firebase_admin.messaging module

Firebase Cloud Messaging module.

Exceptions

QuotaExceededError

exception firebase_admin.messaging.QuotaExceededError(message, cause=None, http_response=None)

Bases: firebase_admin.exceptions.ResourceExhaustedError

Sending limit exceeded for the message target.

SenderIdMismatchError

exception firebase_admin.messaging.SenderIdMismatchError(message, cause=None, http_response=None)

Bases: firebase_admin.exceptions.PermissionDeniedError

The authenticated sender ID is different from the sender ID for the registration token.

ThirdPartyAuthError

exception firebase_admin.messaging.ThirdPartyAuthError(message, cause=None, http_response=None)

Bases: firebase_admin.exceptions.UnauthenticatedError

APNs certificate or web push auth key was invalid or missing.

UnregisteredError

exception firebase_admin.messaging.UnregisteredError(message, cause=None, http_response=None)

Bases: firebase_admin.exceptions.NotFoundError

App instance was unregistered from FCM.

This usually means that the token used is no longer valid and a new one must be used.

Classes

AndroidConfig

class firebase_admin.messaging.AndroidConfig(collapse_key=None, priority=None, ttl=None, restricted_package_name=None, data=None, notification=None, fcm_options=None)

Bases: object

Android-specific options that can be included in a message.

Parameters:
  • collapse_key – Collapse key string for the message (optional). This is an identifier for a group of messages that can be collapsed, so that only the last message is sent when delivery can be resumed. A maximum of 4 different collapse keys may be active at a given time.
  • priority – Priority of the message (optional). Must be one of high or normal.
  • ttl – The time-to-live duration of the message (optional). This can be specified as a numeric seconds value or a datetime.timedelta instance.
  • restricted_package_name – The package name of the application where the registration tokens must match in order to receive the message (optional).
  • data – A dictionary of data fields (optional). All keys and values in the dictionary must be strings. When specified, overrides any data fields set via Message.data.
  • notification – A messaging.AndroidNotification to be included in the message (optional).
  • fcm_options – A messaging.AndroidFCMOptions to be included in the message (optional).

AndroidFCMOptions

class firebase_admin.messaging.AndroidFCMOptions(analytics_label=None)

Bases: object

Options for features provided by the FCM SDK for Android.

Parameters:analytics_label – contains additional options for features provided by the FCM Android SDK (optional).

AndroidNotification

class firebase_admin.messaging.AndroidNotification(title=None, body=None, icon=None, color=None, sound=None, tag=None, click_action=None, body_loc_key=None, body_loc_args=None, title_loc_key=None, title_loc_args=None, channel_id=None, image=None, ticker=None, sticky=None, event_timestamp=None, local_only=None, priority=None, vibrate_timings_millis=None, default_vibrate_timings=None, default_sound=None, light_settings=None, default_light_settings=None, visibility=None, notification_count=None)

Bases: object

Android-specific notification parameters.

