }
)
cities_ref.doc("DC").set(
  {
    name:       "Washington D.C.",
    state:      nil,
    country:    "USA",
    capital:    true,
    population: 680_000,
    regions:    ["east_coast"]
  }
)
cities_ref.doc("TOK").set(
  {
    name:       "Tokyo",
    state:      nil,
    country:    "Japan",
    capital:    true,
    population: 9_000_000,
    regions:    ["kanto", "honshu"]
  }
)
cities_ref.doc("BJ").set(
  {
    name:       "Beijing",
    state:      nil,
    country:    "China",
    capital:    true,
    population: 21_500_000,
    regions:    ["jingjinji", "hebei"]
  }
)

간단한 쿼리

다음 쿼리는 CA 상태의 모든 도시를 반환합니다.

Web version 9

// Create a reference to the cities collection
import { collection, query, where } from "firebase/firestore";
const citiesRef = collection(db, "cities");

// Create a query against the collection.
const q = query(citiesRef, where("state", "==", "CA"));

Web version 8

// Create a reference to the cities collection
var citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

// Create a query against the collection.
var query = citiesRef.where("state", "==", "CA");
빠른
참고: 이 제품은 watchOS 및 App Clip 대상에서 사용할 수 없습니다.
// Create a reference to the cities collection
let citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

// Create a query against the collection.
let query = citiesRef.whereField("state", isEqualTo: "CA")
오브젝티브-C
참고: 이 제품은 watchOS 및 App Clip 대상에서 사용할 수 없습니다.
// Create a reference to the cities collection
FIRCollectionReference *citiesRef = [self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"];
// Create a query against the collection.
FIRQuery *query = [citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isEqualTo:@"CA"];

Java

// Create a reference to the cities collection
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

// Create a query against the collection.
Query query = citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA");

Kotlin+KTX

// Create a reference to the cities collection
val citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

// Create a query against the collection.
val query = citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA")

Dart

// Create a reference to the cities collection
final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

// Create a query against the collection.
final query = citiesRef.where("state", isEqualTo: "CA");
자바
// Create a reference to the cities collection
CollectionReference cities = db.collection("cities");
// Create a query against the collection.
Query query = cities.whereEqualTo("state", "CA");
// retrieve  query results asynchronously using query.get()
ApiFuture<QuerySnapshot> querySnapshot = query.get();

for (DocumentSnapshot document : querySnapshot.get().getDocuments()) {
  System.out.println(document.getId());
}
파이썬
# Create a reference to the cities collection
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

# Create a query against the collection
query_ref = cities_ref.where(u'state', u'==', u'CA')

Python

# Create a reference to the cities collection
cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

# Create a query against the collection
query_ref = cities_ref.where("state", "==", "CA")
C++
CollectionReference cities_ref = db->Collection("cities");
// Create a query against the collection.
Query query_ca =
    cities_ref.WhereEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("CA"));
노드.js
// Create a reference to the cities collection
const citiesRef = db.collection('cities');

// Create a query against the collection
const queryRef = citiesRef.where('state', '==', 'CA');
가다
query := client.Collection("cities").Where("state", "==", "CA")
PHP
$citiesRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities');
$query = $citiesRef->where('state', '=', 'CA');
$snapshot = $query->documents();
foreach ($snapshot as $document) {
    printf('Document %s returned by query state=CA' . PHP_EOL, $document->id());
}
단일성
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query query = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("State", "CA");
query.GetSnapshotAsync().ContinueWithOnMainThread((querySnapshotTask) =>
{
    foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshotTask.Result.Documents)
    {
        Debug.Log(String.Format("Document {0} returned by query State=CA", documentSnapshot.Id));
    } 
});
씨#
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query query = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("State", "CA");
QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await query.GetSnapshotAsync();
foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshot.Documents)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query State=CA", documentSnapshot.Id);
}
루비
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path

query = cities_ref.where "state", "=", "CA"

query.get do |city|
  puts "Document #{city.document_id} returned by query state=CA."
end

다음 쿼리는 모든 수도를 반환합니다.

Web version 9

import { collection, query, where } from "firebase/firestore";
const citiesRef = collection(db, "cities");

const q = query(citiesRef, where("capital", "==", true));

Web version 8

var citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

var query = citiesRef.where("capital", "==", true);
빠른
참고: 이 제품은 watchOS 및 App Clip 대상에서 사용할 수 없습니다.
let capitalCities = db.collection("cities").whereField("capital", isEqualTo: true)
오브젝티브-C
참고: 이 제품은 watchOS 및 App Clip 대상에서 사용할 수 없습니다.
FIRQuery *capitalCities =
    [[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] queryWhereField:@"capital" isEqualTo:@YES];

Java

Query capitalCities = db.collection("cities").whereEqualTo("capital", true);

Kotlin+KTX

val capitalCities = db.collection("cities").whereEqualTo("capital", true)

Dart

final capitalcities =
    db.collection("cities").where("capital", isEqualTo: true);
자바
// Create a reference to the cities collection
CollectionReference cities = db.collection("cities");
// Create a query against the collection.
Query query = cities.whereEqualTo("capital", true);
// retrieve  query results asynchronously using query.get()
ApiFuture<QuerySnapshot> querySnapshot = query.get();

for (DocumentSnapshot document : querySnapshot.get().getDocuments()) {
  System.out.println(document.getId());
}
파이썬
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

query = cities_ref.where(u'capital', u'==', True)

Python

cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

query = cities_ref.where("capital", "==", True)
C++
Query capital_cities = db->Collection("cities").WhereEqualTo(
    "capital", FieldValue::Boolean(true));
노드.js
// Create a reference to the cities collection
const citiesRef = db.collection('cities');

// Create a query against the collection
const allCapitalsRes = await citiesRef.where('capital', '==', true).get();
가다
query := client.Collection("cities").Where("capital", "==", true)
PHP
$citiesRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities');
$query = $citiesRef->where('capital', '=', true);
$snapshot = $query->documents();
foreach ($snapshot as $document) {
    printf('Document %s returned by query capital=true' . PHP_EOL, $document->id());
}
단일성
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query query = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("Capital", true);
query.GetSnapshotAsync().ContinueWithOnMainThread((querySnapshotTask) =>
{
    foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshotTask.Result.Documents)
    {
        Debug.Log(String.Format("Document {0} returned by query Capital=true", documentSnapshot.Id));
    } 
});
씨#
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query query = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("Capital", true);
QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await query.GetSnapshotAsync();
foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshot.Documents)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query Capital=true", documentSnapshot.Id);
}
루비
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path

query = cities_ref.where "capital", "=", true

query.get do |city|
  puts "Document #{city.document_id} returned by query capital=true."
end

쿼리 실행

쿼리 개체를 만든 후 get() 함수를 사용하여 결과를 검색합니다.

Web version 9

import { collection, query, where, getDocs } from "firebase/firestore";

const q = query(collection(db, "cities"), where("capital", "==", true));

const querySnapshot = await getDocs(q);
querySnapshot.forEach((doc) => {
  // doc.data() is never undefined for query doc snapshots
  console.log(doc.id, " => ", doc.data());
});

Web version 8

db.collection("cities").where("capital", "==", true)
    .get()
    .then((querySnapshot) => {
        querySnapshot.forEach((doc) => {
            // doc.data() is never undefined for query doc snapshots
            console.log(doc.id, " => ", doc.data());
        });
    })
    .catch((error) => {
        console.log("Error getting documents: ", error);
    });
빠른
참고: 이 제품은 watchOS 및 App Clip 대상에서 사용할 수 없습니다.
db.collection("cities").whereField("capital", isEqualTo: true)
    .getDocuments() { (querySnapshot, err) in
        if let err = err {
            print("Error getting documents: \(err)")
        } else {
            for document in querySnapshot!.documents {
                print("\(document.documentID) => \(document.data())")
            }
        }
}
오브젝티브-C
참고: 이 제품은 watchOS 및 App Clip 대상에서 사용할 수 없습니다.
[[[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] queryWhereField:@"capital" isEqualTo:@(YES)]
    getDocumentsWithCompletion:^(FIRQuerySnapshot *snapshot, NSError *error) {
      if (error != nil) {
        NSLog(@"Error getting documents: %@", error);
      } else {
        for (FIRDocumentSnapshot *document in snapshot.documents) {
          NSLog(@"%@ => %@", document.documentID, document.data);
        }
      }
    }];

Java

db.collection("cities")
        .whereEqualTo("capital", true)
        .get()
        .addOnCompleteListener(new OnCompleteListener<QuerySnapshot>() {
            @Override
            public void onComplete(@NonNull Task<QuerySnapshot> task) {
                if (task.isSuccessful()) {
                    for (QueryDocumentSnapshot document : task.getResult()) {
                        Log.d(TAG, document.getId() + " => " + document.getData());
                    }
                } else {
                    Log.d(TAG, "Error getting documents: ", task.getException());
                }
            }
        });

Kotlin+KTX

db.collection("cities")
        .whereEqualTo("capital", true)
        .get()
        .addOnSuccessListener { documents ->
            for (document in documents) {
                Log.d(TAG, "${document.id} => ${document.data}")
            }
        }
        .addOnFailureListener { exception ->
            Log.w(TAG, "Error getting documents: ", exception)
        }

Dart

db.collection("cities").where("capital", isEqualTo: true).get().then(
      (res) => print("Successfully completed"),
      onError: (e) => print("Error completing: $e"),
    );
자바
// asynchronously retrieve multiple documents
ApiFuture<QuerySnapshot> future = db.collection("cities").whereEqualTo("capital", true).get();
// future.get() blocks on response
List<QueryDocumentSnapshot> documents = future.get().getDocuments();
for (DocumentSnapshot document : documents) {
  System.out.println(document.getId() + " => " + document.toObject(City.class));
}
파이썬
# Note: Use of CollectionRef stream() is prefered to get()
docs = db.collection(u'cities').where(u'capital', u'==', True).stream()

for doc in docs:
    print(f'{doc.id} => {doc.to_dict()}')

