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Daten abrufen mit Cloud Firestore

Es gibt zwei Möglichkeiten, in Cloud Firestore gespeicherte Daten abzurufen. Jede dieser Methoden kann mit Dokumenten, Dokumentensammlungen oder den Ergebnissen von Abfragen verwendet werden:

  • Rufen Sie eine Methode auf, um die Daten abzurufen.
  • Legen Sie einen Listener fest, um Datenänderungsereignisse zu empfangen.

Wenn Sie einen Listener festlegen, sendet Cloud Firestore Ihrem Listener einen ersten Snapshot der Daten und dann bei jeder Dokumentänderung einen weiteren Snapshot.

Beispieldaten

Schreiben Sie zunächst einige Daten zu Städten, damit wir uns verschiedene Möglichkeiten ansehen können, sie zurückzulesen:

Web v8

var citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

citiesRef.doc("SF").set({
    name: "San Francisco", state: "CA", country: "USA",
    capital: false, population: 860000,
    regions: ["west_coast", "norcal"] });
citiesRef.doc("LA").set({
    name: "Los Angeles", state: "CA", country: "USA",
    capital: false, population: 3900000,
    regions: ["west_coast", "socal"] });
citiesRef.doc("DC").set({
    name: "Washington, D.C.", state: null, country: "USA",
    capital: true, population: 680000,
    regions: ["east_coast"] });
citiesRef.doc("TOK").set({
    name: "Tokyo", state: null, country: "Japan",
    capital: true, population: 9000000,
    regions: ["kanto", "honshu"] });
citiesRef.doc("BJ").set({
    name: "Beijing", state: null, country: "China",
    capital: true, population: 21500000,
    regions: ["jingjinji", "hebei"] });

Web v9

import { collection, doc, setDoc } from "firebase/firestore"; 

const citiesRef = collection(db, "cities");

await setDoc(doc(citiesRef, "SF"), {
    name: "San Francisco", state: "CA", country: "USA",
    capital: false, population: 860000,
    regions: ["west_coast", "norcal"] });
await setDoc(doc(citiesRef, "LA"), {
    name: "Los Angeles", state: "CA", country: "USA",
    capital: false, population: 3900000,
    regions: ["west_coast", "socal"] });
await setDoc(doc(citiesRef, "DC"), {
    name: "Washington, D.C.", state: null, country: "USA",
    capital: true, population: 680000,
    regions: ["east_coast"] });
await setDoc(doc(citiesRef, "TOK"), {
    name: "Tokyo", state: null, country: "Japan",
    capital: true, population: 9000000,
    regions: ["kanto", "honshu"] });
await setDoc(doc(citiesRef, "BJ"), {
    name: "Beijing", state: null, country: "China",
    capital: true, population: 21500000,
    regions: ["jingjinji", "hebei"] });
Schnell
let citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

citiesRef.document("SF").setData([
    "name": "San Francisco",
    "state": "CA",
    "country": "USA",
    "capital": false,
    "population": 860000,
    "regions": ["west_coast", "norcal"]
    ])
citiesRef.document("LA").setData([
    "name": "Los Angeles",
    "state": "CA",
    "country": "USA",
    "capital": false,
    "population": 3900000,
    "regions": ["west_coast", "socal"]
    ])
citiesRef.document("DC").setData([
    "name": "Washington D.C.",
    "country": "USA",
    "capital": true,
    "population": 680000,
    "regions": ["east_coast"]
    ])
citiesRef.document("TOK").setData([
    "name": "Tokyo",
    "country": "Japan",
    "capital": true,
    "population": 9000000,
    "regions": ["kanto", "honshu"]
    ])
citiesRef.document("BJ").setData([
    "name": "Beijing",
    "country": "China",
    "capital": true,
    "population": 21500000,
    "regions": ["jingjinji", "hebei"]
    ])
Ziel c
FIRCollectionReference *citiesRef = [self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"];
[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"SF"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"San Francisco",
  @"state": @"CA",
  @"country": @"USA",
  @"capital": @(NO),
  @"population": @860000,
  @"regions": @[@"west_coast", @"norcal"]
}];
[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"LA"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"Los Angeles",
  @"state": @"CA",
  @"country": @"USA",
  @"capital": @(NO),
  @"population": @3900000,
  @"regions": @[@"west_coast", @"socal"]
}];
[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"DC"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"Washington D.C.",
  @"country": @"USA",
  @"capital": @(YES),
  @"population": @680000,
  @"regions": @[@"east_coast"]
}];
[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"TOK"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"Tokyo",
  @"country": @"Japan",
  @"capital": @(YES),
  @"population": @9000000,
  @"regions": @[@"kanto", @"honshu"]
}];
[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"BJ"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"Beijing",
  @"country": @"China",
  @"capital": @(YES),
  @"population": @21500000,
  @"regions": @[@"jingjinji", @"hebei"]
}];

Java

CollectionReference cities = db.collection("cities");

Map<String, Object> data1 = new HashMap<>();
data1.put("name", "San Francisco");
data1.put("state", "CA");
data1.put("country", "USA");
data1.put("capital", false);
data1.put("population", 860000);
data1.put("regions", Arrays.asList("west_coast", "norcal"));
cities.document("SF").set(data1);

Map<String, Object> data2 = new HashMap<>();
data2.put("name", "Los Angeles");
data2.put("state", "CA");
data2.put("country", "USA");
data2.put("capital", false);
data2.put("population", 3900000);
data2.put("regions", Arrays.asList("west_coast", "socal"));
cities.document("LA").set(data2);

Map<String, Object> data3 = new HashMap<>();
data3.put("name", "Washington D.C.");
data3.put("state", null);
data3.put("country", "USA");
data3.put("capital", true);
data3.put("population", 680000);
data3.put("regions", Arrays.asList("east_coast"));
cities.document("DC").set(data3);

Map<String, Object> data4 = new HashMap<>();
data4.put("name", "Tokyo");
data4.put("state", null);
data4.put("country", "Japan");
data4.put("capital", true);
data4.put("population", 9000000);
data4.put("regions", Arrays.asList("kanto", "honshu"));
cities.document("TOK").set(data4);

