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Effectuer des requêtes simples et composées dans Cloud Firestore

Cloud Firestore fournit une puissante fonctionnalité de requête pour spécifier les documents que vous souhaitez récupérer à partir d'une collection ou d'un groupe de collections. Ces requêtes peuvent également être utilisés avec get() ou addSnapshotListener() , tel que décrit dans Données et Get en temps réel les mises à jour .

Exemple de données

Pour commencer, écrivez quelques données sur les villes afin que nous puissions examiner différentes manières de les relire :

Web version 9

import { collection, doc, setDoc } from "firebase/firestore"; 

const citiesRef = collection(db, "cities");

await setDoc(doc(citiesRef, "SF"), {
    name: "San Francisco", state: "CA", country: "USA",
    capital: false, population: 860000,
    regions: ["west_coast", "norcal"] });
await setDoc(doc(citiesRef, "LA"), {
    name: "Los Angeles", state: "CA", country: "USA",
    capital: false, population: 3900000,
    regions: ["west_coast", "socal"] });
await setDoc(doc(citiesRef, "DC"), {
    name: "Washington, D.C.", state: null, country: "USA",
    capital: true, population: 680000,
    regions: ["east_coast"] });
await setDoc(doc(citiesRef, "TOK"), {
    name: "Tokyo", state: null, country: "Japan",
    capital: true, population: 9000000,
    regions: ["kanto", "honshu"] });
await setDoc(doc(citiesRef, "BJ"), {
    name: "Beijing", state: null, country: "China",
    capital: true, population: 21500000,
    regions: ["jingjinji", "hebei"] });

Web version 8

var citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

citiesRef.doc("SF").set({
    name: "San Francisco", state: "CA", country: "USA",
    capital: false, population: 860000,
    regions: ["west_coast", "norcal"] });
citiesRef.doc("LA").set({
    name: "Los Angeles", state: "CA", country: "USA",
    capital: false, population: 3900000,
    regions: ["west_coast", "socal"] });
citiesRef.doc("DC").set({
    name: "Washington, D.C.", state: null, country: "USA",
    capital: true, population: 680000,
    regions: ["east_coast"] });
citiesRef.doc("TOK").set({
    name: "Tokyo", state: null, country: "Japan",
    capital: true, population: 9000000,
    regions: ["kanto", "honshu"] });
citiesRef.doc("BJ").set({
    name: "Beijing", state: null, country: "China",
    capital: true, population: 21500000,
    regions: ["jingjinji", "hebei"] });
Rapide
let citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

citiesRef.document("SF").setData([
    "name": "San Francisco",
    "state": "CA",
    "country": "USA",
    "capital": false,
    "population": 860000,
    "regions": ["west_coast", "norcal"]
    ])
citiesRef.document("LA").setData([
    "name": "Los Angeles",
    "state": "CA",
    "country": "USA",
    "capital": false,
    "population": 3900000,
    "regions": ["west_coast", "socal"]
    ])
citiesRef.document("DC").setData([
    "name": "Washington D.C.",
    "country": "USA",
    "capital": true,
    "population": 680000,
    "regions": ["east_coast"]
    ])
citiesRef.document("TOK").setData([
    "name": "Tokyo",
    "country": "Japan",
    "capital": true,
    "population": 9000000,
    "regions": ["kanto", "honshu"]
    ])
citiesRef.document("BJ").setData([
    "name": "Beijing",
    "country": "China",
    "capital": true,
    "population": 21500000,
    "regions": ["jingjinji", "hebei"]
    ])
Objectif c
FIRCollectionReference *citiesRef = [self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"];
[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"SF"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"San Francisco",
  @"state": @"CA",
  @"country": @"USA",
  @"capital": @(NO),
  @"population": @860000,
  @"regions": @[@"west_coast", @"norcal"]
}];
[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"LA"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"Los Angeles",
  @"state": @"CA",
  @"country": @"USA",
  @"capital": @(NO),
  @"population": @3900000,
  @"regions": @[@"west_coast", @"socal"]
}];
[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"DC"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"Washington D.C.",
  @"country": @"USA",
  @"capital": @(YES),
  @"population": @680000,
  @"regions": @[@"east_coast"]
}];
[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"TOK"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"Tokyo",
  @"country": @"Japan",
  @"capital": @(YES),
  @"population": @9000000,
  @"regions": @[@"kanto", @"honshu"]
}];
[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"BJ"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"Beijing",
  @"country": @"China",
  @"capital": @(YES),
  @"population": @21500000,
  @"regions": @[@"jingjinji", @"hebei"]
}];

Java

CollectionReference cities = db.collection("cities");

Map<String, Object> data1 = new HashMap<>();
data1.put("name", "San Francisco");
data1.put("state", "CA");
data1.put("country", "USA");
data1.put("capital", false);
data1.put("population", 860000);
data1.put("regions", Arrays.asList("west_coast", "norcal"));
cities.document("SF").set(data1);

Map<String, Object> data2 = new HashMap<>();
data2.put("name", "Los Angeles");
data2.put("state", "CA");
data2.put("country", "USA");
data2.put("capital", false);
data2.put("population", 3900000);
data2.put("regions", Arrays.asList("west_coast", "socal"));
cities.document("LA").set(data2);

Map<String, Object> data3 = new HashMap<>();
data3.put("name", "Washington D.C.");
data3.put("state", null);
data3.put("country", "USA");
data3.put("capital", true);
data3.put("population", 680000);
data3.put("regions", Arrays.asList("east_coast"));
cities.document("DC").set(data3);

Map<String, Object> data4 = new HashMap<>();
data4.put("name", "Tokyo");
data4.put("state", null);
data4.put("country", "Japan");
data4.put("capital", true);
data4.put("population", 9000000);
data4.put("regions", Arrays.asList("kanto", "honshu"));
cities.document("TOK").set(data4);

Map<String, Object> data5 = new HashMap<>();
data5.put("name", "Beijing");
data5.put("state", null);
data5.put("country", "China");
data5.put("capital", true);
data5.put("population", 21500000);
data5.put("regions", Arrays.asList("jingjinji", "hebei"));
cities.document("BJ").set(data5);

Kotlin+KTX

val cities = db.collection("cities")

val data1 = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "San Francisco",
        "state" to "CA",
        "country" to "USA",
        "capital" to false,
        "population" to 860000,
        "regions" to listOf("west_coast", "norcal")
)
cities.document("SF").set(data1)

val data2 = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "Los Angeles",
        "state" to "CA",
        "country" to "USA",
        "capital" to false,
        "population" to 3900000,
        "regions" to listOf("west_coast", "socal")
)
cities.document("LA").set(data2)

val data3 = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "Washington D.C.",
        "state" to null,
        "country" to "USA",
        "capital" to true,
        "population" to 680000,
        "regions" to listOf("east_coast")
)
cities.document("DC").set(data3)

val data4 = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "Tokyo",
        "state" to null,
        "country" to "Japan",
        "capital" to true,
        "population" to 9000000,
        "regions" to listOf("kanto", "honshu")
)
cities.document("TOK").set(data4)

val data5 = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "Beijing",
        "state" to null,
        "country" to "China",
        "capital" to true,
        "population" to 21500000,
        "regions" to listOf("jingjinji", "hebei")
)
cities.document("BJ").set(data5)
Java
CollectionReference cities = db.collection("cities");
List<ApiFuture<WriteResult>> futures = new ArrayList<>();
futures.add(
    cities
        .document("SF")
        .set(
            new City(
                "San Francisco",
                "CA",
                "USA",
                false,
                860000L,
                Arrays.asList("west_coast", "norcal"))));
futures.add(
    cities
        .document("LA")
        .set(
            new City(
                "Los Angeles",
                "CA",
                "USA",
                false,
                3900000L,
                Arrays.asList("west_coast", "socal"))));
futures.add(
    cities
        .document("DC")
        .set(
            new City(
                "Washington D.C.", null, "USA", true, 680000L, Arrays.asList("east_coast"))));
futures.add(
    cities
        .document("TOK")
        .set(
            new City(
                "Tokyo", null, "Japan", true, 9000000L, Arrays.asList("kanto", "honshu"))));
futures.add(
    cities
        .document("BJ")
        .set(
            new City(
                "Beijing",
                null,
                "China",
                true,
                21500000L,
                Arrays.asList("jingjinji", "hebei"))));
// (optional) block on documents successfully added
ApiFutures.allAsList(futures).get();
Python
class City(object):
    def __init__(self, name, state, country, capital=False, population=0,
                 regions=[]):
        self.name = name
        self.state = state
        self.country = country
        self.capital = capital
        self.population = population
        self.regions = regions

    @staticmethod
    def from_dict(source):
        # ...

    def to_dict(self):
        # ...

    def __repr__(self):
        return(
            f'City(\
                name={self.name}, \
                country={self.country}, \
                population={self.population}, \
                capital={self.capital}, \
                regions={self.regions}\
            )'
        )
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')
cities_ref.document(u'BJ').set(
    City(u'Beijing', None, u'China', True, 21500000, [u'hebei']).to_dict())
cities_ref.document(u'SF').set(
    City(u'San Francisco', u'CA', u'USA', False, 860000,
         [u'west_coast', u'norcal']).to_dict())
cities_ref.document(u'LA').set(
    City(u'Los Angeles', u'CA', u'USA', False, 3900000,
         [u'west_coast', u'socal']).to_dict())
cities_ref.document(u'DC').set(
    City(u'Washington D.C.', None, u'USA', True, 680000,
         [u'east_coast']).to_dict())
cities_ref.document(u'TOK').set(
    City(u'Tokyo', None, u'Japan', True, 9000000,
         [u'kanto', u'honshu']).to_dict())