Python

# Note: Use of CollectionRef stream() is prefered to get()
docs = db.collection("cities").where("capital", "==", True).stream()

async for doc in docs:
    print(f"{doc.id} => {doc.to_dict()}")
C++
db->Collection("cities")
    .WhereEqualTo("capital", FieldValue::Boolean(true))
    .Get()
    .OnCompletion([](const Future<QuerySnapshot>& future) {
      if (future.error() == Error::kErrorOk) {
        for (const DocumentSnapshot& document :
             future.result()->documents()) {
          std::cout << document << std::endl;
        }
      } else {
        std::cout << "Error getting documents: " << future.error_message()
                  << std::endl;
      }
    });
노드.js
const citiesRef = db.collection('cities');
const snapshot = await citiesRef.where('capital', '==', true).get();
if (snapshot.empty) {
  console.log('No matching documents.');
  return;
}  

snapshot.forEach(doc => {
  console.log(doc.id, '=>', doc.data());
});
가다
fmt.Println("All capital cities:")
iter := client.Collection("cities").Where("capital", "==", true).Documents(ctx)
for {
	doc, err := iter.Next()
	if err == iterator.Done {
		break
	}
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	fmt.Println(doc.Data())
}
PHP

PHP

Cloud Firestore 클라이언트 설치 및 생성에 대한 자세한 내용은 Cloud Firestore 클라이언트 라이브러리 를 참조하세요.

$citiesRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities');
$query = $citiesRef->where('capital', '=', true);
$documents = $query->documents();
foreach ($documents as $document) {
    if ($document->exists()) {
        printf('Document data for document %s:' . PHP_EOL, $document->id());
        print_r($document->data());
        printf(PHP_EOL);
    } else {
        printf('Document %s does not exist!' . PHP_EOL, $document->id());
    }
}
단일성
Query capitalQuery = db.Collection("cities").WhereEqualTo("Capital", true);
capitalQuery.GetSnapshotAsync().ContinueWithOnMainThread(task => {
  QuerySnapshot capitalQuerySnapshot = task.Result;
  foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in capitalQuerySnapshot.Documents) {
    Debug.Log(String.Format("Document data for {0} document:", documentSnapshot.Id));
    Dictionary<string, object> city = documentSnapshot.ToDictionary();
    foreach (KeyValuePair<string, object> pair in city) {
      Debug.Log(String.Format("{0}: {1}", pair.Key, pair.Value));
    }

    // Newline to separate entries
    Debug.Log("");
  };
});
씨#

씨#

Cloud Firestore 클라이언트 설치 및 생성에 대한 자세한 내용은 Cloud Firestore 클라이언트 라이브러리 를 참조하세요.

Query capitalQuery = db.Collection("cities").WhereEqualTo("Capital", true);
QuerySnapshot capitalQuerySnapshot = await capitalQuery.GetSnapshotAsync();
foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in capitalQuerySnapshot.Documents)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Document data for {0} document:", documentSnapshot.Id);
    Dictionary<string, object> city = documentSnapshot.ToDictionary();
    foreach (KeyValuePair<string, object> pair in city)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}", pair.Key, pair.Value);
    }
    Console.WriteLine("");
}
루비
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path

query = cities_ref.where "capital", "=", true

query.get do |city|
  puts "#{city.document_id} data: #{city.data}."
end

쿼리 결과 검색에 대한 자세한 내용은 데이터 가져오기를 참조하세요. 쿼리에 리스너를 추가 하여 현재 결과를 얻고 향후 업데이트를 수신할 수도 있습니다.

쿼리 연산자

where() 메서드는 필터링할 필드, 비교 연산자 및 값의 세 가지 매개변수를 사용합니다. Cloud Firestore는 다음 비교 연산자를 지원합니다.

예를 들어:

Web version 9

const stateQuery = query(citiesRef, where("state", "==", "CA"));
const populationQuery = query(citiesRef, where("population", "<", 100000));
const nameQuery = query(citiesRef, where("name", ">=", "San Francisco"));

Web version 8

const stateQuery = citiesRef.where("state", "==", "CA");
const populationQuery = citiesRef.where("population", "<", 100000);
const nameQuery = citiesRef.where("name", ">=", "San Francisco");
빠른
참고: 이 제품은 watchOS 및 App Clip 대상에서 사용할 수 없습니다.
let stateQuery = citiesRef.whereField("state", isEqualTo: "CA")
let populationQuery = citiesRef.whereField("population", isLessThan: 100000)
let nameQuery = citiesRef.whereField("name", isGreaterThanOrEqualTo: "San Francisco")
오브젝티브-C
참고: 이 제품은 watchOS 및 App Clip 대상에서 사용할 수 없습니다.
FIRQuery *stateQuery = [citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isEqualTo:@"CA"];
FIRQuery *populationQuery = [citiesRef queryWhereField:@"population" isLessThan:@100000];
FIRQuery *nameQuery = [citiesRef queryWhereField:@"name" isGreaterThanOrEqualTo:@"San Francisco"];

Java

Query stateQuery = citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA");
Query populationQuery = citiesRef.whereLessThan("population", 100000);
Query nameQuery = citiesRef.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("name", "San Francisco");

Kotlin+KTX

val stateQuery = citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA")
val populationQuery = citiesRef.whereLessThan("population", 100000)
val nameQuery = citiesRef.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("name", "San Francisco")

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
final stateQuery = citiesRef.where("state", isEqualTo: "CA");
final populationQuery = citiesRef.where("population", isLessThan: 100000);
final nameQuery = citiesRef.where("name", isEqualTo: "San Francisco");
자바
Query stateQuery = cities.whereEqualTo("state", "CA");
Query populationQuery = cities.whereLessThan("population", 1000000L);
Query nameQuery = cities.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("name", "San Francisco");
파이썬
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

cities_ref.where(u'state', u'==', u'CA')
cities_ref.where(u'population', u'<', 1000000)
cities_ref.where(u'name', u'>=', u'San Francisco')

Python

cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

cities_ref.where("state", "==", "CA")
cities_ref.where("population", "<", 1000000)
cities_ref.where("name", ">=", "San Francisco")
C++
cities_ref.WhereEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("CA"));
cities_ref.WhereLessThan("population", FieldValue::Integer(100000));
cities_ref.WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("name",
                                     FieldValue::String("San Francisco"));
노드.js
const stateQueryRes = await citiesRef.where('state', '==', 'CA').get();
const populationQueryRes = await citiesRef.where('population', '<', 1000000).get();
const nameQueryRes = await citiesRef.where('name', '>=', 'San Francisco').get();
가다
countryQuery := cities.Where("state", "==", "CA")
popQuery := cities.Where("population", "<", 1000000)
cityQuery := cities.Where("name", ">=", "San Francisco")
PHP
$stateQuery = $citiesRef->where('state', '=', 'CA');
$populationQuery = $citiesRef->where('population', '>', 1000000);
$nameQuery = $citiesRef->where('name', '>=', 'San Francisco');
단일성
Query stateQuery = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("State", "CA");
Query populationQuery = citiesRef.WhereGreaterThan("Population", 1000000);
Query nameQuery = citiesRef.WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("Name", "San Francisco");
씨#
Query stateQuery = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("State", "CA");
Query populationQuery = citiesRef.WhereGreaterThan("Population", 1000000);
Query nameQuery = citiesRef.WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("Name", "San Francisco");
루비
state_query      = cities_ref.where "state", "=", "CA"
population_query = cities_ref.where "population", ">", 1_000_000
name_query       = cities_ref.where "name", ">=", "San Francisco"

같지 않음( != )

같지 않음( != ) 연산자를 사용하여 주어진 필드가 존재하고 비교 값과 일치하지 않는 문서를 반환합니다. 예를 들어:

Web version 9

const notCapitalQuery = query(citiesRef, where("capital", "!=", false));

Web version 8

citiesRef.where("capital", "!=", false);
빠른
참고: 이 제품은 watchOS 및 App Clip 대상에서 사용할 수 없습니다.
let notEqualQuery = citiesRef.whereField("capital", isNotEqualTo: false)
오브젝티브-C
참고: 이 제품은 watchOS 및 App Clip 대상에서 사용할 수 없습니다.
query = [citiesRef queryWhereField:@"capital" isNotEqualTo:@NO];

Java

Query notCapitalQuery = citiesRef.whereNotEqualTo("capital", false);

Kotlin+KTX

val notCapitalQuery = citiesRef.whereNotEqualTo("capital", false)

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
final notCapitals = citiesRef.where("capital", isNotEqualTo: true);
자바
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

Query query = citiesRef.whereNotEqualTo("capital", false);
파이썬
// Snippet not yet available
C++
// Snippet not yet available
노드.js
const capitalNotFalseRes = await citiesRef.where('capital', '!=', false).get();
가다
// Snippet not yet available
PHP
$stateQuery = $citiesRef->where('capital', '!=', false);
단일성
// Snippet not yet available
씨#
// Snippet not yet available
루비
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
query = cities_ref.where "capital", "!=", false

이 쿼리는 false 또는 null 이외의 값으로 capital 필드가 존재하는 모든 city 문서를 반환합니다. 여기에는 capital 필드 값이 true 또는 null 이외의 부울이 아닌 값과 같은 city 문서가 포함됩니다.

