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Melakukan kueri sederhana dan gabungan di Cloud Firestore

Cloud Firestore menyediakan fungsi kueri yang dapat diandalkan untuk menentukan dokumen mana yang ingin Anda ambil dari koleksi atau grup koleksi. Kueri ini juga dapat digunakan dengan get() atau addSnapshotListener(), seperti yang dijelaskan dalam Mendapatkan Data dan Mendapatkan Update Realtime.

Data contoh

Untuk memulai, tulis beberapa data mengenai kota agar kami dapat melihat berbagai cara untuk membacanya kembali:

Web
var citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

citiesRef.doc("SF").set({
    name: "San Francisco", state: "CA", country: "USA",
    capital: false, population: 860000,
    regions: ["west_coast", "norcal"] });
citiesRef.doc("LA").set({
    name: "Los Angeles", state: "CA", country: "USA",
    capital: false, population: 3900000,
    regions: ["west_coast", "socal"] });
citiesRef.doc("DC").set({
    name: "Washington, D.C.", state: null, country: "USA",
    capital: true, population: 680000,
    regions: ["east_coast"] });
citiesRef.doc("TOK").set({
    name: "Tokyo", state: null, country: "Japan",
    capital: true, population: 9000000,
    regions: ["kanto", "honshu"] });
citiesRef.doc("BJ").set({
    name: "Beijing", state: null, country: "China",
    capital: true, population: 21500000,
    regions: ["jingjinji", "hebei"] });
Swift
let citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

citiesRef.document("SF").setData([
    "name": "San Francisco",
    "state": "CA",
    "country": "USA",
    "capital": false,
    "population": 860000,
    "regions": ["west_coast", "norcal"]
    ])
citiesRef.document("LA").setData([
    "name": "Los Angeles",
    "state": "CA",
    "country": "USA",
    "capital": false,
    "population": 3900000,
    "regions": ["west_coast", "socal"]
    ])
citiesRef.document("DC").setData([
    "name": "Washington D.C.",
    "country": "USA",
    "capital": true,
    "population": 680000,
    "regions": ["east_coast"]
    ])
citiesRef.document("TOK").setData([
    "name": "Tokyo",
    "country": "Japan",
    "capital": true,
    "population": 9000000,
    "regions": ["kanto", "honshu"]
    ])
citiesRef.document("BJ").setData([
    "name": "Beijing",
    "country": "China",
    "capital": true,
    "population": 21500000,
    "regions": ["jingjinji", "hebei"]
    ])
Objective-C
FIRCollectionReference *citiesRef = [self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"];
[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"SF"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"San Francisco",
  @"state": @"CA",
  @"country": @"USA",
  @"capital": @(NO),
  @"population": @860000,
  @"regions": @[@"west_coast", @"norcal"]
}];
[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"LA"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"Los Angeles",
  @"state": @"CA",
  @"country": @"USA",
  @"capital": @(NO),
  @"population": @3900000,
  @"regions": @[@"west_coast", @"socal"]
}];
[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"DC"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"Washington D.C.",
  @"country": @"USA",
  @"capital": @(YES),
  @"population": @680000,
  @"regions": @[@"east_coast"]
}];
[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"TOK"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"Tokyo",
  @"country": @"Japan",
  @"capital": @(YES),
  @"population": @9000000,
  @"regions": @[@"kanto", @"honshu"]
}];
[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"BJ"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"Beijing",
  @"country": @"China",
  @"capital": @(YES),
  @"population": @21500000,
  @"regions": @[@"jingjinji", @"hebei"]
}];
  
Java
CollectionReference cities = db.collection("cities");

Map<String, Object> data1 = new HashMap<>();
data1.put("name", "San Francisco");
data1.put("state", "CA");
data1.put("country", "USA");
data1.put("capital", false);
data1.put("population", 860000);
data1.put("regions", Arrays.asList("west_coast", "norcal"));
cities.document("SF").set(data1);

Map<String, Object> data2 = new HashMap<>();
data2.put("name", "Los Angeles");
data2.put("state", "CA");
data2.put("country", "USA");
data2.put("capital", false);
data2.put("population", 3900000);
data2.put("regions", Arrays.asList("west_coast", "socal"));
cities.document("LA").set(data2);

Map<String, Object> data3 = new HashMap<>();
data3.put("name", "Washington D.C.");
data3.put("state", null);
data3.put("country", "USA");
data3.put("capital", true);
data3.put("population", 680000);
data3.put("regions", Arrays.asList("east_coast"));
cities.document("DC").set(data3);

Map<String, Object> data4 = new HashMap<>();
data4.put("name", "Tokyo");
data4.put("state", null);
data4.put("country", "Japan");
data4.put("capital", true);
data4.put("population", 9000000);
data4.put("regions", Arrays.asList("kanto", "honshu"));
cities.document("TOK").set(data4);

Map<String, Object> data5 = new HashMap<>();
data5.put("name", "Beijing");
data5.put("state", null);
data5.put("country", "China");
data5.put("capital", true);
data5.put("population", 21500000);
data5.put("regions", Arrays.asList("jingjinji", "hebei"));
cities.document("BJ").set(data5);
Kotlin
val cities = db.collection("cities")

val data1 = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "San Francisco",
        "state" to "CA",
        "country" to "USA",
        "capital" to false,
        "population" to 860000,
        "regions" to listOf("west_coast", "norcal")
)
cities.document("SF").set(data1)

val data2 = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "Los Angeles",
        "state" to "CA",
        "country" to "USA",
        "capital" to false,
        "population" to 3900000,
        "regions" to listOf("west_coast", "socal")
)
cities.document("LA").set(data2)

val data3 = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "Washington D.C.",
        "state" to null,
        "country" to "USA",
        "capital" to true,
        "population" to 680000,
        "regions" to listOf("east_coast")
)
cities.document("DC").set(data3)

val data4 = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "Tokyo",
        "state" to null,
        "country" to "Japan",
        "capital" to true,
        "population" to 9000000,
        "regions" to listOf("kanto", "honshu")
)
cities.document("TOK").set(data4)