Python

class City(object):
    def __init__(self, name, state, country, capital=False, population=0, regions=[]):
        self.name = name
        self.state = state
        self.country = country
        self.capital = capital
        self.population = population
        self.regions = regions

    @staticmethod
    def from_dict(source):
        # ...

    def to_dict(self):
        # ...

    def __repr__(self):
        return f"City(\
                name={self.name}, \
                country={self.country}, \
                population={self.population}, \
                capital={self.capital}, \
                regions={self.regions}\
            )"
cities_ref = db.collection("cities")
await cities_ref.document("BJ").set(
    City("Beijing", None, "China", True, 21500000, ["hebei"]).to_dict()
)
await cities_ref.document("SF").set(
    City(
        "San Francisco", "CA", "USA", False, 860000, ["west_coast", "norcal"]
    ).to_dict()
)
await cities_ref.document("LA").set(
    City(
        "Los Angeles", "CA", "USA", False, 3900000, ["west_coast", "socal"]
    ).to_dict()
)
await cities_ref.document("DC").set(
    City("Washington D.C.", None, "USA", True, 680000, ["east_coast"]).to_dict()
)
await cities_ref.document("TOK").set(
    City("Tokyo", None, "Japan", True, 9000000, ["kanto", "honshu"]).to_dict()
)
C++
CollectionReference cities = db->Collection("cities");

cities.Document("SF").Set({
    {"name", FieldValue::String("San Francisco")},
    {"state", FieldValue::String("CA")},
    {"country", FieldValue::String("USA")},
    {"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(false)},
    {"population", FieldValue::Integer(860000)},
    {"regions", FieldValue::Array({FieldValue::String("west_coast"),
                                   FieldValue::String("norcal")})},
});

cities.Document("LA").Set({
    {"name", FieldValue::String("Los Angeles")},
    {"state", FieldValue::String("CA")},
    {"country", FieldValue::String("USA")},
    {"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(false)},
    {"population", FieldValue::Integer(3900000)},
    {"regions", FieldValue::Array({FieldValue::String("west_coast"),
                                   FieldValue::String("socal")})},
});

cities.Document("DC").Set({
    {"name", FieldValue::String("Washington D.C.")},
    {"state", FieldValue::Null()},
    {"country", FieldValue::String("USA")},
    {"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(true)},
    {"population", FieldValue::Integer(680000)},
    {"regions",
     FieldValue::Array({FieldValue::String("east_coast")})},
});

cities.Document("TOK").Set({
    {"name", FieldValue::String("Tokyo")},
    {"state", FieldValue::Null()},
    {"country", FieldValue::String("Japan")},
    {"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(true)},
    {"population", FieldValue::Integer(9000000)},
    {"regions", FieldValue::Array({FieldValue::String("kanto"),
                                   FieldValue::String("honshu")})},
});

cities.Document("BJ").Set({
    {"name", FieldValue::String("Beijing")},
    {"state", FieldValue::Null()},
    {"country", FieldValue::String("China")},
    {"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(true)},
    {"population", FieldValue::Integer(21500000)},
    {"regions", FieldValue::Array({FieldValue::String("jingjinji"),
                                   FieldValue::String("hebei")})},
});
Node.js
const citiesRef = db.collection('cities');

await citiesRef.doc('SF').set({
  name: 'San Francisco', state: 'CA', country: 'USA',
  capital: false, population: 860000,
  regions: ['west_coast', 'norcal']
});
await citiesRef.doc('LA').set({
  name: 'Los Angeles', state: 'CA', country: 'USA',
  capital: false, population: 3900000,
  regions: ['west_coast', 'socal']
});
await citiesRef.doc('DC').set({
  name: 'Washington, D.C.', state: null, country: 'USA',
  capital: true, population: 680000,
  regions: ['east_coast']
});
await citiesRef.doc('TOK').set({
  name: 'Tokyo', state: null, country: 'Japan',
  capital: true, population: 9000000,
  regions: ['kanto', 'honshu']
});
await citiesRef.doc('BJ').set({
  name: 'Beijing', state: null, country: 'China',
  capital: true, population: 21500000,
  regions: ['jingjinji', 'hebei']
});
Aller
cities := []struct {
	id string
	c  City
}{
	{
		id: "SF",
		c: City{Name: "San Francisco", State: "CA", Country: "USA",
			Capital: false, Population: 860000,
			Regions: []string{"west_coast", "norcal"}},
	},
	{
		id: "LA",
		c: City{Name: "Los Angeles", State: "CA", Country: "USA",
			Capital: false, Population: 3900000,
			Regions: []string{"west_coast", "socal"}},
	},
	{
		id: "DC",
		c: City{Name: "Washington D.C.", Country: "USA",
			Capital: true, Population: 680000,
			Regions: []string{"east_coast"}},
	},
	{
		id: "TOK",
		c: City{Name: "Tokyo", Country: "Japan",
			Capital: true, Population: 9000000,
			Regions: []string{"kanto", "honshu"}},
	},
	{
		id: "BJ",
		c: City{Name: "Beijing", Country: "China",
			Capital: true, Population: 21500000,
			Regions: []string{"jingjinji", "hebei"}},
	},
}
for _, c := range cities {
	if _, err := client.Collection("cities").Doc(c.id).Set(ctx, c.c); err != nil {
		return err
	}
}
PHP
$citiesRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities');
$citiesRef->document('SF')->set([
    'name' => 'San Francisco',
    'state' => 'CA',
    'country' => 'USA',
    'capital' => false,
    'population' => 860000,
    'regions' => ['west_coast', 'norcal']
]);
$citiesRef->document('LA')->set([
    'name' => 'Los Angeles',
    'state' => 'CA',
    'country' => 'USA',
    'capital' => false,
    'population' => 3900000,
    'regions' => ['west_coast', 'socal']
]);
$citiesRef->document('DC')->set([
    'name' => 'Washington D.C.',
    'state' => null,
    'country' => 'USA',
    'capital' => true,
    'population' => 680000,
    'regions' => ['east_coast']
]);
$citiesRef->document('TOK')->set([
    'name' => 'Tokyo',
    'state' => null,
    'country' => 'Japan',
    'capital' => true,
    'population' => 9000000,
    'regions' => ['kanto', 'honshu']
]);
$citiesRef->document('BJ')->set([
    'name' => 'Beijing',
    'state' => null,
    'country' => 'China',
    'capital' => true,
    'population' => 21500000,
    'regions' => ['jingjinji', 'hebei']
]);
printf('Added example cities data to the cities collection.' . PHP_EOL);
Unité
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
citiesRef.Document("SF").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "San Francisco" },
    { "State", "CA" },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", false },
    { "Population", 860000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"west_coast", "norcal"} }
});
citiesRef.Document("LA").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Los Angeles" },
    { "State", "CA" },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", false },
    { "Population", 3900000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"west_coast", "socal"} }
});
citiesRef.Document("DC").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Washington D.C." },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 680000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"east_coast"} }
});
citiesRef.Document("TOK").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Tokyo" },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "Japan" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 9000000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"kanto", "honshu"} }
});
citiesRef.Document("BJ").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Beijing" },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "China" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 21500000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"jingjinji", "hebei"} }
});
C#
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
await citiesRef.Document("SF").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "San Francisco" },
    { "State", "CA" },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", false },
    { "Population", 860000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"west_coast", "norcal"} }
});
await citiesRef.Document("LA").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Los Angeles" },
    { "State", "CA" },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", false },
    { "Population", 3900000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"west_coast", "socal"} }
});
await citiesRef.Document("DC").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Washington D.C." },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 680000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"east_coast"} }
});
await citiesRef.Document("TOK").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Tokyo" },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "Japan" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 9000000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"kanto", "honshu"} }
});
await citiesRef.Document("BJ").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Beijing" },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "China" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 21500000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"jingjinji", "hebei"} }
});
Console.WriteLine("Added example cities data to the cities collection.");
Rubis
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
cities_ref.doc("SF").set(
  {
    name:       "San Francisco",
    state:      "CA",
    country:    "USA",
    capital:    false,
    population: 860_000,
    regions:    ["west_coast", "norcal"]
  }
)
cities_ref.doc("LA").set(
  {
    name:       "Los Angeles",
    state:      "CA",
    country:    "USA",
    capital:    false,
    population: 3_900_000,
    regions:    ["west_coast", "socal"]
  }
)
cities_ref.doc("DC").set(
  {
    name:       "Washington D.C.",
    state:      nil,
    country:    "USA",
    capital:    true,
    population: 680_000,
    regions:    ["east_coast"]
  }
)
cities_ref.doc("TOK").set(
  {
    name:       "Tokyo",
    state:      nil,
    country:    "Japan",
    capital:    true,
    population: 9_000_000,
    regions:    ["kanto", "honshu"]
  }
)
cities_ref.doc("BJ").set(
  {
    name:       "Beijing",
    state:      nil,
    country:    "China",
    capital:    true,
    population: 21_500_000,
    regions:    ["jingjinji", "hebei"]
  }
)

Requêtes simples

La requête suivante retourne toutes les villes avec l' état CA :

Web version 9

// Create a reference to the cities collection
import { collection, query, where } from "firebase/firestore";
const citiesRef = collection(db, "cities");

// Create a query against the collection.
const q = query(citiesRef, where("state", "==", "CA"));

Web version 8

// Create a reference to the cities collection
var citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

// Create a query against the collection.
var query = citiesRef.where("state", "==", "CA");
Rapide
// Create a reference to the cities collection
let citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

// Create a query against the collection.
let query = citiesRef.whereField("state", isEqualTo: "CA")
Objectif c
// Create a reference to the cities collection
FIRCollectionReference *citiesRef = [self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"];
// Create a query against the collection.
FIRQuery *query = [citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isEqualTo:@"CA"];

Java

// Create a reference to the cities collection
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