Parameters:
  • title – Title of the notification (optional). If specified, overrides the title set via messaging.Notification.
  • body – Body of the notification (optional). If specified, overrides the body set via messaging.Notification.
  • icon – Icon of the notification (optional).
  • color – Color of the notification icon expressed in #rrggbb form (optional).
  • sound – Sound to be played when the device receives the notification (optional). This is usually the file name of the sound resource.
  • tag – Tag of the notification (optional). This is an identifier used to replace existing notifications in the notification drawer. If not specified, each request creates a new notification.
  • click_action – The action associated with a user click on the notification (optional). If specified, an activity with a matching intent filter is launched when a user clicks on the notification.
  • body_loc_key – Key of the body string in the app’s string resources to use to localize the body text (optional).
  • body_loc_args – A list of resource keys that will be used in place of the format specifiers in body_loc_key (optional).
  • title_loc_key – Key of the title string in the app’s string resources to use to localize the title text (optional).
  • title_loc_args – A list of resource keys that will be used in place of the format specifiers in title_loc_key (optional).
  • channel_id – channel_id of the notification (optional).
  • image – Image url of the notification (optional).
  • ticker – Sets the ticker text, which is sent to accessibility services. Prior to API level 21 (Lollipop), sets the text that is displayed in the status bar when the notification first arrives (optional).
  • sticky – When set to False or unset, the notification is automatically dismissed when the user clicks it in the panel. When set to True, the notification persists even when the user clicks it (optional).
  • event_timestamp – For notifications that inform users about events with an absolute time reference, sets the time that the event in the notification occurred as a datetime.datetime instance. Notifications in the panel are sorted by this time (optional).
  • local_only – Sets whether or not this notification is relevant only to the current device. Some notifications can be bridged to other devices for remote display, such as a Wear OS watch. This hint can be set to recommend this notification not be bridged (optional). See Wear OS guides: https://developer.android.com/training/wearables/notifications/bridger#existing-method-of-preventing-bridging
  • priority – Sets the relative priority for this notification. Low-priority notifications may be hidden from the user in certain situations. Note this priority differs from AndroidMessagePriority. This priority is processed by the client after the message has been delivered. Whereas AndroidMessagePriority is an FCM concept that controls when the message is delivered (optional). Must be one of default, min, low, high, max or normal.
  • vibrate_timings_millis – Sets the vibration pattern to use. Pass in an array of milliseconds to turn the vibrator on or off. The first value indicates the duration to wait before turning the vibrator on. The next value indicates the duration to keep the vibrator on. Subsequent values alternate between duration to turn the vibrator off and to turn the vibrator on. If vibrate_timings is set and default_vibrate_timings is set to True, the default value is used instead of the user-specified vibrate_timings.
  • default_vibrate_timings – If set to True, use the Android framework’s default vibrate pattern for the notification (optional). Default values are specified in config.xml https://android.googlesource.com/platform/frameworks/base/+/master/core/res/res/values/config.xml. If default_vibrate_timings is set to True and vibrate_timings is also set, the default value is used instead of the user-specified vibrate_timings.
  • default_sound – If set to True, use the Android framework’s default sound for the notification (optional). Default values are specified in config.xml https://android.googlesource.com/platform/frameworks/base/+/master/core/res/res/values/config.xml
  • light_settings – Settings to control the notification’s LED blinking rate and color if LED is available on the device. The total blinking time is controlled by the OS (optional).
  • default_light_settings – If set to True, use the Android framework’s default LED light settings for the notification. Default values are specified in config.xml https://android.googlesource.com/platform/frameworks/base/+/master/core/res/res/values/config.xml. If default_light_settings is set to True and light_settings is also set, the user-specified light_settings is used instead of the default value.
  • visibility – Sets the visibility of the notification. Must be either private, public, or secret. If unspecified, default to private.
  • notification_count – Sets the number of items this notification represents. May be displayed as a badge count for Launchers that support badging. See NotificationBadge https://developer.android.com/training/notify-user/badges. For example, this might be useful if you’re using just one notification to represent multiple new messages but you want the count here to represent the number of total new messages. If zero or unspecified, systems that support badging use the default, which is to increment a number displayed on the long-press menu each time a new notification arrives.

APNSConfig

class firebase_admin.messaging.APNSConfig(headers=None, payload=None, fcm_options=None)

Bases: object

APNS-specific options that can be included in a message.

Refer to APNS Documentation for more information.

Parameters:
  • headers – A dictionary of headers (optional).
  • payload – A messaging.APNSPayload to be included in the message (optional).
  • fcm_options – A messaging.APNSFCMOptions instance to be included in the message (optional).

APNSFCMOptions

class firebase_admin.messaging.APNSFCMOptions(analytics_label=None, image=None)

Bases: object

Options for features provided by the FCM SDK for iOS.

Parameters:
  • analytics_label – contains additional options for features provided by the FCM iOS SDK (optional).
  • image – contains the URL of an image that is going to be displayed in a notification (optional).

APNSPayload

class firebase_admin.messaging.APNSPayload(aps, **kwargs)

Bases: object

Payload of an APNS message.

Parameters:
  • aps – A messaging.Aps instance to be included in the payload.
  • kwargs – Arbitrary keyword arguments to be included as custom fields in the payload (optional).

