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Membuat halaman data dengan kursor kueri

Tetap teratur dengan koleksi Simpan dan kategorikan konten berdasarkan preferensi Anda.

Dengan kursor kueri di Cloud Firestore, Anda dapat membagi data yang dikembalikan oleh kueri ke dalam batch sesuai dengan parameter yang Anda tetapkan dalam kueri.

Kursor kueri menentukan titik awal dan akhir kueri, memungkinkan Anda untuk:

  • Mengembalikan subset data.
  • Membuat halaman hasil kueri.

Namun, untuk menentukan rentang tertentu untuk kueri, Anda harus menggunakan metode where() yang dijelaskan dalam Simple Query .

Tambahkan kursor sederhana ke kueri

Gunakan metode startAt() atau startAfter() untuk menentukan titik awal kueri. Metode startAt() menyertakan titik awal, sedangkan metode startAfter() mengecualikannya.

Misalnya, jika Anda menggunakan startAt(A) dalam kueri, ia mengembalikan seluruh alfabet. Jika Anda menggunakan startAfter(A) sebagai gantinya, ia mengembalikan BZ .

Web version 9

import { query, orderBy, startAt } from "firebase/firestore";  

const q = query(citiesRef, orderBy("population"), startAt(1000000));

Web version 8

citiesRef.orderBy("population").startAt(1000000);
Cepat
Catatan: Produk ini tidak tersedia di target watchOS dan App Clip.
// Get all cities with population over one million, ordered by population.
db.collection("cities")
    .order(by: "population")
    .start(at: [1000000])
Objective-C
Catatan: Produk ini tidak tersedia di target watchOS dan App Clip.
// Get all cities with population over one million, ordered by population.
[[[db collectionWithPath:@"cities"]
    queryOrderedByField:@"population"]
    queryStartingAtValues:@[ @1000000 ]];

Java

// Get all cities with a population >= 1,000,000, ordered by population,
db.collection("cities")
        .orderBy("population")
        .startAt(1000000);

Kotlin+KTX

// Get all cities with a population >= 1,000,000, ordered by population,
db.collection("cities")
        .orderBy("population")
        .startAt(1000000)

Dart

db.collection("cities").orderBy("population").startAt([1000000]);
Jawa
Query query = cities.orderBy("population").startAt(4921000L);
Python
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')
query_start_at = cities_ref.order_by(u'population').start_at({
    u'population': 1000000
})

Python

cities_ref = db.collection("cities")
query_start_at = cities_ref.order_by("population").start_at({"population": 1000000})
C++
// Get all cities with a population >= 1,000,000, ordered by population,
db->Collection("cities")
    .OrderBy("population")
    .StartAt({FieldValue::Integer(1000000)});
Node.js
const startAtRes = await db.collection('cities')
  .orderBy('population')
  .startAt(1000000)
  .get();
Pergi
query := client.Collection("cities").OrderBy("population", firestore.Asc).StartAt(1000000)
PHP

PHP

Untuk informasi selengkapnya tentang menginstal dan membuat klien Cloud Firestore, lihat Pustaka Klien Cloud Firestore .

$query = $citiesRef
    ->orderBy('population')
    ->startAt([1000000]);
Persatuan
Query query = citiesRef.OrderBy("Population").StartAt(1000000);
C#

C#

Untuk informasi selengkapnya tentang menginstal dan membuat klien Cloud Firestore, lihat Pustaka Klien Cloud Firestore .

Query query = citiesRef.OrderBy("Population").StartAt(1000000);
Rubi
query = cities_ref.order("population").start_at(1_000_000)

Demikian pula, gunakan metode endAt() atau endBefore() untuk menentukan titik akhir untuk hasil kueri Anda.

Web version 9

import { query, orderBy, endAt } from "firebase/firestore";  

const q = query(citiesRef, orderBy("population"), endAt(1000000));

Web version 8

citiesRef.orderBy("population").endAt(1000000);
Cepat
Catatan: Produk ini tidak tersedia di target watchOS dan App Clip.
// Get all cities with population less than one million, ordered by population.
db.collection("cities")
    .order(by: "population")
    .end(at: [1000000])
Objective-C
Catatan: Produk ini tidak tersedia di target watchOS dan App Clip.
// Get all cities with population less than one million, ordered by population.
[[[db collectionWithPath:@"cities"]
    queryOrderedByField:@"population"]
    queryEndingAtValues:@[ @1000000 ]];