이 쿼리는 capital 필드가 존재하지 않는 city 문서를 반환하지 않습니다. 같지 않음( != ) 및 not-in 쿼리는 지정된 필드가 존재하지 않는 문서를 제외합니다 .

필드는 빈 문자열( "" ), nullNaN (숫자가 아님)을 포함하여 임의의 값으로 설정될 때 존재합니다. x != nullundefined 로 평가되기 때문에 null 필드 값은 != 절과 일치하지 않습니다.

제한 사항

!= 쿼리에 대한 다음 제한 사항에 유의하십시오.

  • 지정된 필드가 있는 문서만 쿼리와 일치할 수 있습니다.
  • 복합 쿼리에서 not-in!= 를 결합할 수 없습니다.
  • 복합 쿼리에서 범위( < , <= , > , >= ) 및 같지 않음( != , not-in ) 비교는 모두 동일한 필드에서 필터링되어야 합니다.

어레이 멤버십

array-contains 연산자를 사용하여 배열 값을 기준으로 필터링할 수 있습니다. 예를 들어:

Web version 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";  
const q = query(citiesRef, where("regions", "array-contains", "west_coast"));

Web version 8

citiesRef.where("regions", "array-contains", "west_coast");
빠른
참고: 이 제품은 watchOS 및 App Clip 대상에서 사용할 수 없습니다.
citiesRef
  .whereField("regions", arrayContains: "west_coast")
오브젝티브-C
참고: 이 제품은 watchOS 및 App Clip 대상에서 사용할 수 없습니다.
[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" arrayContains:@"west_coast"];

Java

CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

citiesRef.whereArrayContains("regions", "west_coast");

Kotlin+KTX

val citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

citiesRef.whereArrayContains("regions", "west_coast")

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
final westCoastcities =
    citiesRef.where("regions", arrayContains: "west_coast");
자바
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
Query westCoastQuery = citiesRef.whereArrayContains("regions", "west_coast");
파이썬
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

query = cities_ref.where(u'regions', u'array_contains', u'west_coast')

Python

cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

query = cities_ref.where("regions", "array_contains", "west_coast")
C++
CollectionReference cities_ref = db->Collection("cities");

cities_ref.WhereArrayContains("region", FieldValue::String("west_coast"));
노드.js
const westCoastCities = citiesRef.where('regions', 'array-contains',
  'west_coast').get();
가다
query := cities.Where("regions", "array-contains", "west_coast").Documents(ctx)
PHP
$containsQuery = $citiesRef->where('regions', 'array-contains', 'west_coast');
단일성
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query arrayContainsQuery = citiesRef.WhereArrayContains("region", "west_coast");
씨#
Query query = citiesRef.WhereArrayContains("Regions", "west_coast");
루비
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
cities = cities_ref.where "regions", "array-contains", "west_coast"

이 쿼리는 regions 필드가 west_coast 를 포함하는 배열인 모든 city 문서를 반환합니다. 배열에 쿼리한 값의 인스턴스가 여러 개 있는 경우 문서는 결과에 한 번만 포함됩니다.

쿼리당 최대 하나 array-contains 절을 사용할 수 있습니다. array-containsarray-contains-any 와 결합할 수 없습니다.

in , not-inarray-contains-any

in 연산자를 사용하여 동일한 필드에서 최대 10개의 등호( == ) 절을 논리 OR 로 결합합니다. in 쿼리는 주어진 필드가 비교 값과 일치하는 문서를 반환합니다. 예를 들어:

Web version 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";

const q = query(citiesRef, where('country', 'in', ['USA', 'Japan']));

Web version 8

citiesRef.where('country', 'in', ['USA', 'Japan']);
빠른
참고: 이 제품은 watchOS 및 App Clip 대상에서 사용할 수 없습니다.
let citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

citiesRef.whereField("country", in: ["USA", "Japan"])
오브젝티브-C
참고: 이 제품은 watchOS 및 App Clip 대상에서 사용할 수 없습니다.
FIRCollectionReference *citiesRef = [self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"];

[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"country" in:@[@"USA", @"Japan"]];

Java

CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

citiesRef.whereIn("country", Arrays.asList("USA", "Japan"));

Kotlin+KTX

val citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

citiesRef.whereIn("country", listOf("USA", "Japan"))

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
final cities = citiesRef.where("country", whereIn: ["USA", "Japan"]);
자바
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

Query query = citiesRef.whereIn("country", Arrays.asList("USA", "Japan"));
파이썬
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

query = cities_ref.where(u'country', u'in', [u'USA', u'Japan'])
return query

Python

cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

query = cities_ref.where("country", "in", ["USA", "Japan"])
return query
C++
CollectionReference cities_ref = db->Collection("cities");

cities_ref.WhereIn("country", std::vector<FieldValue> {
  FieldValue::String("USA"),
  FieldValue::String("Japan")
});
노드.js
const usaOrJapan = await citiesRef.where('country', 'in', ['USA', 'Japan']).get();
가다
cities := client.Collection("cities")
query := cities.Where("country", "in", []string{"USA", "Japan"}).Documents(ctx)
PHP
$rangeQuery = $citiesRef->where('country', 'in', ['USA', 'Japan']);
단일성
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
List countriesList = new List<object>() {"USA", "Japan"};

Query whereInQuery = citiesRef.WhereIn("country", countriesList);
씨#
Query query = citiesRef.WhereIn("Country", new[] { "USA", "Japan" });
루비
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
usr_or_japan = cities_ref.where "country", "in", ["USA", "Japan"]

이 쿼리는 country 필드가 USA 또는 Japan 으로 설정된 모든 city 문서를 반환합니다. 예제 데이터에서 여기에는 SF , LA , DCTOK 문서가 포함됩니다.

not-in

not-in 연산자를 사용하여 동일한 필드에서 최대 10개의 같지 않음( != ) 절을 논리적 AND 로 결합합니다. not-in 쿼리는 지정된 필드가 존재하고 null 이 아니며 비교 값과 일치하지 않는 문서를 반환합니다. 예를 들어:

Web version 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";

const q = query(citiesRef, where('country', 'not-in', ['USA', 'Japan']));

Web version 8

citiesRef.where('country', 'not-in', ['USA', 'Japan']);
빠른
참고: 이 제품은 watchOS 및 App Clip 대상에서 사용할 수 없습니다.
citiesRef.whereField("country", notIn: ["USA", "Japan"])
오브젝티브-C
참고: 이 제품은 watchOS 및 App Clip 대상에서 사용할 수 없습니다.
[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"country" notIn:@[@"USA", @"Japan"]];

Java

citiesRef.whereNotIn("country", Arrays.asList("USA", "Japan"));

Kotlin+KTX

citiesRef.whereNotIn("country", listOf("USA", "Japan"))

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
final cities = citiesRef.where("country", whereNotIn: ["USA", "Japan"]);
자바
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

Query query = citiesRef.whereNotIn("country", Arrays.asList("USA", "Japan"));
파이썬
// Snippet not yet available
C++
cities_ref.WhereNotIn("country", std::vector<FieldValue> {
  FieldValue::String("USA"),
  FieldValue::String("Japan")
});
노드.js
const notUsaOrJapan = await citiesRef.where('country', 'not-in', ['USA', 'Japan']).get();
가다
// Snippet not yet available
PHP
$stateQuery = $citiesRef->where(
    'country',
    \Google\Cloud\Firestore\V1\StructuredQuery\FieldFilter\Operator::NOT_IN,
    ['USA', 'Japan']
);
단일성
// Snippet not yet available
씨#
// Snippet not yet available
루비
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
usr_or_japan = cities_ref.where "country", "not_in", ["USA", "Japan"]

이 쿼리는 country 필드가 있고 USA , Japan 또는 null 로 설정되지 않은 모든 city 문서를 반환합니다. 예제 데이터에서 여기에는 LondonHong Kong 문서가 포함됩니다.

not-in 쿼리는 주어진 필드가 존재하지 않는 문서를 제외합니다. 필드는 빈 문자열( "" ), nullNaN (숫자가 아님)을 포함하여 임의의 값으로 설정될 때 존재합니다. x != nullundefined 로 평가됩니다. 비교 값 중 하나로 null 이 포함 not-in 쿼리는 문서와 일치하지 않습니다.

array-contains-any

array-contains-any 연산자를 사용하여 동일한 필드에서 최대 10개의 array-contains 절을 논리 OR 로 결합합니다. array-contains-any 쿼리는 주어진 필드가 하나 이상의 비교 값을 포함하는 배열인 문서를 반환합니다.