// Create a query against the collection.
Query query = citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA");

Kotlin+KTX

// Create a reference to the cities collection
val citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

// Create a query against the collection.
val query = citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA")
Java
// Create a reference to the cities collection
CollectionReference cities = db.collection("cities");
// Create a query against the collection.
Query query = cities.whereEqualTo("state", "CA");
// retrieve  query results asynchronously using query.get()
ApiFuture<QuerySnapshot> querySnapshot = query.get();

for (DocumentSnapshot document : querySnapshot.get().getDocuments()) {
  System.out.println(document.getId());
}
Python
# Create a reference to the cities collection
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

# Create a query against the collection
query_ref = cities_ref.where(u'state', u'==', u'CA')

Python

# Create a reference to the cities collection
cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

# Create a query against the collection
query_ref = cities_ref.where("state", "==", "CA")
C++
CollectionReference cities_ref = db->Collection("cities");
// Create a query against the collection.
Query query_ca =
    cities_ref.WhereEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("CA"));
Node.js
// Create a reference to the cities collection
const citiesRef = db.collection('cities');

// Create a query against the collection
const queryRef = citiesRef.where('state', '==', 'CA');
Aller
query := client.Collection("cities").Where("state", "==", "CA")
PHP
$citiesRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities');
$query = $citiesRef->where('state', '=', 'CA');
$snapshot = $query->documents();
foreach ($snapshot as $document) {
    printf('Document %s returned by query state=CA' . PHP_EOL, $document->id());
}
Unité
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query query = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("State", "CA");
query.GetSnapshotAsync().ContinueWithOnMainThread((querySnapshotTask) =>
{
    foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshotTask.Result.Documents)
    {
        Debug.Log(String.Format("Document {0} returned by query State=CA", documentSnapshot.Id));
    } 
});
C#
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query query = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("State", "CA");
QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await query.GetSnapshotAsync();
foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshot.Documents)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query State=CA", documentSnapshot.Id);
}
Rubis
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path

query = cities_ref.where "state", "=", "CA"

query.get do |city|
  puts "Document #{city.document_id} returned by query state=CA."
end

La requête suivante renvoie toutes les capitales :

Web version 9

import { collection, query, where } from "firebase/firestore";
const citiesRef = collection(db, "cities");

const q = query(citiesRef, where("capital", "==", true));

Web version 8

var citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

var query = citiesRef.where("capital", "==", true);
Rapide
let capitalCities = db.collection("cities").whereField("capital", isEqualTo: true)
Objectif c
FIRQuery *capitalCities =
    [[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] queryWhereField:@"capital" isEqualTo:@YES];

Java

Query capitalCities = db.collection("cities").whereEqualTo("capital", true);

Kotlin+KTX

val capitalCities = db.collection("cities").whereEqualTo("capital", true)
Java
// Create a reference to the cities collection
CollectionReference cities = db.collection("cities");
// Create a query against the collection.
Query query = cities.whereEqualTo("capital", true);
// retrieve  query results asynchronously using query.get()
ApiFuture<QuerySnapshot> querySnapshot = query.get();

for (DocumentSnapshot document : querySnapshot.get().getDocuments()) {
  System.out.println(document.getId());
}
Python
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

query = cities_ref.where(u'capital', u'==', True)

Python

cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

query = cities_ref.where("capital", "==", True)
C++
Query capital_cities = db->Collection("cities").WhereEqualTo(
    "capital", FieldValue::Boolean(true));
Node.js
// Create a reference to the cities collection
const citiesRef = db.collection('cities');

// Create a query against the collection
const allCapitalsRes = await citiesRef.where('capital', '==', true).get();
Aller
query := client.Collection("cities").Where("capital", "==", true)
PHP
$citiesRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities');
$query = $citiesRef->where('capital', '=', true);
$snapshot = $query->documents();
foreach ($snapshot as $document) {
    printf('Document %s returned by query capital=true' . PHP_EOL, $document->id());
}
Unité
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query query = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("Capital", true);
query.GetSnapshotAsync().ContinueWithOnMainThread((querySnapshotTask) =>
{
    foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshotTask.Result.Documents)
    {
        Debug.Log(String.Format("Document {0} returned by query Capital=true", documentSnapshot.Id));
    } 
});
C#
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query query = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("Capital", true);
QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await query.GetSnapshotAsync();
foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshot.Documents)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query Capital=true", documentSnapshot.Id);
}
Rubis
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path

query = cities_ref.where "capital", "=", true

query.get do |city|
  puts "Document #{city.document_id} returned by query capital=true."
end

Exécuter une requête

Après avoir créé un objet de requête, utilisez la méthode get() fonction pour récupérer les résultats:

Web version 9

import { collection, query, where, getDocs } from "firebase/firestore";

const q = query(collection(db, "cities"), where("capital", "==", true));

const querySnapshot = await getDocs(q);
querySnapshot.forEach((doc) => {
  // doc.data() is never undefined for query doc snapshots
  console.log(doc.id, " => ", doc.data());
});

Web version 8

db.collection("cities").where("capital", "==", true)
    .get()
    .then((querySnapshot) => {
        querySnapshot.forEach((doc) => {
            // doc.data() is never undefined for query doc snapshots
            console.log(doc.id, " => ", doc.data());
        });
    })
    .catch((error) => {
        console.log("Error getting documents: ", error);
    });
Rapide
db.collection("cities").whereField("capital", isEqualTo: true)
    .getDocuments() { (querySnapshot, err) in
        if let err = err {
            print("Error getting documents: \(err)")
        } else {
            for document in querySnapshot!.documents {
                print("\(document.documentID) => \(document.data())")
            }
        }
}
Objectif c
[[[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] queryWhereField:@"capital" isEqualTo:@(YES)]
    getDocumentsWithCompletion:^(FIRQuerySnapshot *snapshot, NSError *error) {
      if (error != nil) {
        NSLog(@"Error getting documents: %@", error);
      } else {
        for (FIRDocumentSnapshot *document in snapshot.documents) {
          NSLog(@"%@ => %@", document.documentID, document.data);
        }
      }
    }];

Java

db.collection("cities")
        .whereEqualTo("capital", true)
        .get()
        .addOnCompleteListener(new OnCompleteListener<QuerySnapshot>() {
            @Override
            public void onComplete(@NonNull Task<QuerySnapshot> task) {
                if (task.isSuccessful()) {
                    for (QueryDocumentSnapshot document : task.getResult()) {
                        Log.d(TAG, document.getId() + " => " + document.getData());
                    }
                } else {
                    Log.d(TAG, "Error getting documents: ", task.getException());
                }
            }
        });

Kotlin+KTX

db.collection("cities")
        .whereEqualTo("capital", true)
        .get()
        .addOnSuccessListener { documents ->
            for (document in documents) {
                Log.d(TAG, "${document.id} => ${document.data}")
            }
        }
        .addOnFailureListener { exception ->
            Log.w(TAG, "Error getting documents: ", exception)
        }
Java
//asynchronously retrieve multiple documents
ApiFuture<QuerySnapshot> future =
    db.collection("cities").whereEqualTo("capital", true).get();
// future.get() blocks on response
List<QueryDocumentSnapshot> documents = future.get().getDocuments();
for (DocumentSnapshot document : documents) {
  System.out.println(document.getId() + " => " + document.toObject(City.class));
}
Python
# Note: Use of CollectionRef stream() is prefered to get()
docs = db.collection(u'cities').where(u'capital', u'==', True).stream()

for doc in docs:
    print(f'{doc.id} => {doc.to_dict()}')

Python

# Note: Use of CollectionRef stream() is prefered to get()
docs = db.collection("cities").where("capital", "==", True).stream()

async for doc in docs:
    print(f"{doc.id} => {doc.to_dict()}")
C++
db->Collection("cities")
    .WhereEqualTo("capital", FieldValue::Boolean(true))
    .Get()
    .OnCompletion([](const Future<QuerySnapshot>& future) {
      if (future.error() == Error::kErrorOk) {
        for (const DocumentSnapshot& document :
             future.result()->documents()) {
          std::cout << document << std::endl;
        }
      } else {
        std::cout << "Error getting documents: " << future.error_message()
                  << std::endl;
      }
    });
Node.js
const citiesRef = db.collection('cities');
const snapshot = await citiesRef.where('capital', '==', true).get();
if (snapshot.empty) {
  console.log('No matching documents.');
  return;
}  

snapshot.forEach(doc => {
  console.log(doc.id, '=>', doc.data());
});
Aller
fmt.Println("All capital cities:")
iter := client.Collection("cities").Where("capital", "==", true).Documents(ctx)
for {
	doc, err := iter.Next()
	if err == iterator.Done {
		break
	}
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	fmt.Println(doc.Data())
}
PHP
$citiesRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities');
$query = $citiesRef->where('capital', '=', true);
$documents = $query->documents();
foreach ($documents as $document) {
    if ($document->exists()) {
        printf('Document data for document %s:' . PHP_EOL, $document->id());
        print_r($document->data());
        printf(PHP_EOL);
    } else {
        printf('Document %s does not exist!' . PHP_EOL, $document->id());
    }
}
Unité
Query capitalQuery = db.Collection("cities").WhereEqualTo("Capital", true);
capitalQuery.GetSnapshotAsync().ContinueWithOnMainThread(task => {
  QuerySnapshot capitalQuerySnapshot = task.Result;
  foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in capitalQuerySnapshot.Documents) {
    Debug.Log(String.Format("Document data for {0} document:", documentSnapshot.Id));
    Dictionary<string, object> city = documentSnapshot.ToDictionary();
    foreach (KeyValuePair<string, object> pair in city) {
      Debug.Log(String.Format("{0}: {1}", pair.Key, pair.Value));
    }

    // Newline to separate entries
    Debug.Log("");
  };
});
C#
Query capitalQuery = db.Collection("cities").WhereEqualTo("Capital", true);
QuerySnapshot capitalQuerySnapshot = await capitalQuery.GetSnapshotAsync();
foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in capitalQuerySnapshot.Documents)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Document data for {0} document:", documentSnapshot.Id);
    Dictionary<string, object> city = documentSnapshot.ToDictionary();
    foreach (KeyValuePair<string, object> pair in city)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}", pair.Key, pair.Value);
    }
    Console.WriteLine("");
}
Rubis
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path

query = cities_ref.where "capital", "=", true

query.get do |city|
  puts "#{city.document_id} data: #{city.data}."
end

Voir Obtenir les données pour plus d' informations sur la récupération des résultats de la requête. Vous pouvez également ajouter un écouteur à une requête pour obtenir les résultats actuels et écouter les mises à jour futures.