Aps

class firebase_admin.messaging.Aps(alert=None, badge=None, sound=None, content_available=None, category=None, thread_id=None, mutable_content=None, custom_data=None)

Bases: object

Aps dictionary to be included in an APNS payload.

Parameters:
  • alert – A string or a messaging.ApsAlert instance (optional).
  • badge – A number representing the badge to be displayed with the message (optional).
  • sound – Name of the sound file to be played with the message or a messaging.CriticalSound instance (optional).
  • content_available – A boolean indicating whether to configure a background update notification (optional).
  • category – String identifier representing the message type (optional).
  • thread_id – An app-specific string identifier for grouping messages (optional).
  • mutable_content – A boolean indicating whether to support mutating notifications at the client using app extensions (optional).
  • custom_data – A dict of custom key-value pairs to be included in the Aps dictionary (optional).

ApsAlert

class firebase_admin.messaging.ApsAlert(title=None, subtitle=None, body=None, loc_key=None, loc_args=None, title_loc_key=None, title_loc_args=None, action_loc_key=None, launch_image=None, custom_data=None)

Bases: object

An alert that can be included in messaging.Aps.

Parameters:
  • title – Title of the alert (optional). If specified, overrides the title set via messaging.Notification.
  • subtitle – Subtitle of the alert (optional).
  • body – Body of the alert (optional). If specified, overrides the body set via messaging.Notification.
  • loc_key – Key of the body string in the app’s string resources to use to localize the body text (optional).
  • loc_args – A list of resource keys that will be used in place of the format specifiers in loc_key (optional).
  • title_loc_key – Key of the title string in the app’s string resources to use to localize the title text (optional).
  • title_loc_args – A list of resource keys that will be used in place of the format specifiers in title_loc_key (optional).
  • action_loc_key – Key of the text in the app’s string resources to use to localize the action button text (optional).
  • launch_image – Image for the notification action (optional).
  • custom_data – A dict of custom key-value pairs to be included in the ApsAlert dictionary (optional)

BatchResponse

class firebase_admin.messaging.BatchResponse(responses)

Bases: object

The response received from a batch request to the FCM API.

failure_count
responses

A list of messaging.SendResponse objects (possibly empty).

success_count

CriticalSound

class firebase_admin.messaging.CriticalSound(name, critical=None, volume=None)

Bases: object

Critical alert sound configuration that can be included in messaging.Aps.

Parameters:
  • name – The name of a sound file in your app’s main bundle or in the Library/Sounds folder of your app’s container directory. Specify the string default to play the system sound.
  • critical – Set to True to set the critical alert flag on the sound configuration (optional).
  • volume – The volume for the critical alert’s sound. Must be a value between 0.0 (silent) and 1.0 (full volume) (optional).

ErrorInfo

class firebase_admin.messaging.ErrorInfo(index, reason)

Bases: object

An error encountered when performing a topic management operation.

index

Index of the registration token to which this error is related to.

reason

String describing the nature of the error.

FCMOptions

class firebase_admin.messaging.FCMOptions(analytics_label=None)

Bases: object

Options for features provided by SDK.

Parameters:analytics_label – contains additional options to use across all platforms (optional).

LightSettings

class firebase_admin.messaging.LightSettings(color, light_on_duration_millis, light_off_duration_millis)

Bases: object

Represents settings to control notification LED that can be included in a messaging.AndroidNotification.

Parameters:
  • color – Sets the color of the LED in #rrggbb or #rrggbbaa format.
  • light_on_duration_millis – Along with light_off_duration, defines the blink rate of LED flashes.
  • light_off_duration_millis – Along with light_on_duration, defines the blink rate of LED flashes.

Message

class firebase_admin.messaging.Message(data=None, notification=None, android=None, webpush=None, apns=None, fcm_options=None, token=None, topic=None, condition=None)

Bases: object

A message that can be sent via Firebase Cloud Messaging.

Contains payload information as well as recipient information. In particular, the message must contain exactly one of token, topic or condition fields.