Web version 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";  

const q = query(citiesRef, 
  where('regions', 'array-contains-any', ['west_coast', 'east_coast']));

Web version 8

citiesRef.where('regions', 'array-contains-any',
    ['west_coast', 'east_coast']);
빠른
참고: 이 제품은 watchOS 및 App Clip 대상에서 사용할 수 없습니다.
let citiesRef = db.collection("cities")
citiesRef.whereField("regions", arrayContainsAny: ["west_coast", "east_coast"])
오브젝티브-C
참고: 이 제품은 watchOS 및 App Clip 대상에서 사용할 수 없습니다.
FIRCollectionReference *citiesRef = [self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"];

[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"regions" arrayContainsAny:@[@"west_coast", @"east_coast"]];

Java

CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

citiesRef.whereArrayContainsAny("regions", Arrays.asList("west_coast", "east_coast"));

Kotlin+KTX

val citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

citiesRef.whereArrayContainsAny("regions", listOf("west_coast", "east_coast"))

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
final cities = citiesRef
    .where("regions", arrayContainsAny: ["west_coast", "east_coast"]);
자바
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

Query query =
    citiesRef.whereArrayContainsAny("regions", Arrays.asList("west_coast", "east_coast"));
파이썬
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

query = cities_ref.where(
    u'regions', u'array_contains_any', [u'west_coast', u'east_coast']
)
return query

Python

cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

query = cities_ref.where(
    "regions", "array_contains_any", ["west_coast", "east_coast"]
)
return query
C++
CollectionReference cities_ref = db->Collection("cities");

cities_ref.WhereArrayContainsAny("region", std::vector<FieldValue> {
  FieldValue::String("west_coast"),
  FieldValue::String("east_coast")
});
노드.js
const coastalCities = await citiesRef.where('regions', 'array-contains-any',
    ['west_coast', 'east_coast']).get();
가다
cities := client.Collection("cities")
query := cities.Where("regions", "array-contains-any", []string{"west_coast", "east_coast"}).Documents(ctx)
PHP
$containsQuery = $citiesRef->where('regions', 'array-contains-any', ['west_coast', 'east_coast']);
단일성
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
List regionsList = new List<object>() {"west_coast", "east_coast"};

Query arrayContainsAnyQuery = citiesRef.WhereArrayContainsAny("regions", regionsList);
씨#
Query query = citiesRef.WhereArrayContainsAny("Regions", new[] { "west_coast", "east_coast" });
루비
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
costal_cities = cities_ref.where "regions", "array-contains-any", ["west_coast", "east_coast"]

이 쿼리는 regions 필드가 west_coast 또는 east_coast 를 포함하는 배열인 모든 도시 문서를 반환합니다. 예제 데이터에서 여기에는 SF , LADC 문서가 포함됩니다.

array-contains-any 결과는 중복 제거됩니다. 문서의 배열 필드가 둘 이상의 비교 값과 일치하더라도 결과 집합에는 해당 문서가 한 번만 포함됩니다.

array-contains-any 는 항상 배열 데이터 유형별로 필터링합니다. 예를 들어 위의 쿼리는 배열 대신 regions 필드가 west_coast 문자열인 도시 문서를 반환하지 않습니다.

in 에 대한 비교 값으로 배열 값을 사용할 수 있지만 array-contains-any 와 달리 이 절은 배열 길이, 순서 및 값의 정확한 일치에 대해 일치합니다. 예를 들어:

Web version 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";  

const q = query(citiesRef, where('regions', 'in', [['west_coast', 'east_coast']]));

Web version 8

citiesRef.where('regions', 'in',
    [['west_coast', 'east_coast']]);
빠른
참고: 이 제품은 watchOS 및 App Clip 대상에서 사용할 수 없습니다.
citiesRef.whereField("regions", in: [["west_coast"], ["east_coast"]]);
오브젝티브-C
참고: 이 제품은 watchOS 및 App Clip 대상에서 사용할 수 없습니다.
[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"regions" in:@[@[@"west_coast"], @[@"east_coast"]]];

Java

citiesRef.whereIn("regions", Arrays.asList(new String[]{"west_coast"}, new String[]{"east_coast"}));

Kotlin+KTX

citiesRef.whereIn("regions", listOf(arrayOf("west_coast"), arrayOf("east_coast")))

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
final cities = citiesRef.where("regions", whereIn: [
  ["west_coast"],
  ["east_coast"]
]);
자바
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

Query query =
    citiesRef.whereIn(
        "regions", Arrays.asList(Arrays.asList("west_coast"), Arrays.asList("east_coast")));
파이썬
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

query = cities_ref.where(
    u'regions', u'in', [[u'west_coast'], [u'east_coast']]
)
return query

Python

cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

query = cities_ref.where("regions", "in", [["west_coast"], ["east_coast"]])
return query
C++
cities_ref.WhereIn("region", std::vector<FieldValue> {
  FieldValue::String("west_coast"),
  FieldValue::String("east_coast")
});
노드.js
const exactlyOneCoast = await citiesRef.where('regions', 'in',
    [['west_coast', 'east_coast']]).get();
가다
cities := client.Collection("cities")
query := cities.Where("regions", "in", [][]string{{"west_coast"}, {"east_coast"}}).Documents(ctx)
PHP
$rangeQuery = $citiesRef->where('regions', 'in', [['west_coast'], ['east_coast']]);
단일성
// Not yet supported in the Unity SDK
씨#
Query query = citiesRef.WhereIn("Regions",
    new[] { new[] { "west_coast" }, new[] { "east_coast" } });
루비
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
exactly_one_cost = cities_ref.where "regions", "in", [["west_coast"], ["east_coast"]]

이 쿼리는 regions 필드가 west_coast 또는 east_coast 중 하나의 요소를 정확히 포함하는 배열인 모든 도시 문서를 반환합니다. 예제 데이터에서 DC 문서만 ["east_coast"] regions 필드에 해당합니다. 그러나 SF 문서는 해당 regions 필드가 ["west_coast", "norcal"] 이므로 일치하지 않습니다.

제한 사항

in , not-inarray-contains-any 에 대한 다음 제한 사항에 유의하십시오.

  • in , not-inarray-contains-any 는 최대 10개의 비교 값을 지원합니다.
  • 쿼리당 최대 하나 array-contains 절을 사용할 수 있습니다. array-containsarray-contains-any 와 결합할 수 없습니다.
  • 쿼리당 최대 하나 in , not-in 또는 array-contains-any 절을 사용할 수 있습니다. 동일한 쿼리에서 이러한 연산자를 결합할 수 없습니다.
  • not-in 을 not equals != 와 결합할 수 없습니다.
  • 같음( == ) 또는 in 절에 포함된 필드를 기준으로 쿼리를 정렬할 수 없습니다.

복합 쿼리

여러 항등 연산자( == 또는 array-contains ) 메서드를 연결하여 보다 구체적인 쿼리(논리적 AND )를 만들 수 있습니다. 그러나 항등 연산자와 부등 연산자 < , <= , >!= 를 결합하려면 복합 인덱스 를 생성해야 합니다.

Web version 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";  

const q1 = query(citiesRef, where("state", "==", "CO"), where("name", "==", "Denver"));
const q2 = query(citiesRef, where("state", "==", "CA"), where("population", "<", 1000000));

Web version 8

const q1 = citiesRef.where("state", "==", "CO").where("name", "==", "Denver");
const q2 = citiesRef.where("state", "==", "CA").where("population", "<", 1000000);
빠른
참고: 이 제품은 watchOS 및 App Clip 대상에서 사용할 수 없습니다.
citiesRef
    .whereField("state", isEqualTo: "CO")
    .whereField("name", isEqualTo: "Denver")
citiesRef
    .whereField("state", isEqualTo: "CA")
    .whereField("population", isLessThan: 1000000)
오브젝티브-C
참고: 이 제품은 watchOS 및 App Clip 대상에서 사용할 수 없습니다.
[[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isEqualTo:@"CO"]
    queryWhereField:@"name" isGreaterThanOrEqualTo:@"Denver"];
[[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isEqualTo:@"CA"]
    queryWhereField:@"population" isLessThan:@1000000];

Java

citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CO").whereEqualTo("name", "Denver");
citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA").whereLessThan("population", 1000000);

Kotlin+KTX

citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CO").whereEqualTo("name", "Denver")
citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA").whereLessThan("population", 1000000)

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
citiesRef
    .where("state", isEqualTo: "CO")
    .where("name", isEqualTo: "Denver");
citiesRef
    .where("state", isEqualTo: "CA")
    .where("population", isLessThan: 1000000);
자바
Query chainedQuery1 = cities.whereEqualTo("state", "CO").whereEqualTo("name", "Denver");
파이썬
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

denver_query = cities_ref.where(
    u'state', u'==', u'CO').where(u'name', u'==', u'Denver')
large_us_cities_query = cities_ref.where(
    u'state', u'==', u'CA').where(u'population', u'>', 1000000)

Python

cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

denver_query = cities_ref.where("state", "==", "CO").where("name", "==", "Denver")
large_us_cities_query = cities_ref.where("state", "==", "CA").where(
    "population", ">", 1000000
)
C++
cities_ref.WhereEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("CO"))
    .WhereEqualTo("name", FieldValue::String("Denver"));
cities_ref.WhereEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("CA"))
    .WhereLessThan("population", FieldValue::Integer(1000000));
노드.js
citiesRef.where('state', '==', 'CO').where('name', '==', 'Denver');
citiesRef.where('state', '==', 'CA').where('population', '<', 1000000);
가다
denverQuery := cities.Where("name", "==", "Denver").Where("state", "==", "CO")
caliQuery := cities.Where("state", "==", "CA").Where("population", "<=", 1000000)
query := cities.Where("country", "==", "USA").Where("population", ">", 5000000)
PHP
$chainedQuery = $citiesRef
    ->where('state', '=', 'CA')
    ->where('name', '=', 'San Francisco');
단일성
Query chainedQuery = citiesRef
    .WhereEqualTo("State", "CA")
    .WhereEqualTo("Name", "San Francisco");
씨#
Query chainedQuery = citiesRef
    .WhereEqualTo("State", "CA")
    .WhereEqualTo("Name", "San Francisco");
루비
chained_query = cities_ref.where("state", "=", "CA").where("name", "=", "San Francisco")

범위( < , <= , > , >= ) 또는 같지 않음( != ) 비교는 단일 필드에서만 수행할 수 있으며 복합 쿼리에는 최대 하나 array-contains 또는 array-contains-any 절을 포함할 수 있습니다. :

유효 : 하나의 필드에만 범위 필터

Web version 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";  

const q1 = query(citiesRef, where("state", ">=", "CA"), where("state", "<=", "IN"));
const q2 = query(citiesRef, where("state", "==", "CA"), where("population", ">", 1000000));