Opérateurs de requête

La where() méthode prend trois paramètres: un champ à filtrer, un opérateur de comparaison, et une valeur. Cloud Firestore est compatible avec les opérateurs de comparaison suivants :

Par exemple:

Web version 9

const stateQuery = query(citiesRef, where("state", "==", "CA"));
const populationQuery = query(citiesRef, where("population", "<", 100000));
const nameQuery = query(citiesRef, where("name", ">=", "San Francisco"));

Web version 8

const stateQuery = citiesRef.where("state", "==", "CA");
const populationQuery = citiesRef.where("population", "<", 100000);
const nameQuery = citiesRef.where("name", ">=", "San Francisco");
Rapide
let stateQuery = citiesRef.whereField("state", isEqualTo: "CA")
let populationQuery = citiesRef.whereField("population", isLessThan: 100000)
let nameQuery = citiesRef.whereField("name", isGreaterThanOrEqualTo: "San Francisco")
Objectif c
FIRQuery *stateQuery = [citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isEqualTo:@"CA"];
FIRQuery *populationQuery = [citiesRef queryWhereField:@"population" isLessThan:@100000];
FIRQuery *nameQuery = [citiesRef queryWhereField:@"name" isGreaterThanOrEqualTo:@"San Francisco"];

Java

Query stateQuery = citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA");
Query populationQuery = citiesRef.whereLessThan("population", 100000);
Query nameQuery = citiesRef.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("name", "San Francisco");

Kotlin+KTX

val stateQuery = citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA")
val populationQuery = citiesRef.whereLessThan("population", 100000)
val nameQuery = citiesRef.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("name", "San Francisco")
Java
Query stateQuery = cities.whereEqualTo("state", "CA");
Query populationQuery = cities.whereLessThan("population", 1000000L);
Query nameQuery = cities.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("name", "San Francisco");
Python
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

cities_ref.where(u'state', u'==', u'CA')
cities_ref.where(u'population', u'<', 1000000)
cities_ref.where(u'name', u'>=', u'San Francisco')

Python

cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

cities_ref.where("state", "==", "CA")
cities_ref.where("population", "<", 1000000)
cities_ref.where("name", ">=", "San Francisco")
C++
cities_ref.WhereEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("CA"));
cities_ref.WhereLessThan("population", FieldValue::Integer(100000));
cities_ref.WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("name",
                                     FieldValue::String("San Francisco"));
Node.js
const stateQueryRes = await citiesRef.where('state', '==', 'CA').get();
const populationQueryRes = await citiesRef.where('population', '<', 1000000).get();
const nameQueryRes = await citiesRef.where('name', '>=', 'San Francisco').get();
Aller
countryQuery := cities.Where("state", "==", "CA")
popQuery := cities.Where("population", "<", 1000000)
cityQuery := cities.Where("name", ">=", "San Francisco")
PHP
$stateQuery = $citiesRef->where('state', '=', 'CA');
$populationQuery = $citiesRef->where('population', '>', 1000000);
$nameQuery = $citiesRef->where('name', '>=', 'San Francisco');
Unité
Query stateQuery = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("State", "CA");
Query populationQuery = citiesRef.WhereGreaterThan("Population", 1000000);
Query nameQuery = citiesRef.WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("Name", "San Francisco");
C#
Query stateQuery = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("State", "CA");
Query populationQuery = citiesRef.WhereGreaterThan("Population", 1000000);
Query nameQuery = citiesRef.WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("Name", "San Francisco");
Rubis
state_query      = cities_ref.where "state", "=", "CA"
population_query = cities_ref.where "population", ">", 1_000_000
name_query       = cities_ref.where "name", ">=", "San Francisco"

Différent ( != )

Utilisez le même pas ( != ) Opérateur de retourner les documents où le champ donné existe et ne correspond pas à la valeur de comparaison. Par exemple:

Web version 9

const notCapitalQuery = query(citiesRef, where("capital", "!=", false));

Web version 8

citiesRef.where("capital", "!=", false);
Rapide
let notEqualQuery = citiesRef.whereField("capital", isNotEqualTo: false)
Objectif c
query = [citiesRef queryWhereField:@"capital" isNotEqualTo:@NO];

Java

Query notCapitalQuery = citiesRef.whereNotEqualTo("capital", false);

Kotlin+KTX

val notCapitalQuery = citiesRef.whereNotEqualTo("capital", false)
Java
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

Query query = citiesRef.whereNotEqualTo("capital", false);
Python
// Snippet not yet available
C++
// Snippet not yet available
Node.js
const capitalNotFalseRes = await citiesRef.where('capital', '!=', false).get();
Aller
// Snippet not yet available
PHP
$stateQuery = $citiesRef->where('capital', '!=', false);
Unité
// Snippet not yet available
C#
// Snippet not yet available
Rubis
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
query = cities_ref.where "capital", "!=", false

Cette requête renvoie chaque city document dans lequel la capital champ existe avec une valeur autre que false ou null . Cela comprend la city des documents où la capital valeur du champ est égal à true ou toute valeur non booléenne en plus null .

Cette requête ne retourne pas la city des documents où la capital champ n'existe pas. Non-égal ( != ) Et not-in les requêtes ne comprennent pas les documents où le champ donné n'existe pas.

Un champ existe quand il est réglé sur une valeur, y compris une chaîne vide ( "" ), null et NaN (pas un nombre). Notez que null des valeurs de champ ne correspondent pas != Clauses, parce que x != null Equivaut à undefined .

Limites

Notez les limitations suivantes != Requêtes:

  • Seuls les documents où le champ donné existe peuvent correspondre à la requête.
  • Vous ne pouvez pas combiner not-in et != Dans une requête composée.
  • Dans une requête composé, plage ( < , <= , > , >= ) et non égal ( != , not-in ) les comparaisons doivent tous filtre sur le même domaine.

Adhésion à la baie

Vous pouvez utiliser le array-contains opérateur de filtre basé sur des valeurs de tableau. Par exemple:

Web version 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";  
const q = query(citiesRef, where("regions", "array-contains", "west_coast"));

Web version 8

citiesRef.where("regions", "array-contains", "west_coast");
Rapide
citiesRef
  .whereField("regions", arrayContains: "west_coast")
Objectif c
[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" arrayContains:@"west_coast"];

Java

CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

citiesRef.whereArrayContains("regions", "west_coast");

Kotlin+KTX

val citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

citiesRef.whereArrayContains("regions", "west_coast")
Java
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
Query westCoastQuery = citiesRef.whereArrayContains("regions", "west_coast");
Python
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

query = cities_ref.where(u'regions', u'array_contains', u'west_coast')

Python

cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

query = cities_ref.where("regions", "array_contains", "west_coast")
C++
// This is not yet supported.
Node.js
const westCoastCities = citiesRef.where('regions', 'array-contains',
  'west_coast').get();
Aller
query := cities.Where("regions", "array-contains", "west_coast").Documents(ctx)
PHP
$containsQuery = $citiesRef->where('regions', 'array-contains', 'west_coast');
Unité
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query arrayContainsQuery = citiesRef.WhereArrayContains("region", "west_coast");
C#
Query query = citiesRef.WhereArrayContains("Regions", "west_coast");
Rubis
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
cities = cities_ref.where "regions", "array-contains", "west_coast"

Cette requête renvoie chaque city document dans lequel les regions champ est un tableau qui contient west_coast . Si le tableau contient plusieurs instances de la valeur sur laquelle vous interrogez, le document n'est inclus dans les résultats qu'une seule fois.