Map<String, Object> data5 = new HashMap<>();
data5.put("name", "Beijing");
data5.put("state", null);
data5.put("country", "China");
data5.put("capital", true);
data5.put("population", 21500000);
data5.put("regions", Arrays.asList("jingjinji", "hebei"));
cities.document("BJ").set(data5);

Kotlin+KTX

val cities = db.collection("cities")

val data1 = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "San Francisco",
        "state" to "CA",
        "country" to "USA",
        "capital" to false,
        "population" to 860000,
        "regions" to listOf("west_coast", "norcal")
)
cities.document("SF").set(data1)

val data2 = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "Los Angeles",
        "state" to "CA",
        "country" to "USA",
        "capital" to false,
        "population" to 3900000,
        "regions" to listOf("west_coast", "socal")
)
cities.document("LA").set(data2)

val data3 = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "Washington D.C.",
        "state" to null,
        "country" to "USA",
        "capital" to true,
        "population" to 680000,
        "regions" to listOf("east_coast")
)
cities.document("DC").set(data3)

val data4 = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "Tokyo",
        "state" to null,
        "country" to "Japan",
        "capital" to true,
        "population" to 9000000,
        "regions" to listOf("kanto", "honshu")
)
cities.document("TOK").set(data4)

val data5 = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "Beijing",
        "state" to null,
        "country" to "China",
        "capital" to true,
        "population" to 21500000,
        "regions" to listOf("jingjinji", "hebei")
)
cities.document("BJ").set(data5)
Java
CollectionReference cities = db.collection("cities");
List<ApiFuture<WriteResult>> futures = new ArrayList<>();
futures.add(cities.document("SF").set(new City("San Francisco", "CA", "USA", false, 860000L,
    Arrays.asList("west_coast", "norcal"))));
futures.add(cities.document("LA").set(new City("Los Angeles", "CA", "USA", false, 3900000L,
    Arrays.asList("west_coast", "socal"))));
futures.add(cities.document("DC").set(new City("Washington D.C.", null, "USA", true, 680000L,
    Arrays.asList("east_coast"))));
futures.add(cities.document("TOK").set(new City("Tokyo", null, "Japan", true, 9000000L,
    Arrays.asList("kanto", "honshu"))));
futures.add(cities.document("BJ").set(new City("Beijing", null, "China", true, 21500000L,
    Arrays.asList("jingjinji", "hebei"))));
// (optional) block on operation
ApiFutures.allAsList(futures).get();
Python
class City(object):
    def __init__(self, name, state, country, capital=False, population=0,
                 regions=[]):
        self.name = name
        self.state = state
        self.country = country
        self.capital = capital
        self.population = population
        self.regions = regions

    @staticmethod
    def from_dict(source):
        # ...

    def to_dict(self):
        # ...

    def __repr__(self):
        return(
            f'City(\
                name={self.name}, \
                country={self.country}, \
                population={self.population}, \
                capital={self.capital}, \
                regions={self.regions}\
            )'
        )
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')
cities_ref.document(u'BJ').set(
    City(u'Beijing', None, u'China', True, 21500000, [u'hebei']).to_dict())
cities_ref.document(u'SF').set(
    City(u'San Francisco', u'CA', u'USA', False, 860000,
         [u'west_coast', u'norcal']).to_dict())
cities_ref.document(u'LA').set(
    City(u'Los Angeles', u'CA', u'USA', False, 3900000,
         [u'west_coast', u'socal']).to_dict())
cities_ref.document(u'DC').set(
    City(u'Washington D.C.', None, u'USA', True, 680000,
         [u'east_coast']).to_dict())
cities_ref.document(u'TOK').set(
    City(u'Tokyo', None, u'Japan', True, 9000000,
         [u'kanto', u'honshu']).to_dict())
C++
CollectionReference cities = db->Collection("cities");

cities.Document("SF").Set({
    {"name", FieldValue::String("San Francisco")},
    {"state", FieldValue::String("CA")},
    {"country", FieldValue::String("USA")},
    {"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(false)},
    {"population", FieldValue::Integer(860000)},
    {"regions", FieldValue::Array({FieldValue::String("west_coast"),
                                   FieldValue::String("norcal")})},
});

cities.Document("LA").Set({
    {"name", FieldValue::String("Los Angeles")},
    {"state", FieldValue::String("CA")},
    {"country", FieldValue::String("USA")},
    {"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(false)},
    {"population", FieldValue::Integer(3900000)},
    {"regions", FieldValue::Array({FieldValue::String("west_coast"),
                                   FieldValue::String("socal")})},
});

cities.Document("DC").Set({
    {"name", FieldValue::String("Washington D.C.")},
    {"state", FieldValue::Null()},
    {"country", FieldValue::String("USA")},
    {"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(true)},
    {"population", FieldValue::Integer(680000)},
    {"regions",
     FieldValue::Array({FieldValue::String("east_coast")})},
});

cities.Document("TOK").Set({
    {"name", FieldValue::String("Tokyo")},
    {"state", FieldValue::Null()},
    {"country", FieldValue::String("Japan")},
    {"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(true)},
    {"population", FieldValue::Integer(9000000)},
    {"regions", FieldValue::Array({FieldValue::String("kanto"),
                                   FieldValue::String("honshu")})},
});

cities.Document("BJ").Set({
    {"name", FieldValue::String("Beijing")},
    {"state", FieldValue::Null()},
    {"country", FieldValue::String("China")},
    {"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(true)},
    {"population", FieldValue::Integer(21500000)},
    {"regions", FieldValue::Array({FieldValue::String("jingjinji"),
                                   FieldValue::String("hebei")})},
});
Node.js
const citiesRef = db.collection('cities');