val data5 = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "Beijing",
        "state" to null,
        "country" to "China",
        "capital" to true,
        "population" to 21500000,
        "regions" to listOf("jingjinji", "hebei")
)
cities.document("BJ").set(data5)
Java
CollectionReference cities = db.collection("cities");
List<ApiFuture<WriteResult>> futures = new ArrayList<>();
futures.add(cities.document("SF").set(new City("San Francisco", "CA", "USA", false, 860000L,
    Arrays.asList("west_coast", "norcal"))));
futures.add(cities.document("LA").set(new City("Los Angeles", "CA", "USA", false, 3900000L,
    Arrays.asList("west_coast", "socal"))));
futures.add(cities.document("DC").set(new City("Washington D.C.", null, "USA", true, 680000L,
    Arrays.asList("east_coast"))));
futures.add(cities.document("TOK").set(new City("Tokyo", null, "Japan", true, 9000000L,
    Arrays.asList("kanto", "honshu"))));
futures.add(cities.document("BJ").set(new City("Beijing", null, "China", true, 21500000L,
    Arrays.asList("jingjinji", "hebei"))));
// (optional) block on documents successfully added
ApiFutures.allAsList(futures).get();
Python
class City(object):
    def __init__(self, name, state, country, capital=False, population=0,
                 regions=[]):
        self.name = name
        self.state = state
        self.country = country
        self.capital = capital
        self.population = population
        self.regions = regions

    @staticmethod
    def from_dict(source):
        # ...

    def to_dict(self):
        # ...

    def __repr__(self):
        return(
            u'City(name={}, country={}, population={}, capital={}, regions={})'
            .format(self.name, self.country, self.population, self.capital,
                    self.regions))
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')
cities_ref.document(u'SF').set(
    City(u'San Francisco', u'CA', u'USA', False, 860000,
         [u'west_coast', u'norcal']).to_dict())
cities_ref.document(u'LA').set(
    City(u'Los Angeles', u'CA', u'USA', False, 3900000,
         [u'west_coast', u'socal']).to_dict())
cities_ref.document(u'DC').set(
    City(u'Washington D.C.', None, u'USA', True, 680000,
         [u'east_coast']).to_dict())
cities_ref.document(u'TOK').set(
    City(u'Tokyo', None, u'Japan', True, 9000000,
         [u'kanto', u'honshu']).to_dict())
cities_ref.document(u'BJ').set(
    City(u'Beijing', None, u'China', True, 21500000, [u'hebei']).to_dict())
Node.js
let citiesRef = db.collection('cities');

let setSf = citiesRef.doc('SF').set({
  name: 'San Francisco', state: 'CA', country: 'USA',
  capital: false, population: 860000,
  regions: ['west_coast', 'norcal']
});
let setLa = citiesRef.doc('LA').set({
  name: 'Los Angeles', state: 'CA', country: 'USA',
  capital: false, population: 3900000,
  regions: ['west_coast', 'socal']
});
let setDc = citiesRef.doc('DC').set({
  name: 'Washington, D.C.', state: null, country: 'USA',
  capital: true, population: 680000,
  regions: ['east_coast']
});
let setTok = citiesRef.doc('TOK').set({
  name: 'Tokyo', state: null, country: 'Japan',
  capital: true, population: 9000000,
  regions: ['kanto', 'honshu']
});
let setBj = citiesRef.doc('BJ').set({
  name: 'Beijing', state: null, country: 'China',
  capital: true, population: 21500000,
  regions: ['jingjinji', 'hebei']
});
Go
cities := []struct {
	id string
	c  City
}{
	{
		id: "SF",
		c: City{Name: "San Francisco", State: "CA", Country: "USA",
			Capital: false, Population: 860000,
			Regions: []string{"west_coast", "norcal"}},
	},
	{
		id: "LA",
		c: City{Name: "Los Angeles", State: "CA", Country: "USA",
			Capital: false, Population: 3900000,
			Regions: []string{"west_coast", "socal"}},
	},
	{
		id: "DC",
		c: City{Name: "Washington D.C.", Country: "USA",
			Capital: false, Population: 680000,
			Regions: []string{"east_coast"}},
	},
	{
		id: "TOK",
		c: City{Name: "Tokyo", Country: "Japan",
			Capital: true, Population: 9000000,
			Regions: []string{"kanto", "honshu"}},
	},
	{
		id: "BJ",
		c: City{Name: "Beijing", Country: "China",
			Capital: true, Population: 21500000,
			Regions: []string{"jingjinji", "hebei"}},
	},
}
for _, c := range cities {
	if _, err := client.Collection("cities").Doc(c.id).Set(ctx, c.c); err != nil {
		return err
	}
}
PHP
$citiesRef = $db->collection('cities');
$citiesRef->document('SF')->set([
    'name' => 'San Francisco',
    'state' => 'CA',
    'country' => 'USA',
    'capital' => false,
    'population' => 860000,
    'regions' => ['west_coast', 'norcal']
]);
$citiesRef->document('LA')->set([
    'name' => 'Los Angeles',
    'state' => 'CA',
    'country' => 'USA',
    'capital' => false,
    'population' => 3900000,
    'regions' => ['west_coast', 'socal']
]);
$citiesRef->document('DC')->set([
    'name' => 'Washington D.C.',
    'state' => null,
    'country' => 'USA',
    'capital' => true,
    'population' => 680000,
    'regions' => ['east_coast']
]);
$citiesRef->document('TOK')->set([
    'name' => 'Tokyo',
    'state' => null,
    'country' => 'Japan',
    'capital' => true,
    'population' => 9000000,
    'regions' => ['kanto', 'honshu']
]);
$citiesRef->document('BJ')->set([
    'name' => 'Beijing',
    'state' => null,
    'country' => 'China',
    'capital' => true,
    'population' => 21500000,
    'regions' => ['jingjinji', 'hebei']
]);
printf('Added example cities data to the cities collection.' . PHP_EOL);
C#
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
await citiesRef.Document("SF").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "San Francisco" },
    { "State", "CA" },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", false },
    { "Population", 860000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"west_coast", "norcal"} }
});
await citiesRef.Document("LA").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Los Angeles" },
    { "State", "CA" },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", false },
    { "Population", 3900000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"west_coast", "socal"} }
});
await citiesRef.Document("DC").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Washington D.C." },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 680000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"east_coast"} }
});
await citiesRef.Document("TOK").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Tokyo" },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "Japan" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 9000000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"kanto", "honshu"} }
});
await citiesRef.Document("BJ").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Beijing" },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "China" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 21500000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"jingjinji", "hebei"} }
});
Console.WriteLine("Added example cities data to the cities collection.");
Ruby
cities_ref = firestore.col "cities"
cities_ref.doc("SF").set(
  name:       "San Francisco",
  state:      "CA",
  country:    "USA",
  capital:    false,
  population: 860_000
)
cities_ref.doc("LA").set(
  name:       "Los Angeles",
  state:      "CA",
  country:    "USA",
  capital:    false,
  population: 3_900_000
)
cities_ref.doc("DC").set(
  name:       "Washington D.C.",
  state:      nil,
  country:    "USA",
  capital:    true,
  population: 680_000
)
cities_ref.doc("TOK").set(
  name:       "Tokyo",
  state:      nil,
  country:    "Japan",
  capital:    true,
  population: 9_000_000
)
cities_ref.doc("BJ").set(
  name:       "Beijing",
  state:      nil,
  country:    "China",
  capital:    true,
  population: 21_500_000
)