Vous pouvez utiliser au plus un array-contains la clause par requête. Vous ne pouvez pas combiner array-contains avec array-contains-any .

in , not-in , et array-contains-any

Utiliser le in opérateur de combiner jusqu'à 10 l' égalité ( == clauses) sur le même champ avec une logique OR . Une in la requête renvoie des documents où correspond au champ donné l' une des valeurs de comparaison. Par exemple:

Web version 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";

const q = query(citiesRef, where('country', 'in', ['USA', 'Japan']));

Web version 8

citiesRef.where('country', 'in', ['USA', 'Japan']);
Rapide
let citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

citiesRef.whereField("country", in: ["USA", "Japan"])
Objectif c
FIRCollectionReference *citiesRef = [self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"];

[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"country" in:@[@"USA", @"Japan"]];

Java

CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

citiesRef.whereIn("country", Arrays.asList("USA", "Japan"));

Kotlin+KTX

val citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

citiesRef.whereIn("country", listOf("USA", "Japan"))
Java
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

Query query = citiesRef.whereIn("country", Arrays.asList("USA", "Japan"));
Python
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

query = cities_ref.where(u'country', u'in', [u'USA', u'Japan'])
return query

Python

cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

query = cities_ref.where("country", "in", ["USA", "Japan"])
return query
C++
// This is not yet supported.
Node.js
const usaOrJapan = await citiesRef.where('country', 'in', ['USA', 'Japan']).get();
Aller
cities := client.Collection("cities")
query := cities.Where("country", "in", []string{"USA", "Japan"}).Documents(ctx)
PHP
$rangeQuery = $citiesRef->where('country', 'in', ['USA', 'Japan']);
Unité
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
List countriesList = new List<object>() {"USA", "Japan"};

Query whereInQuery = citiesRef.WhereIn("country", countriesList);
C#
Query query = citiesRef.WhereIn("Country", new[] { "USA", "Japan" });
Rubis
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
usr_or_japan = cities_ref.where "country", "in", ["USA", "Japan"]

Cette requête renvoie chaque city document dans lequel le country champ est défini aux USA - Japan USA ou au Japan . A partir des données par exemple, cela inclut la SF , LA , DC , et TOK documents.

not-in

Utilisez le not-in l' opérateur de combiner jusqu'à 10 pas égaux ( != Clauses) sur le même champ avec une logique AND . Un not-in la requête renvoie les documents où se trouve le champ donné, n'est pas null , et ne correspond à aucune des valeurs de comparaison. Par exemple:

Web version 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";

const q = query(citiesRef, where('country', 'not-in', ['USA', 'Japan']));

Web version 8

citiesRef.where('country', 'not-in', ['USA', 'Japan']);
Rapide
citiesRef.whereField("country", notIn: ["USA", "Japan"])
Objectif c
[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"country" notIn:@[@"USA", @"Japan"]];

Java

citiesRef.whereNotIn("country", Arrays.asList("USA", "Japan"));

Kotlin+KTX

citiesRef.whereNotIn("country", listOf("USA", "Japan"))
Java
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

Query query = citiesRef.whereNotIn("country", Arrays.asList("USA", "Japan"));
Python
// Snippet not yet available
C++
// Snippet not yet available
Node.js
const notUsaOrJapan = await citiesRef.where('country', 'not-in', ['USA', 'Japan']).get();
Aller
// Snippet not yet available
PHP
$stateQuery = $citiesRef->where(
    'country',
    \Google\Cloud\Firestore\V1\StructuredQuery\FieldFilter\Operator::NOT_IN,
    ['USA', 'Japan']
);
Unité
// Snippet not yet available
C#
// Snippet not yet available
Rubis
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
usr_or_japan = cities_ref.where "country", "not_in", ["USA", "Japan"]

Cette requête renvoie chaque city document dans lequel le country champ existe et n'est pas défini USA - Japan null USA , le Japan , ou null . A partir des données d'exemple, cela inclut les London et Hong Kong documents.

not-in les requêtes exclure les documents où le champ donné n'existe pas. Un champ existe quand il est réglé sur une valeur, y compris une chaîne vide ( "" ), null et NaN (pas un nombre). Notez que x != null Equivaut à undefined . Un not-in requête avec null comme l' une des valeurs de comparaison ne correspond pas à aucun document.

array-contains-any

Utilisez la array-contains-any opérateur de combiner jusqu'à 10 array-contains des clauses sur le même champ avec une logique OR . Une array-contains-any requête renvoie les documents où le champ donné est un tableau qui contient une ou plusieurs des valeurs de comparaison:

Web version 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";  

const q = query(citiesRef, 
  where('regions', 'array-contains-any', ['west_coast', 'east_coast']));

Web version 8

citiesRef.where('regions', 'array-contains-any',
    ['west_coast', 'east_coast']);
Rapide
let citiesRef = db.collection("cities")
citiesRef.whereField("regions", arrayContainsAny: ["west_coast", "east_coast"])
Objectif c
FIRCollectionReference *citiesRef = [self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"];

[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"regions" arrayContainsAny:@[@"west_coast", @"east_coast"]];

Java

CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

citiesRef.whereArrayContainsAny("regions", Arrays.asList("west_coast", "east_coast"));

Kotlin+KTX

val citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

citiesRef.whereArrayContainsAny("regions", listOf("west_coast", "east_coast"))
Java
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

Query query =
    citiesRef.whereArrayContainsAny("regions", Arrays.asList("west_coast", "east_coast"));
Python
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

query = cities_ref.where(
    u'regions', u'array_contains_any', [u'west_coast', u'east_coast']
)
return query

Python

cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

query = cities_ref.where(
    "regions", "array_contains_any", ["west_coast", "east_coast"]
)
return query
C++
// This is not yet supported.
Node.js
const coastalCities = await citiesRef.where('regions', 'array-contains-any',
    ['west_coast', 'east_coast']).get();
Aller
cities := client.Collection("cities")
query := cities.Where("regions", "array-contains-any", []string{"west_coast", "east_coast"}).Documents(ctx)
PHP
$containsQuery = $citiesRef->where('regions', 'array-contains-any', ['west_coast', 'east_coast']);
Unité
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
List regionsList = new List<object>() {"west_coast", "east_coast"};

Query arrayContainsAnyQuery = citiesRef.WhereArrayContainsAny("regions", regionsList);
C#
Query query = citiesRef.WhereArrayContainsAny("Regions", new[] { "west_coast", "east_coast" });
Rubis
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
costal_cities = cities_ref.where "regions", "array-contains-any", ["west_coast", "east_coast"]

Cette requête renvoie tous les documents de la ville où la region champ est un tableau qui contient west_coast ou east_coast . A partir des données par exemple, cela inclut les SF , LA , et DC documents.

Les résultats de array-contains-any sont de-dupés. Même si le champ de tableau d'un document correspond à plusieurs valeurs de comparaison, le jeu de résultats n'inclut ce document qu'une seule fois.

array-contains-any filtres toujours par le type de données de tableau. Par exemple, la requête ci - dessus ne retournerait pas un document de ville où au lieu d'un tableau, la region champ est la chaîne west_coast .

Vous pouvez utiliser une valeur de tableau en tant que valeur de comparaison pour in , mais contrairement à array-contains-any , les matches de clause pour une correspondance exacte de longueur du tableau, l' ordre et les valeurs. Par exemple:

Web version 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";  

const q = query(citiesRef, where('regions', 'in', [['west_coast', 'east_coast']]));

Web version 8

citiesRef.where('regions', 'in',
    [['west_coast', 'east_coast']]);
Rapide
citiesRef.whereField("regions", in: [["west_coast"], ["east_coast"]]);
Objectif c
[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"regions" in:@[@[@"west_coast"], @[@"east_coast"]]];

Java

citiesRef.whereIn("regions", Arrays.asList(new String[]{"west_coast"}, new String[]{"east_coast"}));

Kotlin+KTX

citiesRef.whereIn("regions", listOf(arrayOf("west_coast"), arrayOf("east_coast")))
Java
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

Query query =
    citiesRef.whereIn(
        "regions", Arrays.asList(Arrays.asList("west_coast"), Arrays.asList("east_coast")));
Python
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

query = cities_ref.where(
    u'regions', u'in', [[u'west_coast'], [u'east_coast']]
)
return query

Python

cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

query = cities_ref.where("regions", "in", [["west_coast"], ["east_coast"]])
return query
C++
// This is not yet supported.
Node.js
const exactlyOneCoast = await citiesRef.where('region', 'in',
    [['west_coast', 'east_coast']]).get();
Aller
cities := client.Collection("cities")
query := cities.Where("regions", "in", [][]string{{"west_coast"}, {"east_coast"}}).Documents(ctx)
PHP
$rangeQuery = $citiesRef->where('regions', 'in', [['west_coast'], ['east_coast']]);
Unité
// Not yet supported in the Unity SDK
C#
Query query = citiesRef.WhereIn("Regions",
    new[] { new[] { "west_coast" }, new[] { "east_coast" } });
Rubis
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
exactly_one_cost = cities_ref.where "regions", "in", [["west_coast"], ["east_coast"]]

Cette requête renvoie tous les documents de la ville où la region champ est un tableau qui contient exactement un élément de l' un west_coast ou east_coast . A partir des données par exemple, seuls les DC documents se qualifie avec la region champ de ["east_coast"] . Le SF document cependant, ne correspond pas parce que sa region champ est ["west_coast", "norcal"] .

Limites

Notez les limitations suivantes in , not-in , et array-contains-any :

  • in , not-in , et array-contains-any support jusqu'à 10 valeurs de comparaison.
  • Vous pouvez utiliser au plus un array-contains la clause par requête. Vous ne pouvez pas combiner array-contains avec array-contains-any .
  • Vous pouvez utiliser au plus un in , not-in ou array-contains-any clause par requête. Vous ne pouvez pas combiner ces opérateurs dans la même requête.
  • Vous ne pouvez pas combiner not-in avec pas égal à égal != .
  • Vous ne pouvez pas commander votre requête par un champ inclus dans une égalité ( == ) ou in l' article.

Requêtes composées

Vous pouvez enchaîner plusieurs opérateurs d'égalité ( == ou array-contains ) des méthodes pour créer des requêtes plus spécifiques (logique AND ). Cependant, vous devez créer un indice composite pour combiner des opérateurs d'égalité avec les opérateurs d'inégalité, < , <= , > et != .