Web version 8

const q1 = citiesRef.where("state", ">=", "CA").where("state", "<=", "IN");
const q2 = citiesRef.where("state", "==", "CA").where("population", ">", 1000000);
빠른
참고: 이 제품은 watchOS 및 App Clip 대상에서 사용할 수 없습니다.
citiesRef
    .whereField("state", isGreaterThanOrEqualTo: "CA")
    .whereField("state", isLessThanOrEqualTo: "IN")
citiesRef
    .whereField("state", isEqualTo: "CA")
    .whereField("population", isGreaterThan: 1000000)
오브젝티브-C
참고: 이 제품은 watchOS 및 App Clip 대상에서 사용할 수 없습니다.
[[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isGreaterThanOrEqualTo:@"CA"]
    queryWhereField:@"state" isLessThanOrEqualTo:@"IN"];
[[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isEqualTo:@"CA"]
    queryWhereField:@"population" isGreaterThan:@1000000];

Java

citiesRef.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", "CA")
        .whereLessThanOrEqualTo("state", "IN");
citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA")
        .whereGreaterThan("population", 1000000);

Kotlin+KTX

citiesRef.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", "CA")
        .whereLessThanOrEqualTo("state", "IN")
citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA")
        .whereGreaterThan("population", 1000000)

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
citiesRef
    .where("state", isGreaterThanOrEqualTo: "CA")
    .where("state", isLessThanOrEqualTo: "IN");
citiesRef
    .where("state", isEqualTo: "CA")
    .where("population", isGreaterThan: 1000000);
자바
Query validQuery1 =
    cities.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", "CA").whereLessThanOrEqualTo("state", "IN");
Query validQuery2 = cities.whereEqualTo("state", "CA").whereGreaterThan("population", 1000000);
파이썬
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')
cities_ref.where(u'state', u'>=', u'CA').where(u'state', u'<=', u'IN')

Python

cities_ref = db.collection("cities")
cities_ref.where("state", ">=", "CA").where("state", "<=", "IN")
C++
cities_ref.WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("CA"))
    .WhereLessThanOrEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("IN"));
cities_ref.WhereEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("CA"))
    .WhereGreaterThan("population", FieldValue::Integer(1000000));
노드.js
citiesRef.where('state', '>=', 'CA').where('state', '<=', 'IN');
citiesRef.where('state', '==', 'CA').where('population', '>', 1000000);
가다
stateQuery := cities.Where("state", ">=", "CA").Where("state", "<", "IN")
populationQuery := cities.Where("state", "==", "CA").Where("population", ">", 1000000)
PHP
$rangeQuery = $citiesRef
    ->where('state', '>=', 'CA')
    ->where('state', '<=', 'IN');
단일성
Query rangeQuery = citiesRef
    .WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("State", "CA")
    .WhereLessThanOrEqualTo("State", "IN");
씨#
Query rangeQuery = citiesRef
    .WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("State", "CA")
    .WhereLessThanOrEqualTo("State", "IN");
루비
range_query = cities_ref.where("state", ">=", "CA").where("state", "<=", "IN")

유효하지 않음 : 다른 필드의 범위 필터

Web version 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";  

const q = query(citiesRef, where("state", ">=", "CA"), where("population", ">", 100000));

Web version 8

citiesRef.where("state", ">=", "CA").where("population", ">", 100000);
빠른
참고: 이 제품은 watchOS 및 App Clip 대상에서 사용할 수 없습니다.
참고: 이 제품은 watchOS 및 App Clip 대상에서 사용할 수 없습니다.
citiesRef
    .whereField("state", isGreaterThanOrEqualTo: "CA")
    .whereField("population", isGreaterThan: 1000000)
오브젝티브-C
참고: 이 제품은 watchOS 및 App Clip 대상에서 사용할 수 없습니다.
[[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isGreaterThanOrEqualTo:@"CA"]
    queryWhereField:@"population" isGreaterThan:@1000000];

Java

citiesRef.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", "CA").whereGreaterThan("population", 100000);

Kotlin+KTX

citiesRef.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", "CA")
        .whereGreaterThan("population", 100000)

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
citiesRef
    .where("state", isGreaterThanOrEqualTo: "CA")
    .where("population", isGreaterThan: 1000000);
자바
Query invalidRangeQuery =
    cities.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", "CA").whereGreaterThan("population", 100000);
파이썬
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')
cities_ref.where(
    u'state', u'>=', u'CA').where(u'population', u'>=', 1000000)

Python

cities_ref = db.collection("cities")
cities_ref.where("state", ">=", "CA").where("population", ">=", 1000000)
C++
// BAD EXAMPLE -- will crash the program:
cities_ref.WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("CA"))
    .WhereGreaterThan("population", FieldValue::Integer(100000));
노드.js
citiesRef.where('state', '>=', 'CA').where('population', '>', 1000000);
가다
query := cities.Where("state", ">=", "CA").Where("population", ">", 1000000)
PHP
$invalidRangeQuery = $citiesRef
    ->where('state', '>=', 'CA')
    ->where('population', '>', 1000000);
단일성
Query invalidRangeQuery = citiesRef
    .WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("State", "CA")
    .WhereGreaterThan("Population", 1000000);
씨#
Query invalidRangeQuery = citiesRef
    .WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("State", "CA")
    .WhereGreaterThan("Population", 1000000);
루비
invalid_range_query = cities_ref.where("state", ">=", "CA").where("population", ">", 1_000_000)

컬렉션 그룹 쿼리

컬렉션 그룹은 동일한 ID를 가진 모든 컬렉션으로 구성됩니다. 기본적으로 쿼리는 데이터베이스의 단일 컬렉션에서 결과를 검색합니다. 컬렉션 그룹 쿼리를 사용하여 단일 컬렉션 대신 컬렉션 그룹에서 문서를 검색합니다.

예를 들어, 각 도시에 랜드마크 하위 컬렉션을 추가하여 랜드 landmarks 컬렉션 그룹을 만들 수 있습니다.

Web version 9

import { collection, addDoc } from "firebase/firestore";  

const citiesRef = collection(db, 'cities');

await Promise.all([
    addDoc(collection(citiesRef, 'SF', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'Golden Gate Bridge',
        type: 'bridge'
    }),
    addDoc(collection(citiesRef, 'SF', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'Legion of Honor',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    addDoc(collection(citiesRef, 'LA', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'Griffith Park',
        type: 'park'
    }),
    addDoc(collection(citiesRef, 'LA', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'The Getty',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    addDoc(collection(citiesRef, 'DC', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'Lincoln Memorial',
        type: 'memorial'
    }),
    addDoc(collection(citiesRef, 'DC', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'National Air and Space Museum',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    addDoc(collection(citiesRef, 'TOK', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'Ueno Park',
        type: 'park'
    }),
    addDoc(collection(citiesRef, 'TOK', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'National Museum of Nature and Science',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    addDoc(collection(citiesRef, 'BJ', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'Jingshan Park',
        type: 'park'
    }),
    addDoc(collection(citiesRef, 'BJ', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'Beijing Ancient Observatory',
        type: 'museum'
    })
]);

Web version 8

var citiesRef = db.collection('cities');

var landmarks = Promise.all([
    citiesRef.doc('SF').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'Golden Gate Bridge',
        type: 'bridge'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('SF').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'Legion of Honor',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('LA').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'Griffith Park',
        type: 'park'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('LA').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'The Getty',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('DC').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'Lincoln Memorial',
        type: 'memorial'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('DC').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'National Air and Space Museum',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('TOK').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'Ueno Park',
        type: 'park'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('TOK').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'National Museum of Nature and Science',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('BJ').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'Jingshan Park',
        type: 'park'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('BJ').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'Beijing Ancient Observatory',
        type: 'museum'
    })
]);
빠른
참고: 이 제품은 watchOS 및 App Clip 대상에서 사용할 수 없습니다.
let citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

var data = ["name": "Golden Gate Bridge", "type": "bridge"]
citiesRef.document("SF").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "Legion of Honor", "type": "museum"]
citiesRef.document("SF").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "Griffith Park", "type": "park"]
citiesRef.document("LA").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "The Getty", "type": "museum"]
citiesRef.document("LA").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "Lincoln Memorial", "type": "memorial"]
citiesRef.document("DC").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "National Air and Space Museum", "type": "museum"]
citiesRef.document("DC").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "Ueno Park", "type": "park"]
citiesRef.document("TOK").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "National Museum of Nature and Science", "type": "museum"]
citiesRef.document("TOK").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "Jingshan Park", "type": "park"]
citiesRef.document("BJ").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "Beijing Ancient Observatory", "type": "museum"]
citiesRef.document("BJ").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)
오브젝티브-C
참고: 이 제품은 watchOS 및 App Clip 대상에서 사용할 수 없습니다.
FIRCollectionReference *citiesRef = [self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"];

NSDictionary *data = @{@"name": @"Golden Gate Bridge", @"type": @"bridge"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"SF"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"Legion of Honor", @"type": @"museum"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"SF"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"Griffith Park", @"type": @"park"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"LA"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"The Getty", @"type": @"museum"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"LA"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"Lincoln Memorial", @"type": @"memorial"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"DC"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"National Air and Space Museum", @"type": @"museum"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"DC"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"Ueno Park", @"type": @"park"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"TOK"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"National Museum of Nature and Science", @"type": @"museum"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"TOK"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"Jingshan Park", @"type": @"park"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"BJ"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"Beijing Ancient Observatory", @"type": @"museum"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"BJ"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

Java

CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

Map<String, Object> ggbData = new HashMap<>();
ggbData.put("name", "Golden Gate Bridge");
ggbData.put("type", "bridge");
citiesRef.document("SF").collection("landmarks").add(ggbData);

Map<String, Object> lohData = new HashMap<>();
lohData.put("name", "Legion of Honor");
lohData.put("type", "museum");
citiesRef.document("SF").collection("landmarks").add(lohData);