Kueri sederhana

Kueri berikut menampilkan semua kota dengan negara bagian CA:

Web
// Create a reference to the cities collection
var citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

// Create a query against the collection.
var query = citiesRef.where("state", "==", "CA");
Swift
// Create a reference to the cities collection
let citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

// Create a query against the collection.
let query = citiesRef.whereField("state", isEqualTo: "CA")
Objective-C
// Create a reference to the cities collection
FIRCollectionReference *citiesRef = [self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"];
// Create a query against the collection.
FIRQuery *query = [citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isEqualTo:@"CA"];
  
Java
// Create a reference to the cities collection
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

// Create a query against the collection.
Query query = citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA");
Kotlin
// Create a reference to the cities collection
val citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

// Create a query against the collection.
val query = citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA")
Java
// Create a reference to the cities collection
CollectionReference cities = db.collection("cities");
// Create a query against the collection.
Query query = cities.whereEqualTo("state", "CA");
// retrieve  query results asynchronously using query.get()
ApiFuture<QuerySnapshot> querySnapshot = query.get();

for (DocumentSnapshot document : querySnapshot.get().getDocuments()) {
  System.out.println(document.getId());
}
Python
# Create a reference to the cities collection
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

# Create a query against the collection
query_ref = cities_ref.where(u'state', u'==', u'CA')
Node.js
// Create a reference to the cities collection
let citiesRef = db.collection('cities');

// Create a query against the collection
let queryRef = citiesRef.where('state', '==', 'CA');
Go
query := client.Collection("cities").Where("state", "==", "CA")
PHP
$citiesRef = $db->collection('cities');
$query = $citiesRef->where('state', '=', 'CA');
$snapshot = $query->documents();
foreach ($snapshot as $document) {
    printf('Document %s returned by query state=CA' . PHP_EOL, $document->id());
}
C#
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query query = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("State", "CA");
QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await query.GetSnapshotAsync();
foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshot.Documents)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query State=CA", documentSnapshot.Id);
}
Ruby
cities_ref = firestore.col "cities"

query = cities_ref.where "state", "=", "CA"

query.get do |city|
  puts "Document #{city.document_id} returned by query state=CA."
end

Kueri berikut menampilkan semua ibu kota:

Web
var citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

var query = citiesRef.where("capital", "==", true);
Swift
let capitalCities = db.collection("cities").whereField("capital", isEqualTo: true)
Objective-C
FIRQuery *capitalCities =
    [[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] queryWhereField:@"capital" isEqualTo:@YES];
  
Java
Query capitalCities = db.collection("cities").whereEqualTo("capital", true);
Kotlin
val capitalCities = db.collection("cities").whereEqualTo("capital", true)
Java
// Create a reference to the cities collection
CollectionReference cities = db.collection("cities");
// Create a query against the collection.
Query query = cities.whereEqualTo("capital", true);
// retrieve  query results asynchronously using query.get()
ApiFuture<QuerySnapshot> querySnapshot = query.get();

for (DocumentSnapshot document : querySnapshot.get().getDocuments()) {
  System.out.println(document.getId());
}
Python
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

query = cities_ref.where(u'capital', u'==', True)
Node.js
// Create a reference to the cities collection
let citiesRef = db.collection('cities');

// Create a query against the collection
let queryRef = citiesRef.where('capital', '==', true);
Go
query := client.Collection("cities").Where("capital", "==", true)
PHP
$citiesRef = $db->collection('cities');
$query = $citiesRef->where('capital', '=', true);
$snapshot = $query->documents();
foreach ($snapshot as $document) {
    printf('Document %s returned by query capital=true' . PHP_EOL, $document->id());
}
C#
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query query = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("Capital", true);
QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await query.GetSnapshotAsync();
foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshot.Documents)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query Capital=true", documentSnapshot.Id);
}
Ruby
cities_ref = firestore.col "cities"

query = cities_ref.where "capital", "=", true

query.get do |city|
  puts "Document #{city.document_id} returned by query capital=true."
end

Menjalankan kueri

Setelah membuat objek kueri, gunakan fungsi get() untuk mengambil hasilnya:

Web
db.collection("cities").where("capital", "==", true)
    .get()
    .then(function(querySnapshot) {
        querySnapshot.forEach(function(doc) {
            // doc.data() is never undefined for query doc snapshots
            console.log(doc.id, " => ", doc.data());
        });
    })
    .catch(function(error) {
        console.log("Error getting documents: ", error);
    });
Swift
db.collection("cities").whereField("capital", isEqualTo: true)
    .getDocuments() { (querySnapshot, err) in
        if let err = err {
            print("Error getting documents: \(err)")
        } else {
            for document in querySnapshot!.documents {
                print("\(document.documentID) => \(document.data())")
            }
        }
}
Objective-C
[[[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] queryWhereField:@"capital" isEqualTo:@(YES)]
    getDocumentsWithCompletion:^(FIRQuerySnapshot *snapshot, NSError *error) {
      if (error != nil) {
        NSLog(@"Error getting documents: %@", error);
      } else {
        for (FIRDocumentSnapshot *document in snapshot.documents) {
          NSLog(@"%@ => %@", document.documentID, document.data);
        }
      }
    }];
  