Web version 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";  

const q1 = query(citiesRef, where("state", "==", "CO"), where("name", "==", "Denver"));
const q2 = query(citiesRef, where("state", "==", "CA"), where("population", "<", 1000000));

Web version 8

const q1 = citiesRef.where("state", "==", "CO").where("name", "==", "Denver");
const q2 = citiesRef.where("state", "==", "CA").where("population", "<", 1000000);
Rapide
citiesRef
    .whereField("state", isEqualTo: "CO")
    .whereField("name", isEqualTo: "Denver")
citiesRef
    .whereField("state", isEqualTo: "CA")
    .whereField("population", isLessThan: 1000000)
Objectif c
[[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isEqualTo:@"CO"]
    queryWhereField:@"name" isGreaterThanOrEqualTo:@"Denver"];
[[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isEqualTo:@"CA"]
    queryWhereField:@"population" isLessThan:@1000000];

Java

citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CO").whereEqualTo("name", "Denver");
citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA").whereLessThan("population", 1000000);

Kotlin+KTX

citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CO").whereEqualTo("name", "Denver")
citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA").whereLessThan("population", 1000000)
Java
Query chainedQuery1 = cities.whereEqualTo("state", "CO").whereEqualTo("name", "Denver");
Python
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

denver_query = cities_ref.where(
    u'state', u'==', u'CO').where(u'name', u'==', u'Denver')
large_us_cities_query = cities_ref.where(
    u'state', u'==', u'CA').where(u'population', u'>', 1000000)

Python

cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

denver_query = cities_ref.where("state", "==", "CO").where("name", "==", "Denver")
large_us_cities_query = cities_ref.where("state", "==", "CA").where(
    "population", ">", 1000000
)
C++
cities_ref.WhereEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("CO"))
    .WhereEqualTo("name", FieldValue::String("Denver"));
cities_ref.WhereEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("CA"))
    .WhereLessThan("population", FieldValue::Integer(1000000));
Node.js
citiesRef.where('state', '==', 'CO').where('name', '==', 'Denver');
citiesRef.where('state', '==', 'CA').where('population', '<', 1000000);
Aller
denverQuery := cities.Where("name", "==", "Denver").Where("state", "==", "CO")
caliQuery := cities.Where("state", "==", "CA").Where("population", "<=", 1000000)
query := cities.Where("country", "==", "USA").Where("population", ">", 5000000)
PHP
$chainedQuery = $citiesRef
    ->where('state', '=', 'CA')
    ->where('name', '=', 'San Francisco');
Unité
Query chainedQuery = citiesRef
    .WhereEqualTo("State", "CA")
    .WhereEqualTo("Name", "San Francisco");
C#
Query chainedQuery = citiesRef
    .WhereEqualTo("State", "CA")
    .WhereEqualTo("Name", "San Francisco");
Rubis
chained_query = cities_ref.where("state", "=", "CA").where("name", "=", "San Francisco")

Vous pouvez effectuer plage ( < , <= , > , >= ) ou non égal à égal ( != ) Comparaisons que sur un seul champ, et vous pouvez inclure au plus un array-contains ou array-contains-any clause dans une requête composée :

Valides: filtres sur un seul champ

Web version 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";  

const q1 = query(citiesRef, where("state", ">=", "CA"), where("state", "<=", "IN"));
const q2 = query(citiesRef, where("state", "==", "CA"), where("population", ">", 1000000));

Web version 8

const q1 = citiesRef.where("state", ">=", "CA").where("state", "<=", "IN");
const q2 = citiesRef.where("state", "==", "CA").where("population", ">", 1000000);
Rapide
citiesRef
    .whereField("state", isGreaterThanOrEqualTo: "CA")
    .whereField("state", isLessThanOrEqualTo: "IN")
citiesRef
    .whereField("state", isEqualTo: "CA")
    .whereField("population", isGreaterThan: 1000000)
Objectif c
[[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isGreaterThanOrEqualTo:@"CA"]
    queryWhereField:@"state" isLessThanOrEqualTo:@"IN"];
[[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isEqualTo:@"CA"]
    queryWhereField:@"population" isGreaterThan:@1000000];

Java

citiesRef.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", "CA")
        .whereLessThanOrEqualTo("state", "IN");
citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA")
        .whereGreaterThan("population", 1000000);

Kotlin+KTX

citiesRef.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", "CA")
        .whereLessThanOrEqualTo("state", "IN")
citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA")
        .whereGreaterThan("population", 1000000)
Java
Query validQuery1 =
    cities.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", "CA").whereLessThanOrEqualTo("state", "IN");
Query validQuery2 = cities.whereEqualTo("state", "CA").whereGreaterThan("population", 1000000);
Python
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')
cities_ref.where(u'state', u'>=', u'CA').where(u'state', u'<=', u'IN')

Python

cities_ref = db.collection("cities")
cities_ref.where("state", ">=", "CA").where("state", "<=", "IN")
C++
cities_ref.WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("CA"))
    .WhereLessThanOrEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("IN"));
cities_ref.WhereEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("CA"))
    .WhereGreaterThan("population", FieldValue::Integer(1000000));
Node.js
citiesRef.where('state', '>=', 'CA').where('state', '<=', 'IN');
citiesRef.where('state', '==', 'CA').where('population', '>', 1000000);
Aller
stateQuery := cities.Where("state", ">=", "CA").Where("state", "<", "IN")
populationQuery := cities.Where("state", "==", "CA").Where("population", ">", 1000000)
PHP
$rangeQuery = $citiesRef
    ->where('state', '>=', 'CA')
    ->where('state', '<=', 'IN');
Unité
Query rangeQuery = citiesRef
    .WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("State", "CA")
    .WhereLessThanOrEqualTo("State", "IN");
C#
Query rangeQuery = citiesRef
    .WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("State", "CA")
    .WhereLessThanOrEqualTo("State", "IN");
Rubis
range_query = cities_ref.where("state", ">=", "CA").where("state", "<=", "IN")

Non valide: Gamme de filtres sur les différents champs

Web version 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";  

const q = query(citiesRef, where("state", ">=", "CA"), where("population", ">", 100000));

Web version 8

citiesRef.where("state", ">=", "CA").where("population", ">", 100000);
Rapide
citiesRef
    .whereField("state", isGreaterThanOrEqualTo: "CA")
    .whereField("population", isGreaterThan: 1000000)
Objectif c
[[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isGreaterThanOrEqualTo:@"CA"]
    queryWhereField:@"population" isGreaterThan:@1000000];

Java

citiesRef.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", "CA").whereGreaterThan("population", 100000);

Kotlin+KTX

citiesRef.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", "CA")
        .whereGreaterThan("population", 100000)
Java
Query invalidRangeQuery =
    cities.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", "CA").whereGreaterThan("population", 100000);
Python
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')
cities_ref.where(
    u'state', u'>=', u'CA').where(u'population', u'>=', 1000000)

Python

cities_ref = db.collection("cities")
cities_ref.where("state", ">=", "CA").where("population", ">=", 1000000)
C++
// BAD EXAMPLE -- will crash the program:
cities_ref.WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("CA"))
    .WhereGreaterThan("population", FieldValue::Integer(100000));
Node.js
citiesRef.where('state', '>=', 'CA').where('population', '>', 1000000);
Aller
query := cities.Where("state", ">=", "CA").Where("population", ">", 1000000)
PHP
$invalidRangeQuery = $citiesRef
    ->where('state', '>=', 'CA')
    ->where('population', '>', 1000000);
Unité
Query invalidRangeQuery = citiesRef
    .WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("State", "CA")
    .WhereGreaterThan("Population", 1000000);
C#
Query invalidRangeQuery = citiesRef
    .WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("State", "CA")
    .WhereGreaterThan("Population", 1000000);
Rubis
invalid_range_query = cities_ref.where("state", ">=", "CA").where("population", ">", 1_000_000)

Requêtes de groupe de collecte

Un groupe de collections se compose de toutes les collections avec le même ID. Par défaut, les requêtes récupèrent les résultats d'une seule collection dans votre base de données. Utilisez une requête de groupe de collections pour extraire des documents d'un groupe de collections plutôt que d'une seule collection.

Par exemple, vous pouvez créer un landmarks groupe de collection en y ajoutant un sous - collection repères à chaque ville:

Web version 9

import { collection, doc, setDoc } from "firebase/firestore";  

const citiesRef = collection(db, 'cities');

await Promise.all([
    setDoc(doc(citiesRef, 'SF', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'Golden Gate Bridge',
        type: 'bridge'
    }),
    setDoc(doc(citiesRef, 'SF', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'Legion of Honor',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    setDoc(doc(citiesRef, 'LA', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'Griffith Park',
        type: 'park'
    }),
    setDoc(doc(citiesRef, 'LA', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'The Getty',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    setDoc(doc(citiesRef, 'DC', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'Lincoln Memorial',
        type: 'memorial'
    }),
    setDoc(doc(citiesRef, 'DC', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'National Air and Space Museum',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    setDoc(doc(citiesRef, 'TOK', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'Ueno Park',
        type: 'park'
    }),
    setDoc(doc(citiesRef, 'TOK', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'National Museum of Nature and Science',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    setDoc(doc(citiesRef, 'BJ', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'Jingshan Park',
        type: 'park'
    }),
    setDoc(doc(citiesRef, 'BJ', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'Beijing Ancient Observatory',
        type: 'museum'
    })
]);

Web version 8

var citiesRef = db.collection('cities');

var landmarks = Promise.all([
    citiesRef.doc('SF').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'Golden Gate Bridge',
        type: 'bridge'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('SF').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'Legion of Honor',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('LA').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'Griffith Park',
        type: 'park'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('LA').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'The Getty',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('DC').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'Lincoln Memorial',
        type: 'memorial'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('DC').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'National Air and Space Museum',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('TOK').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'Ueno Park',
        type: 'park'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('TOK').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'National Museum of Nature and Science',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('BJ').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'Jingshan Park',
        type: 'park'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('BJ').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'Beijing Ancient Observatory',
        type: 'museum'
    })
]);
Rapide
let citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

var data = ["name": "Golden Gate Bridge", "type": "bridge"]
citiesRef.document("SF").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "Legion of Honor", "type": "museum"]
citiesRef.document("SF").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "Griffith Park", "type": "park"]
citiesRef.document("LA").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "The Getty", "type": "museum"]
citiesRef.document("LA").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "Lincoln Memorial", "type": "memorial"]
citiesRef.document("DC").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "National Air and Space Museum", "type": "museum"]
citiesRef.document("DC").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "Ueno Park", "type": "park"]
citiesRef.document("TOK").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "National Museum of Nature and Science", "type": "museum"]
citiesRef.document("TOK").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "Jingshan Park", "type": "park"]
citiesRef.document("BJ").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "Beijing Ancient Observatory", "type": "museum"]
citiesRef.document("BJ").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)
Objectif c
FIRCollectionReference *citiesRef = [self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"];