await citiesRef.doc('SF').set({
  name: 'San Francisco', state: 'CA', country: 'USA',
  capital: false, population: 860000
});
await citiesRef.doc('LA').set({
  name: 'Los Angeles', state: 'CA', country: 'USA',
  capital: false, population: 3900000
});
await citiesRef.doc('DC').set({
  name: 'Washington, D.C.', state: null, country: 'USA',
  capital: true, population: 680000
});
await citiesRef.doc('TOK').set({
  name: 'Tokyo', state: null, country: 'Japan',
  capital: true, population: 9000000
});
await citiesRef.doc('BJ').set({
  name: 'Beijing', state: null, country: 'China',
  capital: true, population: 21500000
});
Gehen
cities := []struct {
	id string
	c  City
}{
	{id: "SF", c: City{Name: "San Francisco", State: "CA", Country: "USA", Capital: false, Population: 860000}},
	{id: "LA", c: City{Name: "Los Angeles", State: "CA", Country: "USA", Capital: false, Population: 3900000}},
	{id: "DC", c: City{Name: "Washington D.C.", Country: "USA", Capital: true, Population: 680000}},
	{id: "TOK", c: City{Name: "Tokyo", Country: "Japan", Capital: true, Population: 9000000}},
	{id: "BJ", c: City{Name: "Beijing", Country: "China", Capital: true, Population: 21500000}},
}
for _, c := range cities {
	_, err := client.Collection("cities").Doc(c.id).Set(ctx, c.c)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
}
PHP
$citiesRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities');
$citiesRef->document('SF')->set([
    'name' => 'San Francisco',
    'state' => 'CA',
    'country' => 'USA',
    'capital' => false,
    'population' => 860000
]);
$citiesRef->document('LA')->set([
    'name' => 'Los Angeles',
    'state' => 'CA',
    'country' => 'USA',
    'capital' => false,
    'population' => 3900000
]);
$citiesRef->document('DC')->set([
    'name' => 'Washington D.C.',
    'state' => null,
    'country' => 'USA',
    'capital' => true,
    'population' => 680000
]);
$citiesRef->document('TOK')->set([
    'name' => 'Tokyo',
    'state' => null,
    'country' => 'Japan',
    'capital' => true,
    'population' => 9000000
]);
$citiesRef->document('BJ')->set([
    'name' => 'Beijing',
    'state' => null,
    'country' => 'China',
    'capital' => true,
    'population' => 21500000
]);
printf('Added example cities data to the cities collection.' . PHP_EOL);
Einheit
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
citiesRef.Document("SF").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
        { "Name", "San Francisco" },
        { "State", "CA" },
        { "Country", "USA" },
        { "Capital", false },
        { "Population", 860000 }
    }).ContinueWithOnMainThread(task =>
        citiesRef.Document("LA").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
            { "Name", "Los Angeles" },
            { "State", "CA" },
            { "Country", "USA" },
            { "Capital", false },
            { "Population", 3900000 }
        })
).ContinueWithOnMainThread(task =>
    citiesRef.Document("DC").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
            { "Name", "Washington D.C." },
            { "State", null },
            { "Country", "USA" },
            { "Capital", true },
            { "Population", 680000 }
    })
).ContinueWithOnMainThread(task =>
    citiesRef.Document("TOK").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
            { "Name", "Tokyo" },
            { "State", null },
            { "Country", "Japan" },
            { "Capital", true },
            { "Population", 9000000 }
    })
).ContinueWithOnMainThread(task =>
    citiesRef.Document("BJ").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
            { "Name", "Beijing" },
            { "State", null },
            { "Country", "China" },
            { "Capital", true },
            { "Population", 21500000 }
    })
);
C#
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
await citiesRef.Document("SF").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "San Francisco" },
    { "State", "CA" },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", false },
    { "Population", 860000 }
});
await citiesRef.Document("LA").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Los Angeles" },
    { "State", "CA" },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", false },
    { "Population", 3900000 }
});
await citiesRef.Document("DC").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Washington D.C." },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 680000 }
});
await citiesRef.Document("TOK").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Tokyo" },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "Japan" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 9000000 }
});
await citiesRef.Document("BJ").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Beijing" },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "China" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 21500000 }
});
Console.WriteLine("Added example cities data to the cities collection.");
Rubin
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
cities_ref.doc("SF").set(
  {
    name:       "San Francisco",
    state:      "CA",
    country:    "USA",
    capital:    false,
    population: 860_000
  }
)
cities_ref.doc("LA").set(
  {
    name:       "Los Angeles",
    state:      "CA",
    country:    "USA",
    capital:    false,
    population: 3_900_000
  }
)
cities_ref.doc("DC").set(
  {
    name:       "Washington D.C.",
    state:      nil,
    country:    "USA",
    capital:    true,
    population: 680_000
  }
)
cities_ref.doc("TOK").set(
  {
    name:       "Tokyo",
    state:      nil,
    country:    "Japan",
    capital:    true,
    population: 9_000_000
  }
)
cities_ref.doc("BJ").set(
  {
    name:       "Beijing",
    state:      nil,
    country:    "China",
    capital:    true,
    population: 21_500_000
  }
)

Holen Sie sich ein Dokument

Das folgende Beispiel zeigt, wie Sie den Inhalt eines einzelnen Dokuments mit get() abrufen:

Web v8

var docRef = db.collection("cities").doc("SF");

docRef.get().then((doc) => {
    if (doc.exists) {
        console.log("Document data:", doc.data());
    } else {
        // doc.data() will be undefined in this case
        console.log("No such document!");
    }
}).catch((error) => {
    console.log("Error getting document:", error);
});

Web v9

import { doc, getDoc } from "firebase/firestore";

const docRef = doc(db, "cities", "SF");
const docSnap = await getDoc(docRef);

if (docSnap.exists()) {
  console.log("Document data:", docSnap.data());
} else {
  // doc.data() will be undefined in this case
  console.log("No such document!");
}
Schnell
let docRef = db.collection("cities").document("SF")

docRef.getDocument { (document, error) in
    if let document = document, document.exists {
        let dataDescription = document.data().map(String.init(describing:)) ?? "nil"
        print("Document data: \(dataDescription)")
    } else {
        print("Document does not exist")
    }
}
Ziel c
FIRDocumentReference *docRef =
    [[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] documentWithPath:@"SF"];
[docRef getDocumentWithCompletion:^(FIRDocumentSnapshot *snapshot, NSError *error) {
  if (snapshot.exists) {
    // Document data may be nil if the document exists but has no keys or values.
    NSLog(@"Document data: %@", snapshot.data);
  } else {
    NSLog(@"Document does not exist");
  }
}];