Java

// Get all cities with a population <= 1,000,000, ordered by population,
db.collection("cities")
        .orderBy("population")
        .endAt(1000000);

Kotlin+KTX

// Get all cities with a population <= 1,000,000, ordered by population,
db.collection("cities")
        .orderBy("population")
        .endAt(1000000)

Dart

db.collection("cities").orderBy("population").endAt([1000000]);
Jawa
Query query = cities.orderBy("population").endAt(4921000L);
Python
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')
query_end_at = cities_ref.order_by(u'population').end_at({
    u'population': 1000000
})

Python

cities_ref = db.collection("cities")
query_end_at = cities_ref.order_by("population").end_at({"population": 1000000})
C++
// Get all cities with a population <= 1,000,000, ordered by population,
db->Collection("cities")
    .OrderBy("population")
    .EndAt({FieldValue::Integer(1000000)});
Node.js
const endAtRes = await db.collection('cities')
  .orderBy('population')
  .endAt(1000000)
  .get();
Pergi
query := client.Collection("cities").OrderBy("population", firestore.Asc).EndAt(1000000)
PHP

PHP

Untuk informasi selengkapnya tentang menginstal dan membuat klien Cloud Firestore, lihat Pustaka Klien Cloud Firestore .

$query = $citiesRef
    ->orderBy('population')
    ->endAt([1000000]);
Persatuan
Query query = citiesRef.OrderBy("Population").EndAt(1000000);
C#

C#

Untuk informasi selengkapnya tentang menginstal dan membuat klien Cloud Firestore, lihat Pustaka Klien Cloud Firestore .

Query query = citiesRef.OrderBy("Population").EndAt(1000000);
Rubi
query = cities_ref.order("population").end_at(1_000_000)

Gunakan snapshot dokumen untuk menentukan kursor kueri

Anda juga dapat meneruskan snapshot dokumen ke klausa kursor sebagai titik awal atau akhir dari kursor kueri. Nilai dalam snapshot dokumen berfungsi sebagai nilai dalam kursor kueri.

Misalnya, ambil cuplikan dokumen "San Francisco" di kumpulan data kota dan populasi Anda. Kemudian, gunakan snapshot dokumen itu sebagai titik awal untuk kursor kueri populasi Anda. Kueri Anda akan mengembalikan semua kota dengan populasi lebih besar atau sama dengan San Francisco, seperti yang ditentukan dalam cuplikan dokumen.

Web version 9

import { collection, doc, getDoc, query, orderBy, startAt } from "firebase/firestore";  
const citiesRef = collection(db, "cities");

const docSnap = await getDoc(doc(citiesRef, "SF"));

// Get all cities with a population bigger than San Francisco
const biggerThanSf = query(citiesRef, orderBy("population"), startAt(docSnap));
// ...

Web version 8

var citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

return citiesRef.doc("SF").get().then((doc) => {
    // Get all cities with a population bigger than San Francisco
    var biggerThanSf = citiesRef
        .orderBy("population")
        .startAt(doc);

    // ...
});
Cepat
Catatan: Produk ini tidak tersedia di target watchOS dan App Clip.
db.collection("cities")
    .document("SF")
    .addSnapshotListener { (document, error) in
        guard let document = document else {
            print("Error retreving cities: \(error.debugDescription)")
            return
        }

        // Get all cities with a population greater than or equal to San Francisco.
        let sfSizeOrBigger = db.collection("cities")
            .order(by: "population")
            .start(atDocument: document)
}
Objective-C
Catatan: Produk ini tidak tersedia di target watchOS dan App Clip.
[[[db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] documentWithPath:@"SF"]
    addSnapshotListener:^(FIRDocumentSnapshot *snapshot, NSError *error) {
      if (snapshot == nil) {
        NSLog(@"Error retreiving cities: %@", error);
        return;
      }
      // Get all cities with a population greater than or equal to San Francisco.
      FIRQuery *sfSizeOrBigger = [[[db collectionWithPath:@"cities"]
          queryOrderedByField:@"population"]
          queryStartingAtDocument:snapshot];
    }];

Java

// Get the data for "San Francisco"
db.collection("cities").document("SF")
        .get()
        .addOnSuccessListener(new OnSuccessListener<DocumentSnapshot>() {
            @Override
            public void onSuccess(DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot) {
                // Get all cities with a population bigger than San Francisco.
                Query biggerThanSf = db.collection("cities")
                        .orderBy("population")
                        .startAt(documentSnapshot);

