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You can set up one or more Firebase Hosting sites in a single Firebase project. Since the sites are all in the same Firebase project, all the sites can access the other Firebase resources of the project.

By setting up multiple Hosting sites within the same Firebase project, you can more easily share Firebase resources between related sites and apps. For example, if you set up your blog, admin panel, and public app as individual sites in the same Firebase project, they can all share the same Firebase Authentication user database, while also having their own unique domains or content.

Step 1: Update your Firebase CLI version

Access the most current Firebase Hosting features by updating to the latest version of the Firebase CLI.

Step 2: Add additional sites

Add additional sites to a Firebase project using one of the following methods:

  • Use the workflow in the Hosting page of the Firebase console

  • Use the Firebase CLI command: firebase hosting:sites:create SITE_ID

  • Use the Hosting REST API: projects.sites.create

For each of these methods, you'll specify a SITE_ID which is used to construct the Firebase-provisioned default subdomains for the site:

  • SITE_ID.web.app
  • SITE_ID.firebaseapp.com

Because the SITE_ID is used for these URLs, the site ID has the following requirements:

  • Must be a valid hostname label, meaning it cannot contain ., _, etc.
  • Must be 30 characters or fewer
  • Must be globally unique within Firebase

To each site, you can also optionally add custom domains to serve the same content and configuration to multiple URLs.

Delete a secondary site

Delete unwanted sites from a Firebase project using one of the following methods:

  • Use the workflow in the Hosting page of the Firebase console

  • Use the Firebase CLI command: firebase hosting:sites:delete SITE_ID

  • Use the Hosting REST API: projects.sites.delete

Note that you cannot delete the default site, which has the same SITE_ID as your Firebase project ID.

Step 3: Set up deploy targets for your sites

When you have multiple sites and you run Firebase CLI deploy commands, the CLI needs a way to communicate which settings should be deployed to each site. With deploy targets you can uniquely identify a specific site with a TARGET_NAME in your firebase.json configuration file and in your Firebase CLI commands for testing or deploying to your sites.

To create a deploy target and apply a TARGET_NAME to a Hosting site, run the following CLI command from the root of your project directory:

firebase target:apply hosting TARGET_NAME RESOURCE_IDENTIFIER

Where the parameters are:

  • TARGET_NAME — a unique name (that you've defined yourself) for the Hosting site that you're deploying to

  • RESOURCE_IDENTIFIER — the SITE_ID for the Hosting site as listed in your Firebase project

For example, if you've created two sites (myapp-blog and myapp-app) in your Firebase project, you could apply a unique TARGET_NAME (blog and app, respectively) to each site by running the following commands:

firebase target:apply hosting blog myapp-blog
firebase target:apply hosting app myapp-app

The settings for deploy targets are stored in the .firebaserc file in your project directory, so you only need to set up deploy targets one time per project.

Step 4: Define the hosting configuration for each site

Use a site's applied TARGET_NAME when you're defining its hosting configuration in your firebase.json file.

  • If your firebase.json file defines the configuration for multiple sites, use an array format:

    {
      "hosting": [ {
          "target": "blog",  // "blog" is the applied TARGET_NAME for the Hosting site "myapp-blog"
          "public": "blog/dist",  // contents of this folder are deployed to the site "myapp-blog"
    
          // ...
        },
        {
          "target": "app",  // "app" is the applied TARGET_NAME for the Hosting site "myapp-app"
          "public": "app/dist",  // contents of this folder are deployed to the site "myapp-app"
    
          // ...
    
          "rewrites": [...]  // You can define specific Hosting configurations for each site
        }
      ]
    }
    
  • If your firebase.json file defines the configuration for only one site, it's not necessary to use an array format:

    {
      "hosting": {
          "target": "blog",
          "public": "dist",
    
          // ...
    
          "rewrites": [...]
      }
    }
    

Step 5: Test locally, preview changes, and deploy to your sites

Run any of the following commands from the root of your local project directory.

Command Description
firebase emulators:start --only hosting Emulates the Hosting content and configuration of the default Hosting site at a locally hosted URL
firebase emulators:start --only hosting:TARGET_NAME Emulates the Hosting content and configuration of the specified Hosting site at a locally hosted URL
firebase hosting:channel:deploy \
CHANNEL_ID
Deploys the Hosting content and configuration of the default Hosting site at a preview URL
firebase hosting:channel:deploy \
CHANNEL_ID --only TARGET_NAME
Deploys the Hosting content and configuration of the specified Hosting site at a preview URL
firebase deploy --only hosting Deploys the Hosting content and configuration to the live channel of all Hosting sites configured in firebase.json
firebase deploy --only hosting:TARGET_NAME Deploys the Hosting content and configuration to the live channel of the specified Hosting site
Command Description
(not recommended; use emulators:start instead)
firebase serve --only hosting
Serves the Hosting content and configuration of the default Hosting site at a locally hosted URL
(not recommended; use emulators:start instead)
firebase serve --only hosting:TARGET_NAME
Serves the Hosting content and configuration of the specified Hosting site at a locally hosted URL