Java
db.collection("cities")
        .whereEqualTo("capital", true)
        .get()
        .addOnCompleteListener(new OnCompleteListener<QuerySnapshot>() {
            @Override
            public void onComplete(@NonNull Task<QuerySnapshot> task) {
                if (task.isSuccessful()) {
                    for (QueryDocumentSnapshot document : task.getResult()) {
                        Log.d(TAG, document.getId() + " => " + document.getData());
                    }
                } else {
                    Log.d(TAG, "Error getting documents: ", task.getException());
                }
            }
        });
Kotlin
db.collection("cities")
        .whereEqualTo("capital", true)
        .get()
        .addOnSuccessListener { documents ->
            for (document in documents) {
                Log.d(TAG, "${document.id} => ${document.data}")
            }
        }
        .addOnFailureListener { exception ->
            Log.w(TAG, "Error getting documents: ", exception)
        }
Java
//asynchronously retrieve multiple documents
ApiFuture<QuerySnapshot> future =
    db.collection("cities").whereEqualTo("capital", true).get();
// future.get() blocks on response
List<QueryDocumentSnapshot> documents = future.get().getDocuments();
for (DocumentSnapshot document : documents) {
  System.out.println(document.getId() + " => " + document.toObject(City.class));
}
Python
docs = db.collection(u'cities').where(u'capital', u'==', True).stream()

for doc in docs:
    print(u'{} => {}'.format(doc.id, doc.to_dict()))
Node.js
let citiesRef = db.collection('cities');
let query = citiesRef.where('capital', '==', true).get()
  .then(snapshot => {
    if (snapshot.empty) {
      console.log('No matching documents.');
      return;
    }

    snapshot.forEach(doc => {
      console.log(doc.id, '=>', doc.data());
    });
  })
  .catch(err => {
    console.log('Error getting documents', err);
  });
Go
fmt.Println("All capital cities:")
iter := client.Collection("cities").Where("capital", "==", true).Documents(ctx)
for {
	doc, err := iter.Next()
	if err == iterator.Done {
		break
	}
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	fmt.Println(doc.Data())
}
PHP
$citiesRef = $db->collection('cities');
$query = $citiesRef->where('capital', '=', true);
$documents = $query->documents();
foreach ($documents as $document) {
    if ($document->exists()) {
        printf('Document data for document %s:' . PHP_EOL, $document->id());
        print_r($document->data());
        printf(PHP_EOL);
    } else {
        printf('Document %s does not exist!' . PHP_EOL, $snapshot->id());
    }
}
C#
Query capitalQuery = db.Collection("cities").WhereEqualTo("Capital", true);
QuerySnapshot capitalQuerySnapshot = await capitalQuery.GetSnapshotAsync();
foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in capitalQuerySnapshot.Documents)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Document data for {0} document:", documentSnapshot.Id);
    Dictionary<string, object> city = documentSnapshot.ToDictionary();
    foreach (KeyValuePair<string, object> pair in city)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}", pair.Key, pair.Value);
    }
    Console.WriteLine("");
}
Ruby
cities_ref = firestore.col "cities"

query = cities_ref.where "capital", "=", true

query.get do |city|
  puts "#{city.document_id} data: #{city.data}."
end

Lihat Mendapatkan Data untuk informasi selengkapnya tentang mengambil hasil kueri. Anda juga dapat menambahkan pemroses ke kueri untuk mendapatkan hasil terbaru dan memantau perubahan mendatang.

Operator kueri

Metode where() mengambil 3 parameter: kolom untuk difilter, operasi perbandingan, dan nilai. Perbandingannya bisa berupa <, <=, ==, >, >=, atau array-contains. Untuk iOS, Android, dan Java, operator perbandingan secara eksplisit disebutkan dalam metode ini.

Beberapa contoh filter:

Web
citiesRef.where("state", "==", "CA")
citiesRef.where("population", "<", 100000)
citiesRef.where("name", ">=", "San Francisco")
Swift
citiesRef.whereField("state", isEqualTo: "CA")
citiesRef.whereField("population", isLessThan: 100000)
citiesRef.whereField("name", isGreaterThanOrEqualTo: "San Francisco")
Objective-C
[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isEqualTo:@"CA"];
[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"population" isLessThan:@100000];
[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"name" isGreaterThanOrEqualTo:@"San Francisco"];
  
Java
citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA");
citiesRef.whereLessThan("population", 100000);
citiesRef.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("name", "San Francisco");
Kotlin
citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA")
citiesRef.whereLessThan("population", 100000)
citiesRef.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("name", "San Francisco")
Java
Query stateQuery = cities.whereEqualTo("state", "CA");
Query populationQuery = cities.whereLessThan("population", 1000000L);
Query nameQuery = cities.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("name", "San Francisco");
Python
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

cities_ref.where(u'state', u'==', u'CA')
cities_ref.where(u'population', u'<', 1000000)
cities_ref.where(u'name', u'>=', u'San Francisco')
Node.js
let stateQuery = citiesRef.where('state', '==', 'CA');
let populationQuery = citiesRef.where('population', '<', 1000000);
let nameQuery = citiesRef.where('name', '>=', 'San Francisco');
Go
countryQuery := cities.Where("state", "==", "CA")
popQuery := cities.Where("population", "<", 1000000)
cityQuery := cities.Where("name", ">=", "San Francisco")
PHP
$stateQuery = $citiesRef->where('state', '=', 'CA');
$populationQuery = $citiesRef->where('population', '>', 1000000);
$nameQuery = $citiesRef->where('name', '>=', 'San Francisco');
C#
Query stateQuery = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("State", "CA");
Query populationQuery = citiesRef.WhereGreaterThan("Population", 1000000);
Query nameQuery = citiesRef.WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("Name", "San Francisco");
Ruby
state_query      = cities_ref.where "state", "=", "CA"
population_query = cities_ref.where "population", ">", 1_000_000
name_query       = cities_ref.where "name", ">=", "San Francisco"