                // ...
            }
        });

Kotlin+KTX

// Get the data for "San Francisco"
db.collection("cities").document("SF")
        .get()
        .addOnSuccessListener { documentSnapshot ->
            // Get all cities with a population bigger than San Francisco.
            val biggerThanSf = db.collection("cities")
                    .orderBy("population")
                    .startAt(documentSnapshot)

            // ...
        }

Dart

db.collection("cities").doc("SF").get().then(
  (documentSnapshot) {
    final biggerThanSf = db
        .collection("cities")
        .orderBy("population")
        .startAt([documentSnapshot]);
  },
  onError: (e) => print("Error: $e"),
);
Jawa
// Fetch the snapshot with an API call, waiting for a maximum of 30 seconds for a result.
ApiFuture<DocumentSnapshot> future = db.collection("cities").document("SF").get();
DocumentSnapshot snapshot = future.get(30, TimeUnit.SECONDS);

// Construct the query
Query query = db.collection("cities").orderBy("population").startAt(snapshot);
Python
doc_ref = db.collection(u'cities').document(u'SF')

snapshot = doc_ref.get()
start_at_snapshot = db.collection(
    u'cities').order_by(u'population').start_at(snapshot)

Python

doc_ref = db.collection("cities").document("SF")

snapshot = await doc_ref.get()
start_at_snapshot = (
    db.collection("cities").order_by("population").start_at(snapshot)
)
C++
db->Collection("cities").Document("SF").Get().OnCompletion(
    [db](const Future<DocumentSnapshot>& future) {
      if (future.error() == Error::kErrorOk) {
        const DocumentSnapshot& document_snapshot = *future.result();
        Query bigger_than_sf = db->Collection("cities")
                                   .OrderBy("population")
                                   .StartAt({document_snapshot});
        // ...
      }
    });
Node.js
const docRef = db.collection('cities').doc('SF');
const snapshot = await docRef.get();
const startAtSnapshot = db.collection('cities')
  .orderBy('population')
  .startAt(snapshot);

await startAtSnapshot.limit(10).get();
Pergi
cities := client.Collection("cities")
dsnap, err := cities.Doc("SF").Get(ctx)
if err != nil {
	fmt.Println(err)
}
query := cities.OrderBy("population", firestore.Asc).StartAt(dsnap.Data()["population"]).Documents(ctx)
PHP

PHP

Untuk informasi selengkapnya tentang menginstal dan membuat klien Cloud Firestore, lihat Pustaka Klien Cloud Firestore .

$citiesRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities');
$docRef = $citiesRef->document('SF');
$snapshot = $docRef->snapshot();

$query = $citiesRef
    ->orderBy('population')
    ->startAt($snapshot);
Persatuan
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
DocumentReference docRef = citiesRef.Document("SF");
docRef.GetSnapshotAsync().ContinueWith((snapshotTask) =>
{
    Query query = citiesRef.OrderBy("Population").StartAt(snapshotTask.Result);
});
C#

C#

Untuk informasi selengkapnya tentang menginstal dan membuat klien Cloud Firestore, lihat Pustaka Klien Cloud Firestore .

CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
DocumentReference docRef = citiesRef.Document("SF");
DocumentSnapshot snapshot = await docRef.GetSnapshotAsync();
Query query = citiesRef.OrderBy("Population").StartAt(snapshot);
Rubi
doc_ref = firestore.doc "#{collection_path}/SF"
snapshot = doc_ref.get
query = cities_ref.order("population").start_at(snapshot)

Membuat halaman kueri

Membuat paginasi kueri dengan menggabungkan kursor kueri dengan metode limit() . Misalnya, gunakan dokumen terakhir dalam kumpulan sebagai awal kursor untuk kumpulan berikutnya.