Java

DocumentReference docRef = db.collection("cities").document("SF");
docRef.get().addOnCompleteListener(new OnCompleteListener<DocumentSnapshot>() {
    @Override
    public void onComplete(@NonNull Task<DocumentSnapshot> task) {
        if (task.isSuccessful()) {
            DocumentSnapshot document = task.getResult();
            if (document.exists()) {
                Log.d(TAG, "DocumentSnapshot data: " + document.getData());
            } else {
                Log.d(TAG, "No such document");
            }
        } else {
            Log.d(TAG, "get failed with ", task.getException());
        }
    }
});

Kotlin+KTX

val docRef = db.collection("cities").document("SF")
docRef.get()
        .addOnSuccessListener { document ->
            if (document != null) {
                Log.d(TAG, "DocumentSnapshot data: ${document.data}")
            } else {
                Log.d(TAG, "No such document")
            }
        }
        .addOnFailureListener { exception ->
            Log.d(TAG, "get failed with ", exception)
        }
Java
DocumentReference docRef = db.collection("cities").document("SF");
// asynchronously retrieve the document
ApiFuture<DocumentSnapshot> future = docRef.get();
// ...
// future.get() blocks on response
DocumentSnapshot document = future.get();
if (document.exists()) {
  System.out.println("Document data: " + document.getData());
} else {
  System.out.println("No such document!");
}
Python
doc_ref = db.collection(u'cities').document(u'SF')

doc = doc_ref.get()
if doc.exists:
    print(f'Document data: {doc.to_dict()}')
else:
    print(u'No such document!')
C++
DocumentReference doc_ref = db->Collection("cities").Document("SF");
doc_ref.Get().OnCompletion([](const Future<DocumentSnapshot>& future) {
  if (future.error() == Error::kErrorOk) {
    const DocumentSnapshot& document = *future.result();
    if (document.exists()) {
      std::cout << "DocumentSnapshot id: " << document.id() << '\n';
    } else {
      std::cout << "no such document\n";
    }
  } else {
    std::cout << "Get failed with: " << future.error_message() << '\n';
  }
});
Node.js
const cityRef = db.collection('cities').doc('SF');
const doc = await cityRef.get();
if (!doc.exists) {
  console.log('No such document!');
} else {
  console.log('Document data:', doc.data());
}
Gehen
dsnap, err := client.Collection("cities").Doc("SF").Get(ctx)
if err != nil {
	return nil, err
}
m := dsnap.Data()
fmt.Printf("Document data: %#v\n", m)
PHP
$docRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities')->document('SF');
$snapshot = $docRef->snapshot();

if ($snapshot->exists()) {
    printf('Document data:' . PHP_EOL);
    print_r($snapshot->data());
} else {
    printf('Document %s does not exist!' . PHP_EOL, $snapshot->id());
}
Einheit
DocumentReference docRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("SF");
docRef.GetSnapshotAsync().ContinueWithOnMainThread(task =>
{
  DocumentSnapshot snapshot = task.Result;
  if (snapshot.Exists) {
    Debug.Log(String.Format("Document data for {0} document:", snapshot.Id));
    Dictionary<string, object> city = snapshot.ToDictionary();
    foreach (KeyValuePair<string, object> pair in city) {
      Debug.Log(String.Format("{0}: {1}", pair.Key, pair.Value));
    }
  } else {
    Debug.Log(String.Format("Document {0} does not exist!", snapshot.Id));
  }
});
C#
DocumentReference docRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("SF");
DocumentSnapshot snapshot = await docRef.GetSnapshotAsync();
if (snapshot.Exists)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Document data for {0} document:", snapshot.Id);
    Dictionary<string, object> city = snapshot.ToDictionary();
    foreach (KeyValuePair<string, object> pair in city)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}", pair.Key, pair.Value);
    }
}
else
{
    Console.WriteLine("Document {0} does not exist!", snapshot.Id);
}
Rubin
doc_ref  = firestore.doc "#{collection_path}/SF"
snapshot = doc_ref.get
if snapshot.exists?
  puts "#{snapshot.document_id} data: #{snapshot.data}."
else
  puts "Document #{snapshot.document_id} does not exist!"
end

Quellenoptionen

Für Plattformen mit Offline-Unterstützung können Sie die source Option festlegen, um zu steuern, wie ein get Aufruf den Offline-Cache verwendet.

Standardmäßig versucht ein get Aufruf, den neuesten Dokument-Snapshot aus Ihrer Datenbank abzurufen. Auf Plattformen mit Offlineunterstützung verwendet die Clientbibliothek den Offlinecache, wenn das Netzwerk nicht verfügbar ist oder wenn die Anforderung eine Zeitüberschreitung aufweist.

Sie können die source Option in einem get() Aufruf angeben, um das Standardverhalten zu ändern. Sie können nur aus der Datenbank abrufen und den Offline-Cache ignorieren oder nur aus dem Offline-Cache abrufen. Beispielsweise:

Web v8

var docRef = db.collection("cities").doc("SF");

// Valid options for source are 'server', 'cache', or
// 'default'. See https://firebase.google.com/docs/reference/js/firebase.firestore.GetOptions
// for more information.
var getOptions = {
    source: 'cache'
};

// Get a document, forcing the SDK to fetch from the offline cache.
docRef.get(getOptions).then((doc) => {
    // Document was found in the cache. If no cached document exists,
    // an error will be returned to the 'catch' block below.
    console.log("Cached document data:", doc.data());
}).catch((error) => {
    console.log("Error getting cached document:", error);
});

Web v9

import { doc, getDocFromCache } from "firebase/firestore";

const docRef = doc(db, "cities", "SF");

// Get a document, forcing the SDK to fetch from the offline cache.
try {
  const doc = await getDocFromCache(docRef);

  // Document was found in the cache. If no cached document exists,
  // an error will be returned to the 'catch' block below.
  console.log("Cached document data:", doc.data());
} catch (e) {
  console.log("Error getting cached document:", e);
}
Schnell
let docRef = db.collection("cities").document("SF")