Keanggotaan array

Anda dapat menggunakan operator array-contains untuk memfilter berdasarkan nilai array. Contoh:

Web
citiesRef.where("regions", "array-contains", "west_coast")
Swift
citiesRef
  .whereField("regions", arrayContains: "west_coast")
Objective-C
[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" arrayContains:@"west_coast"];
  
Java
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

citiesRef.whereArrayContains("regions", "west_coast");
Kotlin
val citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

citiesRef.whereArrayContains("regions", "west_coast")
Java
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
Query westCoastQuery = citiesRef.whereArrayContains("regions", "west_coast");
Python
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

query = cities_ref.where(u'regions', u'array_contains', u'west_coast')
Node.js
let westCoastCities = citiesRef.where('regions', 'array-contains',
  'west_coast');
Go
query := cities.Where("regions", "array-contains", "west_coast").Documents(ctx)
PHP
$containsQuery = $citiesRef->where('regions', 'array-contains', 'west_coast');
C#
Query query = citiesRef.WhereArrayContains("Regions", "west_coast");
Ruby
// Not supported yet

Kueri ini mengembalikan setiap dokumen city tempat kolom regions adalah array yang berisi west_coast. Jika array memiliki beberapa instance dari nilai yang Anda kuerikan, dokumen dimasukkan dalam hasil hanya sekali.

Kueri Gabungan

Anda juga dapat menggabungkan beberapa metode where() untuk membuat kueri yang lebih spesifik (logika AND). amun, untuk menggabungkan operator persamaan (==) dengan klausa rentang atau array-contains (<, <=, >, >=, atau array-contains), pastikan untuk membuat indeks gabungan.

Web
citiesRef.where("state", "==", "CO").where("name", "==", "Denver")
citiesRef.where("state", "==", "CA").where("population", "<", 1000000)
Swift
citiesRef
    .whereField("state", isEqualTo: "CO")
    .whereField("name", isEqualTo: "Denver")
citiesRef
    .whereField("state", isEqualTo: "CA")
    .whereField("population", isLessThan: 1000000)
Objective-C
[[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isEqualTo:@"CO"]
    queryWhereField:@"name" isGreaterThanOrEqualTo:@"Denver"];
[[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isEqualTo:@"CA"]
    queryWhereField:@"population" isLessThan:@1000000];
  
Java
citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CO").whereEqualTo("name", "Denver");
citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA").whereLessThan("population", 1000000);
Kotlin
citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CO").whereEqualTo("name", "Denver")
citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA").whereLessThan("population", 1000000)
Java
Query chainedQuery1 = cities.whereEqualTo("state", "CO")
    .whereEqualTo("name", "Denver");Query chainedQuery2 = cities.whereEqualTo("state", "CA")
    .whereLessThan("population", 1000000L);
Python
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

sydney_query = cities_ref.where(
    u'state', u'==', u'CO').where(u'name', u'==', u'Denver')
large_us_cities_query = cities_ref.where(
    u'state', u'==', u'CA').where(u'population', u'>', 1000000)
Node.js
citiesRef.where('state', '==', 'CO').where('name', '==', 'Denver');citiesRef.where('state', '==', 'CA').where('population', '<', 1000000);
Go
denverQuery := cities.Where("name", "==", "Denver").Where("state", "==", "CO")
caliQuery := cities.Where("state", "==", "CA").Where("population", "<=", 1000000)query := cities.Where("country", "==", "USA").Where("population", ">", 5000000)
PHP
$chainedQuery = $citiesRef
    ->where('state', '=', 'CA')
    ->where('name', '=', 'San Francisco');
$chainedQuery = $citiesRef
    ->where('state', '=', 'CA')
    ->where('population', '<', 1000000);
C#
Query chainedQuery = citiesRef
    .WhereEqualTo("State", "CA")
    .WhereEqualTo("Name", "San Francisco");
Query chainedQuery = citiesRef
    .WhereEqualTo("State", "CA")
    .WhereLessThan("Population", 1000000);
Ruby
chained_query = cities_ref.where("state", "=", "CA").where("name", "=", "San Francisco")
chained_query = cities_ref.where("state", "=", "CA").where("population", "<", 1_000_000)

Anda hanya dapat melakukan perbandingan rentang (<, <=, >, >=) pada kolom tunggal, dan Anda dapat menyertakan maksimal satu klausa array-contains dalam kueri gabungan:

Valid: Filter rentang berada pada 1 kolom saja

Web
citiesRef.where("state", ">=", "CA").where("state", "<=", "IN")
citiesRef.where("state", "==", "CA").where("population", ">", 1000000)
Swift
citiesRef
    .whereField("state", isGreaterThanOrEqualTo: "CA")
    .whereField("state", isLessThanOrEqualTo: "IN")
citiesRef
    .whereField("state", isEqualTo: "CA")
    .whereField("population", isGreaterThan: 1000000)
Objective-C
[[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isGreaterThanOrEqualTo:@"CA"]
    queryWhereField:@"state" isLessThanOrEqualTo:@"IN"];
[[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isEqualTo:@"CA"]
    queryWhereField:@"population" isGreaterThan:@1000000];
  