Web version 9

import { collection, query, orderBy, startAfter, limit, getDocs } from "firebase/firestore";  

// Query the first page of docs
const first = query(collection(db, "cities"), orderBy("population"), limit(25));
const documentSnapshots = await getDocs(first);

// Get the last visible document
const lastVisible = documentSnapshots.docs[documentSnapshots.docs.length-1];
console.log("last", lastVisible);

// Construct a new query starting at this document,
// get the next 25 cities.
const next = query(collection(db, "cities"),
    orderBy("population"),
    startAfter(lastVisible),
    limit(25));

Web version 8

var first = db.collection("cities")
        .orderBy("population")
        .limit(25);

return first.get().then((documentSnapshots) => {
  // Get the last visible document
  var lastVisible = documentSnapshots.docs[documentSnapshots.docs.length-1];
  console.log("last", lastVisible);

  // Construct a new query starting at this document,
  // get the next 25 cities.
  var next = db.collection("cities")
          .orderBy("population")
          .startAfter(lastVisible)
          .limit(25);
});
Cepat
Catatan: Produk ini tidak tersedia di target watchOS dan App Clip.
// Construct query for first 25 cities, ordered by population
let first = db.collection("cities")
    .order(by: "population")
    .limit(to: 25)

first.addSnapshotListener { (snapshot, error) in
    guard let snapshot = snapshot else {
        print("Error retreving cities: \(error.debugDescription)")
        return
    }

    guard let lastSnapshot = snapshot.documents.last else {
        // The collection is empty.
        return
    }

    // Construct a new query starting after this document,
    // retrieving the next 25 cities.
    let next = db.collection("cities")
        .order(by: "population")
        .start(afterDocument: lastSnapshot)

    // Use the query for pagination.
    // ...
}
Objective-C
Catatan: Produk ini tidak tersedia di target watchOS dan App Clip.
FIRQuery *first = [[[db collectionWithPath:@"cities"]
    queryOrderedByField:@"population"]
    queryLimitedTo:25];
[first addSnapshotListener:^(FIRQuerySnapshot *snapshot, NSError *error) {
  if (snapshot == nil) {
    NSLog(@"Error retreiving cities: %@", error);
    return;
  }
  if (snapshot.documents.count == 0) { return; }
  FIRDocumentSnapshot *lastSnapshot = snapshot.documents.lastObject;

  // Construct a new query starting after this document,
  // retreiving the next 25 cities.
  FIRQuery *next = [[[db collectionWithPath:@"cities"]
      queryOrderedByField:@"population"]
      queryStartingAfterDocument:lastSnapshot];
  // Use the query for pagination.
  // ...
}];

Java

// Construct query for first 25 cities, ordered by population
Query first = db.collection("cities")
        .orderBy("population")
        .limit(25);

first.get()
    .addOnSuccessListener(new OnSuccessListener<QuerySnapshot>() {
        @Override
        public void onSuccess(QuerySnapshot documentSnapshots) {
            // ...

            // Get the last visible document
            DocumentSnapshot lastVisible = documentSnapshots.getDocuments()
                    .get(documentSnapshots.size() -1);

            // Construct a new query starting at this document,
            // get the next 25 cities.
            Query next = db.collection("cities")
                    .orderBy("population")
                    .startAfter(lastVisible)
                    .limit(25);

            // Use the query for pagination
            // ...
        }
    });

Kotlin+KTX

// Construct query for first 25 cities, ordered by population
val first = db.collection("cities")
        .orderBy("population")
        .limit(25)

first.get()
        .addOnSuccessListener { documentSnapshots ->
            // ...

            // Get the last visible document
            val lastVisible = documentSnapshots.documents[documentSnapshots.size() - 1]

            // Construct a new query starting at this document,
            // get the next 25 cities.
            val next = db.collection("cities")
                    .orderBy("population")
                    .startAfter(lastVisible)
                    .limit(25)

            // Use the query for pagination
            // ...
        }

Dart

// Construct query for first 25 cities, ordered by population
final first = db.collection("cities").orderBy("population").limit(25);

first.get().then(
  (documentSnapshots) {
    // Get the last visible document
    final lastVisible = documentSnapshots.docs[documentSnapshots.size - 1];

    // Construct a new query starting at this document,
    // get the next 25 cities.
    final next = db
        .collection("cities")
        .orderBy("population")
        .startAfter([lastVisible]).limit(25);

    // Use the query for pagination
    // ...
  },
  onError: (e) => print("Error completing: $e"),
);
Jawa
// Construct query for first 25 cities, ordered by population.
CollectionReference cities = db.collection("cities");
Query firstPage = cities.orderBy("population").limit(25);