Map<String, Object> gpData = new HashMap<>();
gpData.put("name", "Griffith Park");
gpData.put("type", "park");
citiesRef.document("LA").collection("landmarks").add(gpData);

Map<String, Object> tgData = new HashMap<>();
tgData.put("name", "The Getty");
tgData.put("type", "museum");
citiesRef.document("LA").collection("landmarks").add(tgData);

Map<String, Object> lmData = new HashMap<>();
lmData.put("name", "Lincoln Memorial");
lmData.put("type", "memorial");
citiesRef.document("DC").collection("landmarks").add(lmData);

Map<String, Object> nasaData = new HashMap<>();
nasaData.put("name", "National Air and Space Museum");
nasaData.put("type", "museum");
citiesRef.document("DC").collection("landmarks").add(nasaData);

Map<String, Object> upData = new HashMap<>();
upData.put("name", "Ueno Park");
upData.put("type", "park");
citiesRef.document("TOK").collection("landmarks").add(upData);

Map<String, Object> nmData = new HashMap<>();
nmData.put("name", "National Museum of Nature and Science");
nmData.put("type", "museum");
citiesRef.document("TOK").collection("landmarks").add(nmData);

Map<String, Object> jpData = new HashMap<>();
jpData.put("name", "Jingshan Park");
jpData.put("type", "park");
citiesRef.document("BJ").collection("landmarks").add(jpData);

Map<String, Object> baoData = new HashMap<>();
baoData.put("name", "Beijing Ancient Observatory");
baoData.put("type", "museum");
citiesRef.document("BJ").collection("landmarks").add(baoData);

Kotlin+KTX

val citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

val ggbData = mapOf(
        "name" to "Golden Gate Bridge",
        "type" to "bridge"
)
citiesRef.document("SF").collection("landmarks").add(ggbData)

val lohData = mapOf(
        "name" to "Legion of Honor",
        "type" to "museum"
)
citiesRef.document("SF").collection("landmarks").add(lohData)

val gpData = mapOf(
        "name" to "Griffth Park",
        "type" to "park"
)
citiesRef.document("LA").collection("landmarks").add(gpData)

val tgData = mapOf(
        "name" to "The Getty",
        "type" to "museum"
)
citiesRef.document("LA").collection("landmarks").add(tgData)

val lmData = mapOf(
        "name" to "Lincoln Memorial",
        "type" to "memorial"
)
citiesRef.document("DC").collection("landmarks").add(lmData)

val nasaData = mapOf(
        "name" to "National Air and Space Museum",
        "type" to "museum"
)
citiesRef.document("DC").collection("landmarks").add(nasaData)

val upData = mapOf(
        "name" to "Ueno Park",
        "type" to "park"
)
citiesRef.document("TOK").collection("landmarks").add(upData)

val nmData = mapOf(
        "name" to "National Musuem of Nature and Science",
        "type" to "museum"
)
citiesRef.document("TOK").collection("landmarks").add(nmData)

val jpData = mapOf(
        "name" to "Jingshan Park",
        "type" to "park"
)
citiesRef.document("BJ").collection("landmarks").add(jpData)

val baoData = mapOf(
        "name" to "Beijing Ancient Observatory",
        "type" to "musuem"
)
citiesRef.document("BJ").collection("landmarks").add(baoData)

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

final ggbData = {"name": "Golden Gate Bridge", "type": "bridge"};
citiesRef.doc("SF").collection("landmarks").add(ggbData);

final lohData = {"name": "Legion of Honor", "type": "museum"};
citiesRef.doc("SF").collection("landmarks").add(lohData);

final gpData = {"name": "Griffth Park", "type": "park"};
citiesRef.doc("LA").collection("landmarks").add(gpData);

final tgData = {"name": "The Getty", "type": "museum"};
citiesRef.doc("LA").collection("landmarks").add(tgData);

final lmData = {"name": "Lincoln Memorial", "type": "memorial"};
citiesRef.doc("DC").collection("landmarks").add(lmData);

final nasaData = {
  "name": "National Air and Space Museum",
  "type": "museum"
};
citiesRef.doc("DC").collection("landmarks").add(nasaData);

final upData = {"name": "Ueno Park", "type": "park"};
citiesRef.doc("TOK").collection("landmarks").add(upData);

final nmData = {
  "name": "National Musuem of Nature and Science",
  "type": "museum"
};
citiesRef.doc("TOK").collection("landmarks").add(nmData);

final jpData = {"name": "Jingshan Park", "type": "park"};
citiesRef.doc("BJ").collection("landmarks").add(jpData);

final baoData = {"name": "Beijing Ancient Observatory", "type": "musuem"};
citiesRef.doc("BJ").collection("landmarks").add(baoData);
자바
CollectionReference cities = db.collection("cities");

final List<ApiFuture<WriteResult>> futures =
    Arrays.asList(
        cities
            .document("SF")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "Golden Gate Bridge");
                    put("type", "bridge");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("SF")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "Legion of Honor");
                    put("type", "museum");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("LA")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "Griffith Park");
                    put("type", "park");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("LA")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "The Getty");
                    put("type", "museum");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("DC")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "Lincoln Memorial");
                    put("type", "memorial");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("DC")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "National Air and Space Museum");
                    put("type", "museum");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("TOK")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "Ueno Park");
                    put("type", "park");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("TOK")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "National Museum of Nature and Science");
                    put("type", "museum");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("BJ")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "Jingshan Park");
                    put("type", "park");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("BJ")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "Beijing Ancient Observatory");
                    put("type", "museum");
                  }
                }));
final List<WriteResult> landmarks = ApiFutures.allAsList(futures).get();
파이썬
cities = db.collection(u'cities')

sf_landmarks = cities.document(u'SF').collection(u'landmarks')
sf_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'Golden Gate Bridge',
    u'type': u'bridge'
})
sf_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'Legion of Honor',
    u'type': u'museum'
})
la_landmarks = cities.document(u'LA').collection(u'landmarks')
la_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'Griffith Park',
    u'type': u'park'
})
la_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'The Getty',
    u'type': u'museum'
})
dc_landmarks = cities.document(u'DC').collection(u'landmarks')
dc_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'Lincoln Memorial',
    u'type': u'memorial'
})
dc_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'National Air and Space Museum',
    u'type': u'museum'
})
tok_landmarks = cities.document(u'TOK').collection(u'landmarks')
tok_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'Ueno Park',
    u'type': u'park'
})
tok_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'National Museum of Nature and Science',
    u'type': u'museum'
})
bj_landmarks = cities.document(u'BJ').collection(u'landmarks')
bj_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'Jingshan Park',
    u'type': u'park'
})
bj_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'Beijing Ancient Observatory',
    u'type': u'museum'
})

Python

cities = db.collection("cities")

sf_landmarks = cities.document("SF").collection("landmarks")
await sf_landmarks.document().set({"name": "Golden Gate Bridge", "type": "bridge"})
await sf_landmarks.document().set({"name": "Legion of Honor", "type": "museum"})
la_landmarks = cities.document("LA").collection("landmarks")
await la_landmarks.document().set({"name": "Griffith Park", "type": "park"})
await la_landmarks.document().set({"name": "The Getty", "type": "museum"})
dc_landmarks = cities.document("DC").collection("landmarks")
await dc_landmarks.document().set({"name": "Lincoln Memorial", "type": "memorial"})
await dc_landmarks.document().set(
    {"name": "National Air and Space Museum", "type": "museum"}
)
tok_landmarks = cities.document("TOK").collection("landmarks")
await tok_landmarks.document().set({"name": "Ueno Park", "type": "park"})
await tok_landmarks.document().set(
    {"name": "National Museum of Nature and Science", "type": "museum"}
)
bj_landmarks = cities.document("BJ").collection("landmarks")
await bj_landmarks.document().set({"name": "Jingshan Park", "type": "park"})
await bj_landmarks.document().set(
    {"name": "Beijing Ancient Observatory", "type": "museum"}
)
C++
// This is not yet supported.
노드.js
const citiesRef = db.collection('cities');

await citiesRef.doc('SF').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'Golden Gate Bridge',
  type: 'bridge'
});
await citiesRef.doc('SF').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'Legion of Honor',
  type: 'museum'
});
await citiesRef.doc('LA').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'Griffith Park',
  type: 'park'
});
await citiesRef.doc('LA').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'The Getty',
  type: 'museum'
});
await citiesRef.doc('DC').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'Lincoln Memorial',
  type: 'memorial'
});
await citiesRef.doc('DC').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'National Air and Space Museum',
  type: 'museum'
});
await citiesRef.doc('TOK').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'Ueno Park',
  type: 'park'
});
await citiesRef.doc('TOK').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'National Museum of Nature and Science',
  type: 'museum'
});
await citiesRef.doc('BJ').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'Jingshan Park',
  type: 'park'
});
await citiesRef.doc('BJ').collection('landmarks').doc().set({ 
  name: 'Beijing Ancient Observatory',
  type: 'museum'
});
가다
import (
	"context"
	"fmt"

	"cloud.google.com/go/firestore"
)