Java
citiesRef.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", "CA")
        .whereLessThanOrEqualTo("state", "IN");
citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA")
        .whereGreaterThan("population", 1000000);
Kotlin
citiesRef.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", "CA")
        .whereLessThanOrEqualTo("state", "IN")
citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA")
        .whereGreaterThan("population", 1000000)
Java
Query validQuery1 = cities.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", "CA")
    .whereLessThanOrEqualTo("state", "IN");
Query validQuery2 = cities.whereEqualTo("state", "CA")
    .whereGreaterThan("population", 1000000);
Python
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')
cities_ref.where(u'state', u'>=', u'CA').where(u'state', u'<=', u'IN')
Node.js
citiesRef.where('state', '>=', 'CA').where('state', '<=', 'IN');
citiesRef.where('state', '==', 'CA').where('population', '>', 1000000);
Go
stateQuery := cities.Where("state", ">=", "CA").Where("state", "<", "IN")
populationQuery := cities.Where("state", "==", "CA").Where("population", ">", 1000000)
PHP
$rangeQuery = $citiesRef
    ->where('state', '>=', 'CA')
    ->where('state', '<=', 'IN');
C#
Query rangeQuery = citiesRef
    .WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("State", "CA")
    .WhereLessThanOrEqualTo("State", "IN");
Ruby
range_query = cities_ref.where("state", ">=", "CA").where("state", "<=", "IN")

Tidak valid: Rentang filter pada kolom yang berbeda

Web
citiesRef.where("state", ">=", "CA").where("population", ">", 100000)
Swift
citiesRef
    .whereField("state", isGreaterThanOrEqualTo: "CA")
    .whereField("population", isGreaterThan: 1000000)
Objective-C
[[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isGreaterThanOrEqualTo:@"CA"]
    queryWhereField:@"population" isGreaterThan:@1000000];
  
Java
citiesRef.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", "CA").whereGreaterThan("population", 100000);
Kotlin
citiesRef.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", "CA")
        .whereGreaterThan("population", 100000)
Java
Query invalidRangeQuery = cities.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", "CA")
    .whereGreaterThan("population", 100000);
Python
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')
cities_ref.where(
    u'state', u'>=', u'CA').where(u'population', u'>=', 1000000)
Node.js
citiesRef.where('state', '>=', 'CA').where('population', '>', 1000000);
Go
query := cities.Where("state", ">=", "CA").Where("population", ">", 1000000)
PHP
$invalidRangeQuery = $citiesRef
    ->where('state', '>=', 'CA')
    ->where('population', '>', 1000000);
C#
Query invalidRangeQuery = citiesRef
    .WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("State", "CA")
    .WhereGreaterThan("Population", 1000000);
Ruby
invalid_range_query = cities_ref.where("state", ">=", "CA").where("population", ">", 1_000_000)

Kueri grup koleksi

Grup koleksi terdiri dari semua koleksi dengan ID yang sama. Secara default, kueri mengambil hasil dari satu koleksi di database Anda. Gunakan kueri grup koleksi untuk mengambil dokumen dari grup koleksi, bukan dari satu koleksi.

Misalnya, Anda dapat membuat grup koleksi landmarks dengan menambahkan subkoleksi landmark ke setiap kota:

Web
var citiesRef = db.collection('cities');

var landmarks = Promise.all([
    citiesRef.doc('SF').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'Golden Gate Bridge',
        type: 'bridge'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('SF').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'Legion of Honor',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('LA').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'Griffith Park',
        type: 'park'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('LA').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'The Getty',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('DC').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'Lincoln Memorial',
        type: 'memorial'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('DC').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'National Air and Space Museum',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('TOK').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'Ueno Park',
        type: 'park'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('TOK').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'National Museum of Nature and Science',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('BJ').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'Jingshan Park',
        type: 'park'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('BJ').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'Beijing Ancient Observatory',
        type: 'museum'
    })
]);
Swift
let citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

var data = ["name": "Golden Gate Bridge", "type": "bridge"]
citiesRef.document("SF").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "Legion of Honor", "type": "museum"]
citiesRef.document("SF").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "Griffith Park", "type": "park"]
citiesRef.document("LA").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "The Getty", "type": "museum"]
citiesRef.document("LA").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "Lincoln Memorial", "type": "memorial"]
citiesRef.document("DC").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "National Air and Space Museum", "type": "museum"]
citiesRef.document("DC").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "Ueno Park", "type": "park"]
citiesRef.document("TOK").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "National Museum of Nature and Science", "type": "museum"]
citiesRef.document("TOK").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "Jingshan Park", "type": "park"]
citiesRef.document("BJ").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "Beijing Ancient Observatory", "type": "museum"]
citiesRef.document("BJ").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)
Objective-C
FIRCollectionReference *citiesRef = [self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"];

NSDictionary *data = @{@"name": @"Golden Gate Bridge", @"type": @"bridge"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"SF"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"Legion of Honor", @"type": @"museum"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"SF"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"Griffith Park", @"type": @"park"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"LA"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"The Getty", @"type": @"museum"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"LA"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"Lincoln Memorial", @"type": @"memorial"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"DC"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"National Air and Space Museum", @"type": @"museum"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"DC"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"Ueno Park", @"type": @"park"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"TOK"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"National Museum of Nature and Science", @"type": @"museum"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"TOK"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"Jingshan Park", @"type": @"park"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"BJ"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];

data = @{@"name": @"Beijing Ancient Observatory", @"type": @"museum"};
[[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"BJ"] collectionWithPath:@"landmarks"] addDocumentWithData:data];
  
Java
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

Map<String, Object> ggbData = new HashMap<>();
ggbData.put("name", "Golden Gate Bridge");
ggbData.put("type", "bridge");
citiesRef.document("SF").collection("landmarks").add(ggbData);

Map<String, Object> lohData = new HashMap<>();
lohData.put("name", "Legion of Honor");
lohData.put("type", "musuem");
citiesRef.document("SF").collection("landmarks").add(lohData);

Map<String, Object> gpData = new HashMap<>();
gpData.put("name", "Griffith Park");
gpData.put("type", "park");
citiesRef.document("LA").collection("landmarks").add(gpData);

Map<String, Object> tgData = new HashMap<>();
tgData.put("name", "The Getty");
tgData.put("type", "museum");
citiesRef.document("LA").collection("landmarks").add(tgData);

Map<String, Object> lmData = new HashMap<>();
lmData.put("name", "Lincoln Memorial");
lmData.put("type", "memorial");
citiesRef.document("DC").collection("landmarks").add(lmData);

Map<String, Object> nasaData = new HashMap<>();
nasaData.put("name", "National Air and Space Musuem");
nasaData.put("type", "museum");
citiesRef.document("DC").collection("landmarks").add(nasaData);