// Force the SDK to fetch the document from the cache. Could also specify
// FirestoreSource.server or FirestoreSource.default.
docRef.getDocument(source: .cache) { (document, error) in
  if let document = document {
    let dataDescription = document.data().map(String.init(describing:)) ?? "nil"
    print("Cached document data: \(dataDescription)")
  } else {
    print("Document does not exist in cache")
  }
}
Ziel c
FIRDocumentReference *docRef =
[[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] documentWithPath:@"SF"];

// Force the SDK to fetch the document from the cache. Could also specify
// FIRFirestoreSourceServer or FIRFirestoreSourceDefault.
[docRef getDocumentWithSource:FIRFirestoreSourceCache
                   completion:^(FIRDocumentSnapshot *snapshot, NSError *error) {
  if (snapshot != NULL) {
    // The document data was found in the cache.
    NSLog(@"Cached document data: %@", snapshot.data);
  } else {
    // The document data was not found in the cache.
    NSLog(@"Document does not exist in cache: %@", error);
  }
}];

Java

DocumentReference docRef = db.collection("cities").document("SF");

// Source can be CACHE, SERVER, or DEFAULT.
Source source = Source.CACHE;

// Get the document, forcing the SDK to use the offline cache
docRef.get(source).addOnCompleteListener(new OnCompleteListener<DocumentSnapshot>() {
    @Override
    public void onComplete(@NonNull Task<DocumentSnapshot> task) {
        if (task.isSuccessful()) {
            // Document found in the offline cache
            DocumentSnapshot document = task.getResult();
            Log.d(TAG, "Cached document data: " + document.getData());
        } else {
            Log.d(TAG, "Cached get failed: ", task.getException());
        }
    }
});

Kotlin+KTX

val docRef = db.collection("cities").document("SF")

// Source can be CACHE, SERVER, or DEFAULT.
val source = Source.CACHE

// Get the document, forcing the SDK to use the offline cache
docRef.get(source).addOnCompleteListener { task ->
    if (task.isSuccessful) {
        // Document found in the offline cache
        val document = task.result
        Log.d(TAG, "Cached document data: ${document?.data}")
    } else {
        Log.d(TAG, "Cached get failed: ", task.exception)
    }
}
Java

Wird im Java SDK nicht unterstützt.

Python

Wird im Python-SDK nicht unterstützt.

C++
DocumentReference doc_ref = db->Collection("cities").Document("SF");
Source source = Source::kCache;
doc_ref.Get(source).OnCompletion([](const Future<DocumentSnapshot>& future) {
  if (future.error() == Error::kErrorOk) {
    const DocumentSnapshot& document = *future.result();
    if (document.exists()) {
      std::cout << "Cached document id: " << document.id() << '\n';
    } else {
    }
  } else {
    std::cout << "Cached get failed: " << future.error_message() << '\n';
  }
});
Node.js

Wird im Node.js-SDK nicht unterstützt.

Gehen

Wird im Go SDK nicht unterstützt.

PHP

Wird im PHP-SDK nicht unterstützt.

Einheit

Wird im Unity SDK nicht unterstützt.

C#

Wird im C#-SDK nicht unterstützt.

Rubin

Wird im Ruby-SDK nicht unterstützt.

Benutzerdefinierte Objekte

Im vorherigen Beispiel wurde der Inhalt des Dokuments als Karte abgerufen, aber in einigen Sprachen ist es oft bequemer, einen benutzerdefinierten Objekttyp zu verwenden. In Add Data haben Sie eine City Klasse definiert, mit der Sie jede Stadt definiert haben. Sie können Ihr Dokument wieder in ein City Objekt umwandeln:

Netz

Um benutzerdefinierte Objekte zu verwenden, müssen Sie eine FirestoreDataConverter- Funktion für Ihre Klasse definieren. Beispielsweise:

class City {
    constructor (name, state, country ) {
        this.name = name;
        this.state = state;
        this.country = country;
    }
    toString() {
        return this.name + ', ' + this.state + ', ' + this.country;
    }
}

// Firestore data converter
var cityConverter = {
    toFirestore: function(city) {
        return {
            name: city.name,
            state: city.state,
            country: city.country
            };
    },
    fromFirestore: function(snapshot, options){
        const data = snapshot.data(options);
        return new City(data.name, data.state, data.country);
    }
};
Rufen Sie Ihren Datenkonverter mit Ihren Leseoperationen auf. Nach der Konvertierung können Sie auf benutzerdefinierte Objektmethoden zugreifen:
db.collection("cities").doc("LA")
  .withConverter(cityConverter)
  .get().then((doc) => {
    if (doc.exists){
      // Convert to City object
      var city = doc.data();
      // Use a City instance method
      console.log(city.toString());
    } else {
      console.log("No such document!");
    }}).catch((error) => {
      console.log("Error getting document:", error);
    });
Schnell

Um die automatische Typserialisierung in Swift zu unterstützen, muss Ihr Typ dem Codable-Protokoll entsprechen und Sie müssen den pod 'FirebaseFirestoreSwift' als Abhängigkeit von Ihrem Projekt einschließen.

let docRef = db.collection("cities").document("BJ")

docRef.getDocument { (document, error) in
    // Construct a Result type to encapsulate deserialization errors or
    // successful deserialization. Note that if there is no error thrown
    // the value may still be `nil`, indicating a successful deserialization
    // of a value that does not exist.
    //
    // There are thus three cases to handle, which Swift lets us describe
    // nicely with built-in Result types:
    //
    //      Result
    //        /\
    //   Error  Optional<City>
    //               /\
    //            Nil  City
    let result = Result {
      try document?.data(as: City.self)
    }
    switch result {
    case .success(let city):
        if let city = city {
            // A `City` value was successfully initialized from the DocumentSnapshot.
            print("City: \(city)")
        } else {
            // A nil value was successfully initialized from the DocumentSnapshot,
            // or the DocumentSnapshot was nil.
            print("Document does not exist")
        }
    case .failure(let error):
        // A `City` value could not be initialized from the DocumentSnapshot.
        print("Error decoding city: \(error)")
    }
}
Ziel c

In Objective-C müssen Sie dies manuell tun.