// Wait for the results of the API call, waiting for a maximum of 30 seconds for a result.
ApiFuture<QuerySnapshot> future = firstPage.get();
List<QueryDocumentSnapshot> docs = future.get(30, TimeUnit.SECONDS).getDocuments();

// Construct query for the next 25 cities.
QueryDocumentSnapshot lastDoc = docs.get(docs.size() - 1);
Query secondPage = cities.orderBy("population").startAfter(lastDoc).limit(25);

future = secondPage.get();
docs = future.get(30, TimeUnit.SECONDS).getDocuments();
Python
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')
first_query = cities_ref.order_by(u'population').limit(3)

# Get the last document from the results
docs = first_query.stream()
last_doc = list(docs)[-1]

# Construct a new query starting at this document
# Note: this will not have the desired effect if
# multiple cities have the exact same population value
last_pop = last_doc.to_dict()[u'population']

next_query = (
    cities_ref
    .order_by(u'population')
    .start_after({
        u'population': last_pop
    })
    .limit(3)
)
# Use the query for pagination
# ...

Python

cities_ref = db.collection("cities")
first_query = cities_ref.order_by("population").limit(3)

# Get the last document from the results
docs = [d async for d in first_query.stream()]
last_doc = list(docs)[-1]

# Construct a new query starting at this document
# Note: this will not have the desired effect if
# multiple cities have the exact same population value
last_pop = last_doc.to_dict()["population"]

next_query = (
    cities_ref.order_by("population").start_after({"population": last_pop}).limit(3)
)
# Use the query for pagination
# ...
C++
// Construct query for first 25 cities, ordered by population
Query first = db->Collection("cities").OrderBy("population").Limit(25);

first.Get().OnCompletion([db](const Future<QuerySnapshot>& future) {
  if (future.error() != Error::kErrorOk) {
    // Handle error...
    return;
  }

  // Get the last visible document
  const QuerySnapshot& document_snapshots = *future.result();
  std::vector<DocumentSnapshot> documents = document_snapshots.documents();
  const DocumentSnapshot& last_visible = documents.back();

  // Construct a new query starting at this document,
  // get the next 25 cities.
  Query next = db->Collection("cities")
                   .OrderBy("population")
                   .StartAfter(last_visible)
                   .Limit(25);

  // Use the query for pagination
  // ...
});
Node.js
const first = db.collection('cities')
  .orderBy('population')
  .limit(3);

const snapshot = await first.get();

// Get the last document
const last = snapshot.docs[snapshot.docs.length - 1];

// Construct a new query starting at this document.
// Note: this will not have the desired effect if multiple
// cities have the exact same population value.
const next = db.collection('cities')
  .orderBy('population')
  .startAfter(last.data().population)
  .limit(3);

// Use the query for pagination
// ...
Pergi
cities := client.Collection("cities")

// Get the first 25 cities, ordered by population.
firstPage := cities.OrderBy("population", firestore.Asc).Limit(25).Documents(ctx)
docs, err := firstPage.GetAll()
if err != nil {
	return err
}

// Get the last document.
lastDoc := docs[len(docs)-1]

// Construct a new query to get the next 25 cities.
secondPage := cities.OrderBy("population", firestore.Asc).
	StartAfter(lastDoc.Data()["population"]).
	Limit(25)

// ...
PHP

PHP

Untuk informasi selengkapnya tentang menginstal dan membuat klien Cloud Firestore, lihat Pustaka Klien Cloud Firestore .

$citiesRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities');
$firstQuery = $citiesRef->orderBy('population')->limit(3);

# Get the last document from the results
$documents = $firstQuery->documents();
$lastPopulation = 0;
foreach ($documents as $document) {
    $lastPopulation = $document['population'];
}

# Construct a new query starting at this document
# Note: this will not have the desired effect if multiple cities have the exact same population value
$nextQuery = $citiesRef->orderBy('population')->startAfter([$lastPopulation]);
$snapshot = $nextQuery->documents();
Persatuan
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query firstQuery = citiesRef.OrderBy("Population").Limit(3);

// Get the last document from the results
firstQuery.GetSnapshotAsync().ContinueWith((querySnapshotTask) =>
{
    long lastPopulation = 0;
    foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshotTask.Result.Documents)
    {
        lastPopulation = documentSnapshot.GetValue<long>("Population");
    }

    // Construct a new query starting at this document.
    // Note: this will not have the desired effect if multiple cities have the exact same population value
    Query secondQuery = citiesRef.OrderBy("Population").StartAfter(lastPopulation);
    Task<QuerySnapshot> secondQuerySnapshot = secondQuery.GetSnapshotAsync();
C#

C#

Untuk informasi selengkapnya tentang menginstal dan membuat klien Cloud Firestore, lihat Pustaka Klien Cloud Firestore .

CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query firstQuery = citiesRef.OrderBy("Population").Limit(3);

// Get the last document from the results
QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await firstQuery.GetSnapshotAsync();
long lastPopulation = 0;
foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshot.Documents)
{
    lastPopulation = documentSnapshot.GetValue<long>("Population");
}

// Construct a new query starting at this document.
// Note: this will not have the desired effect if multiple cities have the exact same population value
Query secondQuery = citiesRef.OrderBy("Population").StartAfter(lastPopulation);
QuerySnapshot secondQuerySnapshot = await secondQuery.GetSnapshotAsync();
Rubi
cities_ref  = firestore.col collection_path
first_query = cities_ref.order("population").limit(3)

# Get the last document from the results.
last_population = 0
first_query.get do |city|
  last_population = city.data[:population]
end

# Construct a new query starting at this document.
# Note: this will not have the desired effect if multiple cities have the exact same population value.
second_query = cities_ref.order("population").start_after(last_population)
second_query.get do |city|
  puts "Document #{city.document_id} returned by paginated query cursor."
end

Atur kursor berdasarkan beberapa bidang

Saat menggunakan kursor berdasarkan nilai bidang (bukan DocumentSnapshot), Anda dapat membuat posisi kursor lebih presisi dengan menambahkan bidang tambahan. Ini sangat berguna jika kumpulan data Anda menyertakan beberapa dokumen yang semuanya memiliki nilai yang sama untuk bidang kursor Anda, membuat posisi kursor menjadi ambigu. Anda dapat menambahkan nilai bidang tambahan ke kursor Anda untuk menentukan lebih lanjut titik awal atau akhir dan mengurangi ambiguitas.

Misalnya, dalam kumpulan data yang berisi semua kota bernama "Springfield" di Amerika Serikat, akan ada beberapa titik awal untuk kumpulan kueri yang dimulai di "Springfield":

kota
Nama Negara
Springfield Massachusetts
Springfield Missouri
Springfield Wisconsin

Untuk memulai di Springfield tertentu, Anda bisa menambahkan status sebagai kondisi sekunder di klausa kursor Anda.

Web version 9

// Will return all Springfields
import { collection, query, orderBy, startAt } from "firebase/firestore";  
const q1 = query(collection(db, "cities"),
   orderBy("name"),
   orderBy("state"),
   startAt("Springfield"));

// Will return "Springfield, Missouri" and "Springfield, Wisconsin"
const q2 = query(collection(db, "cities"),
   orderBy("name"),
   orderBy("state"),
   startAt("Springfield", "Missouri"));

Web version 8

// Will return all Springfields
db.collection("cities")
   .orderBy("name")
   .orderBy("state")
   .startAt("Springfield");

// Will return "Springfield, Missouri" and "Springfield, Wisconsin"
db.collection("cities")
   .orderBy("name")
   .orderBy("state")
   .startAt("Springfield", "Missouri");
Cepat
Catatan: Produk ini tidak tersedia di target watchOS dan App Clip.
// Will return all Springfields
db.collection("cities")
    .order(by: "name")
    .order(by: "state")
    .start(at: ["Springfield"])

// Will return "Springfield, Missouri" and "Springfield, Wisconsin"
db.collection("cities")
    .order(by: "name")
    .order(by: "state")
    .start(at: ["Springfield", "Missouri"])
Objective-C
Catatan: Produk ini tidak tersedia di target watchOS dan App Clip.
// Will return all Springfields
[[[[db collectionWithPath:@"cities"]
    queryOrderedByField:@"name"]
    queryOrderedByField:@"state"]
    queryStartingAtValues:@[ @"Springfield" ]];
// Will return "Springfield, Missouri" and "Springfield, Wisconsin"
[[[[db collectionWithPath:@"cities"]
   queryOrderedByField:@"name"]
   queryOrderedByField:@"state"]
   queryStartingAtValues:@[ @"Springfield", @"Missouri" ]];

Java

// Will return all Springfields
db.collection("cities")
        .orderBy("name")
        .orderBy("state")
        .startAt("Springfield");