Parameters:
  • data – A dictionary of data fields (optional). All keys and values in the dictionary must be strings.
  • notification – An instance of messaging.Notification (optional).
  • android – An instance of messaging.AndroidConfig (optional).
  • webpush – An instance of messaging.WebpushConfig (optional).
  • apns – An instance of messaging.ApnsConfig (optional).
  • fcm_options – An instance of messaging.FCMOptions (optional).
  • token – The registration token of the device to which the message should be sent (optional).
  • topic – Name of the FCM topic to which the message should be sent (optional). Topic name may contain the /topics/ prefix.
  • condition – The FCM condition to which the message should be sent (optional).

MulticastMessage

class firebase_admin.messaging.MulticastMessage(tokens, data=None, notification=None, android=None, webpush=None, apns=None, fcm_options=None)

Bases: object

A message that can be sent to multiple tokens via Firebase Cloud Messaging.

Parameters:
  • tokens – A list of registration tokens of targeted devices.
  • data – A dictionary of data fields (optional). All keys and values in the dictionary must be strings.
  • notification – An instance of messaging.Notification (optional).
  • android – An instance of messaging.AndroidConfig (optional).
  • webpush – An instance of messaging.WebpushConfig (optional).
  • apns – An instance of messaging.ApnsConfig (optional).
  • fcm_options – An instance of messaging.FCMOptions (optional).

Notification

class firebase_admin.messaging.Notification(title=None, body=None, image=None)

Bases: object

A notification that can be included in a message.

Parameters:
  • title – Title of the notification (optional).
  • body – Body of the notification (optional).
  • image – Image url of the notification (optional)

SendResponse

class firebase_admin.messaging.SendResponse(resp, exception)

Bases: object

The response received from an individual batched request to the FCM API.

exception

A FirebaseError if an error occurs while sending the message to the FCM service.

message_id

A message ID string that uniquely identifies the message.

success

A boolean indicating if the request was successful.

TopicManagementResponse

class firebase_admin.messaging.TopicManagementResponse(resp)

Bases: object

The response received from a topic management operation.

errors

A list of messaging.ErrorInfo objects (possibly empty).

failure_count

Number of tokens that could not be subscribed or unsubscribed due to errors.

success_count

Number of tokens that were successfully subscribed or unsubscribed.

WebpushConfig

class firebase_admin.messaging.WebpushConfig(headers=None, data=None, notification=None, fcm_options=None)

Bases: object

Webpush-specific options that can be included in a message.

Parameters:
  • headers – A dictionary of headers (optional). Refer Webpush Specification for supported headers.
  • data – A dictionary of data fields (optional). All keys and values in the dictionary must be strings. When specified, overrides any data fields set via Message.data.
  • notification – A messaging.WebpushNotification to be included in the message (optional).
  • fcm_options – A messaging.WebpushFCMOptions instance to be included in the message (optional).

WebpushFCMOptions

class firebase_admin.messaging.WebpushFCMOptions(link=None)

Bases: object

Options for features provided by the FCM SDK for Web.

Parameters:link – The link to open when the user clicks on the notification. Must be an HTTPS URL (optional).

WebpushNotification

class firebase_admin.messaging.WebpushNotification(title=None, body=None, icon=None, actions=None, badge=None, data=None, direction=None, image=None, language=None, renotify=None, require_interaction=None, silent=None, tag=None, timestamp_millis=None, vibrate=None, custom_data=None)

Bases: object

Webpush-specific notification parameters.

Refer to the Notification Reference for more information.

Parameters:
  • title – Title of the notification (optional). If specified, overrides the title set via messaging.Notification.
  • body – Body of the notification (optional). If specified, overrides the body set via messaging.Notification.
  • icon – Icon URL of the notification (optional).
  • actions – A list of messaging.WebpushNotificationAction instances (optional).
  • badge – URL of the image used to represent the notification when there is not enough space to display the notification itself (optional).
  • data – Any arbitrary JSON data that should be associated with the notification (optional).
  • direction – The direction in which to display the notification (optional). Must be either ‘auto’, ‘ltr’ or ‘rtl’.
  • image – The URL of an image to be displayed in the notification (optional).
  • language – Notification language (optional).
  • renotify – A boolean indicating whether the user should be notified after a new notification replaces an old one (optional).
  • require_interaction – A boolean indicating whether a notification should remain active until the user clicks or dismisses it, rather than closing automatically (optional).
  • silentTrue to indicate that the notification should be silent (optional).
  • tag – An identifying tag on the notification (optional).
  • timestamp_millis – A timestamp value in milliseconds on the notification (optional).
  • vibrate – A vibration pattern for the device’s vibration hardware to emit when the notification fires (optional). The pattern is specified as an integer array.
  • custom_data – A dict of custom key-value pairs to be included in the notification (optional)