// collectionGroupSetup sets up a collection group to query.
func collectionGroupSetup(projectID, cityCollection string) error {
	ctx := context.Background()

	client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, projectID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("firestore.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	landmarks := []struct {
		city, name, t string
	}{
		{"SF", "Golden Gate Bridge", "bridge"},
		{"SF", "Legion of Honor", "museum"},
		{"LA", "Griffith Park", "park"},
		{"LA", "The Getty", "museum"},
		{"DC", "Lincoln Memorial", "memorial"},
		{"DC", "National Air and Space Museum", "museum"},
		{"TOK", "Ueno Park", "park"},
		{"TOK", "National Museum of Nature and Science", "museum"},
		{"BJ", "Jingshan Park", "park"},
		{"BJ", "Beijing Ancient Observatory", "museum"},
	}

	cities := client.Collection(cityCollection)
	for _, l := range landmarks {
		if _, err := cities.Doc(l.city).Collection("landmarks").NewDoc().Set(ctx, map[string]string{
			"name": l.name,
			"type": l.t,
		}); err != nil {
			return fmt.Errorf("Set: %v", err)
		}
	}

	return nil
}
PHP
$citiesRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities');
$citiesRef->document('SF')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'Golden Gate Bridge',
    'type' => 'bridge'
]);
$citiesRef->document('SF')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'Legion of Honor',
    'type' => 'museum'
]);
$citiesRef->document('LA')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'Griffith Park',
    'type' => 'park'
]);
$citiesRef->document('LA')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'The Getty',
    'type' => 'museum'
]);
$citiesRef->document('DC')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'Lincoln Memorial',
    'type' => 'memorial'
]);
$citiesRef->document('DC')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'National Air and Space Museum',
    'type' => 'museum'
]);
$citiesRef->document('TOK')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'Ueno Park',
    'type' => 'park'
]);
$citiesRef->document('TOK')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'National Museum of Nature and Science',
    'type' => 'museum'
]);
$citiesRef->document('BJ')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'Jingshan Park',
    'type' => 'park'
]);
$citiesRef->document('BJ')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'Beijing Ancient Observatory',
    'type' => 'museum'
]);
print('Added example landmarks collections to the cities collection.' . PHP_EOL);
단일성
// Not yet supported in the Unity SDK
씨#
// Copyright(c) 2017 Google Inc.
//
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not
// use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of
// the License at
//
// http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
//
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
// distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
// WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the
// License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under
// the License.

using Google.Cloud.Firestore;
using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

namespace GoogleCloudSamples
{
    public class QueryData
    {
        public static string Usage = @"Usage:
C:\> dotnet run command YOUR_PROJECT_ID

Where command is one of
    query-create-examples
    create-query-state
    create-query-capital
    simple-queries
    array-contains-query
    array-contains-any-query
    in-query
    in-query-array
    collection-group-query
    chained-query
    composite-index-chained-query
    range-query
    invalid-range-query
";
        private static async Task QueryCreateExamples(string project)
        {
            FirestoreDb db = FirestoreDb.Create(project);
            CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
            await citiesRef.Document("SF").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
                { "Name", "San Francisco" },
                { "State", "CA" },
                { "Country", "USA" },
                { "Capital", false },
                { "Population", 860000 },
                { "Regions", new ArrayList{"west_coast", "norcal"} }
            });
            await citiesRef.Document("LA").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
                { "Name", "Los Angeles" },
                { "State", "CA" },
                { "Country", "USA" },
                { "Capital", false },
                { "Population", 3900000 },
                { "Regions", new ArrayList{"west_coast", "socal"} }
            });
            await citiesRef.Document("DC").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
                { "Name", "Washington D.C." },
                { "State", null },
                { "Country", "USA" },
                { "Capital", true },
                { "Population", 680000 },
                { "Regions", new ArrayList{"east_coast"} }
            });
            await citiesRef.Document("TOK").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
                { "Name", "Tokyo" },
                { "State", null },
                { "Country", "Japan" },
                { "Capital", true },
                { "Population", 9000000 },
                { "Regions", new ArrayList{"kanto", "honshu"} }
            });
            await citiesRef.Document("BJ").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
                { "Name", "Beijing" },
                { "State", null },
                { "Country", "China" },
                { "Capital", true },
                { "Population", 21500000 },
                { "Regions", new ArrayList{"jingjinji", "hebei"} }
            });
            Console.WriteLine("Added example cities data to the cities collection.");
        }

        private static async Task CreateQueryState(string project)
        {
            FirestoreDb db = FirestoreDb.Create(project);
            CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
            Query query = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("State", "CA");
            QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await query.GetSnapshotAsync();
            foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshot.Documents)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query State=CA", documentSnapshot.Id);
            }
        }

        private static async Task CreateQueryCapital(string project)
        {
            FirestoreDb db = FirestoreDb.Create(project);
            CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
            Query query = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("Capital", true);
            QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await query.GetSnapshotAsync();
            foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshot.Documents)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query Capital=true", documentSnapshot.Id);
            }
        }

        private static async Task SimpleQueries(string project)
        {
            FirestoreDb db = FirestoreDb.Create(project);
            CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
            Query stateQuery = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("State", "CA");
            Query populationQuery = citiesRef.WhereGreaterThan("Population", 1000000);
            Query nameQuery = citiesRef.WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("Name", "San Francisco");
            QuerySnapshot stateQuerySnapshot = await stateQuery.GetSnapshotAsync();
            foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in stateQuerySnapshot.Documents)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query State=CA", documentSnapshot.Id);
            }
            QuerySnapshot populationQuerySnapshot = await populationQuery.GetSnapshotAsync();
            foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in populationQuerySnapshot.Documents)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query Population>1000000", documentSnapshot.Id);
            }
            QuerySnapshot nameQuerySnapshot = await nameQuery.GetSnapshotAsync();
            foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in nameQuerySnapshot.Documents)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query Name>=San Francisco", documentSnapshot.Id);
            }
        }

        private static async Task ArrayContainsQuery(string project)
        {
            FirestoreDb db = FirestoreDb.Create(project);
            CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
            Query query = citiesRef.WhereArrayContains("Regions", "west_coast");
            QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await query.GetSnapshotAsync();
            foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshot.Documents)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query 'Regions array_contains west_coast'", documentSnapshot.Id);
            }
        }

        private static async Task ArrayContainsAnyQuery(string project)
        {
            FirestoreDb db = FirestoreDb.Create(project);
            CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
            Query query = citiesRef.WhereArrayContainsAny("Regions", new[] { "west_coast", "east_coast" });
            QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await query.GetSnapshotAsync();
            foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshot.Documents)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query 'Regions array_contains_any {{west_coast, east_coast}}'", documentSnapshot.Id);
            }
        }

        private static async Task InQueryWithoutArray(string project)
        {
            FirestoreDb db = FirestoreDb.Create(project);
            CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
            Query query = citiesRef.WhereIn("Country", new[] { "USA", "Japan" });
            QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await query.GetSnapshotAsync();
            foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshot.Documents)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query 'Country in {{USA, Japan}}'", documentSnapshot.Id);
            }
        }

        private static async Task InQueryWithArray(string project)
        {
            FirestoreDb db = FirestoreDb.Create(project);
            CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
            Query query = citiesRef.WhereIn("Regions",
                new[] { new[] { "west_coast" }, new[] { "east_coast" } });
            QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await query.GetSnapshotAsync();
            foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshot.Documents)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query 'Regions in {{west_coast}}, {{east_coast}}'", documentSnapshot.Id);
            }
        }

        private static async Task CollectionGroupQuery(string project)
        {
            FirestoreDb db = FirestoreDb.Create(project);
            CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
            await citiesRef.Document("SF").Collection("landmarks").Document()
                .CreateAsync(new { Name = "Golden Gate Bridge", Type = "bridge" });
            await citiesRef.Document("SF").Collection("landmarks").Document()
                .CreateAsync(new { Name = "Legion of Honor", Type = "museum" });
            await citiesRef.Document("LA").Collection("landmarks").Document()
                .CreateAsync(new { Name = "Griffith Park", Type = "park" });
            await citiesRef.Document("DC").Collection("landmarks").Document()
                .CreateAsync(new { Name = "Lincoln Memorial", Type = "memorial" });
            await citiesRef.Document("DC").Collection("landmarks").Document()
                .CreateAsync(new { Name = "National Air And Space Museum", Type = "museum" });
            await citiesRef.Document("TOK").Collection("landmarks").Document()
                .CreateAsync(new { Name = "Ueno Park", Type = "park" });
            await citiesRef.Document("TOK").Collection("landmarks").Document()
                .CreateAsync(new { Name = "National Museum of Nature and Science", Type = "museum" });
            await citiesRef.Document("BJ").Collection("landmarks").Document()
                .CreateAsync(new { Name = "Jingshan Park", Type = "park" });
            await citiesRef.Document("BJ").Collection("landmarks").Document()
                .CreateAsync(new { Name = "Beijing Ancient Observatory", Type = "museum" });

