Cloud Storage for Firebase lets you upload and share user generated content, such as images and video, which allows you to build rich media content into your apps. Your data is stored in a Google Cloud Storage bucket — an exabyte scale object storage solution with high availability and global redundancy. Cloud Storage for Firebase lets you securely upload these files directly from mobile devices and web browsers, handling spotty networks with ease.
Install and initialize the Firebase SDKs for Flutter if you haven't already done so.
Create a default Cloud Storage bucket
From the navigation pane of the Firebase console, select Storage, then click Get started.
Review the messaging about securing your Cloud Storage data using security rules. During development, consider setting up your rules for public access.
Select a location for your default Cloud Storage bucket.
This location setting is your project's default Google Cloud Platform (GCP) resource location. Note that this location will be used for GCP services in your project that require a location setting, specifically, your Cloud Firestore database and your App Engine app (which is required if you use Cloud Scheduler).
If you aren't able to select a location, then your project already has a default GCP resource location. It was set either during project creation or when setting up another service that requires a location setting.
If you're on the Blaze plan, you can create multiple buckets, each with its own location.
Set up public access
Cloud Storage for Firebase provides a declarative rules language that allows you to define how your data should be structured, how it should be indexed, and when your data can be read from and written to. By default, read and write access to Cloud Storage is restricted so only authenticated users can read or write data. To get started without setting up Firebase Authentication, you can configure your rules for public access.
This does make Cloud Storage open to anyone, even people not using your app, so be sure to restrict your Cloud Storage again when you set up authentication.
Add the Cloud Storage SDK to your app
From the root of your Flutter project, run the following command to install the plugin:
flutter pub add firebase_storage
Once complete, rebuild your Flutter application:
Import the plugin in your Dart code:
Set up Cloud Storage
The first step in accessing your Cloud Storage bucket is to create an
final storage = FirebaseStorage.instance;
You're ready to start using Cloud Storage!
First, let's learn how to create a Cloud Storage reference.
There are a few use cases that require additional setup:
- Using Cloud Storage buckets in multiple geographic regions
- Using Cloud Storage buckets in different storage classes
- Using Cloud Storage buckets with multiple authenticated users in the same app
The first use case is perfect if you have users across the world, and want to store their data near them. For instance, you can create buckets in the US, Europe, and Asia to store data for users in those regions to reduce latency.
The second use case is helpful if you have data with different access patterns. For instance: you can set up a multi-regional or regional bucket that stores pictures or other frequently accessed content, and a nearline or coldline bucket that stores user backups or other infrequently accessed content.
In either of these use cases, you'll want to use multiple Cloud Storage buckets.
The third use case is useful if you're building an app, like Google Drive, which lets users have multiple logged in accounts (for instance, a personal account and a work account). You can use a custom Firebase App instance to authenticate each additional account.
Use multiple Cloud Storage buckets
If you want to use a Cloud Storage bucket other than the default provided above,
or use multiple Cloud Storage buckets in a single app, you can create an instance
FirebaseStorage that references your custom bucket:
// Get a non-default Storage bucket final storage = FirebaseStorage.instanceFor(bucket: "gs://my-custom-bucket");
Working with imported buckets
When importing an existing Cloud Storage bucket into Firebase, you'll
have to grant Firebase the ability to access these files using the
gsutil tool, included in the
Google Cloud SDK:
gsutil -m acl ch -r -u service-PROJECT_NUMBER@gcp-sa-firebasestorage.iam.gserviceaccount.com gs://YOUR-CLOUD-STORAGE-BUCKET
You can find your project number as described in the introduction to Firebase projects.
This does not affect newly created buckets, as those have the default access control set to allow Firebase. This is a temporary measure, and will be performed automatically in the future.
Use a custom Firebase App
If you're building a more complicated app using a custom
FirebaseApp, you can
create an instance of
FirebaseStorage initialized with that app:
// Use a non-default App final storage = FirebaseStorage.instanceFor(app: customApp);
- Prepare to launch your app:
- Enable App Check to help ensure that only your apps can access your storage buckets.
- Set up budget alerts for your project in the Google Cloud Console.
- Monitor the Usage and billing dashboard in the Firebase console to get an overall picture of your project's usage across multiple Firebase services. You can also visit the Cloud Storage Usage dashboard for more detailed usage information.
- Review the Firebase launch checklist.