// Will return "Springfield, Missouri" and "Springfield, Wisconsin"
db.collection("cities")
        .orderBy("name")
        .orderBy("state")
        .startAt("Springfield", "Missouri");

Kotlin+KTX

// Will return all Springfields
db.collection("cities")
        .orderBy("name")
        .orderBy("state")
        .startAt("Springfield")

// Will return "Springfield, Missouri" and "Springfield, Wisconsin"
db.collection("cities")
        .orderBy("name")
        .orderBy("state")
        .startAt("Springfield", "Missouri")

Dart

// Will return all Springfields
db
    .collection("cities")
    .orderBy("name")
    .orderBy("state")
    .startAt(["Springfield"]);

// Will return "Springfield, Missouri" and "Springfield, Wisconsin"
db
    .collection("cities")
    .orderBy("name")
    .orderBy("state")
    .startAt(["Springfield", "Missouri"]);
Jawa
// Will return all Springfields
Query query1 = db.collection("cities").orderBy("name").orderBy("state").startAt("Springfield");

// Will return "Springfield, Missouri" and "Springfield, Wisconsin"
Query query2 =
    db.collection("cities").orderBy("name").orderBy("state").startAt("Springfield", "Missouri");
Python
start_at_name = (
    db.collection(u'cities')
    .order_by(u'name')
    .start_at({
        u'name': u'Springfield'
    })
)

start_at_name_and_state = (
    db.collection(u'cities')
    .order_by(u'name')
    .order_by(u'state')
    .start_at({
        u'name': u'Springfield',
        u'state': u'Missouri'
    })
)

Python

start_at_name = (
    db.collection("cities")
    .order_by("name")
    .order_by("state")
    .start_at({"name": "Springfield"})
)

start_at_name_and_state = (
    db.collection("cities")
    .order_by("name")
    .order_by("state")
    .start_at({"name": "Springfield", "state": "Missouri"})
)
C++
// This is not yet supported.
Node.js
// Will return all Springfields
const startAtNameRes = await db.collection('cities')
  .orderBy('name')
  .orderBy('state')
  .startAt('Springfield')
  .get();

// Will return 'Springfield, Missouri' and 'Springfield, Wisconsin'
const startAtNameAndStateRes = await db.collection('cities')
  .orderBy('name')
  .orderBy('state')
  .startAt('Springfield', 'Missouri')
  .get();
Pergi
// Will return all Springfields.
client.Collection("cities").
	OrderBy("name", firestore.Asc).
	OrderBy("state", firestore.Asc).
	StartAt("Springfield")

// Will return Springfields where state comes after Wisconsin.
client.Collection("cities").
	OrderBy("name", firestore.Asc).
	OrderBy("state", firestore.Asc).
	StartAt("Springfield", "Wisconsin")
PHP

PHP

Untuk informasi selengkapnya tentang menginstal dan membuat klien Cloud Firestore, lihat Pustaka Klien Cloud Firestore .

// Will return all Springfields
$query1 = $db
    ->collection('samples/php/cities')
    ->orderBy('name')
    ->orderBy('state')
    ->startAt(['Springfield']);

// Will return "Springfield, Missouri" and "Springfield, Wisconsin"
$query2 = $db
    ->collection('samples/php/cities')
    ->orderBy('name')
    ->orderBy('state')
    ->startAt(['Springfield', 'Missouri']);
Persatuan
Query query1 = db.Collection("cities").OrderBy("Name").OrderBy("State").StartAt("Springfield");
Query query2 = db.Collection("cities").OrderBy("Name").OrderBy("State").StartAt("Springfield", "Missouri");
C#

C#

Untuk informasi selengkapnya tentang menginstal dan membuat klien Cloud Firestore, lihat Pustaka Klien Cloud Firestore .

Query query1 = db.Collection("cities").OrderBy("Name").OrderBy("State").StartAt("Springfield");
Query query2 = db.Collection("cities").OrderBy("Name").OrderBy("State").StartAt("Springfield", "Missouri");
Rubi
# Will return all Springfields
query1 = firestore.col(collection_path).order("name").order("state").start_at("Springfield")

# Will return "Springfield, Missouri" and "Springfield, Wisconsin"
query2 = firestore.col(collection_path).order("name").order("state").start_at(["Springfield", "Missouri"])