            Query museums = db.CollectionGroup("landmarks").WhereEqualTo("Type", "museum");
            QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await museums.GetSnapshotAsync();
            foreach (DocumentSnapshot document in querySnapshot.Documents)
            {
                Console.WriteLine($"{document.Reference.Path}: {document.GetValue<string>("Name")}");
            }
        }

        private static async Task ChainedQuery(string project)
        {
            FirestoreDb db = FirestoreDb.Create(project);
            CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
            Query chainedQuery = citiesRef
                .WhereEqualTo("State", "CA")
                .WhereEqualTo("Name", "San Francisco");
            QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await chainedQuery.GetSnapshotAsync();
            foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshot.Documents)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query State=CA and Name=San Francisco", documentSnapshot.Id);
            }
        }

        private static async Task CompositeIndexChainedQuery(string project)
        {
            FirestoreDb db = FirestoreDb.Create(project);
            CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
            Query chainedQuery = citiesRef
                .WhereEqualTo("State", "CA")
                .WhereLessThan("Population", 1000000);
            QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await chainedQuery.GetSnapshotAsync();
            foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshot.Documents)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query State=CA and Population<1000000", documentSnapshot.Id);
            }
        }

        private static async Task RangeQuery(string project)
        {
            FirestoreDb db = FirestoreDb.Create(project);
            CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
            Query rangeQuery = citiesRef
                .WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("State", "CA")
                .WhereLessThanOrEqualTo("State", "IN");
            QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await rangeQuery.GetSnapshotAsync();
            foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshot.Documents)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query CA<=State<=IN", documentSnapshot.Id);
            }
        }

        private static void InvalidRangeQuery(string project)
        {
            FirestoreDb db = FirestoreDb.Create(project);
            CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
            Query invalidRangeQuery = citiesRef
                .WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("State", "CA")
                .WhereGreaterThan("Population", 1000000);
        }

        public static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            if (args.Length < 2)
            {
                Console.Write(Usage);
                return;
            }
            string command = args[0].ToLower();
            string project = string.Join(" ",
                new ArraySegment<string>(args, 1, args.Length - 1));
            switch (command)
            {
                case "query-create-examples":
                    QueryCreateExamples(project).Wait();
                    break;

                case "create-query-state":
                    CreateQueryState(project).Wait();
                    break;

                case "create-query-capital":
                    CreateQueryCapital(project).Wait();
                    break;

                case "simple-queries":
                    SimpleQueries(project).Wait();
                    break;

                case "array-contains-query":
                    ArrayContainsQuery(project).Wait();
                    break;

                case "array-contains-any-query":
                    ArrayContainsAnyQuery(project).Wait();
                    break;

                case "in-query":
                    InQueryWithoutArray(project).Wait();
                    break;

                case "in-query-array":
                    InQueryWithArray(project).Wait();
                    break;

                case "collection-group-query":
                    CollectionGroupQuery(project).Wait();
                    break;

                case "chained-query":
                    ChainedQuery(project).Wait();
                    break;

                case "composite-index-chained-query":
                    CompositeIndexChainedQuery(project).Wait();
                    break;

                case "range-query":
                    RangeQuery(project).Wait();
                    break;

                case "invalid-range-query":
                    InvalidRangeQuery(project);
                    break;

                default:
                    Console.Write(Usage);
                    return;
            }
        }
    }
}
루비
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path

sf_landmarks = cities_ref.document("SF").collection("landmarks")
sf_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "Golden Gate Bridge",
    type: "bridge"
  }
)
sf_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "Legion of Honor",
    type: "museum"
  }
)

la_landmarks = cities_ref.document("LA").collection("landmarks")
la_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "Griffith Park",
    type: "park"
  }
)
la_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "The Getty",
    type: "museum"
  }
)

dc_landmarks = cities_ref.document("DC").collection("landmarks")
dc_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "Lincoln Memorial",
    type: "memorial"
  }
)
dc_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "National Air and Space Museum",
    type: "museum"
  }
)

tok_landmarks = cities_ref.document("TOK").collection("landmarks")
tok_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "Ueno Park",
    type: "park"
  }
)
tok_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "National Museum of Nature and Science",
    type: "museum"
  }
)

bj_landmarks = cities_ref.document("BJ").collection("landmarks")
bj_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "Jingshan Park",
    type: "park"
  }
)
bj_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "Beijing Ancient Observatory",
    type: "museum"
  }
)

앞에서 설명한 단순 및 복합 쿼리를 사용하여 단일 도시의 landmarks 하위 컬렉션을 쿼리할 수 있지만 모든 도시의 landmarks 하위 컬렉션에서 한 번에 결과를 검색할 수도 있습니다.

landmarks 컬렉션 그룹은 ID가 landmarks 인 모든 컬렉션으로 구성되며 컬렉션 그룹 쿼리를 사용하여 쿼리할 수 있습니다. 예를 들어 다음 컬렉션 그룹 쿼리는 모든 도시의 모든 museum 랜드마크를 검색합니다.

Web version 9

import { collectionGroup, query, where, getDocs } from "firebase/firestore";  

const museums = query(collectionGroup(db, 'landmarks'), where('type', '==', 'museum'));
const querySnapshot = await getDocs(museums);
querySnapshot.forEach((doc) => {
    console.log(doc.id, ' => ', doc.data());
});

Web version 8

var museums = db.collectionGroup('landmarks').where('type', '==', 'museum');
museums.get().then((querySnapshot) => {
    querySnapshot.forEach((doc) => {
        console.log(doc.id, ' => ', doc.data());
    });
});
빠른
참고: 이 제품은 watchOS 및 App Clip 대상에서 사용할 수 없습니다.
db.collectionGroup("landmarks").whereField("type", isEqualTo: "museum").getDocuments { (snapshot, error) in
    // ...
}
오브젝티브-C
참고: 이 제품은 watchOS 및 App Clip 대상에서 사용할 수 없습니다.
[[[self.db collectionGroupWithID:@"landmarks"] queryWhereField:@"type" isEqualTo:@"museum"]
    getDocumentsWithCompletion:^(FIRQuerySnapshot *snapshot, NSError *error) {
    // ...
}];

Java

db.collectionGroup("landmarks").whereEqualTo("type", "museum").get()
        .addOnSuccessListener(new OnSuccessListener<QuerySnapshot>() {
            @Override
            public void onSuccess(QuerySnapshot queryDocumentSnapshots) {
                // ...
            }
        });

Kotlin+KTX

db.collectionGroup("landmarks").whereEqualTo("type", "museum").get()
        .addOnSuccessListener { queryDocumentSnapshots ->
            // ...
        }

Dart

db
    .collectionGroup("landmarks")
    .where("type", isEqualTo: "museum")
    .get()
    .then(
      (res) => print("Successfully completed"),
      onError: (e) => print("Error completing: $e"),
    );
자바
final Query museums = db.collectionGroup("landmarks").whereEqualTo("type", "museum");
final ApiFuture<QuerySnapshot> querySnapshot = museums.get();
for (DocumentSnapshot document : querySnapshot.get().getDocuments()) {
  System.out.println(document.getId());
}
파이썬
museums = db.collection_group(u'landmarks')\
    .where(u'type', u'==', u'museum')
docs = museums.stream()
for doc in docs:
    print(f'{doc.id} => {doc.to_dict()}')

Python

museums = db.collection_group("landmarks").where("type", "==", "museum")
docs = museums.stream()
async for doc in docs:
    print(f"{doc.id} => {doc.to_dict()}")
C++
// This is not yet supported.
노드.js
const querySnapshot = await db.collectionGroup('landmarks').where('type', '==', 'museum').get();
querySnapshot.forEach((doc) => {
  console.log(doc.id, ' => ', doc.data());
});
가다
import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	"cloud.google.com/go/firestore"
	"google.golang.org/api/iterator"
)

// collectionGroupQuery runs a collection group query over the data created by
// collectionGroupSetup.
func collectionGroupQuery(w io.Writer, projectID string) error {
	ctx := context.Background()

	client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, projectID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("firestore.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	it := client.CollectionGroup("landmarks").Where("type", "==", "museum").Documents(ctx)
	for {
		doc, err := it.Next()
		if err == iterator.Done {
			break
		}
		if err != nil {
			return fmt.Errorf("documents iterator: %v", err)
		}
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "%s: %s", doc.Ref.ID, doc.Data()["name"])
	}

	return nil
}
PHP
$museums = $db->collectionGroup('landmarks')->where('type', '==', 'museum');
foreach ($museums->documents() as $document) {
    printf('%s => %s' . PHP_EOL, $document->id(), $document->data()['name']);
}
단일성
// Not yet supported in the Unity SDK
씨#
Query museums = db.CollectionGroup("landmarks").WhereEqualTo("Type", "museum");
QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await museums.GetSnapshotAsync();
foreach (DocumentSnapshot document in querySnapshot.Documents)
{
    Console.WriteLine($"{document.Reference.Path}: {document.GetValue<string>("Name")}");
}
루비
museums = firestore.collection_group("landmarks").where("type", "==", "museum")
museums.get do |museum|
  puts "#{museum[:type]} name is #{museum[:name]}."
end

컬렉션 그룹 쿼리를 사용하기 전에 컬렉션 그룹 쿼리를 지원하는 인덱스를 만들어야 합니다. 오류 메시지, 콘솔 또는 Firebase CLI를 통해 색인을 만들 수 있습니다 .

웹 및 모바일 SDK의 경우 컬렉션 그룹 쿼리를 허용하는 규칙도 생성 해야 합니다.

쿼리 제한

다음 목록에는 Cloud Firestore 쿼리 제한 사항이 요약되어 있습니다.

  • Cloud Firestore는 논리적 OR 쿼리에 대한 제한된 지원을 제공합니다. inarray-contains-any 연산자는 단일 필드에서 최대 10개 등호( == ) 또는 array-contains 조건의 논리적 OR 을 지원합니다. 다른 경우에는 각 OR 조건에 대해 별도의 쿼리를 만들고 앱에서 쿼리 결과를 병합합니다.
  • 복합 쿼리에서 범위( < , <= , > , >= ) 및 같지 않음( != , not-in ) 비교는 모두 동일한 필드에서 필터링되어야 합니다.
  • 쿼리당 최대 하나 array-contains 절을 사용할 수 있습니다. array-containsarray-contains-any 와 결합할 수 없습니다.
  • 쿼리당 최대 하나 in , not-in 또는 array-contains-any 절을 사용할 수 있습니다. 동일한 쿼리에서 in , not-inarray-contains-any 를 결합할 수 없습니다.
  • 같음( == ) 또는 in 절에 포함된 필드를 기준으로 쿼리를 정렬할 수 없습니다.
  • 쿼리의 필터, 정렬 순서 및 상위 문서 경로(하위 컬렉션의 경우 1, 루트 컬렉션의 경우 0)의 합계는 100을 초과할 수 없습니다.

다음은?