Map<String, Object> upData = new HashMap<>();
upData.put("name", "Ueno Park");
upData.put("type", "park");
citiesRef.document("TOK").collection("landmarks").add(upData);

Map<String, Object> nmData = new HashMap<>();
nmData.put("name", "National Musuem of Nature and Science");
nmData.put("type", "museum");
citiesRef.document("TOK").collection("landmarks").add(nmData);

Map<String, Object> jpData = new HashMap<>();
jpData.put("name", "Jingshan Park");
jpData.put("type", "park");
citiesRef.document("BJ").collection("landmarks").add(jpData);

Map<String, Object> baoData = new HashMap<>();
baoData.put("name", "Beijing Ancient Observatory");
baoData.put("type", "museum");
citiesRef.document("BJ").collection("landmarks").add(baoData);
Kotlin
val citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

val ggbData = mapOf(
        "name" to "Golden Gate Bridge",
        "type" to "bridge"
)
citiesRef.document("SF").collection("landmarks").add(ggbData)

val lohData = mapOf(
        "name" to "Legion of Honor",
        "type" to "museum"
)
citiesRef.document("SF").collection("landmarks").add(lohData)

val gpData = mapOf(
        "name" to "Griffth Park",
        "type" to "park"
)
citiesRef.document("LA").collection("landmarks").add(gpData)

val tgData = mapOf(
        "name" to "The Getty",
        "type" to "museum"
)
citiesRef.document("LA").collection("landmarks").add(tgData)

val lmData = mapOf(
        "name" to "Lincoln Memorial",
        "type" to "memorial"
)
citiesRef.document("DC").collection("landmarks").add(lmData)

val nasaData = mapOf(
        "name" to "National Air and Space Museum",
        "type" to "museum"
)
citiesRef.document("DC").collection("landmarks").add(nasaData)

val upData = mapOf(
        "name" to "Ueno Park",
        "type" to "park"
)
citiesRef.document("TOK").collection("landmarks").add(upData)

val nmData = mapOf(
        "name" to "National Musuem of Nature and Science",
        "type" to "museum"
)
citiesRef.document("TOK").collection("landmarks").add(nmData)

val jpData = mapOf(
        "name" to "Jingshan Park",
        "type" to "park"
)
citiesRef.document("BJ").collection("landmarks").add(jpData)

val baoData = mapOf(
        "name" to "Beijing Ancient Observatory",
        "type" to "musuem"
)
citiesRef.document("BJ").collection("landmarks").add(baoData)
Java
CollectionReference cities = db.collection("cities");

final List<ApiFuture<WriteResult>> futures = Arrays.asList(
  cities.document("SF").collection("landmarks").document().set(new HashMap<String, String>() {{
    put("name", "Golden Gate Bridge");
    put("type", "bridge");
  }}),
  cities.document("SF").collection("landmarks").document().set(new HashMap<String, String>() {{
    put("name", "Legion of Honor");
    put("type", "museum");
  }}),
  cities.document("LA").collection("landmarks").document().set(new HashMap<String, String>() {{
    put("name", "Griffith Park");
    put("type", "park");
  }}),
  cities.document("LA").collection("landmarks").document().set(new HashMap<String, String>() {{
    put("name", "The Getty");
    put("type", "museum");
  }}),
  cities.document("DC").collection("landmarks").document().set(new HashMap<String, String>() {{
    put("name", "Lincoln Memorial");
    put("type", "memorial");
  }}),
  cities.document("DC").collection("landmarks").document().set(new HashMap<String, String>() {{
    put("name", "National Air and Space Museum");
    put("type", "museum");
  }}),
  cities.document("TOK").collection("landmarks").document().set(new HashMap<String, String>() {{
    put("name", "Ueno Park");
    put("type", "park");
  }}),
  cities.document("TOK").collection("landmarks").document().set(new HashMap<String, String>() {{
    put("name", "National Museum of Nature and Science");
    put("type", "museum");
  }}),
  cities.document("BJ").collection("landmarks").document().set(new HashMap<String, String>() {{
    put("name", "Jingshan Park");
    put("type", "park");
  }}),
  cities.document("BJ").collection("landmarks").document().set(new HashMap<String, String>() {{
    put("name", "Beijing Ancient Observatory");
    put("type", "museum");
  }})
);
final List<WriteResult> landmarks = ApiFutures.allAsList(futures).get();
Python
cities = db.collection(u'cities')

sf_landmarks = cities.document(u'SF').collection(u'landmarks')
sf_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'Golden Gate Bridge',
    u'type': u'bridge'
})
sf_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'Legion of Honor',
    u'type': u'museum'
})
la_landmarks = cities.document(u'LA').collection(u'landmarks')
la_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'Griffith Park',
    u'type': u'park'
})
la_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'The Getty',
    u'type': u'museum'
})
dc_landmarks = cities.document(u'DC').collection(u'landmarks')
dc_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'Lincoln Memorial',
    u'type': u'memorial'
})
dc_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'National Air and Space Museum',
    u'type': u'museum'
})
tok_landmarks = cities.document(u'TOK').collection(u'landmarks')
tok_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'Ueno Park',
    u'type': u'park'
})
tok_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'National Museum of Nature and Science',
    u'type': u'museum'
})
bj_landmarks = cities.document(u'BJ').collection(u'landmarks')
bj_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'Jingshan Park',
    u'type': u'park'
})
bj_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'Beijing Ancient Observatory',
    u'type': u'museum'
})
Node.js
let citiesRef = db.collection('cities');

let landmarks = Promise.all([
  citiesRef.doc('SF').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
    name: 'Golden Gate Bridge',
    type: 'bridge'
  }),
  citiesRef.doc('SF').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
    name: 'Legion of Honor',
    type: 'museum'
  }),
  citiesRef.doc('LA').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
    name: 'Griffith Park',
    type: 'park'
  }),
  citiesRef.doc('LA').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
    name: 'The Getty',
    type: 'museum'
  }),
  citiesRef.doc('DC').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
    name: 'Lincoln Memorial',
    type: 'memorial'
  }),
  citiesRef.doc('DC').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
    name: 'National Air and Space Museum',
    type: 'museum'
  }),
  citiesRef.doc('TOK').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
    name: 'Ueno Park',
    type: 'park'
  }),
  citiesRef.doc('TOK').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
    name: 'National Museum of Nature and Science',
    type: 'museum'
  }),
  citiesRef.doc('BJ').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
    name: 'Jingshan Park',
    type: 'park'
  }),
  citiesRef.doc('BJ').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
    name: 'Beijing Ancient Observatory',
    type: 'museum'
  })
]);
Go
import (
	"context"
	"fmt"