FIRDocumentReference *docRef =
[[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] documentWithPath:@"BJ"];
[docRef getDocumentWithCompletion:^(FIRDocumentSnapshot *snapshot, NSError *error) {
  FSTCity *city = [[FSTCity alloc] initWithDictionary:snapshot.data];
  if (city != nil) {
    NSLog(@"City: %@", city);
  } else {
    NSLog(@"Document does not exist");
  }
}];

Java

Wichtig: Jede benutzerdefinierte Klasse muss einen öffentlichen Konstruktor haben, der keine Argumente akzeptiert. Außerdem muss die Klasse für jede Eigenschaft einen öffentlichen Getter enthalten.

DocumentReference docRef = db.collection("cities").document("BJ");
docRef.get().addOnSuccessListener(new OnSuccessListener<DocumentSnapshot>() {
    @Override
    public void onSuccess(DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot) {
        City city = documentSnapshot.toObject(City.class);
    }
});

Kotlin+KTX

val docRef = db.collection("cities").document("BJ")
docRef.get().addOnSuccessListener { documentSnapshot ->
    val city = documentSnapshot.toObject<City>()
}
Java

Jede benutzerdefinierte Klasse muss einen öffentlichen Konstruktor haben, der keine Argumente akzeptiert. Außerdem muss die Klasse für jede Eigenschaft einen öffentlichen Getter enthalten.

DocumentReference docRef = db.collection("cities").document("BJ");
// asynchronously retrieve the document
ApiFuture<DocumentSnapshot> future = docRef.get();
// block on response
DocumentSnapshot document = future.get();
City city = null;
if (document.exists()) {
  // convert document to POJO
  city = document.toObject(City.class);
  System.out.println(city);
} else {
  System.out.println("No such document!");
}
Python
doc_ref = db.collection(u'cities').document(u'BJ')

doc = doc_ref.get()
city = City.from_dict(doc.to_dict())
print(city)
C++
// This is not yet supported.
Node.js

Node.js verwendet JavaScript-Objekte.

Gehen
dsnap, err := client.Collection("cities").Doc("BJ").Get(ctx)
if err != nil {
	return nil, err
}
var c City
dsnap.DataTo(&c)
fmt.Printf("Document data: %#v\n", c)
PHP

Gilt nicht für PHP.

Einheit
DocumentReference docRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("BJ");

docRef.GetSnapshotAsync().ContinueWith((task) =>
{
  var snapshot = task.Result;
  if (snapshot.Exists)
  {
    Debug.Log(String.Format("Document data for {0} document:", snapshot.Id));
    City city = snapshot.ConvertTo<City>();
    Debug.Log(String.Format("Name: {0}", city.Name));
    Debug.Log(String.Format("State: {0}", city.State));
    Debug.Log(String.Format("Country: {0}", city.Country));
    Debug.Log(String.Format("Capital: {0}", city.Capital));
    Debug.Log(String.Format("Population: {0}", city.Population));
  }
  else
  {
    Debug.Log(String.Format("Document {0} does not exist!", snapshot.Id));
  }
});
C#
DocumentReference docRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("BJ");
DocumentSnapshot snapshot = await docRef.GetSnapshotAsync();
if (snapshot.Exists)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Document data for {0} document:", snapshot.Id);
    City city = snapshot.ConvertTo<City>();
    Console.WriteLine("Name: {0}", city.Name);
    Console.WriteLine("State: {0}", city.State);
    Console.WriteLine("Country: {0}", city.Country);
    Console.WriteLine("Capital: {0}", city.Capital);
    Console.WriteLine("Population: {0}", city.Population);
}
else
{
    Console.WriteLine("Document {0} does not exist!", snapshot.Id);
}
Rubin

Gilt nicht für Ruby.

Holen Sie sich mehrere Dokumente aus einer Sammlung

Sie können auch mehrere Dokumente mit einer Anforderung abrufen, indem Sie Dokumente in einer Sammlung abfragen. Sie können beispielsweise mit where() alle Dokumente abfragen, die eine bestimmte Bedingung erfüllen, und dann mit get() die Ergebnisse abrufen:

Web v8

db.collection("cities").where("capital", "==", true)
    .get()
    .then((querySnapshot) => {
        querySnapshot.forEach((doc) => {
            // doc.data() is never undefined for query doc snapshots
            console.log(doc.id, " => ", doc.data());
        });
    })
    .catch((error) => {
        console.log("Error getting documents: ", error);
    });

Web v9

import { collection, query, where, getDocs } from "firebase/firestore";

const q = query(collection(db, "cities"), where("capital", "==", true));

const querySnapshot = await getDocs(q);
querySnapshot.forEach((doc) => {
  // doc.data() is never undefined for query doc snapshots
  console.log(doc.id, " => ", doc.data());
});
Schnell
db.collection("cities").whereField("capital", isEqualTo: true)
    .getDocuments() { (querySnapshot, err) in
        if let err = err {
            print("Error getting documents: \(err)")
        } else {
            for document in querySnapshot!.documents {
                print("\(document.documentID) => \(document.data())")
            }
        }
}
Ziel c
[[[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] queryWhereField:@"capital" isEqualTo:@(YES)]
    getDocumentsWithCompletion:^(FIRQuerySnapshot *snapshot, NSError *error) {
      if (error != nil) {
        NSLog(@"Error getting documents: %@", error);
      } else {
        for (FIRDocumentSnapshot *document in snapshot.documents) {
          NSLog(@"%@ => %@", document.documentID, document.data);
        }
      }
    }];

Java

db.collection("cities")
        .whereEqualTo("capital", true)
        .get()
        .addOnCompleteListener(new OnCompleteListener<QuerySnapshot>() {
            @Override
            public void onComplete(@NonNull Task<QuerySnapshot> task) {
                if (task.isSuccessful()) {
                    for (QueryDocumentSnapshot document : task.getResult()) {
                        Log.d(TAG, document.getId() + " => " + document.getData());
                    }
                } else {
                    Log.d(TAG, "Error getting documents: ", task.getException());
                }
            }
        });