NSDictionary *data = @{@"name": @"Golden Gate Bridge", @"type": @"bridge"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"SF"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"Legion of Honor", @"type": @"museum"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"SF"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"Griffith Park", @"type": @"park"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"LA"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"The Getty", @"type": @"museum"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"LA"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"Lincoln Memorial", @"type": @"memorial"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"DC"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"National Air and Space Museum", @"type": @"museum"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"DC"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"Ueno Park", @"type": @"park"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"TOK"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"National Museum of Nature and Science", @"type": @"museum"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"TOK"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"Jingshan Park", @"type": @"park"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"BJ"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"Beijing Ancient Observatory", @"type": @"museum"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"BJ"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

Java

CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

Map<String, Object> ggbData = new HashMap<>();
ggbData.put("name", "Golden Gate Bridge");
ggbData.put("type", "bridge");
citiesRef.document("SF").collection("landmarks").add(ggbData);

Map<String, Object> lohData = new HashMap<>();
lohData.put("name", "Legion of Honor");
lohData.put("type", "museum");
citiesRef.document("SF").collection("landmarks").add(lohData);

Map<String, Object> gpData = new HashMap<>();
gpData.put("name", "Griffith Park");
gpData.put("type", "park");
citiesRef.document("LA").collection("landmarks").add(gpData);

Map<String, Object> tgData = new HashMap<>();
tgData.put("name", "The Getty");
tgData.put("type", "museum");
citiesRef.document("LA").collection("landmarks").add(tgData);

Map<String, Object> lmData = new HashMap<>();
lmData.put("name", "Lincoln Memorial");
lmData.put("type", "memorial");
citiesRef.document("DC").collection("landmarks").add(lmData);

Map<String, Object> nasaData = new HashMap<>();
nasaData.put("name", "National Air and Space Museum");
nasaData.put("type", "museum");
citiesRef.document("DC").collection("landmarks").add(nasaData);

Map<String, Object> upData = new HashMap<>();
upData.put("name", "Ueno Park");
upData.put("type", "park");
citiesRef.document("TOK").collection("landmarks").add(upData);

Map<String, Object> nmData = new HashMap<>();
nmData.put("name", "National Museum of Nature and Science");
nmData.put("type", "museum");
citiesRef.document("TOK").collection("landmarks").add(nmData);

Map<String, Object> jpData = new HashMap<>();
jpData.put("name", "Jingshan Park");
jpData.put("type", "park");
citiesRef.document("BJ").collection("landmarks").add(jpData);

Map<String, Object> baoData = new HashMap<>();
baoData.put("name", "Beijing Ancient Observatory");
baoData.put("type", "museum");
citiesRef.document("BJ").collection("landmarks").add(baoData);

Kotlin+KTX

val citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

val ggbData = mapOf(
        "name" to "Golden Gate Bridge",
        "type" to "bridge"
)
citiesRef.document("SF").collection("landmarks").add(ggbData)

val lohData = mapOf(
        "name" to "Legion of Honor",
        "type" to "museum"
)
citiesRef.document("SF").collection("landmarks").add(lohData)

val gpData = mapOf(
        "name" to "Griffth Park",
        "type" to "park"
)
citiesRef.document("LA").collection("landmarks").add(gpData)

val tgData = mapOf(
        "name" to "The Getty",
        "type" to "museum"
)
citiesRef.document("LA").collection("landmarks").add(tgData)

val lmData = mapOf(
        "name" to "Lincoln Memorial",
        "type" to "memorial"
)
citiesRef.document("DC").collection("landmarks").add(lmData)

val nasaData = mapOf(
        "name" to "National Air and Space Museum",
        "type" to "museum"
)
citiesRef.document("DC").collection("landmarks").add(nasaData)

val upData = mapOf(
        "name" to "Ueno Park",
        "type" to "park"
)
citiesRef.document("TOK").collection("landmarks").add(upData)

val nmData = mapOf(
        "name" to "National Musuem of Nature and Science",
        "type" to "museum"
)
citiesRef.document("TOK").collection("landmarks").add(nmData)

val jpData = mapOf(
        "name" to "Jingshan Park",
        "type" to "park"
)
citiesRef.document("BJ").collection("landmarks").add(jpData)

val baoData = mapOf(
        "name" to "Beijing Ancient Observatory",
        "type" to "musuem"
)
citiesRef.document("BJ").collection("landmarks").add(baoData)
Java
CollectionReference cities = db.collection("cities");

final List<ApiFuture<WriteResult>> futures =
    Arrays.asList(
        cities
            .document("SF")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "Golden Gate Bridge");
                    put("type", "bridge");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("SF")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "Legion of Honor");
                    put("type", "museum");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("LA")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "Griffith Park");
                    put("type", "park");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("LA")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "The Getty");
                    put("type", "museum");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("DC")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "Lincoln Memorial");
                    put("type", "memorial");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("DC")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "National Air and Space Museum");
                    put("type", "museum");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("TOK")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "Ueno Park");
                    put("type", "park");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("TOK")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "National Museum of Nature and Science");
                    put("type", "museum");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("BJ")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "Jingshan Park");
                    put("type", "park");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("BJ")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "Beijing Ancient Observatory");
                    put("type", "museum");
                  }
                }));
final List<WriteResult> landmarks = ApiFutures.allAsList(futures).get();
Python
cities = db.collection(u'cities')

sf_landmarks = cities.document(u'SF').collection(u'landmarks')
sf_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'Golden Gate Bridge',
    u'type': u'bridge'
})
sf_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'Legion of Honor',
    u'type': u'museum'
})
la_landmarks = cities.document(u'LA').collection(u'landmarks')
la_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'Griffith Park',
    u'type': u'park'
})
la_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'The Getty',
    u'type': u'museum'
})
dc_landmarks = cities.document(u'DC').collection(u'landmarks')
dc_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'Lincoln Memorial',
    u'type': u'memorial'
})
dc_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'National Air and Space Museum',
    u'type': u'museum'
})
tok_landmarks = cities.document(u'TOK').collection(u'landmarks')
tok_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'Ueno Park',
    u'type': u'park'
})
tok_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'National Museum of Nature and Science',
    u'type': u'museum'
})
bj_landmarks = cities.document(u'BJ').collection(u'landmarks')
bj_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'Jingshan Park',
    u'type': u'park'
})
bj_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'Beijing Ancient Observatory',
    u'type': u'museum'
})

Python

cities = db.collection("cities")

sf_landmarks = cities.document("SF").collection("landmarks")
await sf_landmarks.document().set({"name": "Golden Gate Bridge", "type": "bridge"})
await sf_landmarks.document().set({"name": "Legion of Honor", "type": "museum"})
la_landmarks = cities.document("LA").collection("landmarks")
await la_landmarks.document().set({"name": "Griffith Park", "type": "park"})
await la_landmarks.document().set({"name": "The Getty", "type": "museum"})
dc_landmarks = cities.document("DC").collection("landmarks")
await dc_landmarks.document().set({"name": "Lincoln Memorial", "type": "memorial"})
await dc_landmarks.document().set(
    {"name": "National Air and Space Museum", "type": "museum"}
)
tok_landmarks = cities.document("TOK").collection("landmarks")
await tok_landmarks.document().set({"name": "Ueno Park", "type": "park"})
await tok_landmarks.document().set(
    {"name": "National Museum of Nature and Science", "type": "museum"}
)
bj_landmarks = cities.document("BJ").collection("landmarks")
await bj_landmarks.document().set({"name": "Jingshan Park", "type": "park"})
await bj_landmarks.document().set(
    {"name": "Beijing Ancient Observatory", "type": "museum"}
)
C++
// This is not yet supported.
Node.js
const citiesRef = db.collection('cities');

await citiesRef.doc('SF').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'Golden Gate Bridge',
  type: 'bridge'
});
await citiesRef.doc('SF').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'Legion of Honor',
  type: 'museum'
});
await citiesRef.doc('LA').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'Griffith Park',
  type: 'park'
});
await citiesRef.doc('LA').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'The Getty',
  type: 'museum'
});
await citiesRef.doc('DC').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'Lincoln Memorial',
  type: 'memorial'
});
await citiesRef.doc('DC').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'National Air and Space Museum',
  type: 'museum'
});
await citiesRef.doc('TOK').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'Ueno Park',
  type: 'park'
});
await citiesRef.doc('TOK').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'National Museum of Nature and Science',
  type: 'museum'
});
await citiesRef.doc('BJ').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'Jingshan Park',
  type: 'park'
});
await citiesRef.doc('BJ').collection('landmarks').doc().set({ 
  name: 'Beijing Ancient Observatory',
  type: 'museum'
});
Aller
import (
	"context"
	"fmt"

	"cloud.google.com/go/firestore"
)