	"cloud.google.com/go/firestore"
)

// collectionGroupSetup sets up a collection group to query.
func collectionGroupSetup(projectID string) error {
	ctx := context.Background()

	client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, projectID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("firestore.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	landmarks := []struct {
		city, name, t string
	}{
		{"SF", "Golden Gate Bridge", "bridge"},
		{"SF", "Legion of Honor", "museum"},
		{"LA", "Griffith Park", "park"},
		{"LA", "The Getty", "museum"},
		{"DC", "Lincoln Memorial", "memorial"},
		{"DC", "National Air and Space Museum", "museum"},
		{"TOK", "Ueno Park", "park"},
		{"TOK", "National Museum of Nature and Science", "museum"},
		{"BJ", "Jingshan Park", "park"},
		{"BJ", "Beijing Ancient Observatory", "museum"},
	}

	cities := client.Collection("cities")
	for _, l := range landmarks {
		if _, err := cities.Doc(l.city).Collection("landmarks").NewDoc().Set(ctx, map[string]string{
			"name": l.name,
			"type": l.t,
		}); err != nil {
			return fmt.Errorf("Set: %v", err)
		}
	}

	return nil
}

PHP
// Snippet not yet available
C#
// Snippet not yet available
Ruby
// Snippet not yet available

Kita dapat menggunakan kueri sederhana dan gabungan yang dijelaskan sebelumnya untuk membuat kueri subkoleksi landmarks satu kota, tetapi Anda juga mungkin ingin mengambil hasil dari subkoleksi landmarks setiap kota sekaligus.

Grup koleksi landmarks terdiri dari semua koleksi dengan landmarks ID, dan Anda dapat membuat kuerinya menggunakan kueri grup koleksi. Misalnya, kueri grup koleksi ini mengambil semua landmark museum di semua kota:

Web
var museums = db.collectionGroup('landmarks').where('type', '==', 'museum');
museums.get().then(function (querySnapshot) {
    querySnapshot.forEach(function (doc) {
        console.log(doc.id, ' => ', doc.data());
    });
});
Swift
db.collectionGroup("landmarks").whereField("type", isEqualTo: "museum").getDocuments { (snapshot, error) in
    // ...
}
Objective-C
[[[self.db collectionGroupWithID:@"landmarks"] queryWhereField:@"type" isEqualTo:@"museum"]
    getDocumentsWithCompletion:^(FIRQuerySnapshot *snapshot, NSError *error) {
    // ...
}];
  
Java
db.collectionGroup("landmarks").whereEqualTo("type", "museum").get()
        .addOnSuccessListener(new OnSuccessListener<QuerySnapshot>() {
            @Override
            public void onSuccess(QuerySnapshot queryDocumentSnapshots) {
                // ...
            }
        });
Kotlin
db.collectionGroup("landmarks").whereEqualTo("type", "museum").get()
        .addOnSuccessListener { queryDocumentSnapshots ->
            // ...
        }
Java
final Query museums = db.collectionGroup("landmarks").whereEqualTo("type", "museum");
final ApiFuture<QuerySnapshot> querySnapshot = museums.get();
for (DocumentSnapshot document : querySnapshot.get().getDocuments()) {
  System.out.println(document.getId());
}
Python
museums = db.collection_group(u'landmarks')\
    .where(u'type', u'==', u'museum')
docs = museums.stream()
for doc in docs:
    print(u'{} => {}'.format(doc.id, doc.to_dict()))
Node.js
let museums = db.collectionGroup('landmarks').where('type', '==', 'museum');
museums.get().then(function(querySnapshot) {
  querySnapshot.forEach(function(doc) {
    console.log(doc.id, ' => ', doc.data());
  });
});
Go
import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	"cloud.google.com/go/firestore"
	"google.golang.org/api/iterator"
)

// collectionGroupQuery runs a collection group query over the data created by
// collectionGroupSetup.
func collectionGroupQuery(w io.Writer, projectID string) error {
	ctx := context.Background()

	client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, projectID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("firestore.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	it := client.CollectionGroup("landmarks").Where("type", "==", "museum").Documents(ctx)
	for {
		doc, err := it.Next()
		if err == iterator.Done {
			break
		}
		if err != nil {
			return err
		}
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "%s: %s", doc.Ref.ID, doc.Data()["name"])
	}

	return nil
}

PHP
// Snippet not yet available
C#
// Snippet not yet available
Ruby
// Snippet not yet available

Sebelum menggunakan kueri grup koleksi, Anda harus membuat indeks yang mendukung kueri grup koleksi Anda. Anda dapat membuat indeks melalui pesan error, konsol, atau Firebase CLI.

Untuk web dan SDK seluler, Anda juga harus membuat aturan yang mengizinkan kueri grup koleksi Anda.

Batasan kueri

Cloud Firestore tidak mendukung jenis kueri berikut:

  • Kueri dengan filter rentang yang berada pada kolom berbeda, seperti dijelaskan di bagian sebelumnya.
  • Kueri logika OR. Dalam kasus ini, Anda harus membuat kueri terpisah untuk setiap kondisi OR dan menggabungkan hasil kueri tersebut di aplikasi Anda.
  • Kueri dengan klausa !=. Dalam hal ini, Anda harus memecah kueri menjadi kueri lebih besar dari dan kueri lebih kecil dari. Misalnya, meskipun klausa kueri where("age", "!=", "30") tidak didukung, Anda bisa mendapatkan kumpulan hasil yang sama dengan menggabungkan dua kueri, yakni satu kueri dengan klausa where("age", "<", "30") dan satu lagi dengan klausa where("age", ">", 30).