Kotlin+KTX

db.collection("cities")
        .whereEqualTo("capital", true)
        .get()
        .addOnSuccessListener { documents ->
            for (document in documents) {
                Log.d(TAG, "${document.id} => ${document.data}")
            }
        }
        .addOnFailureListener { exception ->
            Log.w(TAG, "Error getting documents: ", exception)
        }
Java
//asynchronously retrieve multiple documents
ApiFuture<QuerySnapshot> future =
    db.collection("cities").whereEqualTo("capital", true).get();
// future.get() blocks on response
List<QueryDocumentSnapshot> documents = future.get().getDocuments();
for (DocumentSnapshot document : documents) {
  System.out.println(document.getId() + " => " + document.toObject(City.class));
}
Python
# Note: Use of CollectionRef stream() is prefered to get()
docs = db.collection(u'cities').where(u'capital', u'==', True).stream()

for doc in docs:
    print(f'{doc.id} => {doc.to_dict()}')
C++
db->Collection("cities")
    .WhereEqualTo("capital", FieldValue::Boolean(true))
    .Get()
    .OnCompletion([](const Future<QuerySnapshot>& future) {
      if (future.error() == Error::kErrorOk) {
        for (const DocumentSnapshot& document :
             future.result()->documents()) {
          std::cout << document << '\n';
        }
      } else {
        std::cout << "Error getting documents: " << future.error_message()
                  << '\n';
      }
    });
Node.js
const citiesRef = db.collection('cities');
const snapshot = await citiesRef.where('capital', '==', true).get();
if (snapshot.empty) {
  console.log('No matching documents.');
  return;
}  

snapshot.forEach(doc => {
  console.log(doc.id, '=>', doc.data());
});
Gehen
fmt.Println("All capital cities:")
iter := client.Collection("cities").Where("capital", "==", true).Documents(ctx)
for {
	doc, err := iter.Next()
	if err == iterator.Done {
		break
	}
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	fmt.Println(doc.Data())
}
PHP
$citiesRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities');
$query = $citiesRef->where('capital', '=', true);
$documents = $query->documents();
foreach ($documents as $document) {
    if ($document->exists()) {
        printf('Document data for document %s:' . PHP_EOL, $document->id());
        print_r($document->data());
        printf(PHP_EOL);
    } else {
        printf('Document %s does not exist!' . PHP_EOL, $document->id());
    }
}
Einheit
Query capitalQuery = db.Collection("cities").WhereEqualTo("Capital", true);
capitalQuery.GetSnapshotAsync().ContinueWithOnMainThread(task => {
  QuerySnapshot capitalQuerySnapshot = task.Result;
  foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in capitalQuerySnapshot.Documents) {
    Debug.Log(String.Format("Document data for {0} document:", documentSnapshot.Id));
    Dictionary<string, object> city = documentSnapshot.ToDictionary();
    foreach (KeyValuePair<string, object> pair in city) {
      Debug.Log(String.Format("{0}: {1}", pair.Key, pair.Value));
    }

    // Newline to separate entries
    Debug.Log("");
  };
});
C#
Query capitalQuery = db.Collection("cities").WhereEqualTo("Capital", true);
QuerySnapshot capitalQuerySnapshot = await capitalQuery.GetSnapshotAsync();
foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in capitalQuerySnapshot.Documents)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Document data for {0} document:", documentSnapshot.Id);
    Dictionary<string, object> city = documentSnapshot.ToDictionary();
    foreach (KeyValuePair<string, object> pair in city)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}", pair.Key, pair.Value);
    }
    Console.WriteLine("");
}
Rubin
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path

query = cities_ref.where "capital", "=", true

query.get do |city|
  puts "#{city.document_id} data: #{city.data}."
end

Standardmäßig ruft Cloud Firestore alle Dokumente ab, die die Abfrage in aufsteigender Reihenfolge nach Dokument-ID erfüllen. Sie können jedoch die zurückgegebenen Daten sortieren und einschränken .

Holen Sie sich alle Dokumente in einer Sammlung

Darüber hinaus können Sie alle Dokumente in einer Sammlung abrufen, indem Sie den where() Filter vollständig weglassen:

Web v8

db.collection("cities").get().then((querySnapshot) => {
    querySnapshot.forEach((doc) => {
        // doc.data() is never undefined for query doc snapshots
        console.log(doc.id, " => ", doc.data());
    });
});

Web v9

import { collection, getDocs } from "firebase/firestore";

const querySnapshot = await getDocs(collection(db, "cities"));
querySnapshot.forEach((doc) => {
  // doc.data() is never undefined for query doc snapshots
  console.log(doc.id, " => ", doc.data());
});
Schnell
db.collection("cities").getDocuments() { (querySnapshot, err) in
    if let err = err {
        print("Error getting documents: \(err)")
    } else {
        for document in querySnapshot!.documents {
            print("\(document.documentID) => \(document.data())")
        }
    }
}
Ziel c
[[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"]
    getDocumentsWithCompletion:^(FIRQuerySnapshot *snapshot, NSError *error) {
      if (error != nil) {
        NSLog(@"Error getting documents: %@", error);
      } else {
        for (FIRDocumentSnapshot *document in snapshot.documents) {
          NSLog(@"%@ => %@", document.documentID, document.data);
        }
      }
    }];

Java

db.collection("cities")
        .get()
        .addOnCompleteListener(new OnCompleteListener<QuerySnapshot>() {
            @Override
            public void onComplete(@NonNull Task<QuerySnapshot> task) {
                if (task.isSuccessful()) {
                    for (QueryDocumentSnapshot document : task.getResult()) {
                        Log.d(TAG, document.getId() + " => " + document.getData());
                    }
                } else {
                    Log.d(TAG, "Error getting documents: ", task.getException());
                }
            }
        });