WebpushNotificationAction

class firebase_admin.messaging.WebpushNotificationAction(action, title, icon=None)

Bases: object

An action available to the users when the notification is presented.

Parameters:
  • action – Action string.
  • title – Title string.
  • icon – Icon URL for the action (optional).

Functions

send

firebase_admin.messaging.send(message, dry_run=False, app=None)

Sends the given message via Firebase Cloud Messaging (FCM).

If the dry_run mode is enabled, the message will not be actually delivered to the recipients. Instead FCM performs all the usual validations, and emulates the send operation.

Parameters:
  • message – An instance of messaging.Message.
  • dry_run – A boolean indicating whether to run the operation in dry run mode (optional).
  • app – An App instance (optional).
Returns:

A message ID string that uniquely identifies the sent the message.

Return type:

string

Raises:
  • FirebaseError – If an error occurs while sending the message to the FCM service.
  • ValueError – If the input arguments are invalid.

send_all

firebase_admin.messaging.send_all(messages, dry_run=False, app=None)

Sends the given list of messages via Firebase Cloud Messaging as a single batch.

If the dry_run mode is enabled, the message will not be actually delivered to the recipients. Instead FCM performs all the usual validations, and emulates the send operation.

Parameters:
  • messages – A list of messaging.Message instances.
  • dry_run – A boolean indicating whether to run the operation in dry run mode (optional).
  • app – An App instance (optional).
Returns:

A messaging.BatchResponse instance.

Return type:

BatchResponse

Raises:
  • FirebaseError – If an error occurs while sending the message to the FCM service.
  • ValueError – If the input arguments are invalid.

send_multicast

firebase_admin.messaging.send_multicast(multicast_message, dry_run=False, app=None)

Sends the given mutlicast message to all tokens via Firebase Cloud Messaging (FCM).

If the dry_run mode is enabled, the message will not be actually delivered to the recipients. Instead FCM performs all the usual validations, and emulates the send operation.

Parameters:
  • multicast_message – An instance of messaging.MulticastMessage.
  • dry_run – A boolean indicating whether to run the operation in dry run mode (optional).
  • app – An App instance (optional).
Returns:

A messaging.BatchResponse instance.

Return type:

BatchResponse

Raises:
  • FirebaseError – If an error occurs while sending the message to the FCM service.
  • ValueError – If the input arguments are invalid.

subscribe_to_topic

firebase_admin.messaging.subscribe_to_topic(tokens, topic, app=None)

Subscribes a list of registration tokens to an FCM topic.

Parameters:
  • tokens – A non-empty list of device registration tokens. List may not have more than 1000 elements.
  • topic – Name of the topic to subscribe to. May contain the /topics/ prefix.
  • app – An App instance (optional).
Returns:

A TopicManagementResponse instance.

Return type:

TopicManagementResponse

Raises:
  • FirebaseError – If an error occurs while communicating with instance ID service.
  • ValueError – If the input arguments are invalid.

unsubscribe_from_topic

firebase_admin.messaging.unsubscribe_from_topic(tokens, topic, app=None)

Unsubscribes a list of registration tokens from an FCM topic.

Parameters:
  • tokens – A non-empty list of device registration tokens. List may not have more than 1000 elements.
  • topic – Name of the topic to unsubscribe from. May contain the /topics/ prefix.
  • app – An App instance (optional).
Returns:

A TopicManagementResponse instance.

Return type:

TopicManagementResponse

Raises:
  • FirebaseError – If an error occurs while communicating with instance ID service.
  • ValueError – If the input arguments are invalid.