// collectionGroupSetup sets up a collection group to query.
func collectionGroupSetup(projectID, cityCollection string) error {
	ctx := context.Background()

	client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, projectID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("firestore.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	landmarks := []struct {
		city, name, t string
	}{
		{"SF", "Golden Gate Bridge", "bridge"},
		{"SF", "Legion of Honor", "museum"},
		{"LA", "Griffith Park", "park"},
		{"LA", "The Getty", "museum"},
		{"DC", "Lincoln Memorial", "memorial"},
		{"DC", "National Air and Space Museum", "museum"},
		{"TOK", "Ueno Park", "park"},
		{"TOK", "National Museum of Nature and Science", "museum"},
		{"BJ", "Jingshan Park", "park"},
		{"BJ", "Beijing Ancient Observatory", "museum"},
	}

	cities := client.Collection(cityCollection)
	for _, l := range landmarks {
		if _, err := cities.Doc(l.city).Collection("landmarks").NewDoc().Set(ctx, map[string]string{
			"name": l.name,
			"type": l.t,
		}); err != nil {
			return fmt.Errorf("Set: %v", err)
		}
	}

	return nil
}
PHP
$citiesRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities');
$citiesRef->document('SF')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'Golden Gate Bridge',
    'type' => 'bridge'
]);
$citiesRef->document('SF')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'Legion of Honor',
    'type' => 'museum'
]);
$citiesRef->document('LA')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'Griffith Park',
    'type' => 'park'
]);
$citiesRef->document('LA')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'The Getty',
    'type' => 'museum'
]);
$citiesRef->document('DC')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'Lincoln Memorial',
    'type' => 'memorial'
]);
$citiesRef->document('DC')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'National Air and Space Museum',
    'type' => 'museum'
]);
$citiesRef->document('TOK')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'Ueno Park',
    'type' => 'park'
]);
$citiesRef->document('TOK')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'National Museum of Nature and Science',
    'type' => 'museum'
]);
$citiesRef->document('BJ')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'Jingshan Park',
    'type' => 'park'
]);
$citiesRef->document('BJ')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'Beijing Ancient Observatory',
    'type' => 'museum'
]);
print('Added example landmarks collections to the cities collection.' . PHP_EOL);
Unité
// Not yet supported in the Unity SDK
C#
await citiesRef.Document("SF").Collection("landmarks").Document()
    .CreateAsync(new { Name = "Golden Gate Bridge", Type = "bridge" });
await citiesRef.Document("SF").Collection("landmarks").Document()
    .CreateAsync(new { Name = "Legion of Honor", Type = "museum" });
await citiesRef.Document("LA").Collection("landmarks").Document()
    .CreateAsync(new { Name = "Griffith Park", Type = "park" });
await citiesRef.Document("DC").Collection("landmarks").Document()
    .CreateAsync(new { Name = "Lincoln Memorial", Type = "memorial" });
await citiesRef.Document("DC").Collection("landmarks").Document()
    .CreateAsync(new { Name = "National Air And Space Museum", Type = "museum" });
await citiesRef.Document("TOK").Collection("landmarks").Document()
    .CreateAsync(new { Name = "Ueno Park", Type = "park" });
await citiesRef.Document("TOK").Collection("landmarks").Document()
    .CreateAsync(new { Name = "National Museum of Nature and Science", Type = "museum" });
await citiesRef.Document("BJ").Collection("landmarks").Document()
    .CreateAsync(new { Name = "Jingshan Park", Type = "park" });
await citiesRef.Document("BJ").Collection("landmarks").Document()
    .CreateAsync(new { Name = "Beijing Ancient Observatory", Type = "museum" });
Rubis
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path

sf_landmarks = cities_ref.document("SF").collection("landmarks")
sf_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "Golden Gate Bridge",
    type: "bridge"
  }
)
sf_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "Legion of Honor",
    type: "museum"
  }
)

la_landmarks = cities_ref.document("LA").collection("landmarks")
la_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "Griffith Park",
    type: "park"
  }
)
la_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "The Getty",
    type: "museum"
  }
)

dc_landmarks = cities_ref.document("DC").collection("landmarks")
dc_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "Lincoln Memorial",
    type: "memorial"
  }
)
dc_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "National Air and Space Museum",
    type: "museum"
  }
)

tok_landmarks = cities_ref.document("TOK").collection("landmarks")
tok_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "Ueno Park",
    type: "park"
  }
)
tok_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "National Museum of Nature and Science",
    type: "museum"
  }
)

bj_landmarks = cities_ref.document("BJ").collection("landmarks")
bj_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "Jingshan Park",
    type: "park"
  }
)
bj_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "Beijing Ancient Observatory",
    type: "museum"
  }
)

Nous pouvons utiliser la requête simple et composé décrit précédemment pour interroger d'une seule ville des landmarks de subcollection, mais vous pouvez également récupérer les résultats de toutes les villes de landmarks de subcollection à la fois.

Le landmarks groupe de collection se compose de toutes les collections avec les ID landmarks , et vous pouvez interroger à l'aide d' une requête de groupe de collecte. Par exemple, cette requête de groupe de collecte récupère tous les museum points de repère à travers toutes les villes:

Web version 9

import { collectionGroup, query, where, getDocs } from "firebase/firestore";  

const museums = query(collectionGroup(db, 'landmarks'), where('type', '==', 'museum'));
const querySnapshot = await getDocs(museums);
querySnapshot.forEach((doc) => {
    console.log(doc.id, ' => ', doc.data());
});

Web version 8

var museums = db.collectionGroup('landmarks').where('type', '==', 'museum');
museums.get().then((querySnapshot) => {
    querySnapshot.forEach((doc) => {
        console.log(doc.id, ' => ', doc.data());
    });
});
Rapide
db.collectionGroup("landmarks").whereField("type", isEqualTo: "museum").getDocuments { (snapshot, error) in
    // ...
}
Objectif c
[[[self.db collectionGroupWithID:@"landmarks"] queryWhereField:@"type" isEqualTo:@"museum"]
    getDocumentsWithCompletion:^(FIRQuerySnapshot *snapshot, NSError *error) {
    // ...
}];

Java

db.collectionGroup("landmarks").whereEqualTo("type", "museum").get()
        .addOnSuccessListener(new OnSuccessListener<QuerySnapshot>() {
            @Override
            public void onSuccess(QuerySnapshot queryDocumentSnapshots) {
                // ...
            }
        });

Kotlin+KTX

db.collectionGroup("landmarks").whereEqualTo("type", "museum").get()
        .addOnSuccessListener { queryDocumentSnapshots ->
            // ...
        }
Java
final Query museums = db.collectionGroup("landmarks").whereEqualTo("type", "museum");
final ApiFuture<QuerySnapshot> querySnapshot = museums.get();
for (DocumentSnapshot document : querySnapshot.get().getDocuments()) {
  System.out.println(document.getId());
}
Python
museums = db.collection_group(u'landmarks')\
    .where(u'type', u'==', u'museum')
docs = museums.stream()
for doc in docs:
    print(f'{doc.id} => {doc.to_dict()}')

Python

museums = db.collection_group("landmarks").where("type", "==", "museum")
docs = museums.stream()
async for doc in docs:
    print(f"{doc.id} => {doc.to_dict()}")
C++
// This is not yet supported.
Node.js
const querySnapshot = await db.collectionGroup('landmarks').where('type', '==', 'museum').get();
querySnapshot.forEach((doc) => {
  console.log(doc.id, ' => ', doc.data());
});
Aller
import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	"cloud.google.com/go/firestore"
	"google.golang.org/api/iterator"
)

// collectionGroupQuery runs a collection group query over the data created by
// collectionGroupSetup.
func collectionGroupQuery(w io.Writer, projectID string) error {
	ctx := context.Background()

	client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, projectID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("firestore.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	it := client.CollectionGroup("landmarks").Where("type", "==", "museum").Documents(ctx)
	for {
		doc, err := it.Next()
		if err == iterator.Done {
			break
		}
		if err != nil {
			return fmt.Errorf("documents iterator: %v", err)
		}
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "%s: %s", doc.Ref.ID, doc.Data()["name"])
	}

	return nil
}
PHP
$museums = $db->collectionGroup('landmarks')->where('type', '==', 'museum');
foreach ($museums->documents() as $document) {
    printf('%s => %s' . PHP_EOL, $document->id(), $document->data()['name']);
}
Unité
// Not yet supported in the Unity SDK
C#
Query museums = db.CollectionGroup("landmarks").WhereEqualTo("Type", "museum");
QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await museums.GetSnapshotAsync();
foreach (DocumentSnapshot document in querySnapshot.Documents)
{
    Console.WriteLine($"{document.Reference.Path}: {document.GetValue<string>("Name")}");
}
Rubis
museums = firestore.collection_group("landmarks").where("type", "==", "museum")
museums.get do |museum|
  puts "#{museum[:type]} name is #{museum[:name]}."
end

Avant d'utiliser une requête de groupe de collections, vous devez créer un index qui prend en charge votre requête de groupe de collections. Vous pouvez créer un index par un message d'erreur, la console ou la CLI Firebase .

Pour les kits de développement web et mobile, vous devez également créer des règles qui permettent à vos requêtes de groupe de collecte .

Limitations des requêtes

La liste suivante récapitule les limites des requêtes Cloud Firestore :

  • Cloud Firestore fournit un support logique OR requêtes. Le in et array-contains-any opérateurs prennent en charge une logique OR allant jusqu'à 10 l' égalité ( == ) ou array-contains des conditions sur un seul champ. Pour les autres cas, créez une requête distincte pour chaque OR condition et fusionner les résultats de la requête dans votre application.
  • Dans une requête composé, plage ( < , <= , > , >= ) et non égal ( != , not-in ) les comparaisons doivent tous filtre sur le même domaine.
  • Vous pouvez utiliser au plus un array-contains la clause par requête. Vous ne pouvez pas combiner array-contains avec array-contains-any .
  • Vous pouvez utiliser au plus un in , not-in ou array-contains-any clause par requête. Vous ne pouvez pas combiner in , not-in et array-contains-any dans la même requête.
  • Vous ne pouvez pas commander votre requête par un champ inclus dans une égalité ( == ) ou in l' article.
  • La somme des filtres, des ordres de tri et du chemin du document parent (1 pour une sous-collection, 0 pour une collection racine) dans une requête ne peut pas dépasser 100.