Kotlin+KTX

db.collection("cities")
        .get()
        .addOnSuccessListener { result ->
            for (document in result) {
                Log.d(TAG, "${document.id} => ${document.data}")
            }
        }
        .addOnFailureListener { exception ->
            Log.d(TAG, "Error getting documents: ", exception)
        }
Java
//asynchronously retrieve all documents
ApiFuture<QuerySnapshot> future = db.collection("cities").get();
// future.get() blocks on response
List<QueryDocumentSnapshot> documents = future.get().getDocuments();
for (QueryDocumentSnapshot document : documents) {
  System.out.println(document.getId() + " => " + document.toObject(City.class));
}
Python
docs = db.collection(u'cities').stream()

for doc in docs:
    print(f'{doc.id} => {doc.to_dict()}')
C++
db->Collection("cities").Get().OnCompletion(
    [](const Future<QuerySnapshot>& future) {
      if (future.error() == Error::kErrorOk) {
        for (const DocumentSnapshot& document :
             future.result()->documents()) {
          std::cout << document << '\n';
        }
      } else {
        std::cout << "Error getting documents: " << future.error_message()
                  << '\n';
      }
    });
Node.js
const citiesRef = db.collection('cities');
const snapshot = await citiesRef.get();
snapshot.forEach(doc => {
  console.log(doc.id, '=>', doc.data());
});
Gehen
fmt.Println("All cities:")
iter := client.Collection("cities").Documents(ctx)
for {
	doc, err := iter.Next()
	if err == iterator.Done {
		break
	}
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	fmt.Println(doc.Data())
}
PHP
$citiesRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities');
$documents = $citiesRef->documents();
foreach ($documents as $document) {
    if ($document->exists()) {
        printf('Document data for document %s:' . PHP_EOL, $document->id());
        print_r($document->data());
        printf(PHP_EOL);
    } else {
        printf('Document %s does not exist!' . PHP_EOL, $document->id());
    }
}
Einheit
Query allCitiesQuery = db.Collection("cities");
allCitiesQuery.GetSnapshotAsync().ContinueWithOnMainThread(task =>
{
  QuerySnapshot allCitiesQuerySnapshot = task.Result;
  foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in allCitiesQuerySnapshot.Documents)
  {
    Debug.Log(String.Format("Document data for {0} document:", documentSnapshot.Id));
    Dictionary<string, object> city = documentSnapshot.ToDictionary();
    foreach (KeyValuePair<string, object> pair in city)
    {
      Debug.Log(String.Format("{0}: {1}", pair.Key, pair.Value));
    }

    // Newline to separate entries
    Debug.Log("");
  }
});
C#
Query allCitiesQuery = db.Collection("cities");
QuerySnapshot allCitiesQuerySnapshot = await allCitiesQuery.GetSnapshotAsync();
foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in allCitiesQuerySnapshot.Documents)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Document data for {0} document:", documentSnapshot.Id);
    Dictionary<string, object> city = documentSnapshot.ToDictionary();
    foreach (KeyValuePair<string, object> pair in city)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}", pair.Key, pair.Value);
    }
    Console.WriteLine("");
}
Rubin
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
cities_ref.get do |city|
  puts "#{city.document_id} data: #{city.data}."
end

Holen Sie sich mehrere Dokumente aus einer Sammlungsgruppe

Eine Sammlungsgruppe besteht aus allen Sammlungen mit derselben ID. Zum Beispiel, wenn jedes Dokument in Ihren cities Sammlung eine Untersammlung genannt hat landmarks , die alle die landmarks Subkollektionen gehören zur selben Sammelgruppe. Standardmäßig rufen Abfragen Ergebnisse aus einer einzelnen Sammlung in Ihrer Datenbank ab. Verwenden Sie eine Sammlungsgruppenabfrage, um Ergebnisse aus einer Sammlungsgruppe anstatt aus einer einzelnen Sammlung abzurufen .

Untersammlungen eines Dokuments auflisten

Die Methode getCollections() der getCollections() des Cloud Firestore-Servers listet alle Untersammlungen einer Dokumentreferenz auf.

Das Abrufen einer Sammlungsliste ist mit den Mobil-/Webclientbibliotheken nicht möglich. Sie sollten Sammlungsnamen nur im Rahmen von Verwaltungsaufgaben in vertrauenswürdigen Serverumgebungen nachschlagen. Wenn Sie feststellen, dass Sie diese Funktion in den Mobil-/Webclientbibliotheken benötigen, sollten Sie Ihre Daten so umstrukturieren, dass die Namen der Untersammlung vorhersehbar sind.

Netz

In der Webclientbibliothek nicht verfügbar.

Schnell

Nicht in der iOS-Clientbibliothek verfügbar.

Ziel c

In der Objective-C-Clientbibliothek nicht verfügbar.

Java

Nicht in der Android-Clientbibliothek verfügbar.

Kotlin+KTX

Nicht in der Android-Clientbibliothek verfügbar.

Java
Iterable<CollectionReference> collections =
    db.collection("cities").document("SF").listCollections();

for (CollectionReference collRef : collections) {
  System.out.println("Found subcollection with id: " + collRef.getId());
}
Python
collections = db.collection('cities').document('SF').collections()
for collection in collections:
    for doc in collection.stream():
        print(f'{doc.id} => {doc.to_dict()}')
C++

In der C++-Clientbibliothek nicht verfügbar.

Node.js
const sfRef = db.collection('cities').doc('SF');
const collections = await sfRef.listCollections();
collections.forEach(collection => {
  console.log('Found subcollection with id:', collection.id);
});
Gehen
iter := client.Collection("cities").Doc("SF").Collections(ctx)
for {
	collRef, err := iter.Next()
	if err == iterator.Done {
		break
	}
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	fmt.Printf("Found collection with id: %s\n", collRef.ID)
}
PHP
$cityRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities')->document('SF');
$collections = $cityRef->collections();
foreach ($collections as $collection) {
    printf('Found subcollection with id: %s' . PHP_EOL, $collection->id());
}
Einheit
// This is not yet supported in the Unity SDK.
C#
DocumentReference cityRef = db.Collection("cities").Document("SF");
IAsyncEnumerable<CollectionReference> subcollections = cityRef.ListCollectionsAsync();
IAsyncEnumerator<CollectionReference> subcollectionsEnumerator = subcollections.GetAsyncEnumerator(default);
while (await subcollectionsEnumerator.MoveNextAsync())
{
    CollectionReference subcollectionRef = subcollectionsEnumerator.Current;
    Console.WriteLine("Found subcollection with ID: {0}", subcollectionRef.Id);
}
Rubin
city_ref = firestore.doc "#{collection_path}/SF"
city_ref.cols do |col|
  puts col.collection_id
end

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